Rime IME

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Rime IME is an input method engine for entering Chinese characters supporting a wide range of input methods. Rime IME can be used with the IBus and Fcitx input method frameworks.

Installation

Rime IME is provided by librime and can be used with ibus-rime or fcitx-rime.

Configuration

Note: Rime works with ibus or fcitx. Please see also IBus and Fcitx for installation and configuration.

In order for Rime to work, input schemas are needed. Schemas are text files that can be created and customized by users. Alternatively, there are several default input schemas you can choose from:

  • Luna Pinyin (Standard Mandarin)
  • Terra Pinyin (with tones)
  • Zhuyin (Mandarin Phonetic Symbol)
  • Double Pinyin (Ziranma, MSPY)
  • Jyutping (Cantonese)
  • Wugniu (Wuu)
  • Cangjie5
  • Wubi86

To customize Rime, you should first create the rime config directory. Assuming you are using ibus-rime:

$ mkdir ~/.config/ibus/rime

Or if you are using fcitx-rime:

$ mkdir ~/.config/fcitx/rime/

In this directory, create a file named default.custom.yaml, where you can specify your input schema of choice. For example, if you want to be able to type pinyin with tones, you can use the Terra Pinyin input method by adding it to the list of enabled schemas:

default.custom.yaml
patch:
  schema_list:
    - schema: terra_pinyin

Note that the indentation level is important. This file overrides the default configuration. So if you only add Terra Pinyin, it will be the only schema enabled.

To make the customizations effective, you need to redeploy. If you have working ibus or fcitx GUI, you may find a ⟲ (Deploy) button and click it. Alternatively, use the following command, assuming you are using ibus-rime:

$ rm ~/.config/ibus/rime/default.yaml && ibus-daemon -drx

Or if you are using fcitx-rime:

$ rm ~/.config/fcitx/rime/default.yaml && fcitx-remote -r

Note: Tones are optionals but you can type them to filter the list very well. Here is how to type them:

1st tone: -
2nd tone: /
3rd tone: <
4th tone: \

Example: if one wants to type hǎo to display only Chinese characters that are pronounced this way, one must type hao< and it will be automatically converted to hǎo.

Usage

Rime provides some great features that allow you to write Chinese characters and its punctuation well.

Basic configuration access

At any time, while running Rime, you can access some basic options with F4. The displayed options look like this:

1. Method name
2. 中文 -› 西文
3. 全角 -› 半角
4. 漢字 -› 汉字
etc.

The first one indicates the name of the method you have selected (Ex: 地球拼音 for Terra Pinyin). If you have enabled multiple input methods, you can switch between them.

The second one lets you switch between Chinese and western languages.

The third one lets you select if you want to type the punctuation in full width (全角) or in half width (半角).

The last one allows you to switch between traditional Chinese (漢字) and simplified Chinese (汉字).

Chinese punctuation

You have access to all the Chinese punctuation thanks to Rime. Here is a little table showing you how to type some of them:

[ -> 「 【 〔 [
] -> 」 】 〕 ]
{ -> 『 〖 {
} -> 』 〗 }
< -> 《 〈 « ‹
> -> 》 〉 » ›
@ -> @ @ ☯
/ -> / / ÷
* -> * * ・ × ※
% -> % % ° ℃
$ -> ¥ $ € £ ¥
| -> ・ | | § ¦
_ -> ——
\ -> 、 \ \
^ -> ……
~ -> 〜 ~ ~ 〰
Advanced

Rime allows you to change everything you can imagine and more examples are provided on the website of the project (in Chinese): https://github.com/rime/home/wiki/CustomizationGuide

See also