Difference between revisions of "Alpine"

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[[Category:Email Client]]
 
[[Category:Email Client]]
 
 
'''Alpine''' is based on pine, a text-based E-mail and newsclient that was originally released by the university of Washington in 1991. It is an easier to use alternative to [[mutt]], a more lightweight approach to the mail reader concept.
 
'''Alpine''' is based on pine, a text-based E-mail and newsclient that was originally released by the university of Washington in 1991. It is an easier to use alternative to [[mutt]], a more lightweight approach to the mail reader concept.
  
 
Right now, this article is just a quick and dirty guide for configuring Alpine to use a remote mailserver with IMAP.
 
Right now, this article is just a quick and dirty guide for configuring Alpine to use a remote mailserver with IMAP.
  
As of August 26 2008 the development of Alpine seems to have ended. Another fork called [http://www.archlinux.org/packages/?q=re-alpine re-alpine] has been made to continue the project.
+
As of August 26 2008 the development of Alpine seems to have ended. Another fork called [https://www.archlinux.org/packages/?q=re-alpine re-alpine] has been made to continue the project.
 
+
==Installation==
+
 
+
Alpine is a package in Extra with some light dependencies, libldap, heimdal>=1.2, and gettext but you can grab them all with:
+
  
pacman -S re-alpine
+
== Installation ==
  
You might also want to grab something to check your spelling, like:
+
[[pacman|Install]] {{Pkg|re-alpine}} from the [[official repositories]].
  
pacman -S aspell
+
You might also want to grab something to check your spelling, like {{Pkg|aspell}}.
  
==Configuration for use with IMAP==
+
== Configuration for use with IMAP ==
  
 
Alpine can be configured directly from the config file in your home folder called ".pinerc", but it's usually easier to use the in program configuration tools (which are pretty comprehensive anyway).  You can also create a system wide pinerc file if you want to, but that's beyond the scope of this page.
 
Alpine can be configured directly from the config file in your home folder called ".pinerc", but it's usually easier to use the in program configuration tools (which are pretty comprehensive anyway).  You can also create a system wide pinerc file if you want to, but that's beyond the scope of this page.
  
To start alpine call up a console or a terminal emulator and type, you guessed it:
+
To start alpine call up a console or a terminal emulator and type:
  
  alpine
+
  $ alpine
  
 
You will see the main menu for alpine, you can select various sub-menus by moving your cursor with the arrow keys.  You should also note that a
 
You will see the main menu for alpine, you can select various sub-menus by moving your cursor with the arrow keys.  You should also note that a
Line 78: Line 73:
  
 
=== Saving the password ===
 
=== Saving the password ===
The default version of alpine ({{Ic|re-alpine}}) in the pacman repository is compiled with the {{Ic|--without-passfile}} making it impossible to store the password. Install (or compile from source) {{AUR|re-alpine-passfile}} from AUR, then {{Ic|touch ~/.pine-passfile}}. Restart alpine, enter imap password, send a main to enter smtp-password. The next time alpine is started there is no need to re-enter the password.
 
  
==Setting up other IMAP folders==
+
The default version of alpine ({{ic|re-alpine}}) in the pacman repository is compiled with the {{ic|--without-passfile}} making it impossible to store the password. Install (or compile from source) {{AUR|re-alpine-passfile}} from AUR, then {{ic|touch ~/.pine-passfile}}. Restart alpine, enter imap password, send a main to enter smtp-password. The next time alpine is started there is no need to re-enter the password.
 +
 
 +
== Setting up other IMAP folders ==
  
 
Great, now you can read your INBOX, but what about the REST of your IMAP folders?  We'll fix that know:
 
Great, now you can read your INBOX, but what about the REST of your IMAP folders?  We'll fix that know:
Line 87: Line 83:
  
 
Enter your mailserver info below using the format you should be getting used to by now:
 
Enter your mailserver info below using the format you should be getting used to by now:
 
  
 
  Nickname  : My Mailserver
 
  Nickname  : My Mailserver
Line 93: Line 88:
 
  Path      : ~/mail/
 
  Path      : ~/mail/
 
  View      :
 
  View      :
 
  
 
     Fill in the fields above to add a Folder Collection to your
 
     Fill in the fields above to add a Folder Collection to your
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You only need to give the local path on the mailserver (in this case ~/mail/)
 
You only need to give the local path on the mailserver (in this case ~/mail/)
  
==Setting up a proper return address==
+
== Setting up a proper return address ==
  
 
if you've followed the steps above you can read and write e-mails, but you're probably not specifying your return address correctly, in fact, you will specify you return address properly if and only if the user name on the host computer which is run alpine is the same as your e-mail address on the mail server.  In order to fix this we edit the configuration again (type "M" for main menu, type "S" for setup, and "C" for configuration).  Then find "Customized Headers"  (either use the "Whereis" command to search, or page down a few pages to find this) and change the value to
 
if you've followed the steps above you can read and write e-mails, but you're probably not specifying your return address correctly, in fact, you will specify you return address properly if and only if the user name on the host computer which is run alpine is the same as your e-mail address on the mail server.  In order to fix this we edit the configuration again (type "M" for main menu, type "S" for setup, and "C" for configuration).  Then find "Customized Headers"  (either use the "Whereis" command to search, or page down a few pages to find this) and change the value to
Line 114: Line 108:
 
Of course, replace Jim Bob with your name and put your proper e-mail address in the <>.  While this works, the behavior of alpine with respect to this field is somewhat complex if you want now more use:
 
Of course, replace Jim Bob with your name and put your proper e-mail address in the <>.  While this works, the behavior of alpine with respect to this field is somewhat complex if you want now more use:
  
==Built in help==
+
== Built in help ==
  
 
to see built-in help files on just about anything you can type "?", if you have an item highlighted, this will give you help on that item.
 
to see built-in help files on just about anything you can type "?", if you have an item highlighted, this will give you help on that item.
  
==What else can you configure?==
+
== What else can you configure? ==
  
 
Almost anything, in particular you can specify which colors to use, (from the main menu "S" for set up "K" for colors ... should be natural for KDE users), a browser to open external links (this is in the "Config" setup that we've previously been modifying"), an alternate text editor to use, different folder views, etc.
 
Almost anything, in particular you can specify which colors to use, (from the main menu "S" for set up "K" for colors ... should be natural for KDE users), a browser to open external links (this is in the "Config" setup that we've previously been modifying"), an alternate text editor to use, different folder views, etc.
Line 124: Line 118:
 
Pressing "W" allows you to quickly search for options. Messages can be listed in localtime by enabling the option "Convert Dates to Localtime". Toggling options can be done using the enter key.
 
Pressing "W" allows you to quickly search for options. Messages can be listed in localtime by enabling the option "Convert Dates to Localtime". Toggling options can be done using the enter key.
  
==External links==
+
== Printing from alpine ==
  
[http://www.washington.edu/alpine/ Official Alpine Page] this page includes links to un-official Alpine pages that have some handy tutorials (argue better than the one I've provided here), hit "C" to open the config menu.
+
[[CUPS|Printing]] from Alpine directly to {{ic|lpr}} does not work with special characters like German Umlauts in the Mail to be printed. The {{Pkg|a2ps}} program does help.
 
+
You can then edit {{ic|~/.pinerc}}:
==Printing from alpine==
+
:"''See also: [[CUPS]]''"
+
printing from Alpine directly to {{Ic|lpr}} does not work with special characters like German Umlauts in the Mail to be printed. The {{Ic|a2ps}} program does help:
+
pacman -S a2ps
+
You can then edit {{Ic|~/.pinerc}}:
+
 
  # Your default printer selection
 
  # Your default printer selection
  printer=<YOURPRINTER> [] a2ps -q --center-title --footer -P<YOURPRINTER>
+
  printer=''YOURPRINTER'' [] a2ps -q --center-title --footer -P''YOURPRINTER''
 
   
 
   
 
  # List of special print commands
 
  # List of special print commands
  personal-print-command=<YOURPRINTER> [] a2ps -q --center-title --footer -P<YOURPRINTER>
+
  personal-print-command=''YOURPRINTER'' [] a2ps -q --center-title --footer -P''YOURPRINTER''
 
   
 
   
 
  # Which category default print command is in
 
  # Which category default print command is in
 
  personal-print-category=3
 
  personal-print-category=3
Replace {{Ic|<YOURPRINTER>}} with the name of your printer. Note that these settings can also be applied in the setup UI of Alpine. See the manpage of {{Ic|a2ps}} for more configuration options.
+
Replace ''YOURPRINTER'' with the name of your printer. Note that these settings can also be applied in the setup UI of Alpine. See the manpage of {{ic|a2ps}} for more configuration options.
 +
 
 +
== See also ==
 +
 
 +
* http://www.washington.edu/alpine/ - Official Alpine Page. This page includes links to un-official Alpine pages that have some handy tutorials (argue better than the one provided here), hit {{ic|C}} to open the config menu.

Revision as of 21:57, 2 December 2013

Alpine is based on pine, a text-based E-mail and newsclient that was originally released by the university of Washington in 1991. It is an easier to use alternative to mutt, a more lightweight approach to the mail reader concept.

Right now, this article is just a quick and dirty guide for configuring Alpine to use a remote mailserver with IMAP.

As of August 26 2008 the development of Alpine seems to have ended. Another fork called re-alpine has been made to continue the project.

Installation

Install re-alpine from the official repositories.

You might also want to grab something to check your spelling, like aspell.

Configuration for use with IMAP

Alpine can be configured directly from the config file in your home folder called ".pinerc", but it's usually easier to use the in program configuration tools (which are pretty comprehensive anyway). You can also create a system wide pinerc file if you want to, but that's beyond the scope of this page.

To start alpine call up a console or a terminal emulator and type:

$ alpine

You will see the main menu for alpine, you can select various sub-menus by moving your cursor with the arrow keys. You should also note that a list of handy commands is given at the bottom of the screen including "?" for built in help (see below).

To get to the configuration options we want to type "S" for "setup" and then "C" for "config" (or you can select these by using the arrow keys and return). At the top of your screen you will see various lines you can edit by pressing "C", for "change value" (I've pasted an example in below), you'll probably want to fill in your name, the name of your mailserver in "User Domain" (although you might have to override this later, more on that later), your SMTP server for sending mail and, if you want to, the location of things like your saved message folder and postponed message folder.

Some notes on setting up your SMTP server, as you can see below I've specified my mailserver and which port to connect to, you also need to specify your username on that server (probably your e-mail address) and if you are using some method of encryption ssl or tls note the format:

mailserver.org:portnumber/user=username/ssl (or tls)

Also note the format for where I've told Alpine to keep my saved and postponed messages, since I want them stored on the mailserver, and not locally, I've added an entry with form:

{mailserver.org:portnumber/user=username/ssl}/path/to/folder

You need to put the full entry you've specified for your SMTP Server into "{}" before the path name to the folder on the mailserver.

Personal Name                     = Jim Bob
User Domain                       = mailserver.org
SMTP Server (for sending)         = mailserver.org:465/user=jimbob123/ssl
NNTP Server (for news)            = <No Value Set>
Inbox Path                        = <No Value Set: using "inbox">
Incoming Archive Folders          = <No Value Set>
Pruned Folders                    = <No Value Set>
Default Fcc (File carbon copy)    = {mailserver.org:465/user=jimbob123/ssl}~/mail/sent-mail
Default Saved Message Folder      = <No Value Set: using "saved-messages">
Postponed Folder                  = {mailserver.org:465/user=jimbob123/ssl}~/mail/drafts
Read Message Folder               = <No Value Set>
Form Letter Folder                = <No Value Set>
Trash Folder                      = <No Value Set: using "Trash">
Literal Signature                 = <No Value Set>
Signature File                    = <No Value Set: using ".signature">
Feature List                      =

In this day and age, you probably want to set alpine up receive e-mails from another server using IMAP or POP, to do this we need to enable some things, in particular, check the boxes in the section "Folder Preferences" for "Enable Incoming Folders Collection" and "Enable Incoming Folders Checking". There's a bunch of other fun stuff to configure, but you can come back to that later.

Now from the main menu type "L" to open "Folder List", then select "Incoming Folders". Now you'll probably see your default inbox, which I'm assuming you'll want to leave alone in case you receive local mail. To add another folder to receive mail from a remote server type "A" to add a folder.

Alpine prompts you for "name of server to contain folder", enter your mailserver with the format:

"mailserver.org:993/user=jimbob123/ssl"

where mailserver.org is the name of your mailserver, 993 should be replaced by the proper port to connect to, jimbob123 should be replaced by your username (probably your e-mail address) and ssl should be replaced by tls if you are using tls instead of ssl.

Now it will prompt you for the name of the folder on you mailserver to use, it's probably "INBOX" and if it isn't hopefully you can find out from your mail provider what it is.

Then it will ask you for a nickname, type whatever you want to call the folder. At this point you might get prompted for your password on the mailserver, enter it and you should be able to read e-mail!

Saving the password

The default version of alpine (re-alpine) in the pacman repository is compiled with the --without-passfile making it impossible to store the password. Install (or compile from source) re-alpine-passfileAUR from AUR, then touch ~/.pine-passfile. Restart alpine, enter imap password, send a main to enter smtp-password. The next time alpine is started there is no need to re-enter the password.

Setting up other IMAP folders

Great, now you can read your INBOX, but what about the REST of your IMAP folders? We'll fix that know:

Type "E" to exit setup and make sure that you save the changes. This should put you back at the main menu type "S" again to bring up the setup menu, but this time pick "L" for collectionLists.

Enter your mailserver info below using the format you should be getting used to by now:

Nickname  : My Mailserver
Server    : mailserver.org:993/user=jimbob123/ssl
Path      : ~/mail/
View      :
   Fill in the fields above to add a Folder Collection to your
   COLLECTION LIST screen.
   Use the "^G" command to get help specific to each item, and
   use "^X" when finished.

Note that "Path" is the path on the remote server and you DON'T have to write:

{mailserver.org:993/user=jimbob123/ssl}~/mail/

You only need to give the local path on the mailserver (in this case ~/mail/)

Setting up a proper return address

if you've followed the steps above you can read and write e-mails, but you're probably not specifying your return address correctly, in fact, you will specify you return address properly if and only if the user name on the host computer which is run alpine is the same as your e-mail address on the mail server. In order to fix this we edit the configuration again (type "M" for main menu, type "S" for setup, and "C" for configuration). Then find "Customized Headers" (either use the "Whereis" command to search, or page down a few pages to find this) and change the value to

From:  Jim Bob <jimbob123@mailserver.org>

Of course, replace Jim Bob with your name and put your proper e-mail address in the <>. While this works, the behavior of alpine with respect to this field is somewhat complex if you want now more use:

Built in help

to see built-in help files on just about anything you can type "?", if you have an item highlighted, this will give you help on that item.

What else can you configure?

Almost anything, in particular you can specify which colors to use, (from the main menu "S" for set up "K" for colors ... should be natural for KDE users), a browser to open external links (this is in the "Config" setup that we've previously been modifying"), an alternate text editor to use, different folder views, etc.

Pressing "W" allows you to quickly search for options. Messages can be listed in localtime by enabling the option "Convert Dates to Localtime". Toggling options can be done using the enter key.

Printing from alpine

Printing from Alpine directly to lpr does not work with special characters like German Umlauts in the Mail to be printed. The a2ps program does help. You can then edit ~/.pinerc:

# Your default printer selection
printer=YOURPRINTER [] a2ps -q --center-title --footer -PYOURPRINTER

# List of special print commands
personal-print-command=YOURPRINTER [] a2ps -q --center-title --footer -PYOURPRINTER

# Which category default print command is in
personal-print-category=3

Replace YOURPRINTER with the name of your printer. Note that these settings can also be applied in the setup UI of Alpine. See the manpage of a2ps for more configuration options.

See also

  • http://www.washington.edu/alpine/ - Official Alpine Page. This page includes links to un-official Alpine pages that have some handy tutorials (argue better than the one provided here), hit C to open the config menu.