Acer Aspire One
WARNING: THIS ARTICLE IS INCOMPLETE! Visit the Arch forum thread link below to get information on installing Arch Linux on the Acer Aspire One.
Most of this information is from the Arch Forum. You can also find a lot of helpful information from the AspireOneUser Forum and Install Ubuntu Hardy Heron (8.04.1) on the Acer Aspire One. General netbook installation hints can be found also in the Asus EEE PC Wiki article
- 1 Hardware
- 2 Before You Begin
- 3 Installing Arch Linux
- 4 Recommended partition shemes for A110L
- 5 Hardware setup
- 6 Network
- 7 Audio
- 8 Video
- 9 Webcam
- 10 Additional function keys
- 11 Tuning tips
- 12 lspci
- 13 Weblinks
Aspire One common hardware
- Intel Atom N270 1.6 GHz cpu, smp capable(hyperthreading like PIV), up to SSE3 extensions, no EM64T!
- Intel 945GME chipset
- Intel 950 GMA onboard graphics adapter
- 8,9 inch Acer Crystal Brite 1024×600 display
- Realtek High Definition Audio ALC260
- Battery: 11.V 41,2Wh/2200mAh or 45Wh/2400mAh Lithium-Ionen-Akku / 3 cell, with a 6 cell model planned
- sd(hc) Card Reader left side: RICOH R5C8xx
- Multi Card Reader right side Seite: JMicron JMB385 Flash Media Controller
- Webcam: Acer Crystal Eye Webcam (Suyin Optronics)
- Wlan: Atheros AR5007EG (Chipset 2425)
- LAN: Realtek RTL8102E
- Touchpad: Synaptics
- Weight: 960 gr.
- Size: 24,9 x 17 x 2,9 cm
- One memory expansion slot ( So-DIMM DDRII 400/533/667MHz up to 1GB) under the keyboard hard to access see memory upgrade; max. 1,5GB
- One 512MB memory stick onboard soldered
- 8GB solid state disc
- One 1024MB memory stick onboard soldered
- 120gb 1.8"(?) hdd
Before You Begin
A110L: Avoiding Pitfalls for SSD version
Solid state drives are made of flash memory. They are fast in reading but slow in writing data. Flash memory you cannot overwrite countless times. So for a long ssd life take care to
- Never choose to use a journaling file system on the SSD partitions
- Never use a swap partition on the SSD
- Edit your new installation fstab to mount the SSD partitions "noatime"
- Never log messages or error log to the SSD
The rules ensure that we won't reach the maximum limit of writes on our SSD faster than we should.
Choosing Your Installation Media
The Acer Aspire One does not have an optical drive installed on the machine. This means you will need to install Arch Linux through one of the alternative methods:
- USB pen drive (Recommended)
- External USB CD-ROM drive
Installing Arch Linux
- Install through USB media. Press F12 at BIOS post or change boot order with F2.
- It is recommended to permanently add a sd(hc) card into the left sd card reader to extend storage space
Recommended partition shemes for A110L
- /dev/sda1 all 8GB on the SSD for / formatted as ext2
- /dev/mmcblk0p1 all space on the extensional left side sd(hc) card /home formatted as ext2
- No swap at all
ext2 is recommended as it is a non-journalling file system.
Assuming you have the left card mounted as /home, the /etc/fstab might have these entries:
# # /etc/fstab: static file system information # # <file system> <dir> <type> <options> <dump> <pass> none /dev/pts devpts defaults 0 0 none /dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0 /dev/sda1 / ext2 defaults,noatime,nodiratime,errors=remount-ro 0 1 LABEL=HD-Home /home ext2 defaults,noatime,nodiratime,errors=remount-ro 0 1 #left multi card reader UUID=FFFF-FFFF /mnt/right vfat users,rw,uid=1000,gid=100,fmask=0113,dmask=0002 0 0 #right multi card reader # Temporary folders none /var/log tmpfs defaults,size=10M 0 0 none /tmp tmpfs defaults,size=100M 0 0 none /var/tmp tmpfs defaults,size=20M 0 0
- Be sure to use noatime mount options for SSD and SD-card. This reduces write access, as file access times will not be written to the disk.
- Both card readers work only, when cards are inserted at boot time. Remounting using other cards is then no problem. Be sure to use UUID or LABEL for mounting, as the /dev/mmcbklXpY change names depending on the amount of cards inserted.
- To set a label on a ext2 filesystem use e2label. On a XFS filesystem use xfs_admin.
- CAUTION: The temporary folders listed above will delete all files in those folders after each reboot. You may omit the last three lines, but have increased write access to the SSD.
- CAUTION: Has been reported that the stock kernel is causing partition table corruption on the SD card when you resume from a suspend. Corrupted /home. Someone on the forum suggested that you need a kernel with CONFIG_MMC_UNSAFE_RESUME set to prevent this from happening.
- For more tuning tips see the section "Tuning tips" below.
- Use of kernel >=2.6.26 is recommended to get eth0 up and running
- Blackmask memstick module, makes full load on one core, should be patchable and fixed in next kernel release
- Blackmask ath5k too, since it doesn't work
- Setup cpufreq scaling: load modul acpi_cpufreq and put the wanted governor into rc.local see wiki page
- Modules section example in rc.conf:
MODULES=(!ath5k !memstick r8169 ath_pci acpi_cpufreq)
- use ath_pci for onboard wlan - kernel driver ath5k loads well but does not yet support the chipset
- install madwifi_hal wlan kernel module, for wireless support
Add the following to sysctl.conf to make the wlan blink when there's traffic:
The led on the front will now do the association blink, as well as blink based on wireless traffic. Use ledpin=-3 for a solid light.
- use module r8169 for eth0 support with kernel version >=2.6.26
For having network management mobility you can try the follow packages:
Select one front end from you desktop flavor:
Than add to the /etc/rc.conf "networkmanager" as something similar to:
DAEMONS=(syslog-ng !network !netfs !crond dbus hal @kdm @networkmanager)
Typical Intel HD Audio. Just follow alsa setup
Typical Intel chipset. Works with the xf86-video-intel driver. 400ish on glxgears.
You'll need to install packages
Original Linpus Xorg.conf:
# Xorg configuration created by system-config-display Section "ServerFlags" Option "DontZap" "yes" Option "DontVTSwitch" "yes" EndSection Section "ServerLayout" Identifier "Default Layout" Screen 0 "Screen0" 0 0 InputDevice "Mouse0" "CorePointer" InputDevice "Synaptics Mouse" "AlwaysCore" InputDevice "Keyboard0" "CoreKeyboard" EndSection Section "InputDevice" Identifier "Keyboard0" Driver "kbd" Option "XkbModel" "pc105" Option "XkbLayout" "gb,us" Option "XkbVariant" "euro" Option "XkbOptions" "grp:alt_shift_toggle" EndSection Section "InputDevice" Identifier "Synaptics Mouse" Driver "synaptics" Option "Device" "/dev/psaux" Option "Protocol" "auto-dev" Option "LeftEdge" "1700" Option "RightEdge" "5300" Option "TopEdge" "1700" Option "BottomEdge" "4200" Option "FingerLow" "25" Option "FingerHigh" "30" Option "MaxTapTime" "180" Option "MaxTapMove" "220" Option "VertScrollDelta" "100" Option "MinSpeed" "0.09" Option "MaxSpeed" "0.18" Option "AccelFactor" "0.0015" Option "SHMConfig" "on" EndSection Section "InputDevice" Identifier "Mouse0" Driver "mouse" Option "Protocol" "IMPS/2" Option "Device" "/dev/input/mice" Option "ZAxisMapping" "4 5" Option "Emulate3Buttons" "no" EndSection Section "Monitor" Identifier "Monitor0" Modeline "1024x600" 50.40 1024 1048 1184 1344 600 600 619 625 # Option "Above" "Monitor1" EndSection Section "Device" Identifier "Videocard0" Driver "intel" # Option "monitor-LVDS" "Monitor0" # Option "monitor-VGA" "Monitor1" Option "Clone" "true" Option "MonitorLayout" "LVDS,VGA" vBusID "PCI:0:2:0" # Screen 0 EndSection Section "Screen" Identifier "Screen0" Device "Videocard0" Monitor "Monitor0" DefaultDepth 24 SubSection "Display" Viewport 0 0 Depth 24 Modes "1024x600" "800x600" "640x480" Virtual 1024 600 EndSubSection EndSection
External VGA port
The external VGA port works without further modifications if the externel screen is connected at boot time. If the screen is added later, the VGA port has to be enabled by xrandr. See also section Additional function keys for automating this.
Improve graphics performance
To improve the 2D graphics performance add the following lines to the Driver Section of your xorg.conf
Option "AccelMethod" "exa" Option "MigrationHeuristic" "greedy"
To improve the 3D graphics performance add the following to your /etc/profile
See also Intel Graphics.
Very large fonts may appear in some applications (for example the menu line in Firefox). Setting the DisplaySize in xorg.conf does not help. Instead add the following to your ~/.xserverrc:
#!/bin/bash exec /usr/bin/X -dpi 100
You may also try 75dpi if you can live with small fonts.
Works on the fly with the kernel26 (>=2.6.22) from core using the UVC driver (uvcvideo).
Additional function keys
For the wifi kill switch add these keycodes in /etc/rc.local:
/usr/bin/setkeycodes e055 159 /usr/bin/setkeycodes e056 158
Note that if the wifi kill switch is on (wifi is off), you will need to reboot to re-enable wifi one you disable the kill switch.
For the Fn-Keys add these additionally:
/usr/bin/setkeycodes e025 130 /usr/bin/setkeycodes e026 131 /usr/bin/setkeycodes e027 132 /usr/bin/setkeycodes e029 122 /usr/bin/setkeycodes e071 134 /usr/bin/setkeycodes e072 135
Now setup an ~/.Xmodmap
keycode 160 = XF86AudioMute keycode 174 = XF86AudioLowerVolume keycode 176 = XF86AudioRaiseVolume keycode 223 = XF86Standby keycode 239 = XF86KbdBrightnessDown keycode 123 = XF86KbdBrightnessUp keycode 210 = XF86Display
to your .xinitrc.
If you use KDE or Gnome you can use the appropriate tools to bind the keys or they work just fine without further modifications. If you use neither KDE nor Gnome then read on.
To use the keys to adjust volume it is recommended to use xbindkeys:
pacman -S xbindkeys
to .xinitrc and use the following as .xbindkeysrc.scm:
(xbindkey '("m:0x0" "c:160") "amixer set Master mute") (xbindkey '("m:0x0" "c:176") "amixer set Master 2dB+ unmute") (xbindkey '("m:0x0" "c:174") "amixer set Master 2dB- unmute") (xbindkey '("XF86Display") "uxterm -e vgadisplay.sh")
Note that I have added the option to switch the external VGA output here by a bash-display-script. You will need the following as /usr/bin/vgadisplay.sh:
#! /bin/bash TEMP=/tmp/answer$$ dialog --menu "Select VGA behavior" 13 50 6 1 off 2 1024x600 3 "Auto (most probably 1024x768)" 2>$TEMP ret=$? choice=`cat $TEMP` case $ret in 1) ;; # Cancel - do nothing 0) # User selection case $choice in 1) xrandr --output VGA --off;; 2) xrandr --output VGA --mode 1024x600;; 3) xrandr --output VGA --auto;; esac ;; *) # Shouldnt happen echo "Abnormal ret code from dialog: $ret" ;; esac
You may also bind an xrandr call directly with the XF86Display key but with the above way you have more options.
- Use the noop IO scheduler (elevator=noop to /boot/grub/menu.lst's kernel line)
- While editing the /boot/grub/menu.lst you may also add vga=771 to the kernel line to have a 800x600 256-colored framebuffer for a nicer boot-up. See Grub for more info.
- locate pacman pkg cache in /etc/pacman.conf to your sd card ( /home/where_ever_you_want_it) or alternatively mount pkg cache as tmpfs in /etc/fstab:
none /var/cache/pacman/pkg tmpfs defaults,size=300MB 0 0
- EXT3: change commit interval in fstab, e.g.:
UUID=f00ba4 / ext3 noatime,nodiratime,commit=15 0 1
- Or for all filesystems use:
echo "1500" > /proc/sys/vm/dirty_writeback_centisecs
- ToDo: install customized kernel with slack konfig and custom CLFAGS
- for faster boot and a slack optimized hardware configuration try the custom kernel: http://dev.archlinux.org/~andyrtr/AspireOne/kernel26-one/
if you need additional hardware support recompile it to your needs, report suggestions/missing modules to the forum thread
- Firefox 3.x uses a sqlite db that creates many write accesses, so this can reduce it:
- In Firefox go to about_config, right click, add new string „browser.cache.disk.parent_directory“ with value "/tmp/firefox"
- In Firefox change options/security/ and disable phishing - take care !
00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Mobile 945GME Express Memory Controller Hub (rev 03) 00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation Mobile 945GME Express Integrated Graphics Controller (rev 03) 00:02.1 Display controller: Intel Corporation Mobile 945GM/GMS/GME, 943/940GML Express Integrated Graphics Controller (rev 03) 00:1b.0 Audio device: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) High Definition Audio Controller (rev 02) 00:1c.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) PCI Express Port 1 (rev 02) 00:1c.1 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) PCI Express Port 2 (rev 02) 00:1c.2 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) PCI Express Port 3 (rev 02) 00:1c.3 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) PCI Express Port 4 (rev 02) 00:1d.0 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB UHCI Controller #1 (rev 02) 00:1d.1 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB UHCI Controller #2 (rev 02) 00:1d.2 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB UHCI Controller #3 (rev 02) 00:1d.3 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB UHCI Controller #4 (rev 02) 00:1d.7 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB2 EHCI Controller (rev 02) 00:1e.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801 Mobile PCI Bridge (rev e2) 00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation 82801GBM (ICH7-M) LPC Interface Bridge (rev 02) 00:1f.2 IDE interface: Intel Corporation 82801GBM/GHM (ICH7 Family) SATA IDE Controller (rev 02) 00:1f.3 SMBus: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) SMBus Controller (rev 02) 02:00.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8101E PCI Express Fast Ethernet controller (rev 02) 03:00.0 Ethernet controller: Atheros Communications, Inc. AR5006EG 802.11 b/g Wireless PCI Express Adapter (rev 01)