AUR is a fast floating WM, with the particularity of having 2 borders, written over the XCB library and derived from mcwm written by Michael Cardell. In 2bwm everything is accessible from the keyboard but a pointing device can be used for move, resize and raise/lower. The name has recently changed from mcwm-beast to 2bwm.
You can get AUR helper. Although the installation process can be automatic, if directly building from the AUR, it is highly recommended to read and edit the "config.h" file in the source directory.AUR from the AUR with or without using an
If you start from the console, you need an .xinitrc file. Here's a complete example:
#!/bin/sh # Set a nice background. xsetroot -solid grey20 # Load resources. xrdb -load ~/.Xresources # Start window manager in the background. If it dies, X still lives. 2bwm & # Start a terminal in the foreground. If this dies, X dies. exec urxvt
2bwm used to have startup options, but they have been removed.
Upon starting 2bwm, you will be presented with a mouse cursor, a background and a terminal (if you have specified so in your .xinitrc). To open a terminal (with the default configuration), use the key combination Super+Enter. (Super Key is also known as the Windows key, or Mod4.). You may run programs from the terminal using program_name &, but it is recommended for you to use a menu (dmenu, for instance) to launch programs.
Using the Super Key combined with one of the key combinations below while focused on a window:
- arrows (+shift) – move the cursor (with shift fast).
- r – raise or lower (toggles).
- x – maximize (toggles).
- m – maximize vertically (toggles).
- shift+m (+ctrl) – maximize horizontally (toggles).
- shift+H (+ctrl) – resize left (with ctrl slow).
- shift+J (+ctrl) – resize down (with ctrl slow).
- shift+K (+ctrl) – resize up (with ctrl slow).
- shift+L (+ctrl) – resize right (with ctrl slow).
- Home – grow keeping aspect.
- End – shrink keeping aspect.
- h (+ctrl) – move left (with ctrl slow)
- j (+ctrl) – move down (with ctrl slow)
- k (+ctrl) – move up (with ctrl slow)
- l (+ctrl) – move right (with ctrl slow)
- y – move to the upper left corner of monitor.
- u – move to the upper right corner of monitor.
- b – move to the lower left corner of monitor.
- n – move to the lower right corner of monitor.
- g – move to the center of monitor.
- shift+y/shift+u/shift+b/shift+n – move to the left/right/bottom/top while maxvert/maxhor and half max horizontal/vertical.
- Q – close window.
- Return – start terminal
- Tab or shift+Tab – go to next window in the current workspace window ring.
- f – fix a window, making it visible on all workspaces (toggles).
- a – make a window unkillable by Super+Q (toggles).
- i – iconify (or hide) a window from the display.
- 0-9 – go to workspace n, 0-9.
- shift+0-9 – send to workspace n.
- c or v – go to next/previous workspace.
- , or . – move window to previous/next monitor.
By holding down the Super Key, you can perform these actions with the mouse:
- Button 1 on a window – move window
- Button 3 on a window – resize window
- Button 3 + ctrl on the desktop – start the menu specified in config.h.
Note that all functions activated from the keyboard work on the currently focused window regardless of the position of the mouse cursor. Of course, changing workspaces has nothing to do with the focused window.
You may change the keyboard mappings from config.h.
Tips & Tricks
Starting 2bwm over a terminal
If you fork 2bwm to background and exec a terminal emulator (such as rxvt-unicode), immediately put the terminal in unkillable mode (Super+A by default), so the X session doesn't crash by error. If you are using double borders, putting a window in unkillable mode will set the outer border's color to a significant one (that can be changed in the config.h). However, it's known that with some certain configurations, urxvt omits the outer border. To get past this issue, look into your .Xresources (or .Xdefaults) file for a line like the following:
Setting the depth any value smaller than 32 fixes this issue and brings the outer border back to the terminal.
Get the current workspace using a script
The following command yields the current workspace:
xprop -root _NET_CURRENT_DESKTOP | sed -e 's/_NET_CURRENT_DESKTOP(CARDINAL) = //'
Easier to remember outer border colors
You can use this trick to remember the meaning of outer border colors by setting e.g. "fixed" to blue, "unkillable" to red, and "fixed + unkillable" to purple (when you mix blue and red, you get purple).
Top left squares
If you put
borders negative, the outer border will turn into a square. The colors that you have set for the outer borders will still be visible in the square.
- 2bwm - the GitHub repository for 2bwm