Difference between revisions of "2bwm"

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(Using 2bwm)
(Using 2bwm)
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==Using 2bwm==
 
==Using 2bwm==
  
After the launch of 2bwm, a mouse cursor, a background and a terminal will be the only thing on the screen (as specified in the ''.xinitrc''). To open a terminal (using the default configuration), hit Super+Enter. (Super Key aka Windows key/Mod4). Use the terminal as desired, for example to start program with ''program_name &'', however it is easier and more convenient to use a menu to launch programs, for instance [[dmenu]] or 9menu (available in the aur).
+
After the launch of 2bwm, a mouse cursor, a background, and a terminal will be the only thing on the screen (as specified in the ''.xinitrc''). To open a terminal (using the default configuration), hit Super+Enter. (Super Key aka Windows key/Mod4). Use the terminal as desired, for example to start program with ''program_name &'', however it is easier and more convenient to use a menu to launch programs, for instance [[dmenu]] or 9menu (available in the aur).
  
 
===General commands===
 
===General commands===

Revision as of 18:52, 11 May 2013


Warning: 2bwm is still in alpha stage and should be used cautiously. At the moment, 2bwm is only for advanced users.

2bwmAUR is a fast floating WM, with the particularity of having 2 borders, written over the XCB library and derived from mcwm written by Michael Cardell. In 2bwm everything is accessible from the keyboard but a pointing device can be used for move, resize and raise/lower. The name has recently changed from mcwm-beast to 2bwm.

Installation

2bwmAUR can be installed from the AUR with or without using an AUR helper. Although the installation process can be automatic, if directly building from the AUR, it is highly recommended to read and edit the "config.h" file in the source directory.

Configuration

Starting 2bwm

2bwm generally starts from a script, either from startx or from a login manager such as xdm.

If it starts from the console, a .xinitrc file is needed. Here's a complete example:

 #!/bin/sh
 
 # Set a nice background.
 xsetroot -solid grey20

 # Load resources.
 xrdb -load ~/.Xresources

 # Start window manager in the background. If it dies, X still lives.
 2bwm &

 # Start a terminal in the foreground. If this dies, X dies.
 exec urxvt

2bwm used to have startup options. They have been removed because editing the config file was more convenient.

Using 2bwm

After the launch of 2bwm, a mouse cursor, a background, and a terminal will be the only thing on the screen (as specified in the .xinitrc). To open a terminal (using the default configuration), hit Super+Enter. (Super Key aka Windows key/Mod4). Use the terminal as desired, for example to start program with program_name &, however it is easier and more convenient to use a menu to launch programs, for instance dmenu or 9menu (available in the aur).

General commands

  • Super+Ctrl+Q – exit 2bwm
  • Super+Ctrl+R – restart 2bwm
  • Super+W – start the menu
  • Super+Enter – start a terminal
  • Super+Arrows (+shift) – move the cursor (with shift fast).

Window controls

Using the Super Key combined with one of the key combinations below while focused on a window:

  • Q – close window.
  • Tab or shift+Tab – go to next window in the current workspace window ring.
  • f – fix a window, making it visible on all workspaces (toggles).
  • a – make a window unkillable by Super+Q (toggles).
  • r – raise or lower (toggles).
  • i – iconify (or hide) a window from the display.

Move, resize and teleport a window

Using the Super Key combined with one of the key combinations below while focused on a window:

  • x – maximize (toggles).
  • m – maximize vertically (toggles).
  • shift+m – maximize horizontally (toggles).
  • shift+H (+ctrl) – resize left (with ctrl slow).
  • shift+J (+ctrl) – resize down (with ctrl slow).
  • shift+K (+ctrl) – resize up (with ctrl slow).
  • shift+L (+ctrl) – resize right (with ctrl slow).
  • Home – grow keeping aspect.
  • End – shrink keeping aspect.
  • h (+ctrl) – move left (with ctrl slow)
  • j (+ctrl) – move down (with ctrl slow)
  • k (+ctrl) – move up (with ctrl slow)
  • l (+ctrl) – move right (with ctrl slow)
  • y – move to the upper left corner of monitor.
  • u – move to the upper right corner of monitor.
  • b – move to the lower left corner of monitor.
  • n – move to the lower right corner of monitor.
  • g – move to the center of monitor.
  • shift+y/shift+u/shift+b/shift+n – move to the left/right/bottom/top while maxvert/maxhor and half max horizontal/vertical.

Workspaces

  • 0-9 – go to workspace n, 0-9.
  • shift+0-9 – send to workspace n.
  • c or v – go to next/previous workspace.
  • , or . – move window to previous/next monitor.

Mouse controls

By holding down the Super Key, you can perform these actions with the mouse:

  • Button 1 on a window – move window
  • Button 3 on a window – resize window
  • Button 3 + ctrl on the desktop – start the menu specified in config.h.

Note that all functions activated from the keyboard work on the currently focused window regardless of the position of the mouse cursor. Of course, changing workspaces has nothing to do with the focused window.

You may change the keyboard mappings from config.h.

Tips & Tricks

Starting 2bwm over a terminal

If you fork 2bwm to background and exec a terminal emulator (such as rxvt-unicode), immediately put the terminal in unkillable mode (Super+A by default), so the X session doesn't crash by error. If you are using double borders, putting a window in unkillable mode will set the outer border's color to a significant one (that can be changed in the config.h). However, it's known that with some certain configurations, urxvt omits the outer border. To get past this issue, look into your .Xresources (or .Xdefaults) file for a line like the following:

URxvt.depth: 32

Setting the depth any value smaller than 32 fixes this issue and brings the outer border back to the terminal.

Get the current workspace using a script

The following command yields the current workspace:

xprop -root _NET_CURRENT_DESKTOP | sed -e 's/_NET_CURRENT_DESKTOP(CARDINAL) = //'

Easier to remember outer border colors

You can use this trick to remember the meaning of outer border colors by setting e.g. "fixed" to blue, "unkillable" to red, and "fixed + unkillable" to purple (when you mix blue and red, you get purple).

Top left squares

If you put borders[0] negative, the outer border will turn into a square. The colors that you have set for the outer borders will still be visible in the square.

Links

  • 2bwm - the GitHub repository for 2bwm