Difference between revisions of "Arch Handbook"

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== Notice ==
 
This handbook has only just been started. It's currently a rather bare outline. Please edit it and make it better! Look at the [http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/ FreeBSD Handbook] as a style guide.
 
 
 
Most sections should be a summary, with a link to the main article on the subject.
 
 
 
== Getting Started ==
 
 
 
=== Introduction ===
 
Arch linux is a lightweight and flexible linux distribution that tries to Keep It Simple.
 
There are official packages optimized for the i686 and x86-64 architectures. There is also a community-operated package repository.
 
See the pages in [[:Category:About Arch|this category]]
 
 
 
=== Installing Arch Linux ===
 
The full install guide is [[Installation Guide|here]] and the install CDs are available [https://www.archlinux.org/download/ here]. If you would like a more detailed installation guide, please see the [[Beginners' Guide]].
 
 
 
=== Linux Basics ===
 
A few basics on the file system and command line, for people starting Unix/Linux with Arch.
 
 
 
'''How to change directory:'''
 
 
 
cd /name/of/directory
 
 
 
e.g.
 
 
 
cd /etc/pacman.d
 
 
 
'''How to make a directory:'''
 
 
 
mkdir /path/to/new/directory
 
 
 
e.g.
 
 
 
mkdir /home/archuser/newfolder
 
 
 
'''How to remove an (empty) directory:'''
 
 
 
rmdir /path/to/empty/directory
 
 
 
'''How to remove a non-empty directory:'''
 
 
 
rmdir --ignore-fail-on-non-empty /path/to/non_empty/directory
 
 
 
'''How to list files in a directory:'''
 
 
 
All files: (except hidden files)
 
 
 
ls
 
 
 
All files: (including hidden files)
 
 
 
ls -a
 
 
 
All files, hidden files and their properties:
 
 
 
ls -la
 
 
 
Files with the .avi file extension only:
 
 
 
ls *.avi
 
 
 
'''How to move a file:'''
 
 
 
mv /path/to/old/file.ext /path/to/new/file.ext
 
 
 
e.g.
 
 
 
mv /home/archuser/compressed.zip /home/archuser/myfiles/compressed2.zip
 
 
 
'''How to copy a file:'''
 
 
 
cp /path/to/file.txt /path/to/copied/file.txt
 
 
 
'''How to remove a file:'''
 
 
 
rm /path/to/file.txt
 
 
 
e.g.
 
 
 
rm /home/archuser/file.txt
 
 
 
'''How to show the contents of a file:'''
 
 
 
cat /path/to/file.txt
 
 
 
'''How to make a file executable:'''
 
 
 
chmod +x /path/to/script.sh
 
 
 
'''How to (search the entire filesystem for) a file called euwfh.avi'''
 
 
 
cd /
 
 
 
find -name euwfh.avi
 
 
 
'''How to mount a partition:'''
 
 
 
mount /dev/sdX1 /media/mountpoint
 
 
 
e.g.
 
 
 
mount /dev/sda1 /media/folder
 
 
 
 
 
'''How to show how much space is left/used on (all mounted) partitions:'''
 
 
 
df -h
 
 
 
'''How to show all running processes:'''
 
 
 
ps -A
 
 
 
'''How to stop an annoying process called "EvilTrojan":'''
 
 
 
killall EvilTrojan
 
 
 
'''How to show an unintelligible manual for a program "ultracompressor"'''
 
 
 
man ultracompressor
 
 
 
=== Installing, removing, updating and managing software: pacman ===
 
See [[pacman]].
 
 
 
=== Graphical Desktop Environments ===
 
{{Graphical user interface overview}}
 
 
 
== Common Tasks ==
 
 
 
=== Desktop Applications ===
 
Web browsers, office suites, etc.
 
 
 
=== Multimedia ===
 
Video players, music jukeboxes, photo management, how to get codecs.
 
 
 
=== Printing ===
 
CUPS installation and configuration, finding drivers.
 
 
 
== System Administration ==
 
 
 
=== Configuration and Tuning ===
 
A lot of the configuration of Arch is done in /etc/rc.conf. This may sound daunting , but it is well commented and allows you to set modules for auto-loading and blacklisting, along with daemons and some network configuration.
 
Details on some common configuration (init, cron).
 
 
 
=== Users and Basic Account Management ===
 
Creating and managing users with command-line utilities.
 
 
 
Users are created with <code>adduser</code>. See [[Users and Groups]] for more information.
 
 
 
== Networking ==
 
 
 
=== Network Configuration ===
 
How networks are set up in Arch.
 
 
 
=== Servers ===
 
Mail, web, SSH server installation and configuration.
 
 
 
=== Firewalls ===
 
See [[Firewalls]], [[iptables]], [[Simple Stateful Firewall]].
 

Latest revision as of 14:41, 10 September 2014