According to Wikipedia:
- Groff (GNU troff) is a typesetting system that reads plain text mixed with formatting commands and produces formatted output.
Output may be PostScript or PDF, html, or ASCII/UTF8 for display at the terminal. Formatting commands may be either low-level typesetting requests (“primitives”) or macros from a supplied set. Users may also write their own macros. All three may be combined. Using groff may be a solid alternative to TeX Live due to small size and native language.
You may find groff package already installed on your system as it is a part ofgroup in core repository. Otherwise install it with pacman as usual.
Groff's detailed documentation and usage examples are available via info package:
Manpages also contain general information, use:
You can also access the documentation online at:
Groff is a powerful and yet lightweight easy to use system. You can see an example of document created in groff here.
This was made with -me macros, however, groff has several built-in macros as well.
You may be interested in using ms for not complicated tasks or mom to produce scientific papers. See:
man 7 groff_ms man 7 groff_mom
See the following resources for feature information:
Tips and tricks
Adding support for cyrillic fonts
If you see inappropriate symbols when output documents with cyrillic fonts to ps or pdf, make following steps:
- Download type1 fonts with cyrillic support (for example from here Arial, Times, Courier, read README.html)
- Place your cyrillic type1 fonts into
/usr/share/fonts/gsfonts-- this is default folder for ghostscript to find fonts
- Change ghostscript fontmap file to associate default fonts with cyrillic ones in
/usr/share/ghostscript/%YOUR_VERSION%/Resource/Init/cp Fontmap.GS Fontmap.GS.backup vim Fontmap.GS
- Use '%' to comment lines with default associations. Place below new aliases, as follows:
%/Times-Roman /NimbusRoman-Regular ; /Times-Roman /TimesNRCyrMT ; /TimesNRCyrMT (times8.pfb) ;
Where '(times8.pfb)' is a name of your copied type1 font.
- From now on you can prepend your default groff command with iconv prefix to print cyrillic symbols in ps files:
iconv -f utf-8 -t koi8-r test.ms | groff -ms -Tps > test.ps && ps2pdf test.ps test.pdf
Correctly display Polish diacritics
To display Polish diacritics:
groff -Kutf8 -Tdvi -mec -ms test.ms > test.dvi dvipdfm -cz 9 test.dvi