SLiM

From ArchWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Related articles

Warning: The SliM project has been abandoned (the project homepage is down, leaving a github mirror), and is not fully compatible with systemd, including logind sessions. Consider using a different Display manager or Xinitrc.

SLiM is an acronym for Simple Login Manager. Lightweight and easily configurable, SLiM requires minimal dependencies, and none from the GNOME or KDE desktop environments. It therefore contributes towards a lightweight system for users that also like to use lightweight desktops such as Xfce, Openbox, and Fluxbox.

Installation

Install the slim package.

Configuration

Note: SLiM no longer supports a 'default' session where multiple sessions have been enabled. This is most noticable where attempting to log out and back in again to the same session.

As of version 1.3.6-2, SLiM can automatically detect installed desktop environments and window managers. This is achieved through the use of sessiondir /usr/share/xsessions/ in /etc/slim.conf. It will therefore be necessary for those who installed an earlier version of SLiM to amend /etc/slim.conf and xinitrc, accordingly.

Enabling SLiM

Note: slim relies on systemd-logind.

Enable the SLiM service slim.service. This assumes a previously enabled display manager was disabled first. Otherwise, change the default target.

Environments

Tango-inaccurate.pngThe factual accuracy of this article or section is disputed.Tango-inaccurate.png

Reason: Contradicts #Configuration, are these instructions for earlier versions? (Discuss in Talk:SLiM#)
Note: Available sessions for selection can be cycled through by pressing the F1 key.
Tip: Users that have installed a previous version of SLiM can replace session with a hashed sessiondir /usr/share/xsessions/

To configure SLiM 1.3.6-2 (or later) to load a particular environment, it will be necessary to edit both /etc/slim.conf and ~/.xinitrc.

First, edit /etc/slim.conf in order to hash out sessiondir /usr/share/xsessions/. This will consequently disable automatic detection of installed environments:

# Set directory that contains the xsessions.
# slim reads xsesion from this directory, and be able to select.
# sessiondir            /usr/share/xsessions/

Users who installed a prior version of SLiM will have to replace sessions with the new command.

Second, edit xinitrc.

Users who installed a prior version of SLiM will have to replace case $1 in [...] esac, where used. To clarify, below is an example of the deprecated method to select multiple sessions. The entire code provided below would simply be replaced with exec $1:

DEFAULTSESSION=openbox-session

case "$1" in
    openbox) exec openbox-session ;;
     xfce) exec xfce4-session ;;
     gnome3) exec gnome-session ;;
     kde) exec startkde ;;
     cinnamon) exec gnome-session-cinnamon ;;
     razor-qt) exec razor-session ;;
     lxde) exec lxsession ;;
     mate) exec mate-session ;;
     *) exec $DEFAULTSESSION ;;
esac

Set default username

SLiM can be configured to automatically set a desired username, which will therefore already be completed. The password field will also already be focused by default. Change the following line in /etc/slim.conf:

# default_user        simone

Uncomment this line, and change "simone" to the username of choice:

default_user        your username

Enable Autologin

Note: It will be necessary to have first set SLiM to use a single desktop environment, as well as a default username.
Warning: Do not set this for the root account.
Warning: If auto login is enabled, the GNOME keyring will not be unlocked automatically on login. This will cause dependent applications, such as Chrome/Chromium and NetworkManager, to misbehave (see https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=167579).

Edit /etc/slim.conf to uncomment the auto_login command and replace no with yes:

auto_login          yes

Theming

Install the slim-themes package. The archlinux-themes-slim packages contains several different themes (slimthemes.png). Look in the directory of /usr/share/slim/themes to see the themes available. Enter the theme name on the current_theme line in /etc/slim.conf:

#current_theme       default
current_theme       archlinux-simplyblack

To preview a theme run while an instance of the Xorg server is running by:

$ slim -p /usr/share/slim/themes/<theme name>

To close, type "exit" in the Login line and press Enter.

Additional theme packages can be found in the AUR.

Dual screen setup

You can customize the slim theme in /usr/share/slim/themes/<your-theme>/slim.theme to turn these percents values. The box itself is 450 pixels by 250 pixels:

input_panel_x           50%
input_panel_y           50%

into pixels values:

# These settings set the "archlinux-simplyblack" panel in the center of a 1440x900 screen
input_panel_x           495
input_panel_y           325
# These settings set the "archlinux-retro" panel in the center of a 1680x1050 screen
input_panel_x           615
input_panel_y           400

If your theme has a background picture you should use the background_style setting ('stretch', 'tile', 'center' or 'color') to get it correctly displayed. Have a look at the very simple and clear official documentation about slim themes for further details.

Other options

Changing the cursor

After installing, edit /etc/slim.conf and uncomment the line:

cursor   left_ptr

This will give you a normal arrow instead. This setting is forwarded to xsetroot -cursor_name. You can look up the possible cursor names here or in /usr/share/icons/<your-cursor-theme>/cursors/.

To change the cursor theme being used at the login screen, see Cursor themes#Using an index.theme file .28recommended.29.

Match SLiM and Desktop Wallpaper

To share a wallpaper between SLiM and your desktop, rename the used theme background, then create a link from your desktop wallpaper file to the default SLiM theme:

# mv /usr/share/slim/themes/default/background.jpg{,.bck}
# ln -s /path/to/mywallpaper.jpg /usr/share/slim/themes/default/background.jpg

Shutdown, reboot, suspend, exit, launch terminal from SLiM

You may shutdown, reboot, suspend, exit or even launch a terminal from the SLiM login screen. To do so, use the values in the username field, and the root password in the password field:

  • To launch a terminal, enter console as the username (defaults to xterm which must be installed separately... edit /etc/slim.conf to change terminal preference)
  • For shutdown, enter halt as the username
  • For reboot, enter reboot as the username
  • To exit to bash, enter exit as the username
  • For suspend, enter suspend as the username. Suspend is disabled by default, edit /etc/slim.conf as root to uncomment the suspend_cmd line and, if necessary, modify the suspend command itself (by e.g. changing /usr/sbin/suspend to sudo /usr/sbin/pm-suspend).

Power-off error with Splashy

If you use Splashy and SLiM, sometimes you cannot power-off or reboot from menu in GNOME, Xfce, LXDE or others. Check your /etc/slim.conf and /etc/splash.conf; set the DEFAULT_TTY=7 same as xserver_arguments vt07.

Power-off tray icon fails

If your power off tray icon fails, it could be due to not having root privileges. To start a tray icon with root privileges, be sure to have SLiM start the program. Edit /etc/slim.conf as follows:

sessionstart_cmd 	/path/to/tray/icon/program &

Login information with SLiM

By default, SLiM fails to log logins to utmp and wtmp which causes who, last, etc. to misreport login information. To fix this edit your slim.conf as follows:

 sessionstart_cmd    /usr/bin/sessreg -a -l $DISPLAY %user
 sessionstop_cmd     /usr/bin/sessreg -d -l $DISPLAY %user

Custom SLiM Login Commands

You can also use the sessionstart_cmd/sessionstop_cmd in /etc/slim.conf to log specific infomation, such as the session, user, or theme used by slim:

 sessionstop_cmd /usr/bin/logger -i -t ASKAPACHE "(sessionstop_cmd: u:%user s:%session t:%theme)"
 sessionstart_cmd /usr/bin/logger -i -t ASKAPACHE "(sessionstart_cmd: u:%user s:%session t:%theme)"

Or if you want to play a song when slim loads (and you have the beep program installed)

 sessionstart_cmd /usr/bin/beep -f 659 -l 460 -n -f 784 -l 340 -n -f 659 -l 230 -n -f 659 -l 110

SLiM and Gnome Keyring

Note: slim 1.3.5-1 ships with /etc/pam.d/slim preconfigured to unlock keyring upon login. Users no longer need to modify the file.
Warning: If auto login is enabled, the GNOME keyring will not be unlocked automatically on login. This will cause dependent applications, such as Chrome/Chromium and NetworkManager, to misbehave (see https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=167579).

See GNOME Keyring#Use without GNOME, and without a display manager to use GNOME Keyring in a custom session.

Setting DPI with SLiM

The Xorg server generally picks up the DPI but if it does not you can specify it to SLiM. If you set the DPI with the argument -dpi 96 in /etc/X11/xinit/xserverrc it will not work with SLiM. To fix this change your slim.conf from:

 xserver_arguments   -nolisten tcp vt07 

to

 xserver_arguments   -nolisten tcp vt07 -dpi 96

Use a random theme

Use the current_theme variable as a comma separated list to specify a set from which to choose. Selection is random.

Move the whole session to another VT

If tty terminals 3-6 are not used and commented out (You may use screen and therefore only need one terminal), change /etc/slim.conf to move the X server:

xserver_arguments -nolisten tcp vt07

Simply change the vt07 to for example vt03 as no agetty is started there.

Automatically mount your encrypted /home on login

See pam_mount.

Change Keyboard Layout

Edit /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/10-evdev.conf, find the following section, add the two bolded lines, and replace dvorak with your preferred keymap:

Section  "InputClass"
          Identifier "evdev keyboard catchall"
          MatchIsKeyboard "on"
          MatchDevicePath "/dev/input/event*"
          Driver "evdev"
       
          # Keyboard layouts
          Option "XkbLayout" "dvorak"
EndSection

All Slim Options

Here is a list of all the slim configuration options and their default values.

Note: welcome_msg allows 2 variables %host and %domain

sessionstart_cmd allows %user (executed right before login_cmd) and it is also allowed in sessionstop_cmd

login_cmd allows %session and %theme

Troubleshooting

Shutdown or Reboot Stalled

There is a bug or known issue with the combination of SLiM, Xfce and systemd that does not let the system to properly shutdown and systemd waits for the SLiM service to end, but eventually is terminated.

To accelerate the shutdown process these lines might help when added to /usr/lib/systemd/system/slim.service:

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/bin/slim -nodaemon
Restart=on-failure
TimeoutStopSec=5s
IgnoreSIGPIPE=no
ExecStop=/bin/kill -TERM -${MAINPID}

See FS#32380.

See also