Difference between revisions of "Arch Handbook"

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(Networking: already in General recommendations)
(Getting Started: introduction, installing: already in Arch FAQ etc)
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Most sections should be a summary, with a link to the main article on the subject.
 
Most sections should be a summary, with a link to the main article on the subject.
  
== Getting Started ==
+
== Linux Basics ==
  
=== Introduction ===
 
Arch linux is a lightweight and flexible linux distribution that tries to Keep It Simple.
 
There are official packages optimized for the i686 and x86-64 architectures. There is also a community-operated package repository.
 
See the pages in [[:Category:About Arch|this category]]
 
 
=== Installing Arch Linux ===
 
The full install guide is [[Installation guide|here]] and the install CDs are available [https://www.archlinux.org/download/ here]. If you would like a more detailed installation guide, please see the [[Beginners' guide]].
 
 
=== Linux Basics ===
 
 
A few basics on the file system and command line, for people starting Unix/Linux with Arch.
 
A few basics on the file system and command line, for people starting Unix/Linux with Arch.
  

Revision as of 12:45, 10 September 2014

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Reason: please use the first argument of the template to provide a brief explanation. (Discuss in Talk:Arch Handbook#)

Notice

This handbook has only just been started. It's currently a rather bare outline. Please edit it and make it better! Look at the FreeBSD Handbook as a style guide.

Most sections should be a summary, with a link to the main article on the subject.

Linux Basics

A few basics on the file system and command line, for people starting Unix/Linux with Arch.

How to change directory:

cd /name/of/directory

e.g.

cd /etc/pacman.d

How to make a directory:

mkdir /path/to/new/directory

e.g.

mkdir /home/archuser/newfolder

How to remove an empty directory:

rmdir /path/to/empty/directory

How to remove a directory and all its content:

rm -r /path/to/directory

How to list files in a directory:

All files: (except hidden files)

ls

All files: (including hidden files)

ls -a

All files, hidden files and their properties:

ls -la

Files with the .avi file extension only:

ls *.avi

How to move a file:

mv /path/to/old/file.ext /path/to/new/file.ext

e.g.

mv /home/archuser/compressed.zip /home/archuser/myfiles/compressed2.zip

How to copy a file:

cp /path/to/file.txt /path/to/copied/file.txt

How to remove a file:

rm /path/to/file.txt

e.g.

rm /home/archuser/file.txt

How to show the contents of a file:

cat /path/to/file.txt

How to make a file executable:

chmod +x /path/to/script.sh

How to (search the entire filesystem for) a file called euwfh.avi

cd /
find -name euwfh.avi

How to mount a partition:

mount /dev/sdX1 /media/mountpoint

e.g.

mount /dev/sda1 /media/folder


How to show how much space is left/used on (all mounted) partitions:

df -h

How to show all running processes:

ps -A

How to stop an annoying process called "EvilTrojan":

killall EvilTrojan

How to show an unintelligible manual for a program "ultracompressor"

man ultracompressor

Installing, removing, updating and managing software: pacman

See pacman.

Graphical Desktop Environments

See Desktop environment.