From Polipo's site:
- "Polipo is a small and fast caching web proxy (a web cache, an HTTP proxy, a proxy server). While Polipo was designed to be used by one person or a small group of people, there is nothing that prevents it from being used by a larger group."
Unlike Squid, Polipo is very light on resources and simple to configure. This makes it ideal for single user systems and other uncomplicated setups. Do keep in mind, however, that this versatility comes at a cost: Polipo will increase its space usage without restriction as it is not aware of how big its disk cache grows. This perceived fault is by design, since omitting these sanity checks drastically reduces Polipo's memory usage and overall toll on the system. A practical way of restricting disk usage is by making Polipo run as its own user and employing disk quota.
The following covers installing and setting up Polipo.
Install the package.
Starting the daemon
To start the polipo daemon:
# systemctl start polipo
To start it automatically at boot:
# systemctl enable polipo
Polipo can also run without super user privileges. To do so, first copy
/etc/polipo/config.sample to a suitable directory:
$ cp /etc/polipo/config.sample ~/.poliporc
Edit it so that it points at a writable location, instead of
# Uncomment this if you want to put the on-disk cache in a # non-standard location: diskCacheRoot = "~/.polipo-cache/"
Create the cache directory:
$ mkdir ~/.polipo-cache
Finally, launch Polipo with the new configuration:
$ polipo -c ~/.poliporc
Management is mostly performed in
/etc/polipo/config. Most users can opt for using the sample configuration file, which is sufficient for most situations and well documented.
# cd /etc/polipo; cp config.sample config
One element of configuration that warrants mentioning is polipo's default behavior of blocking outbound connections by port. There are two variables in polipo's config file that control allowed outbound ports.
allowedPorts specifies ports for outbound HTTP connections. It defaults to 80-100 and 1024-65535.
tunnelAllowedPorts specifies ports polipo will allow tunnel traffic to as well as HTTPS traffic. By default it is much more restricted: "It defaults to allowing ssh, HTTP, https, rsync, IMAP, imaps, POP, pops, Jabber, CVS and Git traffic."
If you see a "403 Forbidden Port" error message from polipo when attempting to browse to a host:port, you need to configure polipo to accept traffic to more ports for either HTTP or HTTPS. To set them wide open, add the following to
allowedPorts = 1-65535 tunnelAllowedPorts = 1-65535
Unlike other proxies, Polipo needs to be restarted after alterations.
Set the browser so that it uses
localhost:8123 for proxying. Be sure to disable the browser's disk cache to avoid redundant IO operations and bad performance. If
localhost:8123 does not work, try matching
Instead of manually configuring each browser or other utilities that might benefit from Polipo's caching, one can also use iptables to route traffic through polipo.
After installing iptables, add the appropiate rules to
*nat :PREROUTING ACCEPT [0:0] :POSTROUTING ACCEPT [0:0] :OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0] -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -m owner ! --uid-owner polipo -j ACCEPT -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j REDIRECT --to-ports 8123 COMMIT
This routes HTTP traffic through Polipo. Remove all proxy settings from browsers, if any, and restart iptables.
Privoxy is a proxy useful for intercepting advertisement and other undesirables.
According to Polipo's developer, in order to get the privacy enhancements of Privoxy and much (but not all) of the performance of Polipo, one should place Polipo upstream of Privoxy.
In other words:
- point the browser at Privoxy:
- and direct Privoxy traffic to Polipo:
forward / localhost:8123in the Privoxy configuration file.
Tor is an anonymizing proxy network.
To use Polipo with Tor, uncomment or include the following in
socksParentProxy = localhost:9050 socksProxyType = socks5
DansGuardian is a web content filter. The only difference to using DansGuardian with Polipo (rather than squid or tinyproxy) is that in
dansguardian.conf the proxyport needs to be set to polipo's 8123:
# the port DansGuardian connects to proxy on proxyport = 8123
If the network is started in background there could be a error like this in the Polipo log:
Couldn't send DNS query: Connection refused Falling back on gethostbyname. Getaddrinfo failed: Temporary name server failure Host ***.com lookup failed: Getaddrinfo failed: Temporary name server failure (131072).
This error occurs because in background mode the network hasn't initialised before Polipo wants to connect to the DNS server (especially using DHCP). Solving this error is possible on three ways:
- Do not start the net-profiles in background mode (probably not wanted).
dnsNameServermanually on the wanted DNS server.
- Or add
sleep 10(or more, it depends) near the beginning of the Polipo daemon script
/etc/rc.d/polipoin the start section. This will make Polipo start after the network has initialised.
See this thread for more information on this topic.