Difference between revisions of "Arch compared to other distributions (Indonesia)"

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Halaman ini mencoba menggambarkan perbandingan antara Linux Arch dengan distribusi GNU/Linux dan sistem operasi menyerupai UNIX populer lainnya. Ringkasan berikut berupa deskripsi sngkat yang akan membantu kamu memutuskan apakah Linux Arch akan memenuhi kebutuhan kalian. Meskipun review dan deskripsi dapat bermanfaat, pengalaman mencoba langsung adalah cara terbaik untuk membandingkan tiap distribusi.
 
Halaman ini mencoba menggambarkan perbandingan antara Linux Arch dengan distribusi GNU/Linux dan sistem operasi menyerupai UNIX populer lainnya. Ringkasan berikut berupa deskripsi sngkat yang akan membantu kamu memutuskan apakah Linux Arch akan memenuhi kebutuhan kalian. Meskipun review dan deskripsi dapat bermanfaat, pengalaman mencoba langsung adalah cara terbaik untuk membandingkan tiap distribusi.
 
  
 
== Source-based (Berbasis kode sumber) ==
 
== Source-based (Berbasis kode sumber) ==

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Summary help replacing me
A brief comparison of Arch Linux with other popular GNU/Linux distributions and BSDs.
Related articles
Arch Linux
The Arch Way
External links
DistroWatch.com

Halaman ini mencoba menggambarkan perbandingan antara Linux Arch dengan distribusi GNU/Linux dan sistem operasi menyerupai UNIX populer lainnya. Ringkasan berikut berupa deskripsi sngkat yang akan membantu kamu memutuskan apakah Linux Arch akan memenuhi kebutuhan kalian. Meskipun review dan deskripsi dapat bermanfaat, pengalaman mencoba langsung adalah cara terbaik untuk membandingkan tiap distribusi.

Source-based (Berbasis kode sumber)

Distro yang berbasis kode sumber sangat portabel, memberi keuntungan dalam mengontrol dan mengompilasi keseluruhan sistem operasi dan aplikasi-aplikasinya untuk sebagian arsitektur mesin dan skema pemakaian, dengan kerugian butuh sejumlah waktu saat kompilasi kode sumber, hal yang alami terjadi. Basis dan keseluruhan paket Arch dikompilasi untuk arsitektur i686 dan x86_64, menawarkan peningkatan performa yang potensial diantara distro berbasis binari i386/i486/i586, dengan tambahan keuntungan instalasi yang fleksibel/expedient.

Gentoo

Baik Linux Arch dan Linux Gentoo, keduanya memakai sistem rolling release, yang berarti bahwa paket-paket tersedia bagi distribusi dalam waktu yang singkat setelah pengembang merilis versi vanilanya. Paket Gentoo dibangun dari kode sumber secara langsung sedangkan paket Arch berupa binari pre-built. Ini membuat sistem Linux Arch lebih cepat dibangun dan dimutakhirkan, dan membuat Linux Gentoo menjadi lebih siap dikustomisasi. Arch mendukung i686 dan x86_64 sedangkan Gentoo mendukung arsitektur x86, ppc, sparc, alpha, amd64, arm, mips, hppa, s390, sh, dan itanium. Karena kedua instalasi Gentoo dan Arch hanya memasang sistem dasar, keduanya disebut sangat mudah dikustomisasi. Pengguna Gentoo akan merasa nyaman dengan sebagian besar aspek Arch.

Sorcerer/Lunar-Linux/Source Mage

Sorcerer/Lunar-Linux/Source Mage (SLS) adalah distro-distro yang semuanya berbasis kode sumber, banyak serupa dengan Gentoo, tetapi aslinya saling terkait antara yang satu dengan yang lainnya. Distro SLS memakai suatu set berkas skrip sederhana untuk membuat deskripsi-deskripsi paket, dan menggunakan berkas konfigurasi global untuk mengonfigurasikan proses kompilasi, serupa seperti Arch Build System. Perangkat-perangkat SLS melakukan pengecekan dependensi seutuhnya (termasuk menangani fitur-fitur opsional) dan penelusuran paket (dan uninstalling/upgrading). Tidak tersedia paket-paket binari untuk tiap keluarga SLS, meskipun mereka semua bisa roll back kembali ke paket-paket yang terpasang dengan mudah.

Instalasi melibatkan pemasangan sistem dasar (seperti Arch: dioptimasi untuk i686, CLI dan menu ncurses, hanya perangkat-perangkat utama), lalu dilanjutkan dengan merekompilasi sistem dasar (sesuai pilihan). Tidak ada WM/DE/DM standar, dan Xorg tidak termasuk dalam instalasi dasar. Beberapa alternatif server X tersedia (X.Org 6.8 atau 7, XFree86).

SLS memiliki riwayat yang sangat komplikatif. Mungkin tulisan terbaik tentang hal itu dapat ditemukan di the SourceMage wiki.

Minimalis

Distro-distro minimalis tepat dibandingkan dengan Arch, memiliki beberapa kesamaan. Semuanya bisa disebut sederhana/simple dari sudut pandang teknis.

LFS

LFS, (or Linux From Scratch) exists simply as documentation. The book instructs the user on how to obtain the minimal base package set for a functional GNU/Linux system, and how to manually compile and configure it from scratch. LFS is as minimal as it gets, and offers an excellent and educational process of building a base system. Arch provides these very same packages, plus a BSD-style init, a few extra tools and the powerful pacman package manager as its base system, already compiled for i686/x86-64. LFS provides no online repositories; sources are manually obtained, compiled and installed with make. (Several manual methods of package management exist, and are mentioned in LFS Hints) Along with the minimal Arch base system, the Arch community and developers provide and maintain many thousands of binary packages installable via pacman as well as PKGBUILD build scripts for use with the Arch Build System. Arch also includes the makepkg tool for expediently building or customizing Template:Filename packages, readily installable by pacman. Judd Vinet built Arch from scratch, and then wrote pacman in C. Historically, Arch was sometimes humorously described simply as "Linux, with a nice package manager."

CRUX

Arch is independently developed, was built from scratch and is not based on any other GNU/Linux distribution. Before creating Arch, Judd Vinet admired and used CRUX, a minimalist distro created by Per Lidén. Originally inspired by ideas in common with CRUX, Arch was built from scratch, and pacman was then coded in C. The two share some guiding principles: for instance, both are architecture-optimized, minimalist and K.I.S.S.-oriented. Both ship with ports-like systems, use *BSD-style init systems and, like *BSD, both provide a minimal base environment to build upon. Arch features pacman, which handles binary system package management and works seamlessly with the Arch Build System. CRUX uses a community contributed system called prt-get, which, in combination with its own ports system, handles dependency resolution, but builds all packages from source (though the CRUX base installation is i686 binary). Arch officially supports x86-64 and i686, whereas CRUX is i686-only.

Arch uses a rolling-release system and features a large array of binary package repositories as well as the Arch User Repository. CRUX provides a more slimmed-down officially supported ports system in addition to a modest community repository.

Slackware

Si perkasa Slackware dan Arch nampak serupa. Dalam hal keduanya adalah distribusi yang sederhana. Terfokus pada eleganisme dan minimalisme. Slackware terkenal karena sifat generik/non-branding dan sepenuhnya memakai paket-paket vanilla/asli versi pengembang, termasuk kernel. Arch umumnya hanya menambal untuk menghindari ketidaksinkronan dan menjaga fungsionalitas, jika memang diperlukan. Keduanya memakai skrip init ala BSD. Arch menyediakan sistem manajemen paket via pacman, yang mana tidak serupa dengan perangkat standar Slackware, menawarkan resolusi dependensi otomatis dan memungkinkan pemutakhiran sistem otomatis. Para pengguna Slackware umumnya lebih menyukai metode resolusi dependensi manual, menyesuaikan dengan level kontrol sistem yang ada di tangan mereka. Arch bersistem rolling release. Slackware lebih konservatif dalam siklus rilis, lebih mengutamakan paket yang terbukti stabil. Arch lebih bleeding edge dalam hal ini. Arch menawarkan Arch Build System, sebuah sistem menyerupai ports yang aktual. Sistem (unofficial) Slackbuild sangat serupa dengan konsep Arch User Repository. Para pengguna Slackware umumnya akan merasa nyaman dengan banyak aspek di Arch.

Grafikal

Kadang disebut distro newbie, distro berbasis grafis memiliki banyak kesamaan, meskipun Arch agak berbeda darinya. Arch mungkin menjadi pilihan yang baik jika kamu ingin mempelajari GNU/Linux dengan membangunnya dari sistem dasar yang sangat minimal, sebagai perbandingan instalasi Arch memasang sangat sedikit paket. Distro berbasis grafis mengutamakan penyertaan installer GUI (seperti Anaconda milik Fedora) dan perangkat konfigurasi sistem GUI (seperti YaST-nya SUSE). Perbedaan spesifik antar distro dijelaskan di bawah.

Sometimes called "newbie" distros, the graphical distros share a lot of similarities, though Arch is quite different from them. Arch may be a better choice if you want to learn about GNU/Linux by building up from a very minimal base, as an installation of Arch installs very few packages in comparison. Graphical distros tend to ship with GUI installers (like Fedora's Anaconda) and GUI system-configuration tools (like SUSE's YaST). Specific differences between distros are described below.

Ubuntu

Ubuntu is an immensely popular Debian-based distro commercially sponsored by Canonical Ltd., while Arch is an indepedently developed system built from scratch. Both projects have very different goals and are targeted at a different user base. Arch is designed for users who desire a do-it-yourself approach, whereas Ubuntu provides an autoconfigured system which is meant to be more of a distribution for 'all'. If you want to get up and running quickly and not fiddle around with the guts of the system as much, Ubuntu is better suited. Arch is presented as a much more minimalist design from the base installation onward, relying heavily on the user to customize it to their own specific needs. In general, developers and tinkerers will probably like Arch better than Ubuntu, though some Arch users claim to have started on Ubuntu and eventually migrated to Arch. Ubuntu moves between discrete releases every 6 months, whereas Arch is a rolling-release system. Arch offers a ports-like package build system, the Arch Build System, while Ubuntu does not. The two communities differ in some ways as well. The Arch community is much smaller and is strongly encouraged to be proactive; a large percentage contribute to the distro. In contrast, the Ubuntu community is relatively large and can therefore tolerate a much larger percentage of users who do not actively contribute to development, package or repo maintenance.

Fedora

Fedora is a spin-off from the Red Hat distribution and has continually been one of the most popular distributions to date. As such, there is a massive community and lots of pre-built packages and support available. Fedora packages are RPM-based, using YUM as its package manager. Arch uses pacman to manage Template:Filename packages. Fedora famously doesn't attempt to support the MP3 media format due to perceived patent issues. Arch is more lenient in its disposition toward MP3 and other media. Fedora offers both a graphical and a text installer. Arch does not offer a graphical installer, but rather, uses an ncurses-based installer, relying more on the user for manual configuration. Fedora has a scheduled release cycle. Arch is a rolling-release system. The Arch design approach is geared more toward lightweight elegance and minimalism rather than automation/auto-configuration. Fedora does innovate and recently earned much community recognition for integration of SELinux and GCJ compiled packages to remove the need for Sun's JRE. Fedora supports neither JFS nor ReiserFS out of the box.

Mandriva

Linux Mandriva (awalnya Linux Mandrake) lahir tahun 1998 dengan tujuan membuat GNU/Linux mudah bagi siapa saja. Berbasis RPM dan paket manajer urpmi. Lagi, Arch memilih pendekatan yang lebih sederhana, berbasis teks dan lebih mengandalkan konfigurasi manual dan lebih ditujukan ke pengguna tingkat menengah ke atas.

SUSE

SUSE mengemuka terkait perangkat konfigurasi yang sangat baik, YaST, yang merupakan one-stop shop bagi semua kebutuhan pengguna. Arch tidak menawarkan fasilitas serupa karena bertentangan dengan The Arch Way. SUSE, oleh karenanya, lebih luas disarankan karena lebih cocok bagi pengguna yang kurang berpengalaman, atau bagi mereka yang menginginkan lingkungan berbasis GUI, konfigurasi otomatis dan diharapkan berfungsi langsung/out of the box.

PCLinuxOS

PCLinuxOS (PCLOS) adalah sebuah distro populer yang berbasis Mandriva menyediakan sebuah lingkungan desktop yang komplit, didesain untuk ramah pengguna dan dideskripsikan sebagai sederhana/simple, yang mana definisi simple tersebut berbeda dengan definisi yang Arch pakai. Arch didesain sebagai sistem dasar yang dikustomasi dari dasar dan ditujukan lebih kepada para pengguna tingkat lanjut. Pengguna PCLOS memakai pengelola paket apt sebagai pelengkap paket-paket RPM. Arch memakai pengelola paket pacman yang dikembangkan sendiri dengan paket-paket Template:Filename. PCLOS sangat kental nuansa GUI-nya, menyediakan perangkat konfigurasi perangkat keras/hardware dan antarmuka pengelola paket Synaptic, dan diklaim memiliki sedikit atau bahkan tanpa perlu memakai terminal/console lagi. Arch berorientasi command-line dan didesain dengan pendekatan yang lebih sederhana untuk konfigurasi sistem, pengelolaan dan pemeliharaan. PCLOS merekomendasikan RAM 256MB sebagai bagian kebutuhan sistem minimal. Untuk menjadi ringan/lightweight', Arch dapat berjalan di atas sistem dengan memori rendah, memerlukan RAM hanya 64MB untuk memasang sistem dasar i686, dan berjalan sangat lancar di atas sistem yang lebih modern.

The *BSDs

Both Arch and *BSD offer a tightly-integrated base and ports system combined with available binary packages. The BSDs derive from Berkeley UNIX. Therefore, *BSDs are not GNU/Linux distros, but rather, UNIX-like OS's.

FreeBSD

Both Arch and FreeBSD offer software which can be obtained using binaries or compiled using 'ports' systems. Both share a very similar init system. FreeBSD boasts that it is more of a system designed as a whole, compared to GNU/Linux distros, with each application 'ported' over to FreeBSD and made sure to work in the process. Both use Template:Filename as a main configuration file. The FreeBSD license is generally more protective of the coder, compared to the GPL, which in contrast favors protection of the code itself. Arch is released under the GPL. In FreeBSD, like Arch, decisions are delegated to you, the power user. This may be the most interesting comparison to Arch since it goes head-to-head in package modernity and has a somewhat sizable, smart, active, no-nonsense community. Both systems share many similarities and FreeBSD users will generally feel quite comfortable with most aspects of Arch.

NetBSD

NetBSD is a free, secure, and highly portable UNIX-like open-source operating system available for over 50 platforms, from 64-bit Opteron machines and desktop systems to hand-held and embedded devices. Its clean design and advanced features make it excellent in both production and research environments, and it is user-supported with complete source. Many applications are easily available through pkgsrc, the NetBSD Packages Collection. Arch may not operate on the vast number of devices NetBSD operates on, but for an i686 system it may offer more applications. Also, the default installation method in pkgsrc is to pull and compile sources whereas Arch offers binary packages. Arch does share many similarities with NetBSD; both use Template:Filename as the primary configuration file, they are very minimalist and lightweight, they both offer ports systems as well as binaries and both have active, no-nonsense developers and communities. Arch also borrows from *BSD for its init system concepts.

OpenBSD

The OpenBSD project produces a free, multi-platform 4.4BSD-based UNIX-like operating system. Efforts focus on portability, standardization, code correctness, proactive security, and integrated cryptography. In contrast, Arch focuses more on simplicity, elegance, minimalism and bleeding edge software. OpenBSD supports binary emulation of most programs from SVR4 (Solaris), FreeBSD, GNU/Linux, BSD/OS, SunOS and HP-UX. OpenBSD is self-described as 'perhaps the #1 security OS'.

In common with Arch, OpenBSD offers a small, elegant, base install and uses a ports system and packaging systems to allow for easy installation and management of programs which are not part of the base operating system. In contrast to a GNU/Linux system like Arch, but in common with most other BSD-based operating systems, the OpenBSD kernel and userland programs, such as the shell and common tools (like ls, cp, cat and ps), are developed together in a single source repository.

Other

These OS's fall into the 'other' category.

Debian GNU/Linux

Debian is a much larger project and community and features stable, testing, and unstable branches, offering over 20,000 binary packages. Arch does not 'split' their packages into "-dev" and "-common" as Debian does, therefore, Arch repositories will seem much smaller. Debian has a more vehement stance on free software. Arch is more lenient when it comes to 'non-free' packages as defined by GNU. Debian's design approach focuses more on stability and stringent testing. Arch is focused more on the philosophy of simplicity, minimalism, and offering bleeding edge software. Arch packages are more current than Debian Stable and Testing, typically being about equal with Debian unstable. Both Debian and Arch offer well-regarded package management systems. Arch is a rolling release, whereas Debian Stable is released with "frozen" packages. Debian is available for many architectures, including alpha, arm, hppa, i386, x86_64, ia64, m68k, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, and sparc, whereas Arch is i686 and x86_64 only. Arch provides more expedient support for building custom, installable packages from outside sources, with a ports-like package build system. Debian does not offer a ports system, relying instead on its huge binary repositories. The Arch installation system only offers a minimal base, transparently exposed during system configuration, whereas Debian's methods offer a more automatically configured approach as well as several alternative methods of installation. Debian utilizes the SysVinit, whereas Arch uses a simpler *BSD-style init.

Frugalware

Arch berorientasi berbasis teks dan command-line. Frugalware mengadopsi pacman milik Arch sebagai pengelola paket, tetapi memakai bzipped tarballs. Sebaliknya, Arch memakai gzipped tarballs, dengan tujuan memudahkan instalasi. Frugalware pada dasarnya tidak mendukung sistem berkas JFS. Frugalware tidak lagi berbasis Slackware tetapi lebih sebagai distro tersendiri, dan dipromosikan sebagai sebuah distro i686. Arch dasarnya adalah sistem yang berbeda, diinstal sebagai lingkungan dasar yang minimal dan diperlengkap dengan pacman sesuai kebutuhan dan pilihan penggunanya. Frugalware diinstal dari DVD, dengan pilihan perangkat lunak dan lingkungan desktop yang sudah tersedia bagi pengguna. Frugalware memiliki siklus rilis terjadwal. Lagi, Arch lebih fokus pada kesederhanaan, minimalisme, kesesuaian kode dan kemutakhiran dengan model rolling-release.