Bluetooth mouse

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This article describes how to set up a Bluetooth mouse through the command line without relying upon a graphical application.

Installation

Install the bluez package which contains the current Linux bluetooth stack (Bluez5). You may also want to install bluez-utils which provides the bluetoothctl utility. See Bluetooth for more information.

Bluez5 instructions

Tip:
  • Ensure that the bluetooth daemon is started before continuing.
  • Ensure that the bluetooth device is not blocked by rfkill.

The bluetoothctl utility provides a simple interface for configuring bluetooth devices. The text below is an example of how you can connect a bluetooth mouse using bluetoothctl:

# bluetoothctl
[bluetooth]# list
Controller <controller mac> BlueZ 5.5 [default]
[bluetooth]# select <controller mac>
[bluetooth]# power on
[bluetooth]# scan on
[bluetooth]# agent on
[bluetooth]# devices
Device <mouse mac> Name: Bluetooth Mouse
[bluetooth]# pair <mouse mac>
[bluetooth]# trust <mouse mac>
[bluetooth]# connect <mouse mac>

In order for the device to start on boot you may have to create a udev rule. Please see Bluetooth#Bluetoothctl for more information.

Tip: In case you were using USB Bluetooth dongle and moved it to another USB port, you may need to remove the mouse's MAC address in bluetoothctl with remove <mouse mac> command and repeat the entire procedure again.

Troubleshooting

Mouse lag

If you experience mouse lag you can try to increase the polling rate. See Mouse polling rate for more information.

Problems with the USB dongle

If you have trouble with your USB dongle, you may also want to try:

# modprobe -v rfcomm

At this point, you should get an hci0 device with:

# hcitool dev

Sometimes the device is not active right away. Try starting the interface with:

# hciconfig hci0 up

and searching for devices as shown above.

Mouse always disconnect

If the mouse stops working but works again after restarting bluetooth, you may need to disable USB autosuspend for the selected device.

The issue may also lie in the device timeout and HID settings. See Bluetooth#Thinkpad Bluetooth Laser Mouse problems.

Apple Magic Mouse scroll speed

Tango-edit-clear.pngThis article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements.Tango-edit-clear.png

Reason: Configuration is not troubleshooting. (Discuss in Talk:Bluetooth mouse#)

If the scroll speed is too slow, you can try

# rmmod hid_magicmouse
# modprobe hid_magicmouse scroll_acceleration=1 scroll_speed=55

Scroll speed can be set from 0 to 63.

If the speed suits you, you can make the change permanent in /etc/modprobe.d/

 /etc/modprobe.d/hid_magicmouse.conf 
options hid_magicmouse scroll_acceleration=1 scroll_speed=55

Apple Magic Mouse middle click

Tango-edit-clear.pngThis article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements.Tango-edit-clear.png

Reason: Configuration is not troubleshooting. (Discuss in Talk:Bluetooth mouse#)

If you find the middle click to be too finicky, you can disable it

# rmmod hid_magicmouse
# modprobe hid_magicmouse emulate_3button=0

If this setting suits you, you can make the change permantent in /etc/modprobe.d/

 /etc/modprobe.d/hid_magicmouse.conf 
options hid_magicmouse emulate_3button=0

Mouse pairing and dual boot

When dual booting Windows and Linux, you may find yourself having to repair your Bluetooth mouse again and again. This will happen every time you switch OS, because when you pair your device, your Bluetooth service generates a unique set of pairing keys.

First, your computer stores the Bluetooth device's mac address and pairing key. Second, your Bluetooth device stores your computer's mac address and the matching key. This usually works fine, but the mac address for your Bluetooth port will be the same on both Linux and Windows (it is set on the hardware level). However, when you re-pair the device in Windows or Linux, it generates a new key. That key overwrites the previously stored key on the Bluetooth device. Windows overwrites the Linux key and vice versa.

To fix the problem, follow the instructions on this post at StackExchange.