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This article documents the configuration of libgphoto2 to access digital cameras. Some digital cameras will mount as normal USB storage devices and may not require the use of libgphoto2.


Libgphoto2 is the core library designed to allow access to digital cameras by external (front end) programs, such as Digikam and gphoto2. The current 'officially' supported cameras are here (though more may work).


Install the libgphoto2 package, and optionally gvfs-gphoto2 for GNOME Files integration and gphoto2 to have a command line interface. Actually, any package that lists gvfs as a dependency can use gvfs-gphoto2, such as Nemo, PCManFM, and Thunar.

Permission issues

Users with a local session have permissions granted for cameras using ACLs. See General troubleshooting#Session permissions if it does not work.

GPhoto2 usage

GPhoto2 is a command line client for libgphoto2. GPhoto2 allows access to the libgphoto2 library from a terminal or from a script shell to perform any camera operation that can be done. This is the main user interface.

GPhoto2 also provides convenient debugging features for camera driver developers.

Quick Commands

  • gphoto2 --list-ports
  • gphoto2 --auto-detect
  • gphoto2 --summary
  • gphoto2 --list-files
  • gphoto2 --get-all-files
  • gphoto2 --set-config datetime=now - sets the camera to the current time

For advanced file manipulation, use

  • gphoto2 --shell

Example usage with gvfs

Auto detect the connected camera and list the required port:

$ gphoto2 --auto-detect
Model                          Port                                            
Canon Digital IXUS 980 IS      usb:006,011 

Now open your favorite file manager and enter the address with the found port detail "gphoto2://[usb:006,011]" - the camera will be mounted with gvfs and can be managed with the file manager.

Other frontend applications for libgphoto2

  • darktable — Utility to organize and develop raw images. || darktable
  • Digikam — Digital photo management application for KDE. || digikam
  • gphotofsFuse module to mount camera as a filesystem. || gphotofsAUR
  • gThumb — Image browser and viewer for GNOME. || gthumb
  • GTKam — Graphical GTK+ 2 front-end to gphoto2. || gtkamAUR
  • KameraKDE integration for gphoto2 cameras. || kamera
  • Pantheon Photos — Image viewer for Pantheon. || pantheon-photos
  • Rawstudio — An open source raw-image converter written in GTK+. Supports tethered shooting with gphoto2. || rawstudioAUR
  • Shotwell — Digital photo organizer designed for GNOME. || shotwell

See also