Thinkpad Fan Control (简体中文)

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翻译状态: 本文是英文页面 Thinkpad Fan Control翻译,最后翻译时间:2017-03-18,点击这里可以查看翻译后英文页面的改动。

在默认情况下由内嵌控制器控制风扇转速。如果您认为风扇转速过低或过大,您可能需要一个守护进程接管控制权。但这是有风险的:您需要负责控制温度。过高的温度会损坏或者缩短笔记本组件的使用寿命。

来自 http://www.thinkwiki.org/wiki/How_to_control_fan_speed:

出于安全考虑,默认禁止用户控制风扇。若想启用风扇控制,必须在加载内核模块 thinkpad-acpi 时传递参数 fan_control=1

当前可用于控制风扇的守护进程存在于 Arch User Repository (简体中文) 中, 分别是 simpfand-gitAURthinkfanAUR

安装

安装 thinkfanAUR。然后查看其文件列表:

# pacman -Ql thinkfan

请注意 thinkfan 包安装了文件 /usr/lib/modprobe.d/thinkpad_acpi.conf,该文件包含:

options thinkpad_acpi fan_control=1

因此,默认启用了风扇控制。

$ su
# modprobe thinkpad_acpi
# cat /proc/acpi/ibm/fan

您应该会看到风扇运行级别默认为 “auto”,您可以向这个文件写入运行级别的方式手动控制风扇转速。thinkfan 守护进程将会自动控制风扇转速。

您需要复制一份默认配置文件(例如 /usr/share/doc/thinkfan/examples/thinkfan.conf.simple) 到 /etc/thinkfan.conf,并尝试修改它。需要在这个配置文件中指定读取哪些传感器,并且也需要指定用户控制风扇转速的接口。一些操作系统提供了 /proc/acpi/ibm/fan,对于其他操作系统,you will need to specify something like

hwmon /sys/devices/virtual/thermal/thermal_zone0/temp

to use generic hwmon sensors instead of thinkpad-specific ones.

运行

您可以通过手动运行 thinkfan 命令测试配置(root用户):

# thinkfan -n

and see how it reacts to the load level of whatever other programs you have running.

当您的配置正确时,可通过如下命令启动 thinkfan 守护进程(root 用户):

# systemctl start thinkfan

或者在系统启动时自动加载它:

# systemctl enable thinkfan

Old packages which have gone missing

tpfandAUR[broken link: archived in aur-mirror] and a version that doesn't require HAL tpfand-no-halAUR[broken link: archived in aur-mirror] are not actively developed anymore, and no longer available. An additional GTK+ frontend was provided in the tpfan-adminAUR[broken link: archived in aur-mirror] package in the AUR which enables the monitoring of temperatures as well as the graphical adjustment of trigger points.

Due to tpfand not beeing actively developed anymore, there was a fork called tpfanco (which in fact uses the same names for the executables as tpfand): tpfanco-svnAUR[broken link: archived in aur-mirror].

The configuration file for tpfand (same for tpfanco) was /etc/tpfand.conf.

Additionally, the tpfand-profilesAUR[broken link: archived in aur-mirror] package in the AUR provided the latest fan profiles for various thinkpad models.