Digital Cameras

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This article documents the configuration of libgphoto2 to access digital cameras. Some digital cameras will mount as normal USB storage devices and may not require the use of libgphoto2.

Note: As of libgphoto2 version 2.14.13, users do not need to be part of the camera group.


Libgphoto2 is the core library designed to allow access to digital cameras by external (front end) programs, such as Digikam and gphoto2. The current 'officially' supported cameras are here (though more may work).


Install the libgphoto2 package, and optionally gvfs-gphoto2 for GNOME Files integration and gphoto2 to have a command line interface. Actually, any package that lists gvfs as a dependency can use gvfs-gphoto2, such as Nemo, PCManFM, and Thunar.

Permission issues

Users with a local session have permissions granted for cameras using ACLs. See General troubleshooting#Session permissions if it does not work.

If you want these permissions to work for remote (SSH) sessions too, you can use the old 'camera' group, by adding the requisite users to the deprecated camera group and create a new udev rules file as follows:

# /usr/lib/libgphoto2/print-camera-list udev-rules version 175 group camera > /etc/udev/rules.d/40-gphoto.rules

These rules will use the group for newly added camera devices.

If the camera is not present in any udev rule, can check vendor and product id and add it. To check it just run:

# lsusb
 Bus 001 Device 005: ID 04a9:318e Canon, Inc.

GPhoto2 usage

GPhoto2 is a command line client for libgphoto2. GPhoto2 allows access to the libgphoto2 library from a terminal or from a script shell to perform any camera operation that can be done. This is the main user interface.

GPhoto2 also provides convenient debugging features for camera driver developers.

Quick Commands

  • gphoto2 --list-ports
  • gphoto2 --auto-detect
  • gphoto2 --summary
  • gphoto2 --list-files
  • gphoto2 --get-all-files

For advanced file manipulation, use

  • gphoto2 --shell

Other frontend applications for libgphoto2

See also