Allow users to shutdown

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Revision as of 18:06, 8 November 2013 by Flu (talk | contribs) (Updated example. Style fixes.)
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zh-CN:Allow Users to Shutdown

Using systemd-logind

If you're using systemd (which is default in Arch Linux), users with non-remote session can issue power-related commands as long as polkit is installed and the session is not broken.

To check if your session is active

$ loginctl show-session $XDG_SESSION_ID --property=Active

To shutdown:

$ systemctl poweroff

The suspend, poweroff and hibernate button presses and lid close events are also handled by logind as described in ACPI events page.

Using sudo

Install sudo, then, as root, add the following to the end of /etc/sudoers using the visudo command. Substitute user for your username and hostname for the machine's hostname.

user hostname =NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/systemctl poweroff,/usr/bin/systemctl halt,/usr/bin/systemctl reboot

Now your user can shutdown with sudo systemctl poweroff, and reboot with sudo systemctl reboot. Users wishing to power down a system can also use or sudo systemctl halt. Use the NOPASSWD: tag only if you do not want to be prompted for your password.

For convenience, you can add these aliases to your user's ~/.bashrc if you have it enabled (or to /etc/bash.bashrc for system-wide settings):

alias reboot="sudo systemctl reboot"
alias poweroff="sudo systemctl poweroff"
alias halt="sudo systemctl halt"

Using acpid

acpid can be used to allow anyone with physical access to cleanly shut down the computer by using this power button.