Advanced Linux Sound Architecture (简体中文)
这篇文章将讲述如何使Alsa在2.4和2.6内核中正常使用。同时请参考allow multiple programs to play sound at once。
本文基于Arjan Timmerman的Alsa设置指南： http://www.soulfly.nl/~arjan/archlinux/alsa-setup.html 其他附加消息： http://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?t=2544 如果你使用的是配置了Creative Labs Sound Blaster Live! card声卡的Dell电脑，你需要手动编译ALSA。
# pacman -Sy alsa-lib alsa-utils
# pacman -S alsa-driver # depmod -a
# pacman -S alsa-oss
Note that the 'alsa-driver' package includes the necessary modules based on the Arch stock kernel! If you compiled your own 2.4 kernel, these will most likely not work, and you should compile a new 'alsa-driver' package with ABS while running your custom kernel, and install the resulting package instead.
Note: If hotplug detects your soundcard correctly, you don't need to load the modules manually. If that's the case you only need to do step 3 (and 4). If you are unsure if your soundcard is detected, as root type "lsmod". You should see several modules loaded that starts with "snd-".
- Locate the module for your soundcard: http://www.alsa-project.org/alsa-doc/ The module will be prefixed with 'snd-' (for example: 'snd-via82xx'). Optionally, run 'alsaconf' as root.
- Load modules:
# modprobe snd-NAME-OF-MODULE # modprobe snd-pcm-oss
- Unmute Soundcard
# amixer set Master 75 unmute # amixer set PCM 75 unmute
Or you can do this graphically using 'alsamixer'
NOTE When using 'alsamixer', be sure to unmute (push M) as well as bring volumes up.
- Test on a wave file on your system:
# aplay mywav.wav
snd-pcm-ossand 'snd-NAME-OF-MODULE' to the list of MODULES in '/etc/rc.conf'
Still Getting No Sound?
Even though your drivers are installed correctly, and your volume is right, and nothing is muted, you might not hear anything! Adding the following line to
/etc/modprobe.conf fixes this problem (with the
via82xx driver, at least).
options snd-NAME-OF-MODULE ac97_quirk=0
- Add your user to the audio group:
# gpasswd -a USERNAME audio
- Log your user out and back in to ensure the audio group is loaded.
Restore Alsa Mixer settings at Startup
- Run 'alsactl' once to create '/etc/asound.state'
- Edit '/etc/rc.conf' and add 'alsa' to the list of daemons to start on bootup
Getting SPDIF output
- (from gralves from the gentoo forums)
- In Gnome Volume Control, under the Options tab, change the IEC958 to PCM. This option can be enabled in the preferences.
- If you don't have Gnome Volume Control installed,
- Edit /etc/asound.state. This file is where alsasound store your mixer settings.
- Find a line that says : 'IEC958 Playback Switch'. Near it you will find a line saying value:false. Change it to value:true
- Now find this line: 'IEC958 Playback AC97-SPSA' and change value to 0.
- Restart alsa.
- Start up KDE:
- Setup the volumes as you want them for this user (each user has their own settings):
- KDE 3.3 Go to the K Menu > Multimedia > KMix
- Choose Settings > Configure KMix...
- Un-check the option "Restore volumes on logon"
- Press OK, and you should be all set. Now your volumes will be the same from the command line or within KDE.