ASUS Zenbook Prime UX31A

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Reason: This should only have information specific to the hardware. Other content should not be duplicated here. (Discuss in Talk:ASUS Zenbook Prime UX31A#)

This page contains instructions, tips, pointers, and links for installing and configuring Arch Linux on the ASUS Zenbook UX31A and UX21A Ultrabooks. Most of it should also hold for UX32VD.

See previous generation ASUS Zenbook UX31E page that has mostly orthogonal information to those here (may be only partially applicable to UX31A)

Installation

To install Arch Linux on UX31A, you can follow the official Installation_Guide. Since the UX31A uses UEFI and GPT, make sure to also read the UEFI, GPT and UEFI_Bootloaders pages. It is recommended to use GRUB as a bootloader. To prepare an UEFI USB device, read UEFI#Create_UEFI_bootable_USB_from_ISO.

Boot from USB medium

Press Template:Keypress to get into the boot menu. If the USB bootable device is not listed, enter the configuration menu and directly press Template:Keypress to save. Press Template:Keypress again on reboot: This time the USB bootable device should appear in the menu.

Select 'Boot Arch Linux (x86_64)" and press Template:Keypress. The installation system will be booted and you will end up with a terminal.

Kernel Parameters

These kernel parameters offer some speed optimizations and longer battery life. It is recommended to enable them. To add kernel paramaters to GRUB2 you have to edit /etc/default/grub and add them to the GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT line.

add_efi_memmap i915.i915_enable_rc6=1 pcie_aspm=force drm.vblankoffdelay=1 i915.semaphores=1

Function keys

Note: A working keymap means that there is some output in xev when the key combination is pressed OR that the functionality is built in and "just works". It does not means that the keymap is linked to the functionality. For that it is often necessary to add a keyboard shortcut by the method of your choice or to use a desktop shell with built-in shortcut support for the keycode in question. For some of the keys the function operates on a BIOS level and no shortcut is needed.

This table shows the function keys, their intended function, what keycode (if any) X recognizes and whether the function key operates at the BIOS level or if it needs a shortcut.

Keys Function X sees shortcut needed
Template:Keypress Sleep XF86Sleep no
Template:Keypress Turn off WLAN and Bluetooth XF86WLAN & XF86Bluetooth no
Template:Keypress Dim keyboard backlight XF86KbdBrightnessDown yes
Template:Keypress Brighten keyboard backlight XF86KbdBrightnessUp yes
Template:Keypress Dim LCD backlight No recognized key no
Template:Keypress Brighten LCD backlight No recognized key no
Template:Keypress Turn off LCD No named key no
Template:Keypress Toggle display XF86Display yes
Template:Keypress Toggle touchpad XF86TouchpadToggle yes
Template:Keypress Audio mute/unmute XF86AudioMute yes
Template:Keypress Audio volume down XF86AudioLowerVolume yes
Template:Keypress Audio volume up XF86AudioRaiseVolume yes
Template:Keypress Ambient light sensor No recognized key N/A
Template:Keypress Switch display profiles XF86Launch1 yes
Template:Keypress Webcam XF86WebCam yes
Template:Keypress Switch power profiles XF86Launch6 yes

Screen backlight

Note: Since kernel 3.7.3 screen brightness keys are working out of the box (with boot parameter acpi_osi="!Windows 2012" - depending on the bootloader, it might be necessary to escape the doublequotes.), so this section is legacy and will soon be moved

Screen Brightness keymaps (Template:Keypress, Template:Keypress) does not work. It means the system does not get any keymap when the key combination is pressed. You get two options here :

  • try to fix the problem
  • work around the problem and just use a different key combination

The lazy option first:

Screen backlight workarounds

Method 1

Install xorg-xbacklight

You can add some convenient keyboard shortcuts by the method of your choice.

Method 2

Install asus-screen-brightnessAUR from AUR. To allow users to change the brightness, say:

# asus-screen-brightness allowusers

If you use initscripts, put this into your /etc/rc.local:

# echo "asus-screen-brightness allowusers" >> /etc/rc.local

Users of systemd can use the unit file included in the package.

# systemctl daemon-reload
# systemctl start asus-screen-brightness.service
# systemctl enable asus-screen-brightness.service

Adding to .zshrc or .bashrc :

alias -g "backlight"="/bin/bash /usr/bin/asus-screen-brightness"

allows to easy toggle backlight in terminal :

$ backlight up
$ backlight down
$ backlight max
$ backlight off
$ backlight night
$ backlight 2000
$ backlight show

And finally, add some convenient keyboard shortcuts by the method of your choice.

Screen backlight fix

Note: UX31A BIOS 211 IGDM Base Address is 0xDA8A9018, UX31A BIOS 206 UGDM Base Address is 0xDA8CE018 and UX31A BIOS 204 IGDM Base Address is 0xDA8CF018, everything else is the same.
Warning: This is highly experimental. It works for the UX32VD with bios 2.06, no guarantee that it works for different configurations.

First off, this method requires that you know what you are doing (although there are good tutorials anyway), and needs a little bit patience. It also requires that you have the hexidecimal dump and undump package xxd available in the AUR: https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=35311 .

This method is based on a proposed fix posted on https://bugs.freedesktop.org/show_bug.cgi?id=45452, which apparently works for the UX31A/UX32VD too. The cause why the brightness buttons don't work is exactly the same as in the bugreport.

As root, create the file /usr/local/share/backlightfix: This script is posted here: https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1156051#p1156051

#!/bin/bash                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
#                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
# Asus UX32VD acpi backlight fix                                                                                                                                                                                                             
#                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
# Copyright(C) 2012 Eugen Dahm <eugen.dahm@gmail.com>.                                                                                                                                                                                       
#                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
# fix is based on a proposed bugfix posted on <[url]https://bugs.freedesktop.org/show_bug.cgi?id=45452[/url]>                                                                                                                                           
#                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
#  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify                                                                                                                                                                      
#  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by                                                                                                                                                                      
#  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or                                                                                                                                                                         
#  (at your option) any later version.                                                                                                                                                                                                       
#                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
#  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,                                                                                                                                                                           
#  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of                                                                                                                                                                            
#  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the                                                                                                                                                                             
#  GNU General Public License for more details.                                                                                                                                                                                              
#                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
#  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License                                                                                                                                                                         
#  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software                                                                                                                                                                               
#  Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA                                                                                                                                                                 
#                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
# Asus UX32VD acpi backlight fix                                                                                                                                                                                                             
# Disclaimer!!!! not recommended to use if laptop is not the Asus UX32VD\                                                                                                                                                                    
# probably works with other models too, but the didl and cadl offset needs to be extracted                                                                                                                                                   
# from the dsdt                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
# Tested with bios 2.06                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
# IGDM_BASE has to be determined for each notebook                                                                                                                                                                                           
# IGDM is the operation region (\_SB_.PCI0.GFX0.IGDM) containing the CADL/DIDL fields                                                                                                                                                        
# \aslb is a named field containing the base-address of the IGDM region                                                                                                                                                                      
# this address depends on the installed ram 
# how to get the address:                                                          
# - git clone git://github.com/Bumblebee-Project/acpi_call.git                                                                                                                                                                               
# - make                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
# - load module with insmod or copy to /lib/modules/.... and modprobe                                                                                                                                                                        
# - echo '\aslb' > /proc/acpi/call                                                                                                                                                                                                           
# - cat /proc/acpi/call                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
# - this is the IGDM base address - fill in below                                                                                                                                                                                             
IGDM_BASE=0xBE8B7018
DIDL_OFFSET=0x120
CADL_OFFSET=0x160
# this basically copies the values of the initialized fields DIDL-DDL8 in the IGDM opregion and initializes CADL-CAL8 with it                                                                                                                
# CADL-CAL8 are fields, telling the bios that a screen or something is connected (this is a bit speculation - check                                                                                                                          
# <[url]https://bugs.freedesktop.org/show_bug.cgi?id=45452[/url]> for  more                                                                                                                                                                              
# if interested, disasselbe the dsdt to understand, why no notifyevent gets thrown, when CADL isn't initialized                                                                                                                              
# (hint: _Q0E/_Q0F are the backlight methods on the UX32VD)                                                                                                                                                                                  
dd if=/dev/mem skip=$(( $IGDM_BASE + $DIDL_OFFSET )) count=32 bs=1 | xxd  | xxd -r | dd of=/dev/mem bs=1 seek=$(( $IGDM_BASE + $CADL_OFFSET )) count=32 

This script still needs to be adjusted to your notebook configuration (it uses a memory address which strongly depends on the amount of installed system memory.

The exact address can be determined with following steps:

  1. git clone git://github.com/Bumblebee-Project/acpi_call.git
  2. cd acpi_call
  3. make
  4. gzip acpi_call.ko
  5. load module acpi_call.ko.gz with insmod or copy to /lib/modules/.... and modprobe
  6. echo '\aslb' > /proc/acpi/call
  7. cat /proc/acpi/call
  8. this is the IGDM base address - initialize the IGDM_BASE variable with this value in the script

Initialize your bios with this script on boot :

# echo "/usr/local/share/backlightfix" >> /etc/rc.local

Execute the script and hope the backlight buttons work afterwards. If they don't you probably have to disasselbe the dsdt for yourself, because you have to adjust the following 2 variables in the script:

DIDL_OFFSET=0x120
CADL_OFFSET=0x160

These are the offsets on the Asus UX32VD bios version 2.06. Try google to find a tutorial how to disassemble the dsdt.

Getting the DIDL and CADL offsets

Now comes the funny part:

  1. open your disassembled dsdt. The should have the filename dsdt.dsl.
  2. find the operationregion IGBM. It should have a Field statement below, and probably looks something like this:
OperationRegion (IGDM, SystemMemory, ASLB, 0x2000)
              Field (IGDM, AnyAcc, NoLock, Preserve)
              {
                  SIGN,   128, 
                  SIZE,   32, 
                  OVER,   32, 
...

This specifies some variables in this IGDM field (for me, they look similar to a c struct, except that you don't need to give the size of each element in a struct). The numbers are the size for each element in bit.

You must add those field sizes until you reach the DIDL variable. With the UX32VD the DIDL offset is easy, because of this statement:

..
Offset (0x120), 
DIDL,   32,

.. Don't know exactly why they use the Offset statement, since this is somewhat redundant. It tells you that the following element has the offset 0x120.

Since I thought it is obvious what this statement does, I didn't bother to look it up in the dsl language specification. I thought it tells the bios that the following variable starts with an offset of 0x120 bytes relative to the previous element, but I was wrong. It basically tells you/bios that the following variable starts with an offset of 0x120 relative to the beginning of the opregion (in this case its completely unnecessary).

Now the only thing left is the CADL offset. Add the numbers starting from DIDL until you reach CADL and add it to your previous offset. This should be the 2nd needed offset.

After updating both offset variables in the script and executing it again, the backlight should now work (no guarantee).

Keyboard backlight

Install asus-kbd-backlightAUR from AUR. To allow users to change the brightness, say:

# asus-kbd-backlight allowusers

If you use initscripts, put this into your /etc/rc.local:

# echo "asus-kbd-backlight allowusers" >> /etc/rc.local

Users of systemd can use the unit file included in the package.

# systemctl daemon-reload
# systemctl start asus-kbd-backlight.service
# systemctl enable asus-kbd-backlight.service

Now you can easily change keyboard backlight in terminal:

$ asus-kbd-backlight up
$ asus-kbd-backlight down
$ asus-kbd-backlight max
$ asus-kbd-backlight off
$ asus-kbd-backlight night
$ asus-kbd-backlight 2
$ asus-kbd-backlight show

And finally, add some convenient keyboard shortcuts by the method of your choice.

UPower Script

Upower allows control of the keyboard backlight as an ordinary user. Use of these scripts requires installation of dbus, upower and if you want the OSD notifications, libnotify.

This script increases the keyboard brightness and provides onscreen notification of the current brightness:

#! /bin/bash
# get current keyboard brightness from UPower
current_state=$(dbus-send --type=method_call --print-reply=literal --system \
--dest="org.freedesktop.UPower" /org/freedesktop/UPower/KbdBacklight org.freedesktop.UPower.KbdBacklight.GetBrightness)
# strip leading 9 characters "   int32 "
current_state=${current_state:9}
# get maximum keyboard brightness from UPower
max_brightness=$(dbus-send --type=method_call --print-reply=literal --system \
--dest="org.freedesktop.UPower" /org/freedesktop/UPower/KbdBacklight org.freedesktop.UPower.KbdBacklight.GetMaxBrightness)
# strip leading 9 characters "   int32 "
max_brightness=${max_brightness:9}
# if the current keyboard brightness is less than max, increment brightness by one
if [ $current_state -lt $max_brightness ] ; then 
dbus-send --type=method_call --print-reply=literal --system \
--dest="org.freedesktop.UPower" /org/freedesktop/UPower/KbdBacklight org.freedesktop.UPower.KbdBacklight.SetBrightness \
int32:$((current_state+1))
notify-send "Keyboard brightness reset to $((current_state+1))"
else
# if the keyboard brightness is already at maximum, complain
notify-send "Keyboard brightness already at maximum"
fi

This script decreases the keyboard brightness and provides onscreen notification of the current brightness:

#! /bin/bash
# get current keyboard brightness from UPower
current_state=$(dbus-send --type=method_call --print-reply=literal --system \
--dest="org.freedesktop.UPower" /org/freedesktop/UPower/KbdBacklight org.freedesktop.UPower.KbdBacklight.GetBrightness)
# strip leading 9 characters "   int32 "
current_state=${current_state:9}
min_brightness=0
# if the current keyboard brightness is greater than zero, decrement brightness by one
if [ $current_state -gt $min_brightness ] ; then 
dbus-send --type=method_call --print-reply=literal --system \
--dest="org.freedesktop.UPower" /org/freedesktop/UPower/KbdBacklight org.freedesktop.UPower.KbdBacklight.SetBrightness \
int32:$((current_state-1))
notify-send "Keyboard brightness reset to $((current_state-1))"
else
# if the keyboard brightness is already at zero, complain
notify-send "Keyboard brightness already at zero"
fi

Automatic Backlight Control

This C program will automatically turn off the backlight after a given idle time, and turn it on proportionally to the screen brightness. Written for Asus N56DP but will probably work here as well. Please email me if not. Note that you must run it as root, or if using some other user, give that user write permission to the backlight brightness file. This program works in plain tty mode as well as in X, but if you're using X you must start the X server first before starting this program, otherwise the X server will hang. Hyc (talk) 13:24, 16 January 2013 (UTC)

/* Author: Howard Chu <hyc@symas.com> 2013-01-15
 *
 * monitor keyboard activity and toggle keyboard backlight
 * for Asus laptops. Tested on Asus N56DP.
 */
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <poll.h>

static char dummybuf[8192];

/** @brief How many milliseconds before turning off kbd light */
#ifndef IDLE_MSEC
#define IDLE_MSEC	7000
#endif

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
	struct pollfd pfd;
	int rc, blfd, scfd;
	int brt, timeout, prev = -1;
	char bm[2] = "0\n";

	scfd = open("/sys/class/backlight/acpi_video0/brightness", O_RDONLY);
	blfd = open("/sys/class/leds/asus::kbd_backlight/brightness", O_WRONLY);
	pfd.fd = open("/dev/input/by-path/platform-i8042-serio-0-event-kbd", O_RDONLY);
	pfd.events = POLLIN;

	timeout = IDLE_MSEC;
	while (1) {
		rc = poll(&pfd, 1, timeout);
		/* Kbd brightness ranges from 0 to 3.
		 * Screen brightness ranges from 1 to 10.
		 * Make the keyboard brightness
		 * depend on the screen brightness.
		 *
		 * Assume 10 means working in a bright room.
		 * In that case, leave the kbd light off.
		 * map screen 1-9 to kbd 1-3.
		 */
		if (rc) {
			/* got keyboard input, flush it all and
			 * wait for the next event. Also check
			 * the screen brightness and set the kbd
			 * backlight accordingly.
			 */
			read(pfd.fd, dummybuf, sizeof(dummybuf));
			timeout = IDLE_MSEC;
			read(scfd, dummybuf, sizeof(dummybuf));
			lseek(scfd, 0, SEEK_SET);
			brt = atoi(dummybuf);
			if (brt == 10) {
				brt = 0;
			} else {
				brt = (brt + 2) / 3;
			}
		} else {
			/* once we've gotten a timeout, turn off
			 * kbd backlight and wait forever for
			 * the next keypress
			 */
			timeout = -1;
			brt = 0;
		}
		if (brt == prev)
			continue;
		bm[0] = brt + '0';
		write(blfd, bm, 2);
		lseek(blfd, 0, SEEK_SET);
		prev = brt;
	}
}

Solid State Drive

Check Solid_State_Drives

Touchpad

Instructions to activate the right button. (As an alternative you cant try This).

Multifinger taps work out of the box.

Tip: Multifinger taps: Two finger for middle click; three fingers for right click.

Multitouch gestures

To enable multitouch gestures like those under Windows, one can install toucheggAUR from the AUR. Using touchegg will require disabling some input-handling that is done by the synaptics input driver. Edit your /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/10-synaptics.conf

Section "InputClass"
        Identifier "touchpad catchall"
        Driver "synaptics"
        MatchIsTouchpad "on"
        MatchDevicePath "/dev/input/event*"
        Option "TapButton1" "1"
        Option "TapButton2" "0"
        Option "TapButton3" "0"
        Option "ClickFinger2" "0"
        Option "ClickFinger3" "0"
        Option "HorizTwoFingerScroll" "0"
        Option "VertTwoFingerScroll" "0"
        Option "ClickPad" "true"
        Option "EmulateMidButtonTime" "0"
        Option "SoftButtonAreas" "50% 0 82% 0 0 0 0 0"
EndSection

An alternative to X.org configuration files is to use the synclient command within the .xinitrc script. This method will limit changes to your desktop environment.

 synclient TapButton2=0 TapButton3=0 ClickFinger2=0 ClickFinger3=0 HorizTwoFingerScroll=0 VertTwoFingerScroll=0

touchegg will need to be autostarted for multitouch gestures to be activated. This can be done with touchegg & in your .xinitrc, or using the autostart/startup applications functionality of your desktop environment. ~/.config/touchegg/touchegg.conf can then be configured as necessary.

Multitouch gestures in Gnome 3

gnome-shell in Gnome 3 does its own mouse handling which can interfere with the settings above unless the appropriate plugin is disabled. The plugin handler can be disabled with

 gsettings set org.gnome.settings-daemon.plugins.mouse active false

Note that this will make any changes made in the Mouse & Touchpad control panel applet in System Settings ineffectual.

Disable Touchpad While Typing

One of the criticisms this laptop gets (see reviews at Amazon) is that the placement of the touchpad results in frequent touchpad brushing during typing. You should use whatever touchpad disabling method you prefer. See Touchpad_Synaptics#Disable_Trackpad_while_Typing .

HDMI plugged at boot

There seems to be an issue whereby having an HDMI device plugged in at boot results in the screens being switched and also the laptop screen not coming on. To make this more bearable you can automate switching HDMI on with the following udev rule and script:


Add the following script as root:

/usr/local/share/hdmi-plugged-startup
#!/bin/bash

export XAUTHORITY=/home/$USER/.Xauthority
export DISPLAY=:0

/usr/bin/xrandr -display :0 --output eDP1 --auto --output HDMI1 --auto --above eDP1

then make it executable

# chmod +x /usr/local/share/hdmi-plugged-startup

And add the following udev rule:

# echo 'ACTION=="change", SUBSYSTEM=="drm", RUN+="/usr/local/share/hdmi-plugged-startup"' >> /etc/udev/rules.d/10-local.rules

Powersave management

For automatic powersaving when on battery configure Laptop_Mode_Tools. For manual power saving see Power saving

Hardware and Modules

PCI

This is output of lspci -nnn -k

Description PCI Id Module
Intel Corporation 3rd Gen Core processor DRAM Controller 8086:0154 none
Intel Corporation 3rd Gen Core processor Graphics Controller 8086:0166 i915
Intel Corporation Device 8086:0153 none
Intel Corporation 7 Series/C210 Series Chipset Family USB xHCI Host Controller 8086:1e31 xhci_hcd
Intel Corporation 7 Series/C210 Series Chipset Family MEI Controller #1 8086:1e3a mei
Intel Corporation 7 Series/C210 Series Chipset Family USB Enhanced Host Controller #2 8086:1e2d ehci_hcd
Intel Corporation 7 Series/C210 Series Chipset Family High Definition Audio Controller 8086:1e20 snd_hda_intel
Intel Corporation 7 Series/C210 Series Chipset Family PCI Express Root Port 1 8086:1e10 pcieport
Intel Corporation 7 Series/C210 Series Chipset Family PCI Express Root Port 2 8086:1e12 pcieport
Intel Corporation 7 Series/C210 Series Chipset Family USB Enhanced Host Controller #1 8086:1e26 ehci_hcd
Intel Corporation HM76 Express Chipset LPC Controller 8086:1e59 lpc_ich
Intel Corporation 7 Series Chipset Family 6-port SATA Controller 8086:1e03 ahci
Intel Corporation 7 Series/C210 Series Chipset Family SMBus Controller 8086:1e22] none
Intel Corporation 7 Series/C210 Series Chipset Family Thermal Management Controller 8086:1e24 none
Intel Corporation Centrino Advanced-N 6235 8086:088e iwlwifi

Other Devices and Drivers

mei

PCE device 8086:1e3a, the Intel Corporation 7 Series/C210 Series Chipset Family MEI Controller #1 and the associated device "/dev/mei" (10,59) relating to an Intel-specific hardware monitoring technology called "Advanced Management Technology".

The MEI driver speaks to or through the "Local Manageability Service" or LMS. The LMS driver is available here. Note that with GCC 4.7.2-2, the driver will refuse to compile. I was able to convince it to compile by:

  • adding "#include <unistd.h>" to src/tools/ATVersion.cpp
  • adding "#include <stdio.h>" to src/tools/ATNetworkTool.cpp

It then installs the driver file lms in /usr/local/sbin and the init.d-type daemon file lms in /etc/init.d/.

rdrand

The i7 Core CPU has an on-chip random number generator, rdrand, code named "Bull Mountain". It appears that since 3.2, this is used as a source for /dev/urandom. It is also used as a randomness source by rng-tools version 4.

In contrast to other hardware random number generators, rdrand does not create a character device in /dev. However, rngd version 4 does appear to detect and use it.

First, make sure rngd sees it:

[root@asarum system]# rngd -v --no-tpm=1
Available entropy sources:
   	DRNG

Second, start rngd:

[root@asarum log]# rngd -f --no-tpm=1

The options for rngd.service are found in /etc/conf.d/rngd. I modified the file as follows:

# RNGD_OPTS="-o /dev/random -r /dev/urandom"
RNGD_OPTS=" -o /dev/random --no-tpm=1"

Test:

[root@asarum system]# cat /dev/random | rngtest -c 1000
rngtest 4
Copyright (c) 2004 by Henrique de Moraes Holschuh
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

rngtest: starting FIPS tests...
rngtest: bits received from input: 20000032
rngtest: FIPS 140-2 successes: 1000
rngtest: FIPS 140-2 failures: 0
rngtest: FIPS 140-2(2001-10-10) Monobit: 0
rngtest: FIPS 140-2(2001-10-10) Poker: 0
rngtest: FIPS 140-2(2001-10-10) Runs: 0
rngtest: FIPS 140-2(2001-10-10) Long run: 0
rngtest: FIPS 140-2(2001-10-10) Continuous run: 0
rngtest: input channel speed: (min=891.472; avg=2161.828; max=2788.585)Kibits/s
rngtest: FIPS tests speed: (min=28.682; avg=47.816; max=146.719)Mibits/s
rngtest: Program run time: 9434482 microseconds
watchdog

The chipset also has an hardware watchdog:

root@asarum chris]# wdctl
Device:        /dev/watchdog
Identity:      iTCO_wdt [version 0]
Timeout:       30 seconds
Timeleft:       2 seconds
FLAG           DESCRIPTION               STATUS BOOT-STATUS
KEEPALIVEPING  Keep alive ping reply          0           0
MAGICCLOSE     Supports magic close char      0           0
SETTIMEOUT     Set timeout (in seconds)       0           0

Activating the watchdog under systemd is trivial, as systemd author Lennart Poettering explains in this blog post.

All you do is go into /etc/systemd/system.conf, uncomment the RuntimeWatchdogSec=0 line and change zero to how long the watchdog should go without receiving a ping before it reboots the system. I used 30s, which is the default setting for iTCO_wdt and seemed sane.

#RuntimeWatchdogSec=0
RuntimeWatchdogSec=30

Check after next boot:

[root@asarum chris]# journalctl | grep -i watchdog
Oct 06 06:36:27 asarum kernel: iTCO_wdt: Intel TCO WatchDog Timer Driver v1.10
Oct 06 06:36:27 asarum systemd[1]: Hardware watchdog 'iTCO_wdt', version 0
Oct 06 06:36:27 asarum systemd[1]: Set hardware watchdog to 30s.

Issue with ACPI and gpio_ich

The gpio_ich module causes the following error:

ACPI Warning: 0x0000000000000428-0x000000000000042f SystemIO conflicts with Region \PMIO 2 (20120711/utaddress-251)
ACPI Warning: 0x0000000000000500-0x000000000000053f SystemIO conflicts with Region \GPIO 1 (20120711/utaddress-251)
ACPI Warning: 0x0000000000000500-0x000000000000053f SystemIO conflicts with Region \GP01 2 (20120711/utaddress-251)
lpc_ich: Resource conflict(s) found affecting gpio_ich
ACPI Warning: 0x000000000000f040-0x000000000000f05f SystemIO conflicts with Region \SMB0 1 (20120711/utaddress-251)
ACPI Warning: 0x000000000000f040-0x000000000000f05f SystemIO conflicts with Region \_SB_.PCI0.SBUS.SMBI 2 (20120711/utaddress-251)

In this case an lsmod shows that the gpio_ich module doesn't wind up being loaded

# lsmod | grep gpio
# 

I then rebooted with apci_enforce_resources=lax. A cat /proc/ioports showed the conflict:

     0420-042f : ACPI GPE0_BLK
      0428-042f : gpio_ich

and

     0500-057f : pnp 00:05
       0500-053f : gpio_ich

In contrast, here's the same lines without acpi_enforce_resources=lax:

     0420-042f : ACPI GPE0_BLK

and

     0500-057f : pnp 00:05

So, net/net, there's no real issue.

Issue with USB and Laptop_Mode_Tools

USB mouse problems and hotplug does not working in some cases with messages in dmesg like:

     xhci_hcd 0000:00:14.0: setting latency timer to 64
     xhci_hcd 0000:00:14.0: WARN Event TRB for slot 1 ep 0 with no TDs queued?

The solution is to set "CONTROL_USB_AUTOSUSPEND" in /etc/laptop-mode/conf.d/usb-autosuspend.conf to 1 and having a long "AUTOSUSPEND_TIMEOUT"

Random kernel panics on boot

If Archlinux boots without any issues sometimes, but locks up with a kernel panic other times, the cause (as described by Whef in this thread: https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1169781#p1169781) is likely the 'btusb' module.

To fix the issue, blacklist the 'btusb' module on the next boot by running:

 sudo echo "blacklist btusb" > /etc/modprobe.d/disable_btusb.conf

Then use rc.local to load it at the end of the boot process by running:

 sudo echo "modprobe btusb" >> /etc/rc.local

This appears to avoid whatever race condition conflict that causes the kernel to panic on boot, but if you're still having the same issue, try removing 'modprobe btusb' from /etc/rc.local to avoid the module completely.

BIOS Version Issues

It seems that updating the BIOS to versions 215 and higher causes issues with ACPI handling of the battery charge levels. In particular it seems that one cannot charge the battery beyond 91%-93%. The issue does not seem to be present in Windows however. For further details please see the forum thread here. The most up to date BIOS version without any issues is 212. Unless it's absolutely necessary, refrain from updating your BIOS.

See also

Additional resources