Difference between revisions of "AUR helpers"

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(Legend: remove batch interaction: only applies to pacman wrappers, integrate note into list)
(Pacman wrappers: trizen has removed the -Ud option for a while now)
 
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== Legend ==
 
== Legend ==
  
The [[#Comparison tables]] columns and values have the following meaning:
+
The [[#Comparison tables]] columns have the following meaning:
  
 
;File review: Does not [[source]] the PKGBUILD at all ''by default''; or, alerts the user and offers the opportunity to inspect the PKGBUILD manually before it is sourced. Some helpers are known to source PKGBUILDs before the user can inspect them, '''allowing malicious code to be executed'''.
 
;File review: Does not [[source]] the PKGBUILD at all ''by default''; or, alerts the user and offers the opportunity to inspect the PKGBUILD manually before it is sourced. Some helpers are known to source PKGBUILDs before the user can inspect them, '''allowing malicious code to be executed'''.
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:* Split packages which depend on a package from the same package base, such as {{AUR|libc++}} and {{AUR|libc++abi}}.
 
:* Split packages which depend on a package from the same package base, such as {{AUR|libc++}} and {{AUR|libc++abi}}.
 
:* Split packages independently, such as {{AUR|python-pyalsaaudio}} and {{AUR|python2-pyalsaaudio}}.
 
:* Split packages independently, such as {{AUR|python-pyalsaaudio}} and {{AUR|python2-pyalsaaudio}}.
 +
;Batch interaction: Ability to prompt before the build process and package transactions, in particular:
 +
:# Combined summary of repository and AUR package upgrades;
 +
:# Resolution of package conflicts and choice of providers.
 
;Shell completion: [[w:Command-line_completion|Tab completion]] is available for the listed [[shell]]s.
 
;Shell completion: [[w:Command-line_completion|Tab completion]] is available for the listed [[shell]]s.
;Optional: Feature is available, but only through a command-line argument or configuration option.
+
 
;Partial: Feature is not fully implemented, or that it partially deviates from the given criteria.
+
{{Note|''Optional'' means that a feature is available, but only through a command-line argument or configuration option. ''Partial'' means that a feature is not fully implemented, or that it partially deviates from the given criteria.}}
  
 
== Comparison tables ==
 
== Comparison tables ==
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|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|trizen}}
 
! {{AUR|trizen}}
| Perl || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} ||{{Yes|https://github.com/trizen/trizen/commit/6fb0cc9}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/trizen/trizen/commit/7ab7ee5f}}  || {{Yes}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/trizen/trizen/issues/46 Partial]}} || [https://github.com/trizen/trizen/commit/9e7b40e -Ud*] || bash, fish, zsh || {{-}}
+
| Perl || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} ||{{Yes|https://github.com/trizen/trizen/commit/6fb0cc9}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/trizen/trizen/commit/7ab7ee5f}}  || {{Yes}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/trizen/trizen/issues/46 Partial]}} || {{-}} || bash, fish, zsh || {{-}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|yay}}
 
! {{AUR|yay}}

Latest revision as of 13:56, 25 May 2019

Warning: AUR helpers are not supported by Arch Linux. You should become familiar with the manual build process in order to be prepared to troubleshoot problems.
Note: Please use the discussion page to suggest edits to this article: Talk:AUR helpers.

AUR helpers automate certain usage of the Arch User Repository. Most AUR helpers can search for packages in the AUR and retrieve their PKGBUILDs – others additionally assist with the build and install process.

Pacman only handles updates for pre-built packages in its repositories. AUR packages are redistributed in form of PKGBUILDs and need an AUR helper to automate the re-build process. However, keep in mind that a rebuild of package may be required when its shared library dependencies are updated, not only when the package itself is updated.

Legend

The #Comparison tables columns have the following meaning:

File review
Does not source the PKGBUILD at all by default; or, alerts the user and offers the opportunity to inspect the PKGBUILD manually before it is sourced. Some helpers are known to source PKGBUILDs before the user can inspect them, allowing malicious code to be executed.
Diff view
Ability to view package differences on inspection. Besides the PKGBUILD, this includes changes to files such as .install or .patch files.
Git clone
Uses git-clone(1) by default to retrieve build files from the AUR.
Reliable parser
Ability to handle complex packages by using the provided metadata (RPC/.SRCINFO) instead of PKGBUILD parsing, such as aws-cli-gitAUR.
Reliable solver
Ability to correctly solve and build complex dependency chains, such as ros-lunar-desktopAUR.
Split packages
Ability to correctly build and install:
  • Multiple packages from the same package base, without rebuilding or reinstalling multiple times, such as clionAUR
  • Split packages which depend on a package from the same package base, such as libc++AUR and libc++abiAUR.
  • Split packages independently, such as python-pyalsaaudioAUR and python2-pyalsaaudioAUR.
Batch interaction
Ability to prompt before the build process and package transactions, in particular:
  1. Combined summary of repository and AUR package upgrades;
  2. Resolution of package conflicts and choice of providers.
Shell completion
Tab completion is available for the listed shells.
Note: Optional means that a feature is available, but only through a command-line argument or configuration option. Partial means that a feature is not fully implemented, or that it partially deviates from the given criteria.

Comparison tables

Search and download

Name Written in Git clone Reliable parser Reliable solver Shell completion Specificity
auracle-gitAUR C++ Yes Yes Yes bash print build order
pbgetAUR Python Yes Yes
repoctlAUR Go No Yes zsh local repository
yaahAUR Bash Optional Yes bash
aurelAUR
(discontinued)
Emacs Lisp No Yes emacs integration

Search and build

Name Written in File review Diff view Git clone Reliable parser Reliable solver Split packages Shell completion Specificity
aurgetAUR Bash No No No No No No bash, zsh
aurutilsAUR Bash/C Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes bash, zsh modular, local repository, package signing, clean chroot
bauerbillAUR Python Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes bash, zsh bb-wrapper for pacman wrapping, trust management
PKGBUILDerAUR Python No No Yes Yes Yes Partial pb for pacman wrapping
repofishAUR Bash No Yes Yes No No No local repository
ruaAUR Rust Yes No Yes Yes Yes No bash, zsh, fish bubblewrap, .pkg.tar inspection, build-only
spinachAUR
(discontinued)
Bash Yes No No No No No

Pacman wrappers

Warning: pacman(8) wrappers abstract the work of the package manager. They may (optionally or by default) introduce unsafe flags, or other unexpected behavior leading to a defective system.
Name Written in File review Diff view Git clone Reliable parser Reliable solver Split packages Unsafe flags Shell completion Specificity
auraAUR Haskell No Partial No Yes No No bash, zsh
pacaurAUR Bash/C Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes --ask bash, zsh batch interaction 2
pakkuAUR Nim Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes -Sy bash, zsh fetch PGP keys
pikaurAUR Python Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes -Sy bash, fish, zsh batch interaction 1/2, dynamic users
trizenAUR Perl Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial bash, fish, zsh
yayAUR Go Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes -Sy*
--ask*
bash, fish, zsh batch interaction 1/2, fetch PGP keys
aurmanAUR
(discontinued)
Python Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes -Sy*
--ask*
bash, fish batch interaction 1/2, fetch PGP keys

Graphical

Warning: Usage of graphical AUR helpers may lead to a defective system, for example through unattended partial upgrades.
  • Argon — GTK+ 3 pacman wrapper written in Python.
https://github.com/14mRh4X0r/arch-argon || argonAUR
  • Cylon — TUI pacman wrapper written in Bash.
https://github.com/gavinlyonsrepo/cylon || cylonAUR
  • Pamac — Standalone GTK+ 3 package manager using libalpm(3) written in Vala.
https://gitlab.manjaro.org/applications/pamac || pamac-aurAUR
  • Pakku GUI — GTK+ 3 frontend for pakku written in Python.
https://gitlab.com/mrvik/pakku-gui || pakku-guiAUR
  • PkgBrowser — Qt 5 read-only browser for repository packages and AUR written in Python.
https://bitbucket.org/kachelaqa/pkgbrowser || pkgbrowserAUR
https://octopiproject.wordpress.com/ || octopiAUR

Maintenance

  • aur-out-of-date — Uses hoster APIs to check AUR packages for upstream changes.
https://github.com/simon04/aur-out-of-date || aur-out-of-dateAUR
  • aurpublish — Helper script to manage and upload AUR packages using git-subtree(1). Uses githooks(5) to verify the PKGBUILD integrity, generate .SRCINFO automatically, and create a commit message template.
https://github.com/eli-schwartz/aurpublish || aurpublish
https://git.archlinux.org/devtools.git/ || devtools
  • pkgbuild-watch — Looks for changes on the upstream web pages.
http://kmkeen.com/pkgbuild-watch || pkgbuild-watchAUR
  • pkgbuildup — Helps AUR package maintainers automatically update PKGBUILD files. Supports a template variable syntax.
https://github.com/fasheng/pkgbuildup || pkgbuildup-gitAUR
  • pkgoutofdate — Parses the source URL from PKGBUILDs and tries to find new versions of packages by incrementing the version number and sending requests to the web server.
https://github.com/anatol/pkgoutofdate || pkgoutofdate-gitAUR

Other

https://github.com/zeyla/aur.rs ||
  • aur-talk — Fetch and display AUR comments.
https://github.com/GermainZ/aur-talk || aur-talk-gitAUR
  • aurvote-utils — A set of utilities for managing AUR votes.
https://github.com/jadenPete/aurvote-utils || aurvote-utilsAUR
  • haskell-aur — Haskell library for accessing Aurweb RPC interface.
https://hackage.haskell.org/package/aur || haskell-aurAUR
  • package-query — Tool for querying libalpm(3) and the AUR.
https://github.com/archlinuxfr/package-query || package-queryAUR
  • python3-aur — Python 3 modules and helper utilities for accessing AUR package information and automating AUR interactions.
https://xyne.archlinux.ca/projects/python3-aur || python3-aurAUR