Difference between revisions of "AUR helpers"

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__NOTOC__
 
[[Category:Package management]]
 
[[Category:Package management]]
 
[[Category:Software comparisons]]
 
[[Category:Software comparisons]]
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[[zh-hans:AUR helpers]]
 
[[zh-hans:AUR helpers]]
 
{{Warning|1=AUR helpers are '''not supported''' by Arch Linux. You should become familiar with the [[Arch User Repository#Installing packages|manual build process]] in order to be prepared to troubleshoot problems.}}
 
{{Warning|1=AUR helpers are '''not supported''' by Arch Linux. You should become familiar with the [[Arch User Repository#Installing packages|manual build process]] in order to be prepared to troubleshoot problems.}}
{{Note|Do not edit this article prior to discussion in [[Talk:AUR helpers]].}}
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{{Note|Please use the discussion page to suggest edits to this article: [[Talk:AUR helpers]].}}
  
AUR helpers automate certain usage of the [[Arch User Repository]]. Most AUR helpers can search for packages in the AUR and retrieve their [[PKGBUILD]]s – others additionally assist with the build and install process.
+
AUR helpers automate usage of the [[Arch User Repository]]. In particular, they may automate the following tasks:
 +
 
 +
* searching for packages published on the AUR;
 +
* resolving of dependencies between AUR packages;
 +
* retrieve and build AUR packages;
 +
* retrieve web content, such as user comments;
 +
* submission of AUR packages.
  
 
[[Pacman]] only handles updates for pre-built packages in its repositories. AUR packages are redistributed in form of [[PKGBUILD]]s and need an AUR helper to automate the re-build process. However, keep in mind that a rebuild of package may be required when its shared library dependencies are updated, not only when the package itself is updated.
 
[[Pacman]] only handles updates for pre-built packages in its repositories. AUR packages are redistributed in form of [[PKGBUILD]]s and need an AUR helper to automate the re-build process. However, keep in mind that a rebuild of package may be required when its shared library dependencies are updated, not only when the package itself is updated.
 
Since AUR helpers are unsupported, they are not present in the [[official repositories]].
 
  
 
== Legend ==
 
== Legend ==
  
The columns have the following meaning:
+
The [[#Comparison tables]] columns have the following meaning:
  
;File review: Does not [[source]] the PKGBUILD at all by default; or, alerts the user and offers the opportunity to inspect the PKGBUILD manually before it is sourced. Some helpers are known to source PKGBUILDs before the user can inspect them, '''allowing malicious code to be executed'''. ''Optional'' means that there is a command line flag or configuration option to prevent the automatic sourcing before viewing.
+
;File review: Does not [[source]] the PKGBUILD at all ''by default''; or, alerts the user and offers the opportunity to inspect the PKGBUILD manually before it is sourced. Some helpers are known to source PKGBUILDs before the user can inspect them, '''allowing malicious code to be executed'''.
 
;Diff view: Ability to view package differences on inspection. Besides the PKGBUILD, this includes changes to files such as {{ic|.install}} or {{ic|.patch}} files.
 
;Diff view: Ability to view package differences on inspection. Besides the PKGBUILD, this includes changes to files such as {{ic|.install}} or {{ic|.patch}} files.
 
;Git clone: Uses {{man|1|git-clone}} by default to retrieve build files from the AUR.
 
;Git clone: Uses {{man|1|git-clone}} by default to retrieve build files from the AUR.
;Reliable parser: Ability to handle complex packages by using the provided metadata (RPC/.SRCINFO) instead of PKGBUILD [[w:Parsing#Parser|parsing]], such as {{AUR|aws-cli-git}}.
+
;Reliable parser: Ability to handle complex packages by using the provided metadata ([[Aurweb RPC interface|RPC]]/.SRCINFO) instead of PKGBUILD [[w:Parsing#Parser|parsing]], such as {{AUR|aws-cli-git}}.
 
;Reliable solver: Ability to correctly solve and build complex dependency chains, such as {{AUR|ros-lunar-desktop}}.
 
;Reliable solver: Ability to correctly solve and build complex dependency chains, such as {{AUR|ros-lunar-desktop}}.
 
;Split packages: Ability to correctly build and install:
 
;Split packages: Ability to correctly build and install:
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:* Split packages which depend on a package from the same package base, such as {{AUR|libc++}} and {{AUR|libc++abi}}.
 
:* Split packages which depend on a package from the same package base, such as {{AUR|libc++}} and {{AUR|libc++abi}}.
 
:* Split packages independently, such as {{AUR|python-pyalsaaudio}} and {{AUR|python2-pyalsaaudio}}.
 
:* Split packages independently, such as {{AUR|python-pyalsaaudio}} and {{AUR|python2-pyalsaaudio}}.
;Clean build: Does not export new variables that can prevent a successful build process.
 
;Batch interaction: Ability to prompt before the build process, in particular:
 
:# Inspection of package files or their differences;
 
:# Summary of package upgrades;
 
:# Resolution of package conflicts and installations.
 
:An asterisk denotes functionality specifically enabled by the user.
 
 
;Shell completion: [[w:Command-line_completion|Tab completion]] is available for the listed [[shell]]s.
 
;Shell completion: [[w:Command-line_completion|Tab completion]] is available for the listed [[shell]]s.
 +
;Specificity:
 +
:* ''Batch interaction'' indicates the ability to prompt ''before'' the build process and package transactions. In particular:
 +
:# Combined summary of repository and AUR package upgrades;
 +
:# Resolution of package conflicts and choice of providers.
  
 
{{Note|
 
{{Note|
* Table rows are sorted by column values, where ''Yes'' or ''N/A'' take precedence over ''Partial'' or ''Optional'' and ''No'', or alphabetically if values are equal.
+
* ''Optional'' means that a feature is available, but only through a command-line argument or configuration option.
* ''Optional'' means that a feature is available, but only through a command-line argument or configuration option. ''Partial'' means that a feature is not fully implemented, or that it partially deviates from the given criteria.}}
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* ''Partial'' means that a feature is not fully implemented, or that it partially deviates from the given criteria.}}
 +
 
 +
== Comparison tables ==
  
== Search and download ==
+
=== Search and download ===
  
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align: center;"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align: center;"
! Name !! Written in !! File review !! Git clone !! Reliable parser !! Reliable solver !! Shell completion !! Specificity
+
! Name !! Written in !! Git clone !! Reliable parser !! Reliable solver !! Shell completion !! Specificity
|-
 
! {{AUR|pbget}}
 
| Python || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{-}} || {{-}}
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|yaah}}
 
| Bash || {{Yes}} || {{Y|Optional}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || bash || {{-}}
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|auracle-git}}
 
! {{AUR|auracle-git}}
| C++ || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{L|print build order}}
+
| C++ || {{Yes|https://github.com/falconindy/auracle/commit/c73bbee}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || bash || {{L|print build order}}
 
|-
 
|-
! {{AUR|cower}}
+
! {{AUR|pbget}}
| || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || bash, zsh || {{L|regex support, sort by votes/popularity}}
+
| Python || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{-}} || {{-}}
 
|-
 
|-
! {{AUR|package-query}}
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! {{AUR|repoctl}}
| C || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{No|https://github.com/archlinuxfr/package-query/issues/135}} || {{-}} || {{-}} || {{L|search only}}
+
| Go || {{No}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/goulash/pacman/blob/master/aur/aur.go}} || {{-}} || zsh || {{L|[[local repository]]}}
 
|-
 
|-
! {{AUR|repoctl}}
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! {{AUR|yaah}}
| Go || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/goulash/pacman/blob/master/aur/aur.go}} || {{-}} || zsh || {{L|local repository support}}
+
| Bash || {{Y|Optional}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || bash || {{-}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{Grey|1={{AUR|aurel}} <br> <small>([https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1522459#p1522459 discontinued])</small>}}
 
! {{Grey|1={{AUR|aurel}} <br> <small>([https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1522459#p1522459 discontinued])</small>}}
| Emacs Lisp || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{-}} || {{L|Emacs integration}}
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| Emacs Lisp || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{-}} || {{L|[[emacs]] integration}}
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Download and build ==
+
=== Search and build ===
  
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align: center;"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align: center;"
! Name !! Written in !! File review !! Diff view !! Git clone !! Reliable parser !! Reliable solver !! Split packages !! Clean build !! Batch interaction || Shell completion !! Specificity
+
! Name !! Written in !! File review !! Diff view !! Git clone !! Reliable parser !! Reliable solver !! Split packages !! Shell completion !! Specificity
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|aurutils}}
 
! {{AUR|aurutils}}
| Bash/C || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || 1 || zsh || {{L|[[vifm]], [[local repository]], [[package signing]], [[DeveloperWiki:Building_in_a_Clean_Chroot|clean chroot]] support, sort by votes/popularity}}
+
| Bash || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || bash, zsh || {{L|[[w:Modular programming|modular]], [[local repository]], [[package signing]], [[DeveloperWiki:Building in a clean chroot|clean chroot]]}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|bauerbill}}
 
! {{AUR|bauerbill}}
| Python || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || 1 || bash, zsh || {{L|trust management, [[ABS]] support, extends ''powerpill'', {{ic|bb-wrapper}} for ''pacman'' wrapping}}
+
| Python || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || bash, zsh || {{L|{{ic|bb-wrapper}} for ''pacman'' wrapping, trust management}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|PKGBUILDer}}
 
! {{AUR|PKGBUILDer}}
| Python || {{Y|Optional}} || {{No|https://github.com/Kwpolska/pkgbuilder/issues/36}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/Kwpolska/pkgbuilder/issues/39 Partial]}} || {{Yes}} || 1* || {{-}} || {{L|automatic builds by default, use {{ic|-F}} to disable; multilingual, {{ic|pb-wrapper}} for ''pacman'' wrapping}}
+
| Python || {{No}} || {{No|https://github.com/Kwpolska/pkgbuilder/issues/36}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/Kwpolska/pkgbuilder/issues/39 Partial]}} || {{-}} || {{L|{{ic|pb}} for ''pacman'' wrapping}}
 
|-
 
|-
! {{AUR|naaman}}
+
! {{AUR|repofish}}
| Python || {{Y|Optional}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/enckse/naaman/issues/19 Partial]}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/enckse/naaman/issues/20 Partial]}} || {{Yes}} || 1* || bash || {{L|automatic builds by default, use {{ic|--fetch}} to disable; use {{ic|-d}} to enable the solver}}
+
| Bash || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{-}} || {{L|[[local repository]]}}
 
|-
 
|-
! {{AUR|repofish}}
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! {{AUR|rua}}
| Bash || {{Y|Optional}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || 1* || {{-}} || {{L|automatic builds by default, use {{ic|check}} or {{ic|update}} to disable; [[local repository]] support}}
+
| Rust || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/vn971/rua/commit/0459a8b}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/vn971/rua/commit/fc8c2f3}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/vn971/rua/commit/7889045}} || bash, zsh, fish || {{L|local patch application, [[bubblewrap]], {{ic|.pkg.tar}} inspection}}
 
|-
 
|-
! {{AUR|aurget}}
+
! {{Grey|{{AUR|aurget}} <br> <small>([https://github.com/pbrisbin/aurget/issues/66#issue-485245712 discontinued])</small>}}
| Bash || {{Y|Optional}} || {{No|https://github.com/pbrisbin/aurget/issues/41}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No|https://github.com/pbrisbin/aurget/issues/40}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || bash, zsh || {{L|sort by votes}}
+
| Bash || {{No}} || {{No|https://github.com/pbrisbin/aurget/issues/41}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No|https://github.com/pbrisbin/aurget/issues/40}} || bash, zsh || {{-}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{Grey|{{AUR|spinach}} <br> <small>([https://github.com/floft/spinach discontinued])</small>}}
 
! {{Grey|{{AUR|spinach}} <br> <small>([https://github.com/floft/spinach discontinued])</small>}}
| Bash || {{Yes|https://github.com/floft/spinach/commit/5455747}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{-}} || {{-}}
+
| Bash || {{Yes|https://github.com/floft/spinach/commit/5455747}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{-}} || {{-}}
|-
 
! {{Grey|{{AUR|burgaur}} <br> <small>([https://github.com/m45t3r/burgaur/issues/7#issuecomment-365599675 discontinued])</small>}}
 
| Python/C || {{Y|Optional}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{-}} || {{L|wrapper for ''cower''}}
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Pacman wrappers ==
+
=== Pacman wrappers ===
 
 
See also [[pacman/Tips and tricks#Pacman wrappers]].
 
  
 
{{Warning|{{man|8|pacman}} wrappers abstract the work of the package manager. They may (optionally or by default) introduce [[System_maintenance#Avoid_certain_pacman_commands|unsafe flags]], or other unexpected behavior leading to a defective system.}}
 
{{Warning|{{man|8|pacman}} wrappers abstract the work of the package manager. They may (optionally or by default) introduce [[System_maintenance#Avoid_certain_pacman_commands|unsafe flags]], or other unexpected behavior leading to a defective system.}}
  
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align: center;"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align: center;"
! Name !! Written in !! File review !! Diff view !! Git clone !! Reliable parser !! Reliable solver !! Split packages !! Clean build !! Unsafe flags !! Batch interaction !! Shell completion !! Specificity
+
! Name !! Written in !! File review !! Diff view !! Git clone !! Reliable parser !! Reliable solver !! Split packages !! Unsafe flags !! Shell completion !! Specificity
 +
|-
 +
! {{AUR|aura}}
 +
| Haskell || {{No}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/aurapm/aura/blob/89bf702/aura/src/Aura/Pkgbuild/Records.hs Partial]}} || {{No|https://github.com/aurapm/aura/pull/346}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/aurapm/aura/commit/7848e983}} || {{No}} || {{No|https://github.com/aurapm/aura/issues/353}} || {{-}} || bash, zsh || {{-}}
 +
|-
 +
! {{AUR|pacaur}}
 +
| Bash || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/rmarquis/pacaur/commit/12707cc --ask] || bash, zsh || {{L|batch interaction 2}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|pakku}}
 
! {{AUR|pakku}}
| Nim || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/kitsunyan/pakku/commit/396e9f4}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/kitsunyan/pakku/commit/864cc03}} || [https://github.com/kitsunyan/pakku/wiki/Native-Pacman-Explanation {{ic|-Sy}}] || 1 || bash, zsh || {{L|[[ABS]] support, AUR comments, fetch PGP keys}}
+
| Nim || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/kitsunyan/pakku/commit/396e9f4}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/kitsunyan/pakku/wiki/Native-Pacman-Explanation -Sy] || bash, zsh || {{L|fetch PGP keys}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|pikaur}}
 
! {{AUR|pikaur}}
| Python || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/actionless/pikaur/commit/d409b95}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/actionless/pikaur#pikaur {{ic|-Sy}}] || 1, 2, 3 || bash, fish, zsh || {{L|[http://0pointer.net/blog/dynamic-users-with-systemd.html dynamic users], [https://github.com/actionless/pikaur/tree/master/locale multilingual], sort by votes/popularity, print news, [https://github.com/actionless/pikaur/commit/3688d82 ignore errors]}}
+
| Python || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/actionless/pikaur#pikaur -Sy] || bash, fish, zsh || {{L|batch interaction 1/2, [http://0pointer.net/blog/dynamic-users-with-systemd.html dynamic users]}}
|-
 
! {{AUR|yay}}
 
| Go || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/Jguer/yay/pull/447}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/Jguer/yay/pull/297}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/Jguer/yay/commit/3bdb534 {{ic|-Sy}}*]<br>[https://github.com/Jguer/yay/commit/ea5a94e {{ic|--ask}}*] || 1, [https://github.com/Jguer/yay/commit/3bdb534 2*], [https://github.com/Jguer/yay/commit/ea5a94e 3*] || bash, fish, zsh || {{L|fetch PGP keys, sort by votes/popularity, [https://github.com/Jguer/yay/commit/4bcd3a6 prompt architecture]}}
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|trizen}}
 
! {{AUR|trizen}}
| Perl || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} ||{{Yes|https://github.com/trizen/trizen/commit/6fb0cc9}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/trizen/trizen/commit/7ab7ee5f}}  || {{Yes}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/trizen/trizen/issues/46 Partial]}} || {{Yes}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/trizen/trizen/commit/9e7b40e {{ic|-Ud}}*] || 1* || bash, fish, zsh || {{L|automatic builds by default, use {{ic|-G}} to disable; AUR comments}}
+
| Perl || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} ||{{Yes|https://github.com/trizen/trizen/commit/6fb0cc9}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/trizen/trizen/commit/7ab7ee5f}}  || {{Yes}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/trizen/trizen/issues/46 Partial]}} || {{-}} || bash, fish, zsh || {{-}}
 
|-
 
|-
! {{AUR|aura}}
+
! {{AUR|yay}}
| Haskell || {{Y|Optional}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/aurapm/aura/blob/89bf702/aura/src/Aura/Pkgbuild/Records.hs Partial]}} || {{No|https://github.com/aurapm/aura/pull/346}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/aurapm/aura/commit/7848e983}} || {{No}} || {{No|https://github.com/aurapm/aura/issues/353}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || 1* || bash, zsh || {{L|automatic builds by default, use {{ic|--dryrun}} to disable; [[downgrade]] support, multilingual}}
+
| Go || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/Jguer/yay/pull/447}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/Jguer/yay/pull/297}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/Jguer/yay/pull/866}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/Jguer/yay/commit/3bdb534 -Sy*]<br>[https://github.com/Jguer/yay/commit/ea5a94e --ask*] || bash, fish, zsh || {{L|batch interaction 1/2, fetch PGP keys}}
|-
 
! {{Grey|{{AUR|aurman}} <br> <small>([https://github.com/polygamma/aurman#stopped-development-for-public-use no&nbsp;user&nbsp;support])</small>}}
 
| Python || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/polygamma/aurman/wiki/Description-of-the-aurman-dependency-solving}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/polygamma/aurman/commit/6c02ba3 {{ic|-Sy}}*]<br>[https://github.com/polygamma/aurman#make-use-of-the-undocumented---ask-flag-of-pacman {{ic|--ask}}*] || 1, [https://github.com/polygamma/aurman#question-6 2*, 3*] || bash, fish || {{L|fetch PGP keys, sort by votes/popularity, print news}}
 
|-
 
! {{Grey|1={{AUR|pacaur}} <br> <small>([https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1755144#p1755144 discontinued])</small>}}
 
| Bash/C || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/rmarquis/pacaur/commit/d8f4918 {{ic|-Ud}}]<br>[https://github.com/rmarquis/pacaur/commit/12707cc {{ic|--ask}}] || 1, 3 || bash, zsh || {{L|multilingual, sort by votes/popularity}}
 
|-
 
! {{Grey|{{AUR|wrapaur}} <br> <small>(stalled)</small>}}
 
| Bash || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{-}} || {{-}} || {{L|mirror updates, print news and AUR comments}}
 
|-
 
! {{Grey|{{AUR|packer-aur}} <br> <small>(stalled)</small>}}
 
| Bash || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{-}} || {{-}} || {{-}}
 
 
|-
 
|-
! {{Grey|{{AUR|yaourt}} <br> <small>(stalled)</small>}}
+
! {{Grey|{{AUR|aurman}} <br> <small>([https://github.com/polygamma/aurman#stopped-development-for-public-use discontinued])</small>}}
| Bash/C || {{No|https://github.com/archlinuxfr/yaourt/blob/34b5c0b/src/lib/aur.sh#L54-L72}} || {{Y|Optional}} || {{Y|Optional}} || {{No}} || {{No|https://github.com/archlinuxfr/yaourt/issues/186}} || {{No|https://github.com/archlinuxfr/yaourt/issues/85}} || {{No|https://lists.archlinux.org/pipermail/aur-general/2015-August/031314.html}} || [https://github.com/archlinuxfr/yaourt/blob/d30823e/yaourt/yaourt#L1773 {{ic|-Sy}}] || 2 || bash, fish, zsh || {{L|ABS support, print AUR comments, multilingual}}
+
| Python || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{No|https://github.com/polygamma/aurman/issues/259}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/polygamma/aurman/commit/6c02ba3 -Sy*]<br>[https://github.com/polygamma/aurman#make-use-of-the-undocumented---ask-flag-of-pacman --ask*] || bash, fish || {{L|batch interaction 1/2, fetch PGP keys}}
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
== Graphical ==
 
== Graphical ==
  
{{Warning|
+
{{Warning|Usage of graphical AUR helpers may lead to a defective system, for example through unattended [[partial upgrades]].}}
* Graphical AUR helpers are typically aimed at [[Arch-based distributions]]. Their use in [[Arch Linux]] may lead to a defective system, for example through unattended [[partial upgrades]].
+
* {{App|Argon|GTK 3 pacman wrapper written in Python.|https://github.com/14mRh4X0r/arch-argon|{{AUR|argon}}}}
* If a helper has ''known'' problematic behavior, it is colored with a red entry.}}
+
* {{App|Cylon|TUI pacman wrapper written in Bash.|https://github.com/gavinlyonsrepo/cylon|{{AUR|cylon}}}}
 
+
* {{App|Pamac|Standalone GTK 3 package manager using {{man|3|libalpm}} written in Vala.|https://gitlab.manjaro.org/applications/pamac|{{AUR|pamac-aur}}}}
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align: center;"
+
* {{App|Pakku GUI|GTK 3 frontend for pakku written in Python.|https://gitlab.com/mrvik/pakku-gui|{{AUR|pakku-gui}}}}
! Name !! Written in !! GUI toolkit !! Notes
+
* {{App|PkgBrowser|Qt 5 read-only browser for repository packages and AUR written in Python.|https://bitbucket.org/kachelaqa/pkgbrowser|{{AUR|pkgbrowser}}}}
|-
+
* {{App|Octopi|Qt 5 pacman wrapper written in C++.|https://octopiproject.wordpress.com/|{{AUR|octopi}}}}
! {{AUR|argon}}
+
* {{App|Yup|Curses TUI pacman wrapper written in Go.|https://github.com/ericm/yup|{{AUR|yup}}}}
| Python
 
| GTK+ 3
 
| {{-}}
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|cylon}}
 
| Bash
 
| TUI
 
| {{-}}
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|pamac-aur}}
 
| Vala
 
| GTK+ 3
 
| uses {{man|3|libalpm}} instead of {{man|8|pacman}}
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|pakku-gui}}
 
| Python
 
| GTK+ 3
 
| {{-}}
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|PkgBrowser}}
 
| Python
 
| Qt 5
 
| read-only browser for repository packages and AUR
 
|-
 
! {{R|{{AUR|octopi}}}}
 
| C++
 
| Qt 5
 
| {{R|[https://github.com/aarnt/octopi/blob/271c7e1/octopi.install enabled on install] notifier service regularly [https://github.com/aarnt/octopi/issues/134#issuecomment-142099266 performs partial upgrades]}}
 
|}
 
 
 
=== Update notifiers ===
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align: center;"
 
! Name !! Package !! Written in !! GUI toolkit
 
|-
 
! aarchup
 
| {{AUR|aarchup}}
 
| C
 
| GTK+ 2
 
|-
 
! arch-update
 
| {{AUR|gnome-shell-extension-arch-update}}
 
| JavaScript
 
| Clutter
 
|-
 
! kalu
 
| {{AUR|kalu}}
 
| C
 
| GTK+ 3
 
|-
 
! pactray
 
| {{AUR|pactray}}
 
| Python
 
| GTK+ 3
 
|-
 
! Arch Updater
 
| {{AUR|plasma5-applets-kde-arch-update-notifier-git}}
 
| C++/QML
 
| Qt 5
 
|-
 
! updatehint
 
| {{AUR|updatehint}}
 
| Bash
 
| GTK+ 3
 
|}
 
 
 
== Libraries ==
 
 
 
* {{App|haskell-archlinux|Library to access the AUR and package metadata from the Haskell programming language.|http://hackage.haskell.org/package/archlinux|{{AUR|haskell-archlinux}}}}
 
 
 
* {{App|python3-aur|Python 3 modules for accessing AUR package information and automating AUR interactions.|http://xyne.archlinux.ca/projects/python3-aur|{{AUR|python3-aur}}}}
 
  
 
== Maintenance ==
 
== Maintenance ==
  
 
* {{App|aur-out-of-date|Uses hoster APIs to check AUR packages for upstream changes.|https://github.com/simon04/aur-out-of-date|{{AUR|aur-out-of-date}}}}
 
* {{App|aur-out-of-date|Uses hoster APIs to check AUR packages for upstream changes.|https://github.com/simon04/aur-out-of-date|{{AUR|aur-out-of-date}}}}
 
+
* {{App|aurpublish|Helper script to manage and upload AUR packages using {{man|1|git-subtree}}. Uses {{man|5|githooks}} to verify the PKGBUILD integrity, generate .SRCINFO automatically, and create a commit message template.|https://github.com/eli-schwartz/aurpublish|{{Pkg|aurpublish}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[DeveloperWiki:Building in a clean chroot|devtools]]|Build packages in a clean environment ([[systemd-nspawn]] container) to ensure their correctness. Wrapped by {{AUR|aurutils}} and {{AUR|clean-chroot-manager}}.|https://git.archlinux.org/devtools.git/|{{Pkg|devtools}}}}
 
* {{App|pkgbuild-watch|Looks for changes on the upstream web pages.|http://kmkeen.com/pkgbuild-watch|{{AUR|pkgbuild-watch}}}}
 
* {{App|pkgbuild-watch|Looks for changes on the upstream web pages.|http://kmkeen.com/pkgbuild-watch|{{AUR|pkgbuild-watch}}}}
 
 
* {{App|pkgbuildup|Helps AUR package maintainers automatically update PKGBUILD files. Supports a template variable syntax.|https://github.com/fasheng/pkgbuildup|{{AUR|pkgbuildup-git}}}}
 
* {{App|pkgbuildup|Helps AUR package maintainers automatically update PKGBUILD files. Supports a template variable syntax.|https://github.com/fasheng/pkgbuildup|{{AUR|pkgbuildup-git}}}}
 
 
* {{App|pkgoutofdate|Parses the source URL from PKGBUILDs and tries to find new versions of packages by incrementing the version number and sending requests to the web server.|https://github.com/anatol/pkgoutofdate|{{AUR|pkgoutofdate-git}}}}
 
* {{App|pkgoutofdate|Parses the source URL from PKGBUILDs and tries to find new versions of packages by incrementing the version number and sending requests to the web server.|https://github.com/anatol/pkgoutofdate|{{AUR|pkgoutofdate-git}}}}
  
== Uploading ==
+
== Other ==
  
* [https://github.com/JonnyJD/PKGBUILDs/blob/master/_bin/aur4_import.sh aur4_import.sh] — Splits a package from a git repository with multiple packages, adding/updating {{ic|.SRCINFO}} for every commit
+
* {{App|aur-talk|Fetch and display AUR comments.|https://github.com/GermainZ/aur-talk|{{AUR|aur-talk-git}}}}
* [https://github.com/JonnyJD/PKGBUILDs/blob/master/_bin/aur4_make_submodule.sh aur4_make_submodule.sh] — Replaces a package in a bigger git repository with an AUR 4 submodule, including {{ic|.SRCINFO}}
+
* {{App|aurvote-utils|A set of utilities for managing AUR votes.|https://github.com/jadenPete/aurvote-utils|{{AUR|aurvote-utils}}}}
* {{App|aurpublish|Helper script to manage and upload AUR packages using {{man|1|git-subtree}}. Uses {{man|5|githooks}} to verify the PKGBUILD integrity, generate .SRCINFO automatically, and create a commit message template.|https://github.com/eli-schwartz/aurpublish|{{Pkg|aurpublish}}}}
+
* {{App|haskell-aur|Haskell library for accessing Aurweb RPC interface.|https://hackage.haskell.org/package/aur|{{AUR|haskell-aur}}}}
 +
* {{App|package-query|Tool for querying {{man|3|libalpm}} and the AUR.|https://github.com/archlinuxfr/package-query|{{AUR|package-query}}}}
 +
* {{App|python3-aur|Python 3 modules and helper utilities for accessing AUR package information and automating AUR interactions.|https://xyne.archlinux.ca/projects/python3-aur|{{AUR|python3-aur}}}}
 +
* {{App|raur|Rust library for accessing [[Aurweb RPC interface]].|https://gitlab.com/davidbittner/raur||}}

Latest revision as of 01:49, 12 January 2020

Warning: AUR helpers are not supported by Arch Linux. You should become familiar with the manual build process in order to be prepared to troubleshoot problems.
Note: Please use the discussion page to suggest edits to this article: Talk:AUR helpers.

AUR helpers automate usage of the Arch User Repository. In particular, they may automate the following tasks:

  • searching for packages published on the AUR;
  • resolving of dependencies between AUR packages;
  • retrieve and build AUR packages;
  • retrieve web content, such as user comments;
  • submission of AUR packages.

Pacman only handles updates for pre-built packages in its repositories. AUR packages are redistributed in form of PKGBUILDs and need an AUR helper to automate the re-build process. However, keep in mind that a rebuild of package may be required when its shared library dependencies are updated, not only when the package itself is updated.

Legend

The #Comparison tables columns have the following meaning:

File review
Does not source the PKGBUILD at all by default; or, alerts the user and offers the opportunity to inspect the PKGBUILD manually before it is sourced. Some helpers are known to source PKGBUILDs before the user can inspect them, allowing malicious code to be executed.
Diff view
Ability to view package differences on inspection. Besides the PKGBUILD, this includes changes to files such as .install or .patch files.
Git clone
Uses git-clone(1) by default to retrieve build files from the AUR.
Reliable parser
Ability to handle complex packages by using the provided metadata (RPC/.SRCINFO) instead of PKGBUILD parsing, such as aws-cli-gitAUR.
Reliable solver
Ability to correctly solve and build complex dependency chains, such as ros-lunar-desktopAUR.
Split packages
Ability to correctly build and install:
  • Multiple packages from the same package base, without rebuilding or reinstalling multiple times, such as clionAUR
  • Split packages which depend on a package from the same package base, such as libc++AUR and libc++abiAUR.
  • Split packages independently, such as python-pyalsaaudioAUR and python2-pyalsaaudioAUR.
Shell completion
Tab completion is available for the listed shells.
Specificity
  • Batch interaction indicates the ability to prompt before the build process and package transactions. In particular:
  1. Combined summary of repository and AUR package upgrades;
  2. Resolution of package conflicts and choice of providers.
Note:
  • Optional means that a feature is available, but only through a command-line argument or configuration option.
  • Partial means that a feature is not fully implemented, or that it partially deviates from the given criteria.

Comparison tables

Search and download

Name Written in Git clone Reliable parser Reliable solver Shell completion Specificity
auracle-gitAUR C++ Yes Yes Yes bash print build order
pbgetAUR Python Yes Yes
repoctlAUR Go No Yes zsh local repository
yaahAUR Bash Optional Yes bash
aurelAUR
(discontinued)
Emacs Lisp No Yes emacs integration

Search and build

Name Written in File review Diff view Git clone Reliable parser Reliable solver Split packages Shell completion Specificity
aurutilsAUR Bash Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes bash, zsh modular, local repository, package signing, clean chroot
bauerbillAUR Python Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes bash, zsh bb-wrapper for pacman wrapping, trust management
PKGBUILDerAUR Python No No Yes Yes Yes Partial pb for pacman wrapping
repofishAUR Bash No Yes Yes No No No local repository
ruaAUR Rust Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes bash, zsh, fish local patch application, bubblewrap, .pkg.tar inspection
aurgetAUR
(discontinued)
Bash No No No No No No bash, zsh
spinachAUR
(discontinued)
Bash Yes No No No No No

Pacman wrappers

Warning: pacman(8) wrappers abstract the work of the package manager. They may (optionally or by default) introduce unsafe flags, or other unexpected behavior leading to a defective system.
Name Written in File review Diff view Git clone Reliable parser Reliable solver Split packages Unsafe flags Shell completion Specificity
auraAUR Haskell No Partial No Yes No No bash, zsh
pacaurAUR Bash Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes --ask bash, zsh batch interaction 2
pakkuAUR Nim Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes -Sy bash, zsh fetch PGP keys
pikaurAUR Python Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes -Sy bash, fish, zsh batch interaction 1/2, dynamic users
trizenAUR Perl Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial bash, fish, zsh
yayAUR Go Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes -Sy*
--ask*
bash, fish, zsh batch interaction 1/2, fetch PGP keys
aurmanAUR
(discontinued)
Python Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes -Sy*
--ask*
bash, fish batch interaction 1/2, fetch PGP keys

Graphical

Warning: Usage of graphical AUR helpers may lead to a defective system, for example through unattended partial upgrades.
  • Argon — GTK 3 pacman wrapper written in Python.
https://github.com/14mRh4X0r/arch-argon || argonAUR
  • Cylon — TUI pacman wrapper written in Bash.
https://github.com/gavinlyonsrepo/cylon || cylonAUR
  • Pamac — Standalone GTK 3 package manager using libalpm(3) written in Vala.
https://gitlab.manjaro.org/applications/pamac || pamac-aurAUR
  • Pakku GUI — GTK 3 frontend for pakku written in Python.
https://gitlab.com/mrvik/pakku-gui || pakku-guiAUR
  • PkgBrowser — Qt 5 read-only browser for repository packages and AUR written in Python.
https://bitbucket.org/kachelaqa/pkgbrowser || pkgbrowserAUR
  • Octopi — Qt 5 pacman wrapper written in C++.
https://octopiproject.wordpress.com/ || octopiAUR
  • Yup — Curses TUI pacman wrapper written in Go.
https://github.com/ericm/yup || yupAUR

Maintenance

  • aur-out-of-date — Uses hoster APIs to check AUR packages for upstream changes.
https://github.com/simon04/aur-out-of-date || aur-out-of-dateAUR
  • aurpublish — Helper script to manage and upload AUR packages using git-subtree(1). Uses githooks(5) to verify the PKGBUILD integrity, generate .SRCINFO automatically, and create a commit message template.
https://github.com/eli-schwartz/aurpublish || aurpublish
https://git.archlinux.org/devtools.git/ || devtools
  • pkgbuild-watch — Looks for changes on the upstream web pages.
http://kmkeen.com/pkgbuild-watch || pkgbuild-watchAUR
  • pkgbuildup — Helps AUR package maintainers automatically update PKGBUILD files. Supports a template variable syntax.
https://github.com/fasheng/pkgbuildup || pkgbuildup-gitAUR
  • pkgoutofdate — Parses the source URL from PKGBUILDs and tries to find new versions of packages by incrementing the version number and sending requests to the web server.
https://github.com/anatol/pkgoutofdate || pkgoutofdate-gitAUR

Other

  • aur-talk — Fetch and display AUR comments.
https://github.com/GermainZ/aur-talk || aur-talk-gitAUR
  • aurvote-utils — A set of utilities for managing AUR votes.
https://github.com/jadenPete/aurvote-utils || aurvote-utilsAUR
  • haskell-aur — Haskell library for accessing Aurweb RPC interface.
https://hackage.haskell.org/package/aur || haskell-aurAUR
  • package-query — Tool for querying libalpm(3) and the AUR.
https://github.com/archlinuxfr/package-query || package-queryAUR
  • python3-aur — Python 3 modules and helper utilities for accessing AUR package information and automating AUR interactions.
https://xyne.archlinux.ca/projects/python3-aur || python3-aurAUR
https://gitlab.com/davidbittner/raur ||