Arch Handbook

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This handbook has only just been started. It's currently a rather bare outline. Please edit it and make it better! Look at the FreeBSD Handbook as a style guide.

Most sections should be a summary, with a link to the main article on the subject.

Getting Started


Arch linux is a lightweight and flexible linux distribution that tries to Keep It Simple. There are official packages optimized for the i686 and x86-64 architectures. There is also a community-operated package repository. See the pages in this category

Installing Arch Linux

The full install guide is here and the install CDs are available here. If you would like a more detailed installation guide, please see the Beginners' guide.

Linux Basics

A few basics on the file system and command line, for people starting Unix/Linux with Arch.

How to change directory:

cd /name/of/directory


cd /etc/pacman.d

How to make a directory:

mkdir /path/to/new/directory


mkdir /home/archuser/newfolder

How to remove an empty directory:

rmdir /path/to/empty/directory

How to remove a directory and all its content:

rm -r /path/to/directory

How to list files in a directory:

All files: (except hidden files)


All files: (including hidden files)

ls -a

All files, hidden files and their properties:

ls -la

Files with the .avi file extension only:

ls *.avi

How to move a file:

mv /path/to/old/file.ext /path/to/new/file.ext


mv /home/archuser/ /home/archuser/myfiles/

How to copy a file:

cp /path/to/file.txt /path/to/copied/file.txt

How to remove a file:

rm /path/to/file.txt


rm /home/archuser/file.txt

How to show the contents of a file:

cat /path/to/file.txt

How to make a file executable:

chmod +x /path/to/

How to (search the entire filesystem for) a file called euwfh.avi

cd /
find -name euwfh.avi

How to mount a partition:

mount /dev/sdX1 /media/mountpoint


mount /dev/sda1 /media/folder

How to show how much space is left/used on (all mounted) partitions:

df -h

How to show all running processes:

ps -A

How to stop an annoying process called "EvilTrojan":

killall EvilTrojan

How to show an unintelligible manual for a program "ultracompressor"

man ultracompressor

Installing, removing, updating and managing software: pacman

See pacman.

Graphical Desktop Environments

See Desktop environment.