PHP

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PHP is a widely-used general-purpose scripting language that is especially suited for Web development and can be embedded into HTML.

Installation

Install the php package from the official repositories.

You can find older versions of PHP in the AUR including php53AUR, php55AUR, php56AUR, php70AUR, php71AUR, and php72AUR.

Note that to run PHP scripts as plain CGI, you need the php-cgi package.

Running

While PHP can be run standalone, it is typically used with http servers such as Apache HTTP Server (this is frequently called LAMP setup), nginx, lighttpd and Hiawatha.

To run PHP standalone issue the php -S localhost:8000 -t public_html/ command. See documentation.

Configuration

The main PHP configuration file is well-documented and located at /etc/php/php.ini.

  • It is recommended to set your timezone (list of timezones) in /etc/php/php.ini like so:
date.timezone = Europe/Berlin
  • If you want to display errors to debug your PHP code, change display_errors to On in /etc/php/php.ini:
display_errors = On
  • The open_basedir directive limits the paths that can be accessed by PHP, thus increasing security at the expense of potentially interfering with normal program execution. Starting with PHP 7.0, it is no longer set by default to more closely match upstream so users who wish to use it must configure it manually. All symbolic links are resolved, so it's not possible to avoid this restriction with a symlink. The default Arch packages for certain webapps like nextcloud & phpmyadmin installs the webapps under /usr/share/webapps and creates a symlink pointing to the actual config files for those webapps under /etc/webapps. So, if you are setting up open_basedir, make sure both those folders listed are in the open_basedir. This will obviously be different based on your distribution or if you have installed the webapp in some other location. Example:
open_basedir = /srv/http/:/home/:/tmp/:/usr/share/pear/:/usr/share/webapps/:/etc/webapps/

Extensions

A number of commonly used PHP extensions can also be found in the official repositories:

$ pacman -Ss php-
Tip: Instead of editing /etc/php/php.ini, an extension may be enabled/configured in the /etc/php/conf.d directory instead (e.g. /etc/php/conf.d/gd.ini)

Extensions for current and older versions of PHP are also available in AUR under the prefix php-* and php56-*, e.g. php-imagick, php-redis, php56-mcryptAUR.

gd

For php-gd uncomment the line in /etc/php/php.ini:

extension=gd

Imagemagick

Install the imagemagick package and install one of the listed PHP extension library.

Install php-imagick, it will create the file /etc/php/conf.d/imagick.ini to configure the extension.

PECL

Make sure the php-pearAUR package has been installed:

 # pecl install imagick

Create a /etc/php/conf.d/imagick.ini and enable the extension:

/etc/php/conf.d/imagick.ini
extension=imagick

pthreads

If you wish to have POSIX multi-threading you will need the pthreads extension. To install the pthreads (http://pecl.php.net/package/pthreads) extension using pecl you are required to use a compiled version of PHP with the the thread safety support flag --enable-maintainer-zts. Currently the most clean way to do this would be to rebuild the original package with the flag.

Instruction can be found on the PHP pthreads extension page.

PCNTL

PCNTL allows you to create process directly into the server side machine. While this may seen as something you would want, it also gives PHP the power to mess things up really badly. So it is a PHP extension that cannot be loaded like other more convenient extension. This is because of the great power it gives to PHP. To enable it PCNTL has to be compiled into PHP.

The php package on Arch Linux is currently built with "--enable-pcntl", so that it should be available by default.

MySQL/MariaDB

Install and configure MySQL/MariaDB as described in MariaDB.

Uncomment the following lines in /etc/php/php.ini:

extension=pdo_mysql
extension=mysqli
Note: extension=mysql was removed in PHP 7.0.

You can add minor privileged MySQL users for your web scripts. You might also want to edit /etc/mysql/my.cnf and add in client-server section skip-networking line so the MySQL server is only accessible by the localhost. You have to restart MySQL for changes to take effect.

Redis

Install and configure Redis, then install php-redis.

Uncomment the line of the package, e.g. /etc/php/conf.d/redis.ini. Also ensure that the igbinary extension is enabled (also uncommented) in /etc/php/conf.d/igbinary.ini

PostgreSQL

Install and configure PostgreSQL, then install the php-pgsql package and uncomment the following lines in /etc/php/php.ini:

extension=pdo_pgsql
extension=pgsql

Sqlite

Install and configure SQLite, then install the php-sqlite package and uncomment the following lines in /etc/php/php.ini:

extension=pdo_sqlite
extension=sqlite3

XDebug

XDebug allows you to easily debug php code using modified var_dump() function. Install xdebug and uncomment the lines at /etc/php/conf.d/xdebug.ini:

zend_extension=xdebug
xdebug.remote_enable=on
xdebug.remote_host=127.0.0.1
xdebug.remote_port=9000
xdebug.remote_handler=dbgp
Note: To always attempt to start a remote debugging session and connect to a debugging client it is also necessary to set xdebug.remote_autostart=on.

IMAP

Install php-imap and uncomment the line at /etc/php/php.ini:

extension=imap

Caching

There are two kinds of caching in PHP: opcode/bytecode caching and userland/user data caching. Both allow for substantial gains in applications speed, and therefore should be enabled wherever possible.

OPCache

OPCache comes bundled with the standard PHP distribution, therefore to enable it you simply have to add or uncomment the following line in your PHP configuration file:

/etc/php/php.ini
zend_extension=opcache

A list of its options and suggested settings can be found in its official entry on the PHP website.

Warning: If you choose to apply the suggested settings its manual offers, be sure to read carefully the first comment below those instructions as well. In some configurations those settings result in errors such as zend_mm_heap corrupted being produced.

APCu

APCu can be installed with the php-apcu package. You can then enable it by uncommenting the following line in /etc/php/conf.d/apcu.ini, or adding it to your PHP configuration file:

extension=apcu

Its author recommends a few suggested settings, among which:

  • apc.enabled=1 and apc.shm_size=32M are not really required as they represent the default values;
  • apc.ttl=7200 on the other hand seems rather beneficial;
  • finally, apc.enable_cli=1, which although not recommended by the manual may be required by some software such as ownCloud.
Tip: You can add those settings either to APCu's own /etc/php/conf.d/apcu.ini or directly to your PHP configuration file. Just make sure not to enable the extension twice as it will result in errors being diplayed in the system logs.

Development tools

  • Visual Studio Code — Code Editor for programming PHP and other languages.
https://code.visualstudio.com/ || visual-studio-code-binAUR
  • Aptana Studio — IDE for programming in PHP and web development. Does not have a PHP debugger.
http://www.aptana.com/products/studio3.html || aptana-studioAUR
  • Eclipse PDT — The PHP variant of Eclipse.
http://www.eclipse.org/pdt/ || eclipse-php
  • Komodo — IDE with good integration for PHP+HTML+JavaScript.
http://komodoide.com/ || komodo-ideAUR, editor only: komodo-editAUR
  • Netbeans — IDE for many languages including PHP. Includes features like debugging, refactoring, code templating, autocomplete, XML features, and web design and development functionalities.
https://netbeans.org/ || netbeans
  • JetBrains PhpStorm — Commercial, cross-platform IDE for PHP built on JetBrains' IntelliJ IDEA platform. You can get a free license for education from Jetbrains.[1].
https://www.jetbrains.com/phpstorm/ || phpstormAUR, 30-day trial: phpstorm-eapAUR
  • Zend Studio — Official PHP IDE, based on eclipse. The IDE has autocomplete, advanced code formatting, WYSIWYG html editor, refactoring, and all the eclipse features such as db access and version control integration and whatever you can get from other eclipse plugins.
http://www.zend.com/products/studio/ || zendstudioAUR

Commandline tools

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Composer

Composer is a dependency manager for PHP. It can be installed with the composer package.

Allow user-wide installations

To allow global package installations for the current user (e.g. $ composer global require "package/name"), you may want to specify a default location by using an environment variable:

PATH="$HOME/.config/composer/vendor/bin:$PATH"

Box

Box is an application for building and managing Phars. It can be installed with the php-boxAUR package.

PDepend

PHP Depend (pdepend) is software metrics tool for php. It can be installed with the pdependAUR package.

PHP Coding Standards Fixer

PHP Coding Standards Fixer a is PSR-1 and PSR-2 Coding Standards fixer for your code. It can be installed with the php-cs-fixerAUR package.

PHP-CodeSniffer

PHP CodeSniffer tokenizes PHP, JavaScript and CSS files and detects violations of a defined set of coding standards. It can be installed with the php-codesnifferAUR package.

phpcov

phpcov is a command-line frontend for the PHP_CodeCoverage library. It can be installed with the phpcovAUR package.

phpDox

phpDox is the documentation generator for PHP projects. This includes, but is not limited to, API documentation. It can be installed with the phpdoxAUR package.

PHPLoc

PHPLoc is a tool for quickly measuring the size of a PHP project. It can be installed with the phplocAUR package.

PhpMetrics

PhpMetrics provides various metrics about PHP projects. It can be installed with the phpmetricsAUR package.

phptok

phptok is a tool for quickly dumping the tokens of a PHP sourcecode file. It can be installed with the phptokAUR package.

PHPUnit

PHPUnit is a programmer-oriented testing framework for PHP. It can be installed with the phpunitAUR package.

PHPUnit Skeleton Generator

PHPUnit Skeleton Generator is a tool that can generate skeleton test classes from production code classes and vice versa. It can be installed with the phpunit-skeleton-generatorAUR package.

Producer

Producer is a command-line quality-assurance tool to validate, and then release, your PHP library package. It can be installed with the producerAUR package.

Troubleshooting

PHP Fatal error: Class 'ZipArchive' not found

Ensure the zip extension is enabled.

/etc/php/php.ini
extension=zip

/etc/php/php.ini not parsed

If your php.ini is not parsed, the ini file is named after the sapi it is using. For instance, if you are using uwsgi, the file would be called /etc/php/php-uwsgi.ini. If you are using cli, it is /etc/php/php-cli.ini.

PHP Warning: PHP Startup: <module>: Unable to initialize module

When running php, this error indicates that the aforementioned module is out of date. This will rarely happen in Arch Linux, since maintainers make sure core PHP and all modules be only available in compatible versions.

This might happen in conjunction with a module compiled from the AUR. You usually could confirm this by looking at the dates of the files /usr/lib/php/modules/.

To fix, find a compatible update for your module, probably by looking up the AUR using its common name.

If it applies, flag the outdated AUR package as outdated.

See also