Difference between revisions of "Aura"

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[[Category:Package management]]
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#REDIRECT: [[AUR helpers]]
[[Category:Arch User Repository]]
 
'''Aura''' is a multilingual package manager for Arch Linux written in [[Wikipedia:Haskell|Haskell]].  It connects to both the official [[ABS]] repositories and to the [[Arch User Repository]], allowing easy control of all packages on an Arch system.  It allows all pacman operations  and  provides new custom ones for dealing with [[AUR]] packages. This differs from some other [[AUR helpers]].
 
 
 
==Philosophy==
 
Aura's philosophy as a package manager can be view in more detail [https://github.com/fosskers/aura/blob/master/README.md here]. The main points are summarized below.
 
* '''Aura is Pacman''' - All [[pacman]] operators and their sub-options are allowed.
 
* '''ABS and AUR are separate''' - New aura-only operators are introduced for handling [[AUR]] packages.
 
* '''Quiet Building''' - Makepkg output is suppressed by default. Unsuppress by using {{ic|-x}} alongside {{ic|-A}}.
 
* '''Run as Root, Build as a User''' - Running makepkg as root or with {{ic|sudo}} is dangerous. Aura builds packages with normal user privileges, even when run with {{ic|sudo}}.
 
* '''Know your System''' - Editing [[PKGBUILD]]s mid-build is not default behaviour. All package research should be done prior to building.
 
* '''Downgradibility''' - Aura caches built package files, so they can be managed like any ABS package would. This includes downgrading with {{ic|-C}}.
 
* '''No Orphans''' - Aura provides several options for dealing with orphaned dependencies.
 
* '''Multilingual''' - Aura provides multiple output languages.
 
 
 
==Installation==
 
{{Note|A number of Aura's dependencies can be found in the {{ic|[haskell]}} repository. These tend to be more recent than those in {{ic|[extra]}} and the AUR. Naturally, installing them this way is faster than building manually from the AUR. [https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Haskell_Package_Guidelines#.5Bhaskell.5D See here] on how to add {{ic|[haskell]}} as a repository.}}
 
Aura requires the following dependencies to build:
 
===[extra] / [haskell] Dependencies===
 
* {{pkg|ghc}}
 
* {{pkg|haskell-regex-base}}
 
* {{pkg|haskell-parsec}}
 
* {{pkg|haskell-syb}}
 
* {{pkg|haskell-transformers}}
 
* {{pkg|haskell-mtl}}
 
 
 
===[haskell] / AUR Dependencies===
 
* {{AUR|haskell-json}}
 
 
 
===AUR Only Dependencies===
 
* {{AUR|haskell-curl}}
 
* {{AUR|haskell-regex-pcre}}
 
 
 
Once all of these are installed, you can build {{AUR|aura}}.
 
 
 
==Aura-unique Operators==
 
See the aura [[man page]] for more detailed descriptions.
 
* {{ic|-A}} - Perform actions involving the [[AUR]]. Default action builds and installs [[AUR]] packages.
 
* {{ic|-B}} - Manage the saving and restoring of the global package state. Default action stores a record of all installed packages.
 
* {{ic|-C}} - Perform actions involving the package cache. Default action downgrades packages. This is interactive.
 
* {{ic|-L}} - Perform actions involving the pacman log. Default action opens the log for read-only viewing.
 
* {{ic|-O}} - Perform actions involving orphaned dependencies. Default action lists orphaned dependencies.
 
 
 
==Usage==
 
===Installing Packages===
 
Install an AUR package:
 
{{bc|aura -A (package)}}
 
 
 
Author's favourite. Upgrade all AUR packages, show PKGBUILD diffs, and remove unneeded makedeps after installation:
 
{{bc|aura -Akua}}
 
 
 
Just sync the package database and upgrade all installed AUR packages:
 
{{bc|aura -Ayu}}
 
 
 
Install with makepkg output unsuppressed:
 
{{bc|aura -Ax (package)}}
 
 
 
Install and remove make dependencies afterwards:
 
{{bc|aura -Aa (package)}}
 
 
 
Show a packages recent PKGBUILD changes when installing:
 
{{bc|aura -Ak (package)}}
 
 
 
Look up information on an AUR package:
 
{{bc|aura -Ai (package)}}
 
 
 
Checkout an AUR package's PKGBUILD:
 
{{bc|aura -Ap (package)}}
 
 
 
Search the AUR via a regex:
 
{{bc|aura -As (regex)}}
 
 
 
===Saving/Restoring the Global Package State===
 
Save the global package state:
 
{{bc|aura -B}}
 
 
 
Restore a saved state. Downgrades upgraded packages, removes recently installed:
 
{{bc|aura -Br}}
 
 
 
Remove old saved states. Saves `number` states and removes the rest.
 
{{bc|aura -Bc (number)}}
 
 
 
===Working with the Package Cache===
 
Downgrade a package (this is interactive):
 
{{bc|aura -C (package)}}
 
 
 
Search the package cache for package files via a regex:
 
{{bc|aura -Cs (regex)}}
 
 
 
Backup the package cache:
 
{{bc|aura -Cb (/path/to/backup/location/)}}
 
 
 
Reduce the package cache to contain only the 5 most recent versions of each package file:
 
{{bc|aura -Cc 5}}
 
 
 
===Working with the Pacman Log===
 
View the pacman log:
 
{{bc|aura -L}}
 
 
 
View log info on a package:
 
{{bc|aura -Li}}
 
 
 
Search the log via a regex:
 
{{bc|aura -Ls (regex)}}
 
 
 
===Working with Orphan Dependencies===
 
Display orphans:
 
{{bc|aura -O}}
 
 
 
Adopt a package (shorthand for -D --asexplicit):
 
{{bc|aura -O (package)}}
 
 
 
Uninstall all orphans:
 
{{bc|aura -Oj}}
 
 
 
==Multilingual Support==
 
Aura supports multiple output languages. The current available languages (and their flags) are:
 
* '''English''' (default) => {{ic|--english}}
 
* '''Japanese''' => {{ic|--日本語}} or {{ic|--japanese}}
 
* '''Polish'''  => {{ic|--polski}} or {{ic|--polish}}
 
* '''Croatian''' => {{ic|--hrvatski}} or {{ic|--croatian}}
 
* '''German''' => {{ic|--deutsch}} or {{ic|--german}}
 
* '''Spanish''' => {{ic|--español}} or {{ic|--spanish}}
 
* '''Portuguese''' => {{ic|--português}} or {{ic|--portuguese}}
 
* '''French''' => {{ic|--français}} or {{ic|--french}}
 
* '''Russian''' => {{ic|--русский}} or {{ic|--russian}}
 
* '''Italian''' => {{ic|--italiano}} or {{ic|--italian}}
 
* '''Serbian''' => {{ic|--српски}} or {{ic|--serbian}}
 
 
 
{{Note|To use non-ASCII arguments, you will need a UTF-8 compatible terminal client, like [[urxvt]].}}
 
 
 
==Troubleshooting==
 
 
 
===GHC dependency is too big===
 
While a ~700mB dependency is a big one, ghc is nothing but a build dependency for aura. It is not needed post-installation. Feel free to uninstall it (and any other orphans) with {{ic|aura -Oj}}.
 
 
 
==External Links==
 
* [https://github.com/fosskers/aura Aura's github page]
 
* [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=155778 Aura's ArchLinux forum post]
 

Latest revision as of 20:20, 12 July 2016

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