ASUS Eee PC 1001HA
The ASUS Eee PC 1001HA is a netbook personal computer.
- CPU: Intel Atom N270 @ 1.60 GHz
- RAM: 1 GB DDR2 533 MHz SODIMM, one slot, can be upgraded to maximum 2 GB
- Graphics: Intel GMA950, integrated in the northbridge
- Sound: Intel HD Audio, two integrated speakers, microphone, headphones out, microphone in
- Chipset: Intel 945GSE northbridge, ICH7 southbridge
- Hard disk: 160 GB, Seagate ST9160301AS, 5400 rpm
- Display: 10.1", LED backlight, resolution: 1024x600
- Wired network: Atheros AR8132 10/100 Fast Ethernet
- Wireless: Ralink RT3090 802.11n, mini PCIe card
Since the processor doesn't support 64-bit software, you can install the 32-bit version of Arch Linux.
When you turn on the computer, to enter the BIOS settings menu, press the F2 key repeatedly until the BIOS menu appears. To show the boot menu so you may start the system from an external CD/DVD drive or an USB flash drive, press the Escape key repeatedly until this menu appears.
Installing the Base System
Configuring Xorg for Intel Graphics and Synaptics Touchpad
The 1001HA has an Intel GMA950 integrated graphics located in the northbridge and cooled by the netbook's fan. You use the Synaptics touchpad to move the pointer on the screen.
If you plan to use a desktop environment or a window manager, you need to install Xorg and the Intel and Synaptics drivers. Do this by installing these packages as the root user:
# pacman -S xorg-xserver xf86-video-intel xf86-input-evdev xf86-input-synaptics
The touchpad can be configured for two finger vertical scrolling and more, refer to Touchpad Synaptics.
By default, you won't need a xorg.conf file, everything works automatically. For configuring the Intel driver and acceleration methods, refer to Intel.
If you want to use kernel modesetting, depending on your boot loader (Grub 1/2, Syslinux), edit its configuration file and add "i915.modeset=1" to the end of the appropriate kernel line. Then, add "i915" to the MODULES="..." (first) section of the file /etc/mkinitcpio.conf. Execute this as the root user:
mkinitcpio -p linux
When you restart the computer, kernel modesetting will be enabled and work properly.
Keyboard and Hotkeys
To set the keyboard layouts and configure the keyboard, use the desktop environment's control panel, or in case of an window manager, add an option to its start-up configuration file, such as this:
setxkbmap -layout us,rs -variant ,latin -option grp:alt_shift_toggle &
Make sure you have installed the xorg-setxkbmap package so this command works properly.
Hotkeys allow the user to change volume, brightness, put the netbook to sleep etc. They are activated by holding the Fn key and then pressing one of the function keys (F1-F12) and Space.
By default, these keys work:
- Fn F1: Suspend-to-RAM (puts the netbook to sleep, low power mode)
- Fn F2: turns on/off the wireless card
- Fn F5: lowers the backlight intensity
- Fn F6: rises the backlight intensity
To configure the other keys, refer to the desktop environment's control panel, or in case you use a window manager such as Openbox, edit its configuration file.
The Boot Booster allows your laptop to start instantly by skipping the POST startup test and caching BIOS settings on the hard disk. If you consider using this feature, create a primary partition at the end of the hard disk that is 50 MB in size. It must be a primary partition and it must be the last on the disk. Use a tool such as GParted or fdisk to do this and set the partition type to 0xef (EFI FAT Partition) - use fdisk for this (expert mode - be careful!).
First deactivate this option in the BIOS Boot settings, then turn off your computer properly. Turn on the computer, enable the Boot Booster in BIOS, turn off your computer properly and the Boot Booster will work afterwards, when you turn on the computer next time.
Control the VGA Output
You can use graphical tools such as lxrandr, arandr or a command line tools, such as xrandr.
For example, to turn off the LCD screen and turn on the external screen:
xrandr --output LVDS --off --output VGA --auto
To expand the desktop so the LCD screen is the left one and the external screen is the right one:
xrandr --output VGA1 --right-of LVDS1 --auto
To switch back to the netbook's LCD screen and turn the VGA output off:
xrandr --output LVDS --auto --output VGA --off