Difference between revisions of "AUR helpers"

From ArchWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
(remove batch interaction column, see talk - will be moved to specificity, keeping more detailed descriptions in the legend)
m (Graphical: no more plus in gtk)
 
(57 intermediate revisions by 4 users not shown)
Line 15: Line 15:
  
 
[[Pacman]] only handles updates for pre-built packages in its repositories. AUR packages are redistributed in form of [[PKGBUILD]]s and need an AUR helper to automate the re-build process. However, keep in mind that a rebuild of package may be required when its shared library dependencies are updated, not only when the package itself is updated.
 
[[Pacman]] only handles updates for pre-built packages in its repositories. AUR packages are redistributed in form of [[PKGBUILD]]s and need an AUR helper to automate the re-build process. However, keep in mind that a rebuild of package may be required when its shared library dependencies are updated, not only when the package itself is updated.
 
Since AUR helpers are unsupported, they are not present in the [[official repositories]].
 
  
 
== Legend ==
 
== Legend ==
  
The [[#Comparison table]] columns have the following meaning:
+
The [[#Comparison tables]] columns have the following meaning:
  
;File review: Does not [[source]] the PKGBUILD at all by default; or, alerts the user and offers the opportunity to inspect the PKGBUILD manually before it is sourced. Some helpers are known to source PKGBUILDs before the user can inspect them, '''allowing malicious code to be executed'''. ''Optional'' means that there is a command line flag or configuration option to prevent the automatic sourcing before viewing.
+
;File review: Does not [[source]] the PKGBUILD at all ''by default''; or, alerts the user and offers the opportunity to inspect the PKGBUILD manually before it is sourced. Some helpers are known to source PKGBUILDs before the user can inspect them, '''allowing malicious code to be executed'''.
 
;Diff view: Ability to view package differences on inspection. Besides the PKGBUILD, this includes changes to files such as {{ic|.install}} or {{ic|.patch}} files.
 
;Diff view: Ability to view package differences on inspection. Besides the PKGBUILD, this includes changes to files such as {{ic|.install}} or {{ic|.patch}} files.
 
;Git clone: Uses {{man|1|git-clone}} by default to retrieve build files from the AUR.
 
;Git clone: Uses {{man|1|git-clone}} by default to retrieve build files from the AUR.
Line 31: Line 29:
 
:* Split packages which depend on a package from the same package base, such as {{AUR|libc++}} and {{AUR|libc++abi}}.
 
:* Split packages which depend on a package from the same package base, such as {{AUR|libc++}} and {{AUR|libc++abi}}.
 
:* Split packages independently, such as {{AUR|python-pyalsaaudio}} and {{AUR|python2-pyalsaaudio}}.
 
:* Split packages independently, such as {{AUR|python-pyalsaaudio}} and {{AUR|python2-pyalsaaudio}}.
;Clean build: Does not export new variables that can prevent a successful build process.
+
;Batch interaction: Ability to prompt before the build process and package transactions, in particular:
;Batch interaction: Ability to prompt before the build process, in particular:
+
:# Combined summary of repository and AUR package upgrades;
:# Inspection of package files or their differences;
+
:# Resolution of package conflicts and choice of providers.
:# Summary of package upgrades;
 
:# Resolution of package conflicts and installations.
 
:An asterisk denotes functionality specifically enabled by the user.
 
 
;Shell completion: [[w:Command-line_completion|Tab completion]] is available for the listed [[shell]]s.
 
;Shell completion: [[w:Command-line_completion|Tab completion]] is available for the listed [[shell]]s.
  
 
{{Note|''Optional'' means that a feature is available, but only through a command-line argument or configuration option. ''Partial'' means that a feature is not fully implemented, or that it partially deviates from the given criteria.}}
 
{{Note|''Optional'' means that a feature is available, but only through a command-line argument or configuration option. ''Partial'' means that a feature is not fully implemented, or that it partially deviates from the given criteria.}}
  
== Comparison table ==
+
== Comparison tables ==
  
 
=== Search and download ===
 
=== Search and download ===
  
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align: center;"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align: center;"
! Name !! Written in !! File review !! Git clone !! Reliable parser !! Reliable solver !! Shell completion !! Specificity
+
! Name !! Written in !! Git clone !! Reliable parser !! Reliable solver !! Shell completion !! Specificity
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|auracle-git}}
 
! {{AUR|auracle-git}}
| C++ || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/falconindy/auracle/commit/c73bbee}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || bash || {{L|print build order}}
+
| C++ || {{Yes|https://github.com/falconindy/auracle/commit/c73bbee}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || bash || {{L|print build order}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|pbget}}
 
! {{AUR|pbget}}
| Python || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{-}} || {{-}}
+
| Python || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{-}} || {{-}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|repoctl}}
 
! {{AUR|repoctl}}
| Go || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/goulash/pacman/blob/master/aur/aur.go}} || {{-}} || zsh || {{L|local repository support}}
+
| Go || {{No}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/goulash/pacman/blob/master/aur/aur.go}} || {{-}} || zsh || {{L|[[local repository]]}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|yaah}}
 
! {{AUR|yaah}}
| Bash || {{Yes}} || {{Y|Optional}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || bash || {{-}}
+
| Bash || {{Y|Optional}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || bash || {{-}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{Grey|1={{AUR|aurel}} <br> <small>([https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1522459#p1522459 discontinued])</small>}}
 
! {{Grey|1={{AUR|aurel}} <br> <small>([https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1522459#p1522459 discontinued])</small>}}
| Emacs Lisp || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{-}} || {{L|Emacs integration}}
+
| Emacs Lisp || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{-}} || {{L|[[emacs]] integration}}
|-
 
! {{Grey|{{AUR|cower}} <br> <small>([https://github.com/falconindy/cower#description discontinued])</small>}}
 
| C  || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || bash, zsh || {{L|regex support}}
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== Download and build ===
+
=== Search and build ===
  
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align: center;"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align: center;"
! Name !! Written in !! File review !! Diff view !! Git clone !! Reliable parser !! Reliable solver !! Split packages !! Clean build !! Shell completion !! Specificity
+
! Name !! Written in !! File review !! Diff view !! Git clone !! Reliable parser !! Reliable solver !! Split packages !! Shell completion !! Specificity
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|aurget}}
 
! {{AUR|aurget}}
| Bash || {{Y|Optional}} || {{No|https://github.com/pbrisbin/aurget/issues/41}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No|https://github.com/pbrisbin/aurget/issues/40}} || {{Yes}} || bash, zsh || {{-}}
+
| Bash || {{No}} || {{No|https://github.com/pbrisbin/aurget/issues/41}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No|https://github.com/pbrisbin/aurget/issues/40}} || bash, zsh || {{-}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|aurutils}}
 
! {{AUR|aurutils}}
| Bash/C || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || zsh || {{L|[[vifm]], [[local repository]], [[package signing]], [[DeveloperWiki:Building in a clean chroot|clean chroot]] support}}
+
| Bash/C || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || bash, zsh || {{L|[[w:Modular programming|modular]], [[local repository]], [[package signing]], [[DeveloperWiki:Building in a clean chroot|clean chroot]]}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|bauerbill}}
 
! {{AUR|bauerbill}}
| Python || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || bash, zsh || {{L|trust management, [[ABS]] support, extends ''powerpill'', {{ic|bb-wrapper}} for ''pacman'' wrapping}}
+
| Python || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || bash, zsh || {{L|{{ic|bb-wrapper}} for ''pacman'' wrapping, trust management}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|PKGBUILDer}}
 
! {{AUR|PKGBUILDer}}
| Python || {{Y|Optional}} || {{No|https://github.com/Kwpolska/pkgbuilder/issues/36}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/Kwpolska/pkgbuilder/issues/39 Partial]}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{L|automatic builds by default, use {{ic|-F}} to disable; multilingual, {{ic|pb-wrapper}} for ''pacman'' wrapping}}
+
| Python || {{No}} || {{No|https://github.com/Kwpolska/pkgbuilder/issues/36}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/Kwpolska/pkgbuilder/issues/39 Partial]}} || {{-}} || {{L|{{ic|pb}} for ''pacman'' wrapping}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|repofish}}
 
! {{AUR|repofish}}
| Bash || {{Y|Optional}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{L|automatic builds by default, use {{ic|check}} or {{ic|update}} to disable; [[local repository]] support}}
+
| Bash || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{-}} || {{L|[[local repository]]}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|rua}}
 
! {{AUR|rua}}
| Rust || {{Yes}} || {{No|https://github.com/vn971/rua/issues/1}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/vn971/rua/commit/fc8c2f3}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || bash, zsh, fish || {{L|tar artifact inspections (SUID, install file etc), isolated build, offline build}}
+
| Rust || {{Yes}} || {{No|https://github.com/vn971/rua/issues/1}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/vn971/rua/commit/fc8c2f3}} || {{Yes}} || {{No|https://github.com/vn971/rua/issues/21}} || bash, zsh, fish || {{L|[[bubblewrap]], {{ic|.pkg.tar}} inspection}}
|-
 
! {{Grey|{{AUR|burgaur}} <br> <small>([https://github.com/m45t3r/burgaur/issues/7#issuecomment-365599675 discontinued])</small>}}
 
| Python/C || {{Y|Optional}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{L|wrapper for ''cower''}}
 
|-
 
! {{Grey|{{AUR|naaman}} <br> <small>([https://github.com/enckse/naaman/issues/20#issuecomment-433781874 discontinued])</small>}}
 
| Python || {{Y|Optional}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/enckse/naaman/issues/19 Partial]}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/enckse/naaman/issues/20 Partial]}} || {{Yes}} || bash || {{L|automatic builds by default, use {{ic|--fetch}} to disable; use {{ic|-d}} to enable the solver}}
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{Grey|{{AUR|spinach}} <br> <small>([https://github.com/floft/spinach discontinued])</small>}}
 
! {{Grey|{{AUR|spinach}} <br> <small>([https://github.com/floft/spinach discontinued])</small>}}
| Bash || {{Yes|https://github.com/floft/spinach/commit/5455747}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{-}}
+
| Bash || {{Yes|https://github.com/floft/spinach/commit/5455747}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{-}} || {{-}}
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 105: Line 91:
  
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align: center;"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align: center;"
! Name !! Written in !! File review !! Diff view !! Git clone !! Reliable parser !! Reliable solver !! Split packages !! Clean build !! Unsafe flags !! Shell completion !! Specificity
+
! Name !! Written in !! File review !! Diff view !! Git clone !! Reliable parser !! Reliable solver !! Split packages !! Unsafe flags !! Shell completion !! Specificity
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|aura}}
 
! {{AUR|aura}}
| Haskell || {{Y|Optional}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/aurapm/aura/blob/89bf702/aura/src/Aura/Pkgbuild/Records.hs Partial]}} || {{No|https://github.com/aurapm/aura/pull/346}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/aurapm/aura/commit/7848e983}} || {{No}} || {{No|https://github.com/aurapm/aura/issues/353}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || bash, zsh || {{L|automatic builds by default, use {{ic|--dryrun}} to disable; [[downgrade]] support, multilingual}}
+
| Haskell || {{No}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/aurapm/aura/blob/89bf702/aura/src/Aura/Pkgbuild/Records.hs Partial]}} || {{No|https://github.com/aurapm/aura/pull/346}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/aurapm/aura/commit/7848e983}} || {{No}} || {{No|https://github.com/aurapm/aura/issues/353}} || {{-}} || bash, zsh || {{-}}
 
|-
 
|-
! {{AUR|packer-aur-git}}
+
! {{AUR|pacaur}}
| Bash || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{-}} || {{-}}
+
| Bash/C || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/rmarquis/pacaur/commit/12707cc --ask] || bash, zsh || {{L|batch interaction 2}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|pakku}}
 
! {{AUR|pakku}}
| Nim || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/kitsunyan/pakku/commit/396e9f4}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/kitsunyan/pakku/commit/864cc03}} || [https://github.com/kitsunyan/pakku/wiki/Native-Pacman-Explanation -Sy] || bash, zsh || {{L|[[ABS]] support, AUR comments, fetch PGP keys}}
+
| Nim || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/kitsunyan/pakku/commit/396e9f4}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/kitsunyan/pakku/wiki/Native-Pacman-Explanation -Sy] || bash, zsh || {{L|fetch PGP keys}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|pikaur}}
 
! {{AUR|pikaur}}
| Python || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/actionless/pikaur/commit/d409b95}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/actionless/pikaur#pikaur -Sy] || bash, fish, zsh || {{L|[[ABS]] support, [http://0pointer.net/blog/dynamic-users-with-systemd.html dynamic users], [https://github.com/actionless/pikaur/tree/master/locale multilingual], print news}}
+
| Python || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/actionless/pikaur#pikaur -Sy] || bash, fish, zsh || {{L|batch interaction 1/2, [http://0pointer.net/blog/dynamic-users-with-systemd.html dynamic users]}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|trizen}}
 
! {{AUR|trizen}}
| Perl || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} ||{{Yes|https://github.com/trizen/trizen/commit/6fb0cc9}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/trizen/trizen/commit/7ab7ee5f}}  || {{Yes}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/trizen/trizen/issues/46 Partial]}} || {{Yes}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/trizen/trizen/commit/9e7b40e -Ud*] || bash, fish, zsh || {{L|automatic builds by default, use {{ic|-G}} to disable; AUR comments}}
+
| Perl || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} ||{{Yes|https://github.com/trizen/trizen/commit/6fb0cc9}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/trizen/trizen/commit/7ab7ee5f}}  || {{Yes}} || {{Y|[https://github.com/trizen/trizen/issues/46 Partial]}} || {{-}} || bash, fish, zsh || {{-}}
|-
 
! {{AUR|wrapaur}}
 
| Bash || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{No}} || {{Yes}} || {{-}} || {{-}} || {{L|mirror updates, print news and AUR comments}}
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{AUR|yay}}
 
! {{AUR|yay}}
| Go || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/Jguer/yay/pull/447}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/Jguer/yay/pull/297}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/Jguer/yay/commit/3bdb534 -Sy*]<br>[https://github.com/Jguer/yay/commit/ea5a94e --ask*] || bash, fish, zsh || {{L|fetch PGP keys, [https://github.com/Jguer/yay/commit/4bcd3a6 prompt architecture]}}
+
| Go || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/Jguer/yay/pull/447}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/Jguer/yay/pull/297}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/Jguer/yay/pull/866}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/Jguer/yay/commit/3bdb534 -Sy*]<br>[https://github.com/Jguer/yay/commit/ea5a94e --ask*] || bash, fish, zsh || {{L|batch interaction 1/2, fetch PGP keys}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! {{Grey|{{AUR|aurman}} <br> <small>([https://github.com/polygamma/aurman#stopped-development-for-public-use discontinued])</small>}}
 
! {{Grey|{{AUR|aurman}} <br> <small>([https://github.com/polygamma/aurman#stopped-development-for-public-use discontinued])</small>}}
| Python || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes|https://github.com/polygamma/aurman/wiki/Description-of-the-aurman-dependency-solving}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/polygamma/aurman/commit/6c02ba3 -Sy*]<br>[https://github.com/polygamma/aurman#make-use-of-the-undocumented---ask-flag-of-pacman --ask*] || bash, fish || {{L|fetch PGP keys, print news}}
+
| Python || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{No|https://github.com/polygamma/aurman/issues/259}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/polygamma/aurman/commit/6c02ba3 -Sy*]<br>[https://github.com/polygamma/aurman#make-use-of-the-undocumented---ask-flag-of-pacman --ask*] || bash, fish || {{L|batch interaction 1/2, fetch PGP keys}}
|-
 
! {{Grey|1={{AUR|pacaur}} <br> <small>([https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1755144#p1755144 discontinued])</small>}}
 
| Bash/C || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}} || [https://github.com/rmarquis/pacaur/commit/d8f4918 -Ud]<br>[https://github.com/rmarquis/pacaur/commit/12707cc --ask] || bash, zsh || {{L|multilingual}}
 
|-
 
! {{Grey|{{AUR|yaourt}} <br> <small>([https://github.com/archlinuxfr/yaourt/issues/382#issuecomment-437461631 discontinued])</small>}}
 
| Bash/C || {{No|https://github.com/archlinuxfr/yaourt/blob/34b5c0b/src/lib/aur.sh#L54-L72}} || {{Y|Optional}} || {{Y|Optional}} || {{No}} || {{No|https://github.com/archlinuxfr/yaourt/issues/186}} || {{No|https://github.com/archlinuxfr/yaourt/issues/85}} || {{No|https://lists.archlinux.org/pipermail/aur-general/2015-August/031314.html}} || [https://github.com/archlinuxfr/yaourt/blob/d30823e/yaourt/yaourt#L1773 -Sy] || bash, fish, zsh || {{L|ABS support, print AUR comments, multilingual}}
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 141: Line 118:
  
 
{{Warning|Usage of graphical AUR helpers may lead to a defective system, for example through unattended [[partial upgrades]].}}
 
{{Warning|Usage of graphical AUR helpers may lead to a defective system, for example through unattended [[partial upgrades]].}}
* {{App|Argon|GTK+ 3 pacman wrapper written in Python.|https://github.com/14mRh4X0r/arch-argon|{{AUR|argon}}}}
+
* {{App|Argon|GTK 3 pacman wrapper written in Python.|https://github.com/14mRh4X0r/arch-argon|{{AUR|argon}}}}
 
* {{App|Cylon|TUI pacman wrapper written in Bash.|https://github.com/gavinlyonsrepo/cylon|{{AUR|cylon}}}}
 
* {{App|Cylon|TUI pacman wrapper written in Bash.|https://github.com/gavinlyonsrepo/cylon|{{AUR|cylon}}}}
* {{App|Pamac|Standalone GTK+ 3 package manager using {{man|3|libalpm}} written in Vala.|https://gitlab.manjaro.org/applications/pamac|{{AUR|pamac-aur}}}}
+
* {{App|Pamac|Standalone GTK 3 package manager using {{man|3|libalpm}} written in Vala.|https://gitlab.manjaro.org/applications/pamac|{{AUR|pamac-aur}}}}
* {{App|Pakku GUI|GTK+ 3 frontend for pakku written in Python.|https://gitlab.com/mrvik/pakku-gui|{{AUR|pakku-gui}}}}
+
* {{App|Pakku GUI|GTK 3 frontend for pakku written in Python.|https://gitlab.com/mrvik/pakku-gui|{{AUR|pakku-gui}}}}
 
* {{App|PkgBrowser|Qt 5 read-only browser for repository packages and AUR written in Python.|https://bitbucket.org/kachelaqa/pkgbrowser|{{AUR|pkgbrowser}}}}
 
* {{App|PkgBrowser|Qt 5 read-only browser for repository packages and AUR written in Python.|https://bitbucket.org/kachelaqa/pkgbrowser|{{AUR|pkgbrowser}}}}
 
* {{App|Octopi|Qt 5 pacman wrapper written in C++. May lead to defective system as [https://github.com/aarnt/octopi/blob/271c7e1/octopi.install enabled on install] notifier service [https://github.com/aarnt/octopi/issues/134#issuecomment-142099266 regularly performs] [[partial upgrades]].|https://octopiproject.wordpress.com/|{{AUR|octopi}}}}
 
* {{App|Octopi|Qt 5 pacman wrapper written in C++. May lead to defective system as [https://github.com/aarnt/octopi/blob/271c7e1/octopi.install enabled on install] notifier service [https://github.com/aarnt/octopi/issues/134#issuecomment-142099266 regularly performs] [[partial upgrades]].|https://octopiproject.wordpress.com/|{{AUR|octopi}}}}
Line 152: Line 129:
 
* {{App|aur-out-of-date|Uses hoster APIs to check AUR packages for upstream changes.|https://github.com/simon04/aur-out-of-date|{{AUR|aur-out-of-date}}}}
 
* {{App|aur-out-of-date|Uses hoster APIs to check AUR packages for upstream changes.|https://github.com/simon04/aur-out-of-date|{{AUR|aur-out-of-date}}}}
 
* {{App|aurpublish|Helper script to manage and upload AUR packages using {{man|1|git-subtree}}. Uses {{man|5|githooks}} to verify the PKGBUILD integrity, generate .SRCINFO automatically, and create a commit message template.|https://github.com/eli-schwartz/aurpublish|{{Pkg|aurpublish}}}}
 
* {{App|aurpublish|Helper script to manage and upload AUR packages using {{man|1|git-subtree}}. Uses {{man|5|githooks}} to verify the PKGBUILD integrity, generate .SRCINFO automatically, and create a commit message template.|https://github.com/eli-schwartz/aurpublish|{{Pkg|aurpublish}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[DeveloperWiki:Building in a clean chroot|devtools]]|Build packages in a clean environment ([[systemd-nspawn]] container) to ensure their correctness. Wrapped by {{AUR|aurutils}} and {{AUR|clean-chroot-manager}}.|https://git.archlinux.org/devtools.git/|{{Pkg|devtools}}}}
 
* {{App|pkgbuild-watch|Looks for changes on the upstream web pages.|http://kmkeen.com/pkgbuild-watch|{{AUR|pkgbuild-watch}}}}
 
* {{App|pkgbuild-watch|Looks for changes on the upstream web pages.|http://kmkeen.com/pkgbuild-watch|{{AUR|pkgbuild-watch}}}}
 
* {{App|pkgbuildup|Helps AUR package maintainers automatically update PKGBUILD files. Supports a template variable syntax.|https://github.com/fasheng/pkgbuildup|{{AUR|pkgbuildup-git}}}}
 
* {{App|pkgbuildup|Helps AUR package maintainers automatically update PKGBUILD files. Supports a template variable syntax.|https://github.com/fasheng/pkgbuildup|{{AUR|pkgbuildup-git}}}}
Line 158: Line 136:
 
== Other ==
 
== Other ==
  
* {{App|aur.rs|Rust library for accessing [[Aurweb RPC interface]]|https://github.com/zeyla/aur.rs||}}
+
* {{App|aur.rs|Rust library for accessing [[Aurweb RPC interface]].|https://github.com/zeyla/aur.rs||}}
 +
* {{App|aur-talk|Fetch and display AUR comments.|https://github.com/GermainZ/aur-talk|{{AUR|aur-talk-git}}}}
 +
* {{App|aurvote-utils|A set of utilities for managing AUR votes.|https://github.com/jadenPete/aurvote-utils|{{AUR|aurvote-utils}}}}
 
* {{App|haskell-aur|Haskell library for accessing Aurweb RPC interface.|https://hackage.haskell.org/package/aur|{{AUR|haskell-aur}}}}
 
* {{App|haskell-aur|Haskell library for accessing Aurweb RPC interface.|https://hackage.haskell.org/package/aur|{{AUR|haskell-aur}}}}
 +
* {{App|package-query|Tool for querying {{man|3|libalpm}} and the AUR.|https://github.com/archlinuxfr/package-query|{{AUR|package-query}}}}
 
* {{App|python3-aur|Python 3 modules and helper utilities for accessing AUR package information and automating AUR interactions.|https://xyne.archlinux.ca/projects/python3-aur|{{AUR|python3-aur}}}}
 
* {{App|python3-aur|Python 3 modules and helper utilities for accessing AUR package information and automating AUR interactions.|https://xyne.archlinux.ca/projects/python3-aur|{{AUR|python3-aur}}}}
* {{App|package-query|Tool for querying {{man|3|libalpm}} and the AUR.|https://github.com/archlinuxfr/package-query|{{AUR|package-query}}}}
 

Latest revision as of 19:18, 29 June 2019

Warning: AUR helpers are not supported by Arch Linux. You should become familiar with the manual build process in order to be prepared to troubleshoot problems.
Note: Please use the discussion page to suggest edits to this article: Talk:AUR helpers.

AUR helpers automate certain usage of the Arch User Repository. Most AUR helpers can search for packages in the AUR and retrieve their PKGBUILDs – others additionally assist with the build and install process.

Pacman only handles updates for pre-built packages in its repositories. AUR packages are redistributed in form of PKGBUILDs and need an AUR helper to automate the re-build process. However, keep in mind that a rebuild of package may be required when its shared library dependencies are updated, not only when the package itself is updated.

Legend

The #Comparison tables columns have the following meaning:

File review
Does not source the PKGBUILD at all by default; or, alerts the user and offers the opportunity to inspect the PKGBUILD manually before it is sourced. Some helpers are known to source PKGBUILDs before the user can inspect them, allowing malicious code to be executed.
Diff view
Ability to view package differences on inspection. Besides the PKGBUILD, this includes changes to files such as .install or .patch files.
Git clone
Uses git-clone(1) by default to retrieve build files from the AUR.
Reliable parser
Ability to handle complex packages by using the provided metadata (RPC/.SRCINFO) instead of PKGBUILD parsing, such as aws-cli-gitAUR.
Reliable solver
Ability to correctly solve and build complex dependency chains, such as ros-lunar-desktopAUR.
Split packages
Ability to correctly build and install:
  • Multiple packages from the same package base, without rebuilding or reinstalling multiple times, such as clionAUR
  • Split packages which depend on a package from the same package base, such as libc++AUR and libc++abiAUR.
  • Split packages independently, such as python-pyalsaaudioAUR and python2-pyalsaaudioAUR.
Batch interaction
Ability to prompt before the build process and package transactions, in particular:
  1. Combined summary of repository and AUR package upgrades;
  2. Resolution of package conflicts and choice of providers.
Shell completion
Tab completion is available for the listed shells.
Note: Optional means that a feature is available, but only through a command-line argument or configuration option. Partial means that a feature is not fully implemented, or that it partially deviates from the given criteria.

Comparison tables

Search and download

Name Written in Git clone Reliable parser Reliable solver Shell completion Specificity
auracle-gitAUR C++ Yes Yes Yes bash print build order
pbgetAUR Python Yes Yes
repoctlAUR Go No Yes zsh local repository
yaahAUR Bash Optional Yes bash
aurelAUR
(discontinued)
Emacs Lisp No Yes emacs integration

Search and build

Name Written in File review Diff view Git clone Reliable parser Reliable solver Split packages Shell completion Specificity
aurgetAUR Bash No No No No No No bash, zsh
aurutilsAUR Bash/C Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes bash, zsh modular, local repository, package signing, clean chroot
bauerbillAUR Python Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes bash, zsh bb-wrapper for pacman wrapping, trust management
PKGBUILDerAUR Python No No Yes Yes Yes Partial pb for pacman wrapping
repofishAUR Bash No Yes Yes No No No local repository
ruaAUR Rust Yes No Yes Yes Yes No bash, zsh, fish bubblewrap, .pkg.tar inspection
spinachAUR
(discontinued)
Bash Yes No No No No No

Pacman wrappers

Warning: pacman(8) wrappers abstract the work of the package manager. They may (optionally or by default) introduce unsafe flags, or other unexpected behavior leading to a defective system.
Name Written in File review Diff view Git clone Reliable parser Reliable solver Split packages Unsafe flags Shell completion Specificity
auraAUR Haskell No Partial No Yes No No bash, zsh
pacaurAUR Bash/C Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes --ask bash, zsh batch interaction 2
pakkuAUR Nim Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes -Sy bash, zsh fetch PGP keys
pikaurAUR Python Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes -Sy bash, fish, zsh batch interaction 1/2, dynamic users
trizenAUR Perl Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial bash, fish, zsh
yayAUR Go Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes -Sy*
--ask*
bash, fish, zsh batch interaction 1/2, fetch PGP keys
aurmanAUR
(discontinued)
Python Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes -Sy*
--ask*
bash, fish batch interaction 1/2, fetch PGP keys

Graphical

Warning: Usage of graphical AUR helpers may lead to a defective system, for example through unattended partial upgrades.
  • Argon — GTK 3 pacman wrapper written in Python.
https://github.com/14mRh4X0r/arch-argon || argonAUR
  • Cylon — TUI pacman wrapper written in Bash.
https://github.com/gavinlyonsrepo/cylon || cylonAUR
  • Pamac — Standalone GTK 3 package manager using libalpm(3) written in Vala.
https://gitlab.manjaro.org/applications/pamac || pamac-aurAUR
  • Pakku GUI — GTK 3 frontend for pakku written in Python.
https://gitlab.com/mrvik/pakku-gui || pakku-guiAUR
  • PkgBrowser — Qt 5 read-only browser for repository packages and AUR written in Python.
https://bitbucket.org/kachelaqa/pkgbrowser || pkgbrowserAUR
https://octopiproject.wordpress.com/ || octopiAUR

Maintenance

  • aur-out-of-date — Uses hoster APIs to check AUR packages for upstream changes.
https://github.com/simon04/aur-out-of-date || aur-out-of-dateAUR
  • aurpublish — Helper script to manage and upload AUR packages using git-subtree(1). Uses githooks(5) to verify the PKGBUILD integrity, generate .SRCINFO automatically, and create a commit message template.
https://github.com/eli-schwartz/aurpublish || aurpublish
https://git.archlinux.org/devtools.git/ || devtools
  • pkgbuild-watch — Looks for changes on the upstream web pages.
http://kmkeen.com/pkgbuild-watch || pkgbuild-watchAUR
  • pkgbuildup — Helps AUR package maintainers automatically update PKGBUILD files. Supports a template variable syntax.
https://github.com/fasheng/pkgbuildup || pkgbuildup-gitAUR
  • pkgoutofdate — Parses the source URL from PKGBUILDs and tries to find new versions of packages by incrementing the version number and sending requests to the web server.
https://github.com/anatol/pkgoutofdate || pkgoutofdate-gitAUR

Other

https://github.com/zeyla/aur.rs ||
  • aur-talk — Fetch and display AUR comments.
https://github.com/GermainZ/aur-talk || aur-talk-gitAUR
  • aurvote-utils — A set of utilities for managing AUR votes.
https://github.com/jadenPete/aurvote-utils || aurvote-utilsAUR
  • haskell-aur — Haskell library for accessing Aurweb RPC interface.
https://hackage.haskell.org/package/aur || haskell-aurAUR
  • package-query — Tool for querying libalpm(3) and the AUR.
https://github.com/archlinuxfr/package-query || package-queryAUR
  • python3-aur — Python 3 modules and helper utilities for accessing AUR package information and automating AUR interactions.
https://xyne.archlinux.ca/projects/python3-aur || python3-aurAUR