Difference between revisions of "Automatic login to virtual console"

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(Use drop-in feature of systemd for getty autologin)
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== Installation ==
 
== Installation ==
=== Creating the service file ===
+
=== Use drop-in feature of systemd for getty autologin ===
Create a new service file similar to {{ic|getty@.service}} by copying it to {{ic|/etc/systemd/system/}}:
+
First create a new directory named getty@tty1.service.d under /etc/systemd/system:
  
  # cp /usr/lib/systemd/system/getty@.service /etc/systemd/system/autologin@.service
+
  # mkdir /etc/systemd/system/getty@tty1.service.d
  
{{Note|{{ic|/etc/systemd/system/}} takes precedence over {{ic|/usr/lib/systemd/system/}}.}}
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Then create a new file named autologin.conf and add it into the directory:
  
Then change the {{ic|ExecStart}} line to include the {{ic|-a ''USERNAME''}} parameter:
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{{hc|/etc/systemd/system/getty@tty1.service.d/autologin.conf|
 
+
{{hc|/etc/systemd/system/autologin@.service|
+
 
2=[Service]
 
2=[Service]
''[...]''
+
ExecStart=
ExecStart=-/sbin/agetty --noclear -a ''USERNAME'' %I 38400
+
ExecStart=-/sbin/agetty --autologin <username> --noclear %I 38400 linux
''[...]''
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+
[Install]
+
WantedBy=getty.target
+
 
}}
 
}}
  
{{Tip|The option {{ic|1=Type=simple}} (default) will delay the execution of agetty until all jobs (state change requests to units) are completed. On the other hand it may cause systemd boot-up messages to pollute the login prompt. This option is more useful when [[Start X at Login|starting X automatically]]. See {{ic|man systemd.service}} for more info.}}
+
{{Tip|The option {{ic|1=Type=simple}} will delay the execution of agetty until all jobs (state change requests to units) are completed. On the other hand it may cause systemd boot-up messages to pollute the login prompt. This option is more useful when [[Start X at Login|starting X automatically]]. See {{ic|man systemd.service}} for more info.}}
 +
 
 +
If wanting to use 'Type=simple', then your autologin.conf should look like this:
 +
 
 +
{{hc|/etc/systemd/system/getty@tty1.service.d/autologin.conf|
 +
2=[Service]
 +
ExecStart=
 +
ExecStart=-/sbin/agetty --autologin <username> --noclear %I 38400 linux
 +
Type=
 +
Type=simple
 +
}}
  
 
=== Enabling the service ===
 
=== Enabling the service ===

Revision as of 17:36, 31 May 2013

Template:Article summary start Template:Article summary text Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary end

This article describes how to automatically log in to a virtual console at the end of the boot process. This article only covers console log-ins; methods for starting an X server are described in Start X at Login.

Installation

Use drop-in feature of systemd for getty autologin

First create a new directory named getty@tty1.service.d under /etc/systemd/system:

# mkdir /etc/systemd/system/getty@tty1.service.d

Then create a new file named autologin.conf and add it into the directory:

/etc/systemd/system/getty@tty1.service.d/autologin.conf
[Service]
ExecStart=
ExecStart=-/sbin/agetty --autologin <username> --noclear %I 38400 linux
Tip: The option Type=simple will delay the execution of agetty until all jobs (state change requests to units) are completed. On the other hand it may cause systemd boot-up messages to pollute the login prompt. This option is more useful when starting X automatically. See man systemd.service for more info.

If wanting to use 'Type=simple', then your autologin.conf should look like this:

/etc/systemd/system/getty@tty1.service.d/autologin.conf
[Service]
ExecStart=
ExecStart=-/sbin/agetty --autologin <username> --noclear %I 38400 linux
Type=
Type=simple

Enabling the service

Finally, you need to disable the old getty@ttyX.service for the specified tty and enable the new autologin@ttyX.service, e.g.:

# systemctl daemon-reload
# systemctl disable getty@tty1
# systemctl enable autologin@tty1

To test it out, use:

# systemctl start autologin@tty1

Tips & Tricks

Avoiding unnecessary dmesg errors

To avoid errors related to display-manager.service in dmesg, you should set the default target to multi-user instead of graphical:

# systemctl enable multi-user.target

See also