Private Internet Access
Private Internet Access is a subscription-based VPN service.
Download . Unzip the file and move all files to
/etc/openvpn/client. Ensure the files have
root as the owner.
To test to see if you have successfully connected to the VPN, see this article.
Official installation script
- openvpn-pia — The package automates the method listed in the #Manual section, including renaming the configuartion files to be used with OpenVPN#systemd service configuration, as well as setting up the OpenVPN parameter
auth-user-passwith a file for automatic login. Upon installation read
- pia-nm — Installs NetworkManager configuration files for the VPN, similar to the #Official installation script.
Tips and tricks
Internet "kill switch"
The following iptables rules only allow network traffic through the
tun interface, with the exception that traffic is allowed to PIA's DNS servers and to port 1197, which is used in establishing the VPN connection:
:INPUT DROP [0:0] :FORWARD DROP [0:0] :OUTPUT DROP [0:10] -A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT -A INPUT -i tun+ -j ACCEPT -A OUTPUT -o lo -j ACCEPT -A OUTPUT -d 184.108.40.206/32 -j ACCEPT -A OUTPUT -d 220.127.116.11/32 -j ACCEPT -A OUTPUT -p udp -m udp --dport 1197 -j ACCEPT -A OUTPUT -o tun+ -j ACCEPT -A OUTPUT -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-net-unreachable COMMIT
This ensures that if you are disconnected from the VPN uknowingly, no network traffic is allowed in or out.
If you wish to additionally access devices on your LAN, you will need to explicity allow them. For example, to allow access to devices on
192.0.0.0/24, add the following two rules (before any REJECT rule):
-A INPUT -s 192.168.0.0/24 -j ACCEPT -A OUTPUT -d 192.168.0.0/24 -j ACCEPT
Additionally, the above rules block the ICMP protocol, which is probably not desired. See this thread for potential pitfalls of using these iptables rules as well as more details.