Anything-sync-daemon

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Benefits of Asd

Running this pseudo-daemon is beneficial for two reasons:

  1. Reduced wear to physical discs
  2. Speed

Since the target directories are relocated into tmpfs, the corresponding onslaught of I/O associated with system usage of them is also redirected from the physical disc to RAM, thus reducing wear to the physical disc and also improving speed and responsiveness. The access time of RAM is on the order of nanoseconds while the access time of physical discs is on the order of milliseconds. This is a difference of six orders of magnitude or 1,000,000 times faster.

Setup and Installation

Anything-sync-daemonAUR is available for download from the AUR. Build it and install like any other package.

Edit /etc/asd.conf

Edit the included /etc/asd.conf defining the target directories in the WHATTOSYNC array. These will be syncronized and managed by asd.

Note: At least one location needs to be defined.

Example:

WHATTOSYNC=('/srv/http' '/var/lib/monitorix' '/foo/bar')
Warning: Do NOT attempt to add /var/log to the WHATTOSYNC array as systemd will get really pissed if you do so.

Optionally redefine the location of the tmpfs space to use. Do this in the TMPFS variable. Note that for Arch Linux, the default value of /dev/shm should work just fine. Be sure to read the warning about using software such as bleachbit with asd since bleachbit likes to remove files stored in /tmp. This is why a value of /dev/shm is recommended.

Note: If syncing browser profiles is desired, it is recommended NOT to use asd for this purpose. Instead, use psd which has built in sanity checks for unique situations specific to running a browser profile in tmpfs. Anything-sync-daemon does not have these checks; under certain circumstances, browser profile data can be lost. You have been warning.

Using asd

The initial synchronization will occur when the pseudo-daemon starts. Additionally, cron (if running) will call it to sync or update once per hour. Finally, asd will sync back a final time when it is called to stop.

Using SysVinit (Arch default)

Call the asd start, stop, or sync like any standard Arch daemon:

# rc.d command asd

It is highly recommended to start/stop asd at boot/shutdown. This is accomplished by adding asd to the DAEMONS array in /etc/rc.conf like so:

DAEMONS=(... @asd ...)

Using systemd

Users making use of Systemd may manage the service using the systemctl command. Start/stop the service using:

# systemctl start asd.service
# systemctl stop asd.service

Enable asd to start/stop at boot/shutdown (highly recommended) using:

# systemctl enable asd.service

Sync at More Frequent Intervals (Optional)

Note: This step is NOT required. asd will update once per hour on its own.

Users wishing to have syncs occur more frequently can simply add a line to the root crontab to call the sync function of asd like so:

# crontab -e

Example syncing targets once every ten minutes:

 */10 * * * *     /usr/bin/anything-sync-daemon sync &> /dev/null

Support

Post in the discussion thread with comments or concerns.