User:Rdeckard/Style violations

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Help:Style/Formatting and punctuation#Quotations - block quotations should not be italicized.

  • Apache_OpenOffice: : ''Apache OpenOffice is the leading open-source office software suite for word processing, spreadsheets, presentations, graphics, databases and more. It is available in many languages and works on all common computers. It stores all your data in an international open standard format and can also read and write files from other common office software packages. It can be downloaded and used completely free of charge for any purpose.''
  • Aria2: : ''aria2 is a lightweight multi-protocol & multi-source command-line download utility. It supports [[Wikipedia:HTTP|HTTP]]/[[Wikipedia:HTTPS|HTTPS]], [[Wikipedia:FTP|FTP]], [[Wikipedia:BitTorrent_(protocol)|BitTorrent]] and [[Wikipedia:Metalink|Metalink]]. aria2 can be manipulated via built-in [[Wikipedia:JSON-RPC|JSON-RPC]] and [[Wikipedia:XML-RPC|XML-RPC]] interfaces.''
  • Dynamic_Kernel_Module_Support: : '''Dynamic Kernel Module Support''' ('''DKMS''') is a program/framework that enables generating Linux kernel modules whose sources generally reside outside the kernel source tree. The concept is to have DKMS modules automatically rebuilt when a new kernel is installed.
  • Firefox_Sync_Server: : ''Firefox Sync, originally branded Mozilla Weave, is a browser synchronization feature that allows users to partially synchronize bookmarks, browsing history, preferences, passwords, filled forms, add-ons and the last 25 opened tabs across multiple computers.''
  • Firefox_Sync_Server: : ''It keeps user data on Mozilla servers, but the data is encrypted in such a way that no third party, not even Mozilla, can access user information. It is also possible for the user to host their own Firefox Sync servers, or indeed, for any entity to do so.''
  • Folding@home: : ''Help Stanford University scientists studying Alzheimer's, Huntington's, Parkinson's, and many cancers by simply running a piece of software on your computer. The problems we are trying to solve require so many calculations, we ask people to donate their unused computer power to crunch some of the numbers. In just 5 minutes... Add your computer to over 333,684 others around the world to form the world's largest distributed supercomputer.''
  • GNOME/Tips_and_tricks: : ''Settings'' > ''Drive Settings'' > ''Write Cache'' > '''On'''
  • GNOME/Tips_and_tricks: : ''Partition Settings'' > ''Edit Mount Options'' > ''Automatic Mount Options'' > '''On'''
  • IceWM: : ''IceWM is a window manager for the X Window System graphical infrastructure, written by Marko Maček. It was coded from scratch in C++ and is released under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License. It is relatively lightweight in terms of memory and CPU usage, and comes with themes that allow it to imitate the UI of Windows 95, OS/2, Motif, and other graphical user interfaces.''
  • LVM: : ''The cache logical volume type uses a small and fast LV to improve the performance of a large and slow LV. It does this by storing the frequently used blocks on the faster LV. LVM refers to the small fast LV as a cache pool LV. The large slow LV is called the origin LV. Due to requirements from dm-cache (the kernel driver), LVM further splits the cache pool LV into two devices - the cache data LV and cache metadata LV. The cache data LV is where copies of data blocks are kept from the origin LV to increase speed. The cache metadata LV holds the accounting information that specifies where data blocks are stored (e.g. on the origin LV or on the cache data LV). Users should be familiar with these LVs if they wish to create the best and most robust cached logical volumes. All of these associated LVs must be in the same VG.''
  • LVM: : ''{{man|8|lvm}} RAID is a way to create a Logical Volume (LV) that uses multiple physical devices to improve performance or tolerate device failures. In LVM, the physical devices are Physical Volumes (PVs) in a single Volume Group (VG).''
  • LXDE: : ''The "Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment" is an extremely fast-performing and energy-saving desktop environment. Maintained by an international community of developers, it comes with a beautiful interface, multi-language support, standard keyboard short cuts and additional features like tabbed file browsing. LXDE uses less CPU and less RAM than other environments. It is especially designed for cloud computers with low hardware specifications, such as, netbooks, mobile devices (e.g. MIDs) or older computers.''
  • Mozc: : ''Mozc is a Japanese Input Method Editor (IME) designed for multi-platform such as Android OS, Apple OS X, Chromium OS, GNU/Linux and Microsoft Windows. This OpenSource project originates from [http://www.google.com/intl/ja/ime/ Google Japanese Input]. […] Detailed differences between Google Japanese Input and Mozc are described in [https://github.com/google/mozc/blob/master/docs/about_branding.md About Branding].''
  • NFS: : ''Network File System (NFS) is a distributed file system protocol originally developed by Sun Microsystems in 1984, allowing a user on a client computer to access files over a network in a manner similar to how local storage is accessed.''
  • Power_management/Suspend_and_hibernate: : ''{{ic|/sys/power/image_size}} controls the size of the image created by the suspend-to-disk mechanism. It can be written a string representing a non-negative integer that will be used as an upper limit of the image size, in bytes. The suspend-to-disk mechanism will do its best to ensure the image size will not exceed that number. However, if this turns out to be impossible, it will try to suspend anyway using the smallest image possible. In particular, if "0" is written to this file, the suspend image will be as small as possible. Reading from this file will display the current image size limit, which is set to 2/5 of available RAM by default.''
  • RuneScape: : ''RuneScape is a fantasy massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) released in January 2001 by Andrew and Paul Gower, and developed and published by Jagex Games Studio. It is a graphical browser game implemented on the client-side in Java or HTML5, and incorporates 3D rendering. The game has had over 200 million accounts created and is recognised by the Guinness World Records as the world's largest free MMORPG and the most-updated game.''
  • Snort: : ''Snort® is an open source network intrusion prevention and detection system ([[Wikipedia:Intrusion detection system|IDS]]/IPS) developed by Sourcefire. Combining the benefits of signature, protocol, and anomaly-based inspection, Snort is the most widely deployed IDS/IPS technology worldwide. With millions of downloads and nearly 400,000 registered users, Snort has become the de facto standard for IPS.''
  • SQLite: : ''SQLite is a software library that implements a self-contained, serverless, zero-configuration, transactional SQL database engine. SQLite is the most widely deployed SQL database engine in the world. The source code for SQLite is in the public domain.''
  • Suricata: : ''Suricata is a high performance Network IDS, IPS and Network Security Monitoring engine. Open Source and owned by a community run non-profit foundation, the Open Information Security Foundation (OISF). Suricata is developed by the OISF and its supporting vendors.''
  • Thunar: : ''Thunar is a modern file manager for the Xfce Desktop Environment. Thunar has been designed from the ground up to be fast and easy-to-use. Its user interface is clean and intuitive, and does not include any confusing or useless options by default. Thunar is fast and responsive with a good start up time and folder load time.''
  • VirtualGL: : ''Solution:'' Edit the script to comment out or fix the offending line. (You can put the modified script in {{ic|/usr/local/bin/}} to prevent it from being reverted on the next package upgrade.)
  • VirtualGL: : ''Solution:'' Modify the final script that actually runs the application, to make it run the application with {{ic|vglrun}}.
  • VirtualGL: : ''Solution:'' If possible, bypass the loader binary and start the actual OpenGL application directly with {{ic|vglrun}} - an example is VirtualBox where you need to start your virtual machine session directly with {{ic|vglrun VirtualBox -startvm "Name of the VM"}} rather then through the VirtualBox main program GUI. If it is a matter of LD_PRELOAD being explicitly unset within the binary, running {{ic|vglrun}} with the {{ic|-ge}} command-line switch can prevent that in some cases.
  • Webmin: : ''Webmin is a web-based interface for system administration for Unix. Using any modern web browser, you can setup user accounts, Apache, DNS, file sharing and much more. Webmin removes the need to manually edit Unix configuration files like {{ic|/etc/passwd}}, and lets you manage a system from the console or remotely. See the [http://www.webmin.com/standard.html standard modules] page for a list of all the functions built into Webmin, or check out the [http://www.webmin.com/demo.html screenshots].''
  • WMFS2: : ''WMFS<sup>2</sup> is a lightweight and highly configurable tiling window manager for X written in C. WMFS<sup>2</sup> is a free software distributed under the BSD license. it can be drive from keyboard or mouse and it's configuration stands in one text file easily understandable.''
  • Zim: : '' Zim is a graphical text editor used to maintain a collection of wiki pages. Each page can contain links to other pages, simple formatting and images. Pages are stored in a folder structure, like in an outliner, and can have attachments. Creating a new page is as easy as linking to a nonexistent page. All data is stored in plain text files with wiki formatting. Various plugins provide additional functionality, like a task list manager, an equation editor, a tray icon, and support for version control.''
  • Zim: : ''Zim can be used to:''
  • ACPI_modules: :''ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface) is an open industry specification co-developed by Hewlett-Packard, Intel, Microsoft, Phoenix, and Toshiba.''
  • Amavis: :''amavisd-new is a high-performance interface between mailer (MTA) and content checkers: virus scanners, and/or SpamAssassin. It is written in Perl for maintainability, without paying a significant price for speed. It talks to MTA via (E)SMTP or LMTP, or by using helper programs. Best with Postfix, fine with dual-sendmail setup and Exim v4, works with sendmail/milter, or with any MTA as a SMTP relay.''
  • Arch_User_Repository: :'''Exception''' to this strict rule may only be packages having '''extra features''' enabled and/or '''patches''' in comparison to the official ones. In such an occasion the {{ic|pkgname}} should be different to express that difference. For example, a package for GNU screen containing the sidebar patch could be named {{ic|screen-sidebar}}. Additionally the {{ic|1=provides=('screen')}} array should be used in order to avoid conflicts with the official package.
  • ASP.NET_with_Apache: :''Further details: http://www.mono-project.com/AutoHosting/''
  • Awstats: :''AWStats is a free powerful and featureful tool that generates advanced web, streaming, ftp or mail server statistics, graphically. This log analyzer works as a CGI or from command line and shows you all possible information your log contains, in few graphical web pages. It uses a partial information file to be able to process large log files, often and quickly. It can analyze log files from all major server tools like Apache log files (NCSA combined/XLF/ELF log format or common/CLF log format), WebStar, IIS (W3C log format) and a lot of other web, proxy, wap, streaming servers, mail servers and some ftp servers.''
  • Back_In_Time: :''Back In Time is a simple backup solution for Linux desktops. It is based on rsync and uses hard-links to reduce space used for unchanged files. It comes with a Qt4 GUI which will run on both Gnome and KDE based Desktops. Back In Time is written in Python3 and is licensed under GPL2.''
  • Bitmessage: :''"Bitmessage is a P2P communications protocol used to send encrypted messages to another person or to many subscribers. It is decentralized and trustless, meaning that you need-not inherently trust any entities like root certificate authorities. It uses strong authentication which means that the sender of a message cannot be spoofed, and it aims to hide "non-content" data, like the sender and receiver of messages, from passive eavesdroppers like those running warrantless wiretapping programs."''
  • Bitmessage: :''A Mailing List without the requirement of a central "authority". Sometimes called Chan (short for channel) because they usually focus on a subject which also is the password for the deterministic address.''
  • Bottle: :''Bottle is a fast, simple and lightweight WSGI micro web-framework for Python. It is distributed as a single file module and has no dependencies other than the Python Standard Library.''
  • Burp_suite: :''Burp Suite is an integrated platform for performing security testing of web applications. Its various tools work seamlessly together to support the entire testing process, from initial mapping and analysis of an application's attack surface, through to finding and exploiting security vulnerabilities.''
  • Category:Emulation: :'''''Emulation''' is what we do when we try to make one system behave like or imitate a different system. We want to take System A (something we already have) and give it the inputs we would normally use for System B (which we may not have) and have System A produce the same results as System B.''
  • Category:Emulation: :'''''Virtualization''' is a technique for using computing resources and devices in a completely functional manner regardless of their physical layout or location. This includes splitting a single physical computer into multiple "virtual" servers, making it appear as though each virtual machine is running on its own dedicated hardware and allowing each to be rebooted independently.''
  • Category:TeX: :''[http://www.tug.org/ TeX] is a typesetting language. Instead of visually formatting your text, you enter your manuscript text intertwined with TeX commands in a plain text file. You then run TeX to produce formatted output, such as a PDF file. Thus, in contrast to standard word processors, your document is a separate file that does not pretend to be a representation of the final typeset output, and so can be easily edited and manipulated.''
  • Category:Virtualization: :'''''Emulation''' is what we do when we try to make one system behave like or imitate a different system. We want to take System A (something we already have) and give it the inputs we would normally use for System B (which we may not have) and have System A produce the same results as System B.''
  • Category:Virtualization: :'''''Virtualization''' is a technique for using computing resources and devices in a completely functional manner regardless of their physical layout or location. This includes splitting a single physical computer into multiple "virtual" servers, making it appear as though each virtual machine is running on its own dedicated hardware and allowing each to be rebooted independently.''
  • Convert_any_Movie_to_DVD_Video: :''Why another article about this process?'' There is a plethora of articles, man pages, and blog entries about how to convert any movie to a standard DVD Video viewable on any hardware DVD player. However, most of those pages focus on one aspect of this process. The point of this article is to summarize most of the available knowledge in only one place.
  • Cron: :''cron'' is the time-based job scheduler in Unix-like computer operating systems. cron enables users to schedule jobs (commands or shell scripts) to run periodically at certain times or dates. It is commonly used to automate system maintenance or administration.
  • Diskless_system: :''A diskless node (or diskless workstation) is a workstation or personal computer without disk drives, which employs network booting to load its operating system from a server.''
  • Djvu: :''DjVu is a computer file format designed primarily to store scanned documents, especially those containing a combination of text, line drawings, indexed color images, and photographs. It uses technologies such as image layer separation of text and background/images, progressive loading, arithmetic coding, and lossy compression for bitonal (monochrome) images. This allows for high-quality, readable images to be stored in a minimum of space, so that they can be made available on the web.''
  • Djvu: :''DjVu has been promoted as an alternative to PDF, promising smaller files than PDF for most scanned documents. The DjVu developers report that color magazine pages compress to 40–70 kB, black and white technical papers compress to 15–40 kB, and ancient manuscripts compress to around 100 kB; a satisfactory JPEG image typically requires 500 kB. Like PDF, DjVu can contain an OCR text layer, making it easy to perform copy and paste and text search operations.''
  • Djvu: :''Free browser plug-ins and desktop viewers from different developers are available from the djvu.org website. DjVu is supported by a number of multi-format document viewers and e-book reader software on Linux (Okular, Evince), Android (VuDroid), Windows (SumatraPDF), iPhone/iPad (Stanza), and BlackBerry OS (DjVuBB).''
  • Duply: :''Duply is a frontend for the mighty duplicity magic. [[Duplicity]] is a python based shell application that makes encrypted incremental backups to remote storages.''
  • Elasticsearch: :''[https://www.elastic.co/products/elasticsearch Elasticsearch] is a search engine based on [http://lucene.apache.org/ Lucene]. It provides a distributed, multitenant-capable full-text search engine with an HTTP web interface and schema-free JSON documents. Elasticsearch is developed in Java and is released as open source under the terms of the Apache License.''
  • Emacs: :''It seems that nothing is loaded automatically because there is a choice betwee iso-transl and iso-acc. Both seem to provide an input method with C-x 8 or Alt-<accent> prefix, but what you and I are doing is just pressing a dead key (^, ´, `, ~, ¨) for the accent and then another key to "compose" the accented character. And there is no Alt key used in this! And according to documentation it seems be appropriate for 8-bit encodings, so it should be pretty useless in UTF-8. I reported this bug when it was introduced, but the bug seems to be classified as a feature ... Maybe it's just because the file is auto-loaded though pretty useless. ''
  • Ext4: :'''''mke2fs''' creates an inode for every ''bytes-per-inode'' bytes of space on the disk. The larger the ''bytes-per-inode'' ratio, the fewer inodes will be created.''
  • Fbterm: :''FbTerm is a fast terminal emulator for linux with frame buffer device or VESA video card. Features include:''
  • FFmpeg: :''FFmpeg is a complete, cross-platform solution to record, convert and stream audio and video. It includes libavcodec - the leading audio/video codec library.''
  • Firejail: :''The installed profile tries to replicate some advanced security features inspired by kernel-based Grsecurity:''
  • Gateone: :''Gate One™ is a web-based Terminal Emulator and SSH client that brings the power of the command line to the web. It requires no browser plugins and is built on top of a powerful plugin system that allows every aspect of its appearance and functionality to be customized.''
  • GNS3: :''GNS3 is an open source software that simulate complex networks while being as close as possible to the way real networks perform. All of this without having dedicated network hardware such as routers and switches.''
  • GNU_Project: :'''automatically configure source code:''' {{Pkg|autoconf}}
  • GNU_Project: :'''automatically create Makefiles:''' {{Pkg|automake}}
  • GNU_Project: :'''library support script:''' {{Pkg|libtool}}
  • Haskell: :''The easiest way to get started with programming Haskell. It comes with all you need to get up and running. Think of it as "Haskell: batteries included".''
  • HiDPI: :''File -> Settings -> Behaviour & Appearance -> Appearance''
  • HP_TouchSmart_tx2: :''the module must be reinstalled after each kernel update in order for wifi to work.''
  • Installing_with_Fake_RAID: :''Operating system-based RAID doesn't always protect the boot process and is generally impractical on desktop versions of Windows. Hardware RAID controllers are expensive and proprietary. To fill this gap, cheap "RAID controllers" were introduced that do not contain a RAID controller chip, but simply a standard disk controller chip with special firmware and drivers. During early stage boot-up, the RAID is implemented by the firmware. When a protected-mode operating system kernel such as Linux or a modern version of Microsoft Windows is loaded, the drivers take over.''
  • Installing_with_Fake_RAID: :''These controllers are described by their manufacturers as RAID controllers, and it is rarely made clear to purchasers that the burden of RAID processing is borne by the host computer's central processing unit -- not the RAID controller itself -- thus introducing the aforementioned CPU overhead which hardware controllers do not suffer from. Firmware controllers often can only use certain types of hard drives in their RAID arrays (e.g. SATA for Intel Matrix RAID, as there is neither SCSI nor PATA support in modern Intel ICH southbridges; however, motherboard makers implement RAID controllers outside of the southbridge on some motherboards). Before their introduction, a "RAID controller" implied that the controller did the processing, and the new type has become known in technically knowledgeable circles as "fake RAID" even though the RAID itself is implemented correctly. Adaptec calls them "host RAID".''
  • JHBuild: :''JHBuild allows you to build and run GNOME platform and applications building the required modules in a sandbox environment, isolating the installation; so there is no need to build and run GNOME inside a virtual machine.''
  • Jumbo_frames: :''In computer networking, jumbo frames are Ethernet frames with more than 1,500 bytes of payload (MTU). Conventionally, jumbo frames can carry up to 9,000 bytes of payload, but variations exist and some care must be taken when using the term. Many, but not all, Gigabit Ethernet switches and Gigabit Ethernet network interface cards support jumbo frames, but all Fast Ethernet switches and Fast Ethernet network interface cards support only standard-sized frames.''
  • KDE: :''“Phonon is the multimedia API provided by KDE and is the standard abstraction for handling multimedia streams within KDE software and also used by several Qt applications.
  • KMSCON: :''Kmscon is a simple terminal emulator based on linux [[kernel mode setting]]. It is an attempt to replace the in-kernel VT implementation with a userspace console.''
  • LibreOffice: :''LibreOffice is the free power-packed Open Source personal productivity suite for Windows, Macintosh and Linux, that gives you six feature-rich applications for all your document production and data processing needs: Writer, Calc, Impress, Draw, Math and Base.
  • Lm_sensors: :''All these processors have a sensor, but on those for Socket F or AM2+, the sensor may return inconsistent values (erratum 319). The driver will refuse to load on these revisions unless users specify the {{ic|1=force=1}} module parameter.''
  • Lm_sensors: :''Due to technical reasons, the driver can detect only the mainboard's socket type, not the processor's actual capabilities. Therefore, users of an AM3 processor on an AM2+ mainboard, can safely use the {{ic|1=force=1}} parameter.''
  • Logrotate: :''The logrotate utility is designed to simplify the administration of log files on a system which generates a lot of log files. Logrotate allows for the automatic rotation compression, removal and mailing of log files. Logrotate can be set to handle a log file daily, weekly, monthly or when the log file gets to a certain size.''
  • Maple: :''Maple is a high-level language and interactive environment for numerical computation, visualization, and programming. Using Maple, you can analyze data, develop algorithms, and create models and applications. The language, tools, and built-in math functions enable you to explore multiple approaches and reach a solution faster than with spreadsheets or traditional programming languages, such as C/C++ or Java.''
  • MATE: :''The MATE Desktop Environment is the continuation of GNOME 2. It provides an intuitive and attractive desktop environment using traditional metaphors for Linux and other Unix-like operating systems. MATE is [https://github.com/mate-desktop under active development] to add support for new technologies while preserving a traditional desktop experience.''
  • Matlab: :''MATLAB is a high-level language and interactive environment for numerical computation, visualization, and programming. Using MATLAB, you can analyze data, develop algorithms, and create models and applications. The language, tools, and built-in math functions enable you to explore multiple approaches and reach a solution faster than with spreadsheets or traditional programming languages, such as C/C++ or Java.''
  • MediaTomb: :''MediaTomb is an open source (GPL) UPnP MediaServer with a nice web user interface, it allows you to stream your digital media through your home network and listen to/watch it on a variety of UPnP compatible devices.''
  • Metasploit_Framework: :''Consider the MSF to be one of the single most useful auditing tools freely available to security professionals today. From a wide array of commercial grade exploits and an extensive exploit development environment, all the way to network information gathering tools and web vulnerability plugins. The Metasploit Framework provides a truly impressive work environment. The MSF is far more than just a collection of exploits, it's an infrastructure that you can build upon and utilize for your custom needs. This allows you to concentrate on your unique environment, and not have to reinvent the wheel.''
  • Mono: :''Mono is a [...] project to create a [[Wikipedia:.NET Framework|.NET Framework]]-compatible set of tools including, among others, a [[Wikipedia:C Sharp (programming language)|C#]] compiler and a [[Wikipedia:Common Language Runtime|Common Language Runtime]].''
  • Mumble: :''Mumble is a voice over IP (VoIP) application primarily designed for use by gamers, similar to programs such as TeamSpeak and Ventrilo.''
  • Nxt: :''Nxt is a radically enhanced cryptocurrency built from scratch, delivering a unique and decentralized financial platform. Not only does it open up new possibilities – from digital money to transfer of shares – but it addresses all of the most serious deficiencies in existing cryptocurrencies.''
  • Octave: :''GNU Octave is a high-level interpreted language, primarily intended for numerical computations. It provides capabilities for the numerical solution of linear and nonlinear problems, and for performing other numerical experiments. It also provides extensive graphics capabilities for data visualization and manipulation. Octave is normally used through its interactive command line interface, but it can also be used to write non-interactive programs. The Octave language is quite similar to Matlab so that most programs are easily portable.''
  • Pass: :''Password management should be simple and follow Unix philosophy. With pass, each password lives inside of a gpg encrypted file whose filename is the title of the website or resource that requires the password. These encrypted files may be organized into meaningful folder hierarchies, copied from computer to computer, and, in general, manipulated using standard command line file management utilities.''
  • Pdnsd: :'''''pdnsd-ctl''' controls '''pdnsd''', a proxy dns server with permanent caching. Note that the status control socket must be enabled (by specifying an option on the pdnsd command line or in the configuration file) before you can use '''pdnsd-ctl'''.''
  • Polkit: :''polkit is an application-level toolkit for defining and handling the policy that allows unprivileged processes to speak to privileged processes: It is a framework for centralizing the decision making process with respect to granting access to privileged operations for unprivileged applications.''
  • Postfix_with_SASL: :''People who go to the trouble of installing Postfix may have the expectation that Postfix is more secure than some other mailers. The Cyrus SASL library contains a lot of code. With this, Postfix becomes as secure as other mail systems that use the Cyrus SASL library. Dovecot provides an alternative that may be worth considering.''
  • Professional_audio: :''See: [https://rt.wiki.kernel.org/ Real-Time Linux Wiki]''
  • Professional_audio: :''See: [[JACK#MIDI]]''
  • Puppet_Dashboard: :''The Puppet Dashboard is a web interface and reporting tool for your Puppet installation. Dashboard facilitates management and configuration tasks, provides a quick visual snapshot of important system information, and delivers valuable reports.''
  • PXE: :''The Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE, also known as Pre-Execution Environment; sometimes pronounced "pixie") is an environment to boot computers using a network interface independently of data storage devices (like hard disks) or installed operating systems.''
  • Redis: :''Redis is a software project that implements data structure servers. It is open-source, networked, in-memory, and stores keys with optional durability.''
  • Running_X_apps_as_root: :'''Method 1''': Add the line
  • Running_X_apps_as_root: :'''Method 2''': Globally in <code>/etc/profile</code>
  • Rust: :''[http://rust-lang.org/ Rust] is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled programming language sponsored by Mozilla Research. It is designed to be a "safe, concurrent, practical language", supporting pure-functional, imperative-procedural, and object-oriented styles.''
  • Rust: :''The goal of Rust is to be a good language for creating highly concurrent and highly safe systems, and programming in the large. This has led to a feature set with an emphasis on safety, control of memory layout, and concurrency. Performance of idiomatic Rust is comparable to the performance of idiomatic C++.''
  • Saltstack: :''Salt is a new approach to infrastructure management. Easy enough to get running in minutes, scalable enough to manage tens of thousands of servers, and fast enough to communicate with them in seconds.''
  • Saltstack: :''Salt delivers a dynamic communication bus for instrastructures that can be used for orchestration, remote execution, configuration management and much more.''
  • Samba/Active_Directory_domain_controller: :'''INTERNAL.DOMAIN.COM''' - This should be the same as the DNS domain in all caps. It is common to use an internal-only sub-domain to separate your internal domain from your external DNS domains, but it is not required.
  • Samba/Active_Directory_domain_controller: :'''INTERNAL''' - This will be the NetBIOS domain name, usually the leftmost DNS sub-domain but can be anything you like. For example, the name INTERNAL would not be very descriptive. Perhaps company name or initials would be appropriate. This should be entered in all caps, and should have a 15 character maximum length for compatibility with older clients.
  • Samba/Active_Directory_domain_controller: :'''dc''' - This article assumes that your are installing the first DC in a new domain. If you select anything different, the rest of this article will likely be useless to you.
  • Samba/Active_Directory_domain_controller: :'''BIND9_DLZ''' or '''SAMBA_INTERNAL''' - This is down to personal preference of the server admin. Again, if you are hosting DNS for external domains, you are strongly encouraged to use the '''BIND9_DLZ''' backend so that flat zone files can continue to be used and existing transfer rules can co-exist with the internal DNS server. If unsure, use the '''SAMBA_INTERNAL''' backend.
  • Samba/Active_Directory_domain_controller: :'''xxxxxxxx''' - You must select a ''strong'' password for the administrator account. The minimum requirements are one upper case letter, one number, and at least eight characters. If you attempt to use a password that does not meet the complexity requirements, provisioning will fail.
  • Scala: :''Scala is an object-functional programming and scripting language for general software applications. Scala has full support for functional programming (including currying, pattern matching, algebraic data types, lazy evaluation, tail recursion, immutability, etc.) and a very strong static type system. This allows programs written in Scala to be very concise and thus smaller in size than most general purpose programming languages. Many of Scala's design decisions were inspired by criticism over the shortcomings of Java.''
  • SDDM: :''Simple Desktop Display Manager (SDDM) is a display manager (a graphical login program) for X11 and Wayland windowing systems. SDDM was written from scratch in C++11 and supports theming via QML. KDE chose SDDM to be the successor of the KDE Display Manager for KDE Plasma 5.''
  • Subtle: :''Subtle is a manual tiling window manager with a rather uncommon approach of tiling: Instead of relying on predefined layouts, Subtle divides the screen into a grid with customizable slots (called gravities).''
  • Sxhkd: :'' sxhkd is a simple X hotkey daemon with a powerful and compact configuration syntax.''
  • Systemd: :''systemd'' is a suite of basic building blocks for a Linux system. It provides a system and service manager that runs as PID 1 and starts the rest of the system. systemd provides aggressive parallelization capabilities, uses socket and [[D-Bus]] activation for starting services, offers on-demand starting of daemons, keeps track of processes using Linux [[control groups]], maintains mount and automount points, and implements an elaborate transactional dependency-based service control logic. ''systemd'' supports SysV and LSB init scripts and works as a replacement for sysvinit. Other parts include a logging daemon, utilities to control basic system configuration like the hostname, date, locale, maintain a list of logged-in users and running containers and virtual machines, system accounts, runtime directories and settings, and daemons to manage simple network configuration, network time synchronization, log forwarding, and name resolution.
  • Systemd-timesyncd: :''systemd-timesyncd'' is a daemon that has been added for synchronizing the system clock across the network. It implements an SNTP client. In contrast to NTP implementations such as chrony or the NTP reference server this only implements a client side, and does not bother with the full NTP complexity, focusing only on querying time from one remote server and synchronizing the local clock to it. Unless you intend to serve NTP to networked clients or want to connect to local hardware clocks this simple NTP client should be more than appropriate for most installations. The daemon runs with minimal privileges, and has been hooked up with networkd to only operate when network connectivity is available. The daemon saves the current clock to disk every time a new NTP sync has been acquired, and uses this to possibly correct the system clock early at bootup, in order to accommodate for systems that lack an RTC such as the Raspberry Pi and embedded devices, and make sure that time monotonically progresses on these systems, even if it is not always correct. To make use of this daemon a new system user and group "systemd-timesync" needs to be created on installation of systemd.
  • SysVinit: :''A runlevel is a software configuration of the system which allows only a selected group of processes to exist. The processes spawned by init for each of these runlevels are defined in the /etc/inittab file.''
  • Thunderbird: :''See upstream Wiki: [http://kb.mozillazine.org/Using_webmail_with_your_email_client Using webmail with your email client].''
  • Transmission: :''transmission-daemon'': starts the daemon.
  • Transmission: :''transmission-remote'': invokes the [[Wikipedia:Command-line interface|CLI]] for the daemon, whether local or remote, followed by the command you want the daemon to execute.
  • Transmission: :''transmission-show'': returns information on a given torrent file.
  • Transmission: :''transmission-create'': creates a new torrent.
  • Transmission: :''transmission-edit'': add, delete, or replace a tracker's announce URL.
  • Transmission: :''transmission-cli'': ([https://github.com/transmission/transmission/commit/950387ab5a443629598f93c057f41150707866ab deprecated]) starts a non-daemonized local instance of ''transmission'', for manually downloading a torrent.
  • Transmission: :''tremc'': (requires {{AUR|tremc-git}}) starts the [[Wikipedia:curses (programming library)|curses]] interface for the daemon, whether local or remote.
  • Udev: :''udev'' is a device manager for the Linux kernel. As the successor of ''devfsd'' and ''hotplug'', ''udev'' primarily manages device nodes in the {{ic|/dev}} directory. At the same time, ''udev'' also handles all user space events raised while hardware devices are added into the system or removed from it, including firmware loading as required by certain devices.
  • Unbound: :''Set {{ic|num-threads}} equal to the number of CPU cores on the system. E.g. for 4 CPUs with 2 cores each, use 8.''
  • Unity3D: :''Unity is a flexible and powerful development platform for creating multiplatform 3D and 2D games and interactive experiences. It's a complete ecosystem for anyone who aims to build a business on creating high-end content and connecting to their most loyal and enthusiastic players and customers.''
  • Vifm: :'' Vifm is an ncurses based file manager with vi like keybindings/modes/options/commands/configuration, which also borrows some useful ideas from [[mutt]].
  • Webcam_setup: :''Motion is a program that monitors the video signal from cameras. It is able to detect if a significant part of the picture has changed; in other words, it can detect motion.''
  • Wvdial: :''See main article: [[sudo]]''
  • XDM: :''Xdm manages a collection of X displays, which may be on the local host or remote servers. The design of xdm was guided by the needs of X terminals as well as The Open Group standard XDMCP, the X Display Manager Control Protocol. Xdm provides services similar to those provided by init, getty and login on character terminals: prompting for login name and password, authenticating the user, and running a "session."''
  • Xen: :''Xen is an open-source type-1 or baremetal hypervisor, which makes it possible to run many instances of an operating system or indeed different operating systems in parallel on a single machine (or host). Xen is the only type-1 hypervisor that is available as open source. Xen is used as the basis for a number of different commercial and open source applications, such as: server virtualization, Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), desktop virtualization, security applications, embedded and hardware appliances.''
  • Xvidcap: :''"Xvidcap is a small tool to capture things going on on an X-Windows display to either individual frames or an MPEG video. On Windows machines there are commercial tools like Lotus ScreenCam or Camtasia which do a very good job esp. for the purpose I was needing such a tool for: Software documentation, esp. installation procedures and such.''
  • Xvidcap: :''On UNIX machines I have searched for a comparable tool for a long time with little luck. Some day, I came across a program written by Rasca Gmelch which went a good way, just not quite there. It was able to capture to individual frames and save them in indivdual screenshots (which can be converted into a video with tools like transcode.)''
  • Xvidcap: :''This approach for me required more storage than I had available, so I added an on-line encoding facility using FFMPEG's libavcodec/libavformat. And since Rasca no longer has the time to maintain his code, I took over and the code to sourceforge.''
  • Xvidcap: :''Today, I suppose xvidcap does its basic job, though I find bugs and possible improvements every day. If you are a developer, appreciate a tool like xvidcap, and want to help improve it, contact me at the sourceforge site."''
  • Zsh: :''To activate the menu, press tab twice.''

systemctl start

systemctl enable

  • Acer_Travelmate_4750: systemctl enable acpid # keep it workable for next boot
  • Altera_Design_Software: # systemctl enable systemd-networkd.service
  • AMD_Catalyst: # systemctl enable catalyst-hook
  • Archiso: # systemctl enable graphical.target
  • ASUS_Zenbook_Prime_UX31A: # systemctl enable asus-kbd-backlight.service
  • BIND: systemctl enable named-chroot.service
  • Cgit: # systemctl enable uwsgi@cgit.socket
  • CrashPlan: # systemctl enable crashplan.service
  • Create_root_filesystem_snapshots_with_LVM: Enable the new service with {{ic|# systemctl enable mk-lvm-snapshots.service}}.
  • Deepin_Desktop_Environment: systemctl enable lightdm.service
  • Deepin_Desktop_Environment: # systemctl enable resume@''user''
  • Dell_Vostro_5470: # systemctl enable bumblebeed
  • Dhcpd: # systemctl enable systemd-networkd-wait-online
  • Direct_modem_connection: # systemctl enable adsl
  • Fan_speed_control: $ systemctl enable thinkfan
  • Fan_speed_control: # systemctl enable thinkfan
  • Firefox_Sync_Server: # systemctl enable ffsync
  • Flashcache: systemctl enable flashcache
  • Freeswitch: To start FreeSWITCH upon each boot, enable freeswitch.service with {{ic|systemctl enable freeswitch.service}}. You'll need to use the -nc and -nf options to the freeswitch command line to keep it running in the foreground as supervisors expect.
  • GNU_Screen: This service autostarts screen for the specified user (e.g. {{ic|systemctl enable screen@florian}}). Running this as a system unit is important, because [[systemd/User|systemd --user]] instance is not guaranteed to be running and will be killed when the last session for given the user is closed.
  • Gobi_Broadband_Modems: This needs to be enabled with systemctl start ModemManager and systemctl enable ModemManager. As soon as they are started the Mobile Broadband option will be available from the Network Manager Applet.
  • Hadoop: Make sure you have [[sshd]] enabled, or start it with {{ic|systemctl enable sshd}}. Now check that you can connect to localhost without a passphrase:
  • Hhvm: # systemctl enable hhvm
  • HP_Envy_15t-j000_Quad_Edition: # systemctl enable thermald.service
  • HP_Envy_15t-j000_Quad_Edition: # systemctl enable cpupower
  • Improving_performance/Boot_process: # systemctl enable bootchart2
  • Improving_performance/Boot_process: # systemctl enable upower
  • Installing_Arch_Linux_on_ZFS: # systemctl enable zfs.target
  • Installing_with_Fake_RAID: systemctl enable dhcpcd@enp13s0.service
  • IPv6: # systemctl enable/start dhcp6c@WAN.service
  • ISCSI_Target: You might want to enable the lio target on boot with {{bc|# systemctl enable target}}
  • K10ctl: # systemctl enable k10ctl
  • Kdump: # systemctl enable kdump
  • Kerberos: # systemctl enable --now krb5-kdc krb5-kadmind
  • Kexec: {{hc|# systemctl enable kexec-load@linux|
  • Kexec: # systemctl enable kexec-load@linux-lts
  • KMSCON: # systemctl enable kmsconvt@tty1.service
  • Lenovo_ThinkPad_Helix: # systemctl enable fstrim.timer
  • Lenovo_ThinkPad_T420: {{bc|# systemctl enable thinkfan}}
  • Lenovo_ThinkPad_T450s: sudo pacman -S tlp; sudo systemctl enable tlp.service; sudo systemctl start tlp.service
  • Lenovo_ThinkPad_T450s: sudo systemctl enable fstrim.timer;
  • Lenovo_ThinkPad_X1_Carbon_(Gen_2): systemctl enable kbdbacklight
  • Lenovo_Yoga_2_11: systemctl enable xhci
  • Linux_Containers: systemctl enable lxc-net
  • LPRng: systemctl enable lpd.service
  • Mailman: # for X in mailman-*.timer ; do systemctl enable $X && systemctl start $X ; done
  • Matlab: # systemctl enable matlab.licensing
  • Munin: # systemctl enable --now munin-cron.timer
  • Munin: # systemctl enable --now munin-node
  • Munin: # systemctl enable --now munin-graph.socket
  • Munin: # systemctl enable --now munin-html.socket
  • Nextcloud: # systemctl enable uwsgi@nextcloud.socket
  • Nextcloud: # systemctl enable docker.service
  • NFS: # systemctl enable auto_share.timer
  • Odoo: # systemctl enable odoo.service
  • OpenStack: * Making services start automatically (e.g. using {{ic|systemctl enable ...}})
  • Open-xchange: # systemctl enable httpd mysqld open-xchange
  • Plone: systemctl enable plone
  • Plymouth: # Enable the respective DM-plymouth Unit (GDM, LXDM, SLiM, LightDM, SDDM units provided), e.g. {{ic|systemctl enable gdm-plymouth.service}}
  • Polipo: # systemctl enable polipo
  • PulseAudio/Troubleshooting: # systemctl enable resume-fix-pulseaudio@YOUR_USERNAME_HERE.service
  • Puppet: systemctl enable/disable <unit> to change it.
  • Pure-FTPd: To start the server automatically, use {{ic|# systemctl enable pure-ftpd}}.
  • RethinkDB: # systemctl enable rethinkdb@default
  • RethinkDB: # systemctl enable rethinkdb@<NAME>
  • Rsnapshot: # systemctl enable rsnapshot-daily.timer
  • RTorrent: # systemctl enable rtorrent
  • Scanner_Button_Daemon: # systemctl enable scanbd.service
  • SELinux: # systemctl enable restorecond
  • Serial_input_device_to_kernel_input: # systemctl enable inputattach
  • SickRage: # systemctl enable sickrage
  • Systemd_FAQ: # systemctl enable dmraid.service
  • Systemd_FAQ: # systemctl enable ''myscript''.service
  • Systemd_FAQ: This happens when using {{ic|systemctl enable}} and the symlink it tries to create in {{ic|/etc/systemd/system/}} already exists. Typically this happens when switching from one display manager to another one (for instance GDM to KDM, which can be enabled with {{ic|gdm.service}} and {{ic|kdm.service}}, respectively) and the corresponding symlink {{ic|/etc/systemd/system/display-manager.service}} already exists.
  • Systemd-firstboot: # systemctl enable systemd-firstboot.service
  • Systemd: # systemctl enable ''unit''
  • Systemd: # systemctl enable --now ''unit''
  • Systemd-nspawn: # systemctl enable --now systemd-networkd systemd-resolved
  • TalkingArch: #While in the arch-chroot, Enable the espeakup systemd service by executing {{ic|systemctl enable espeakup.service}}
  • ThinkPad_docks: # systemctl enable acpid
  • Tinc: # systemctl enable tinc@''vpnname''
  • Tinc: # systemctl enable tinc
  • Tinc: # systemctl enable tinc@''vpnname''
  • Tinc: # systemctl enable tinc@''another_vpnname''
  • TOMOYO_Linux: # systemctl enable tomoyo-savepolicy.service
  • Tp-battery-mode: systemctl enable tp-battery-mode
  • Tp_smapi: # systemctl enable tp_smapi_set_battery_thresholds.service
  • TT-RSS: # systemctl enable tt-rss
  • Varnish: systemctl enable merely makes a symlink to the default
  • Varnish: {{bc|$ systemctl enable varnish
  • VMware/Installing_Arch_as_a_guest: # systemctl enable vmware-vmblock-fuse.service
  • VMware/Installing_Arch_as_a_guest: # systemctl enable dhcpcd@''new_interface_name''.service
  • WireGuard: To bring this up automatically one can use {{ic|systemctl enable wg-quick@wg0}}
  • WireGuard: If you use [[NetworkManager]], it may be necessary to also enable NetworkManager-wait-online.service {{ic|systemctl enable NetworkManager-wait-online.service}}
  • WireGuard: or if you're using systemd-networkd, to enable systemd-networkd-wait-online.service {{ic|systemctl enable systemd-networkd-wait-online.service}}
  • Wireless_bonding: # systemctl enable enp3s0@bond0 wlp2s0@bond0 master@bond0
  • Wireless_bonding: # systemctl enable dhclient@bond0 static@bond0
  • ZFS: # systemctl enable zfs.target
  • ZFS: # systemctl enable zfs-import-cache
  • ZFS: # systemctl enable zfs-mount
  • ZFS: # systemctl enable zfs-import.target
  • ZFS: and enable a service instance for each encrypted volume: {{ic|# systemctl enable zfs-key@dataset}}.

systemctl stop

  • Autofs: # systemctl stop autofs.service
  • BackupPC: systemctl stop backuppc.service
  • BIND: systemctl stop named.service
  • Direct_modem_connection: # systemctl stop adsl
  • Dropbox: systemctl stop dropbox@<user>
  • Flash_DRM_content: sudo systemctl stop hal.service && ( ## systemd : stop hal daemon
  • Hadoop: # systemctl stop hadoop-datanode
  • Hadoop: # systemctl stop hadoop-jobtracker
  • Hadoop: # systemctl stop hadoop-namenode
  • Hadoop: # systemctl stop hadoop-secondarynamenode
  • Hadoop: # systemctl stop hadoop-tasktracker
  • Installation_guide: If no connection is available, [[stop]] the ''dhcpcd'' service with {{ic|systemctl stop dhcpcd@}}, {{ic|Tab}} and see [[Network configuration#Device_driver|Network configuration]].
  • Monit: stop program "systemctl stop sshd"
  • Mumble: # systemctl stop nginx
  • Netctl: ExecDownPre="systemctl stop crashplan.service; systemctl stop dropbox@<username>.service"
  • Network_Time_Protocol_daemon: systemctl stop ntpd &
  • OpenNTPD: systemctl stop openntpd.service
  • OpenNTPD: systemctl stop openntpd.service
  • OpenVPN: systemctl stop openvpn-client@''<configuration>''
  • PostgreSQL: # systemctl stop postgresql.service
  • PostgreSQL: # systemctl stop postgresql.service
  • Professional_audio: # systemctl stop $daemonname
  • Rabbitmq: Rabbitmq package install epmd (Erlang Port Mapping Daemons) as dependency. If you run rabbitmq server via systemd, it will start detached epmd process, that will not be stopped with {{ic|systemctl stop}}. You can avoid this, if add {{ic|1=After=epmd.service}} in {{ic|[Unit]}} section. Don't forget to reload daemons.
  • RTorrent: # systemctl stop rtorrent
  • Seafile: # systemctl stop seafile-server@example.org
  • Squid: systemctl stop squid
  • Systemd_FAQ: # systemctl stop getty@tty5.service getty@tty6.service
  • Systemd: # systemctl stop ''unit''
  • Systemd: # systemctl stop systemd-networkd
  • Tp-battery-mode: systemctl stop tp-battery-mode
  • Transmission: systemctl stop transmission
  • Transmission: systemctl stop transmission
  • Wicd: systemctl stop openvpn-client@client
  • Wireless_bonding: # systemctl stop master@bond0
  • Wireless_bonding: # systemctl stop supplicant@''interface_name''
  • Wireless_bonding: # systemctl stop dhclient@bond0.service
  • Wireless_bonding: # systemctl stop static@bond0.service