ATI

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Revision as of 12:24, 15 September 2007 by Erm67 (talk | contribs) (Performance tuning)
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Introduction

ATI owners have two options for drivers. If you are unsure which driver to use, try the open-source one first. The open-source driver will suit most needs and is generally less problematic.

The proprietary driver does not support AIGLX. To use composite managers such as Compiz or Beryl with ATI's proprietary driver you will need to use XGL. Currently, the performance of the open-source driver is not on par with that of the proprietary one. It also lacks TV-out, dual-link DVI support, and possibly other features. On the other hand, it supports AIGLX and has better dual-head support.

Open-Source ATI Drivers

The open-source drivers will work to some degree on Radeon chipsets up to the Radeon X850. Radeons up to the 9200 series are fully featured, stable, and support full 2D and 3D acceleration. Radeons from 9500 to X850 have full 2D acceleration, they provide 3D acceleration as well but it doesn't support all the features that the proprietary drivers do. A full list of supported chipsets can be found here.

Installation and Configuration

The package is xf86-video-ati. Note: If you have previously installed the proprietary driver, make sure to remove fglrx, fglrx-beyond, and fglrx-utils.

pacman -S xf86-video-ati libgl-dri

Edit your xorg.conf, and add or make sure you have the following in their given sections. For

Section "Module"
  Load  "glx"
  Load  "dri"
  Load  "drm"
EndSection
Section "Device"
 Identifier "name"                     # your alias
 Driver "radeon"
 Option "XAANoOffscreenPixmaps" "true" #needed for aiglx
EndSection
Section "DRI"
 Group        "video"
 Mode         0660
EndSection

When using this driver, make sure you do not have fglrx-utils installed but use libgl-dri instead. Otherwise, you'll have the wrong libGL.so which will cause direct rendering not to work.

Performance tuning

The following options apply to Section "Device":

By design, the open-source driver runs at AGP 1x speed. It is generally safe to modify this. If you notice hangs, try reducing the value or removing the line entirely.

       Option "AGPMode" "4"

ColorTiling is completely safe to enable and supposedly is enabled by default. People have noticed a performance increase when enabled via xorg.conf.

       Option "ColorTiling" "on"

Acceleration architecture; this will work only on newer cards. If you enable this and then can't get back into X, remove it.

       Option "AccelMethod" "EXA"

Page Flip is generally safe to enable. This would mostly be used on older cards, as enabling this would disable EXA. With recent drivers can be used together with EXA.

       Option "EnablePageFlip" "on" 

This will enable fast writes. This one can be problematic, so be prepared to remove it if you can't get into X.

       Option "AGPFastWrite" "yes"

See the manpage for more configuration options.

A fine tool to try is driconf. It will allow you to modify several settings, like vsync, anisotropic filtering, texture compression, etc. Using this tool it is also possible to "disable Low Impact fallback" needed by some programs (e.g. Google Earth).

Proprietary Driver: Fglrx

Supported Devices

See ATI Linux Driver 8.38.6 Release Notes for a list of supported devices by this version of the drivers.

Installation

From the release of Xorg 7, Arch has provided pre-compiled fglrx packages in the extra repository. If you use either of the kernels provided in the current or extra repos, the process is simple. If you use a custom kernel, a few extra steps need to be taken.

Installer at ATI.com / AMD.com

Do not install the drivers from the downloadable installer available at ati.com/amd.com!

Doing so will cause file conflicts with various pacman packages and likely cause X failures. The packages available through pacman are configured specifically for Arch Linux and so should be used instead.

If you have attempted a manual install from the official installer, and are finding that nothing works correctly anymore, there should be an uninstall script placed at /usr/share/ati - run that, then try the pacman packages.

Stock Kernels

kernel26

To install ATI's fglrx drivers for the kernel26 package, you need to install the fglrx package.

   # pacman -Sy fglrx

kernel26 with patches

To install ATI's fglrx drivers for these packages, you need to install the fglrx-${patchset_name} package (i.e. for the -suspend2 kernel, fglrx-suspend2)

   # pacman -Sy fglrx-${patchset_name}

Notes

  • These packages contain only the kernel module and depend on the fglrx-utils package. The fglrx-utils package is kernel-independent and provides the libraries and utilities for Xorg, including ATI's own libGL.so.
  • After installing the package, you'll probably need to either source /etc/profile or log out, then back in to set up the environment properly.
  • If you run multiple kernels from the repos, then install fglrx module packages for all kernels. They won't conflict with one another.

Custom Kernels

To install fglrx for a custom kernel, you'll need to build your own fglrx-$kernel package containing the kernel module compiled specifically for your kernel.

If you are at all uncomfortable or inexperienced making packages, read up the ABS wiki page first so things go smoothly.

Obtaining PKGBUILD

Obtain the PKGBUILD and fglrx.install files from CVS or ABS. Either:

Editing the PKGBUILD and building

Three changes need to be made here:

First, change

   pkgname=fglrx

to

   pkgname=fglrx-KERNEL_NAME

where KERNEL_NAME is whatever you want (e.g. custom, mm, themostawesomekernelever)

Second, remove kernel26 from the dependencies list.

Third, change

   _kernver=${_kernel_version}-ARCH

to

   _kernver=`uname -r`

(or directly insert the output of uname -r when running your custom kernel there)

Finally, build and install the package. (makepkg -i or makepkg followed by pacman -A pkgname.pkg.tar.gz)

Notes

  • No changes need to be made to the fglrx-utils package, which is completely kernel-independent. All you need to do is compile a kernel module.

Configuration

With recent releases of their drivers, ATI has gotten rid of the fglrxconfig tool in favour of the more-streamlined, simpler, and more-up-to-date aticonfig tool. For a list of complete options that you can use with aticonfig (and this is a long list!), run

   $ aticonfig --initial

at the command prompt. You can use this tool to set up an xorg.conf file and configure essentially every aspect of the card.

To use this utility, make sure you have a working xorg.conf file already, and back it up. For the most part, aticonfig only modifies existing config files to work with fglrx. If you don't have an xorg.conf file yet, run

   # Xorg -configure

to generate one.

The simplest way to use aticonfig to adapt your xorg.conf file is listed in the examples at the end of the output if you run aticonfig without any command-line parameters:

   Examples:
     1. Setting up fglrx for the first time.
          Single head :    aticonfig --initial --input=/etc/X11/xorg.conf
          Dual head   :    aticonfig --initial=dual-head --screen-layout=above
                           This command will generate a dual head configuration
                           file with the second screen located above the first
                           screen.

Just adapt one of those two lines for your personal setup.

As always, it's a good idea to visually scan the resulting xorg.conf file to ensure everything seems right. If you want, you can compare it to one of the Sample Xorg.conf files listed on the Xorg7 wiki page.

Finally, run Xorg with startx and check if you have direct rendering by opening up a terminal and running

   glxinfo | grep direct (you may need to install the mesa package to get glxinfo)

If it says "direct rendering: yes" then you're good to go!

Troubleshooting

KDM disapears after logout

If you are running the fglrx proprietary driver and you get a console (vc/1) instead of the expected KDM greeting when you log out, you must instruct KDM to restart the X server after each logout:

$ sudo vim /opt/kde/share/config/kdm/kdmrc

Add the following line under the section titled [X-*-Core]:

TerminateServer=True

KDM should now appear when you log out of KDE.

Errors about AIGLX in /var/log/Xorg.0.log

If you get errors like:

   (EE) AIGLX error: dlsym for __driCreateNewScreen_20050727 failed (/usr/lib/xorg/modules/dri/fglrx_dri.so: undefined symbol: __driCreateNewScreen_20050727)
   (EE) AIGLX: reverting to software rendering

it is because you are using the new xorg package, which uses AIGLX rather than XGL and is not yet supported by fglrx. This can be solved by adding the following lines to /etc/X11/xorg.conf, which disable AIGLX and trigger the old XGL driver:


   Section "ServerFlags"
       Option  "AIGLX" "off"
   EndSection
   Section "Extensions"
       Option "Composite" "Disable"
   EndSection

Direct Rendering Doesn't Work

Having trouble getting direct rendering to work? Run

   $ LIBGL_DEBUG=verbose glxinfo > /dev/null

at the command prompt. At the very start of the output, it'll usually give you a nice error message saying why you don't have direct rendering.

Common errors, and their solutions, are:


   libGL error: XF86DRIQueryDirectRenderingCapable returned false
  • Ensure that you are loading the correct agp modules for your AGP chipset before you load the fglrx kernel module. To determine which agp modules you'll need, run hwdetect --show-agp, then ensure that all modules listed from that command are in the MODULES= array in rc.conf, before fglrx.


   libGL error: failed to open DRM: Operation not permitted
   libGL error: reverting to (slow) indirect rendering
  • For this, make sure you have the following section in your xorg.conf somewhere:
   Section "DRI"
       Mode 0666
   EndSection


   libGL: OpenDriver: trying /usr/lib/xorg/modules/dri//fglrx_dri.so
   libGL error: dlopen /usr/lib/xorg/modules/dri//fglrx_dri.so failed (/usr/lib/xorg/modules/dri//fglrx_dri.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory)
   libGL error: unable to find driver: fglrx_dri.so
  • Something hasn't been installed correctly. If the paths in the error message are /usr/X11R6/lib/modules/dri/fglrx_dri.so, then ensure you've logged completely out of your system, then back in. If you're using a graphical login manager (gdm, kdm, xdm), ensure that /etc/profile is sourced every time you log in. This is usually accomplished by adding source /etc/profile into ~/.xsession or ~/.xinitrc, but may vary between login managers.
  • If the paths above in your error message _are_ /usr/lib/xorg/modules/dri/fglrx_dri.so, then something hasn't been correctly installed. Try reinstalling the fglrx-utils package.


   fglrx: libGL version undetermined - OpenGL module is using glapi fallback
  • This could be caused by having multiple versions of libGL.so on your system. Run:
   $ sudo updatedb
   $ locate libGL.so

This should return the following output:

   $ locate libGL.so
   /usr/lib/libGL.so
   /usr/lib/libGL.so.1
   /usr/lib/libGL.so.1.2
   $

These are the only three libGL.so files you should have on your system. If you have any more (e.g. /usr/X11R6/lib/libGL.so.1.2), then remove them. This should fix your problem.

You might not get any error to indicate that this is a problem. If you are using X11R7, make sure you do not have these files on your system:

   /usr/X11R6/lib/libGL.so.1.2
   /usr/X11R6/lib/libGL.so.1

Hibernate/Sleep Issues

Video fails to enter suspend/hibernate

If fglrx returns an error when attempting to suspend through hibernate scripts, a solution may be to add the following line to your "Device" section in /etc/X11/xorg.conf, which should allow the fglrx module to enter suspend mode.

Option      "UseInternalAGPGart" "no"

Video fails to resume from suspend2ram

ATI's proprietary fglrx driver cannot resume from suspend if the framebuffer is enabled. To disable the framebuffer, add vga=0 to your kernel options in /boot/grub/menu.lst, for example:

# (0) Arch Linux
title  Arch Linux
root   (hd0,0)
kernel /vmlinuz26 root=/dev/sda3 resume=/dev/sda2 ro vga=0
initrd /kernel26.img

System Freezes/Hard locks

  • To prevent system lockups, try adding the following lines to your fglrx "Device" section in xorg.conf
   Option "UseInternalAGPGART"         "no"
   Option "KernelModuleParm"           "agplock=0" # AGP locked user pages: disabled

Note: Neither option is necessary anymore since 8.24.18 because ATI has removed the internal AGP GART support from the driver.

  • As well, the radeonfb framebuffer drivers have been known in the past to cause problems of this nature. If your kernel has radeonfb support compiled in, you may want to try a different kernel and see if this helps.

Hardware Conflicts

Radeon cards used in conjunction with some versions of the nForce3 chipset (e.g. nForce 3 250Gb) won't have 3D acceleration. Currently the cause of this issue is unknown, but some sources indicate that it may be possible to get acceleration with this combination of hardware by booting Windows with the drivers from nVIDIA and then rebooting the system. This can be verified by issuing in a root console the following command:

    dmesg | grep agp

If you get something similar to this (using an nForce3-based system)

    agpgart: Detected AGP bridge 0
    agpgart: Setting up Nforce3 AGP.
    agpgart: aperture base > 4G

and also if issuing this command...

     tail -n 100 /var/log/Xorg.0.log | grep agp

...gets something similar to:

     (EE) fglrx(0): [agp] unable to acquire AGP, error "xf86_ENODEV"

Then you have this bug.

Some sources indicate that in some situations, downgrading the motherboard BIOS may help, but this cannot be verified in all cases. Also, a bad BIOS downgrade can render your hardware useless, so beware.

See bug http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=6350 for more information and a potential fix.

Compaq Presario Laptops

Even after installing the drivers and editing the configuration file as required, some laptops (e.g. Presario R4000 with Xpress 200M) just come up with a blank screen. The problem seems to be incorrect memory detected by the kernel(even if you have 128M of video memory lspci -v always reports 256M). Changing the BIOS settings so that it uses the "SidePort+UMA" option and 128M video memory plus another 128M taken from the system seems to work fine. It could be a bug in the BIOS or in the Linux PCI code.

External Resources

More info can be found here