Difference between revisions of "Arch Handbook"

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[[Category:Getting and installing Arch]]
#REDIRECT: [[General recommendations]]
[[Category:System administration]]
{{out of date}}
== Notice ==
This handbook has only just been started. It's currently a rather bare outline. Please edit it and make it better! Look at the [http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/ FreeBSD Handbook] as a style guide.
Most sections should be a summary, with a link to the main article on the subject.
== Linux Basics ==
A few basics on the file system and command line, for people starting Unix/Linux with Arch.
'''How to change directory:'''
cd /name/of/directory
cd /etc/pacman.d
'''How to make a directory:'''
mkdir /path/to/new/directory
mkdir /home/archuser/newfolder
'''How to remove an empty directory:'''
rmdir /path/to/empty/directory
'''How to remove a directory and all its content:'''
rm -r /path/to/directory
'''How to list files in a directory:'''
All files: (except hidden files)
All files: (including hidden files)
ls -a
All files, hidden files and their properties:
ls -la
Files with the .avi file extension only:
ls *.avi
'''How to move a file:'''
mv /path/to/old/file.ext /path/to/new/file.ext
mv /home/archuser/compressed.zip /home/archuser/myfiles/compressed2.zip
'''How to copy a file:'''
cp /path/to/file.txt /path/to/copied/file.txt
'''How to remove a file:'''
rm /path/to/file.txt
rm /home/archuser/file.txt
'''How to show the contents of a file:'''
cat /path/to/file.txt
'''How to make a file executable:'''
chmod +x /path/to/script.sh
'''How to (search the entire filesystem for) a file called euwfh.avi'''
cd /
find -name euwfh.avi
'''How to mount a partition:'''
mount /dev/sdX1 /media/mountpoint
mount /dev/sda1 /media/folder
'''How to show how much space is left/used on (all mounted) partitions:'''
df -h
'''How to show all running processes:'''
ps -A
'''How to stop an annoying process called "EvilTrojan":'''
killall EvilTrojan
'''How to show an unintelligible manual for a program "ultracompressor"'''
man ultracompressor

Latest revision as of 14:41, 10 September 2014