Difference between revisions of "Automatic login to virtual console"

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(all information available in getty via https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php?title=Getty&diff=440522&oldid=440520)
 
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[[Category:Boot process]]
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#REDIRECT: [[Getty#Automatic_login_to_virtual_console]]
[[Category:Security]]
 
[[es:Automatic login to virtual console]]
 
[[it:Automatic login to virtual console]]
 
{{Article summary start}}
 
{{Article summary text|Describes how to automatically log in to a virtual console.}}
 
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
 
{{Article summary wiki|Display Manager}}
 
{{Article summary wiki|Silent boot}}
 
{{Article summary wiki|Start X at Login}}
 
{{Article summary end}}
 
 
 
This article describes how to automatically log in to a ''virtual console'' at the end of the [[boot process]]. This article only covers console log-ins; methods for starting an [[Xorg|X server]] are described in [[Start X at Login]].
 
 
 
== Installation ==
 
=== Creating the service file ===
 
Create a new service file similar to {{ic|getty@.service}} by copying it to {{ic|/etc/systemd/system/}}:
 
 
 
# cp /usr/lib/systemd/system/getty@.service /etc/systemd/system/autologin@.service
 
 
 
{{Note|{{ic|/etc/systemd/system/}} takes precedence over {{ic|/usr/lib/systemd/system/}}.}}
 
 
 
Then change the {{ic|ExecStart}} line to include the {{ic|-a ''USERNAME''}} parameter:
 
 
 
{{hc|/etc/systemd/system/autologin@.service|
 
2=[Service]
 
''[...]''
 
ExecStart=-/sbin/agetty --noclear -a ''USERNAME'' %I 38400
 
''[...]''
 
 
 
[Install]
 
WantedBy=getty.target
 
}}
 
 
 
{{Tip|The option {{ic|1=Type=simple}} (default) will delay the execution of agetty until all jobs (state change requests to units) are completed. On the other hand it may cause systemd boot-up messages to pollute the login prompt. This option is more useful when [[Start X at Login|starting X automatically]]. See {{ic|man systemd.service}} for more info.}}
 
 
 
=== Enabling the service ===
 
Finally, you need to disable the old {{ic|getty@tty''X''.service}} for the specified tty and enable the new {{ic|autologin@tty''X''.service}}, e.g.:
 
# systemctl daemon-reload
 
# systemctl disable getty@''tty1''
 
# systemctl enable autologin@''tty1''
 
 
 
To test it out, use:
 
# systemctl start autologin@''tty1''
 
 
 
== Tips & Tricks ==
 
 
 
=== Avoiding unnecessary dmesg errors ===
 
To avoid errors related to {{ic|display-manager.service}} in dmesg, you should set the default target to multi-user instead of graphical:
 
# systemctl enable multi-user.target
 
 
 
==See also==
 
* [[Systemd#Change_default_target_to_boot_into|Change default runlevel/target to boot into]].
 

Latest revision as of 12:48, 17 August 2016