Difference between revisions of "Arch Handbook"

From ArchWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(desktop environment, pacman: already in General recommendations)
(Redirected page to General recommendations)
 
(7 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
[[Category:Getting and installing Arch]]
+
#REDIRECT: [[General recommendations]]
[[Category:System administration]]
 
{{out of date}}
 
== Notice ==
 
This handbook has only just been started. It's currently a rather bare outline. Please edit it and make it better! Look at the [http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/ FreeBSD Handbook] as a style guide.
 
 
 
Most sections should be a summary, with a link to the main article on the subject.
 
 
 
== Linux Basics ==
 
 
 
A few basics on the file system and command line, for people starting Unix/Linux with Arch.
 
 
 
'''How to change directory:'''
 
 
 
cd /name/of/directory
 
 
 
e.g.
 
 
 
cd /etc/pacman.d
 
 
 
'''How to make a directory:'''
 
 
 
mkdir /path/to/new/directory
 
 
 
e.g.
 
 
 
mkdir /home/archuser/newfolder
 
 
 
'''How to remove an empty directory:'''
 
 
 
rmdir /path/to/empty/directory
 
 
 
'''How to remove a directory and all its content:'''
 
 
 
rm -r /path/to/directory
 
 
 
'''How to list files in a directory:'''
 
 
 
All files: (except hidden files)
 
 
 
ls
 
 
 
All files: (including hidden files)
 
 
 
ls -a
 
 
 
All files, hidden files and their properties:
 
 
 
ls -la
 
 
 
Files with the .avi file extension only:
 
 
 
ls *.avi
 
 
 
'''How to move a file:'''
 
 
 
mv /path/to/old/file.ext /path/to/new/file.ext
 
 
 
e.g.
 
 
 
mv /home/archuser/compressed.zip /home/archuser/myfiles/compressed2.zip
 
 
 
'''How to copy a file:'''
 
 
 
cp /path/to/file.txt /path/to/copied/file.txt
 
 
 
'''How to remove a file:'''
 
 
 
rm /path/to/file.txt
 
 
 
e.g.
 
 
 
rm /home/archuser/file.txt
 
 
 
'''How to show the contents of a file:'''
 
 
 
cat /path/to/file.txt
 
 
 
'''How to make a file executable:'''
 
 
 
chmod +x /path/to/script.sh
 
 
 
'''How to (search the entire filesystem for) a file called euwfh.avi'''
 
 
 
cd /
 
 
 
find -name euwfh.avi
 
 
 
'''How to mount a partition:'''
 
 
 
mount /dev/sdX1 /media/mountpoint
 
 
 
e.g.
 
 
 
mount /dev/sda1 /media/folder
 
 
 
 
 
'''How to show how much space is left/used on (all mounted) partitions:'''
 
 
 
df -h
 
 
 
'''How to show all running processes:'''
 
 
 
ps -A
 
 
 
'''How to stop an annoying process called "EvilTrojan":'''
 
 
 
killall EvilTrojan
 
 
 
'''How to show an unintelligible manual for a program "ultracompressor"'''
 
 
 
man ultracompressor
 

Latest revision as of 14:41, 10 September 2014