Difference between revisions of "Automatic login to virtual console"

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m (Grammar)
m (Consistency and small touch-ups)
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{{Note|{{ic|/etc/systemd/system/}} takes precedence over {{ic|/usr/lib/systemd/system/}}.}}
 
{{Note|{{ic|/etc/systemd/system/}} takes precedence over {{ic|/usr/lib/systemd/system/}}.}}
  
Once created you can link the new {{ic|autologin@.service}} to your chosen tty, e.g. {{ic|tty1}}, {{ic|tty2}}, [...] {{ic|tty8}}, etc., by specifying it as an alias in the {{ic|[Install]}} section of the unit file. Accordingly, change the value of {{ic|ExecStart}} in {{ic|autologin@.service}} to the following:
+
Once created you can link the new {{ic|autologin@.service}} to your chosen tty, e.g. {{ic|tty1}}, {{ic|tty2}}, [...] {{ic|tty8}}, etc., by specifying it as an alias in the {{ic|[Install]}} section of the unit file. Accordingly, change the value of {{ic|ExecStart}} in {{ic|autologin@.service}}:
  
 
{{hc|/etc/systemd/system/autologin@.service|
 
{{hc|/etc/systemd/system/autologin@.service|
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{{Tip|It is possible to change {{ic|1=Type=idle}} to {{ic|1=Type=simple}} and avoid delaying the execution of agetty until all jobs (state change requests to units) are completed. This option is more useful when [[Start X at Login|starting X automatically]]. See {{ic|man systemd.service}} for more info. {{Note|{{ic|1=Type=simple}} can cause systemd boot-up messages to pollute the login prompt.}}}}
 
{{Tip|It is possible to change {{ic|1=Type=idle}} to {{ic|1=Type=simple}} and avoid delaying the execution of agetty until all jobs (state change requests to units) are completed. This option is more useful when [[Start X at Login|starting X automatically]]. See {{ic|man systemd.service}} for more info. {{Note|{{ic|1=Type=simple}} can cause systemd boot-up messages to pollute the login prompt.}}}}
  
Finally, you need to disable the old getty@.service for the specified TTY and enable the new autologin@.service for the same TTY:
+
Finally, you need to disable the old getty@.service for the specified tty and enable the new autologin@.service for the same tty:
 
  # systemctl daemon-reload
 
  # systemctl daemon-reload
 
  # systemctl disable getty@tty1
 
  # systemctl disable getty@tty1
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  # systemctl start autologin@tty1
 
  # systemctl start autologin@tty1
  
{{Warning|If you are currently in an X session on the same TTY configured in the service file, starting autologin@tty''X''.service will kill your X server.}}
+
{{Warning|If you are currently in an X session on the same tty configured in the service file, starting autologin@tty''X''.service will kill your X server.}}
  
 
To avoid errors related to display-manager.service in dmesg, you should set the default target to multi-user instead of graphical:
 
To avoid errors related to display-manager.service in dmesg, you should set the default target to multi-user instead of graphical:
 
  # systemctl enable multi-user.target
 
  # systemctl enable multi-user.target
 
(See also: [[Systemd#Change_default_runlevel.2Ftarget_to_boot_into|Change default runlevel/target to boot into]].)
 
(See also: [[Systemd#Change_default_runlevel.2Ftarget_to_boot_into|Change default runlevel/target to boot into]].)

Revision as of 00:19, 29 October 2012

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This article describes how to automatically log in to a virtual console at the end of the boot process. This article only covers console log-ins; methods for starting an X server are described in Start X at Boot.

Service

Create a new service file similar to getty@.service by copying it to /etc/systemd/system/:

# cp /usr/lib/systemd/system/getty@.service /etc/systemd/system/autologin@.service
Note: /etc/systemd/system/ takes precedence over /usr/lib/systemd/system/.

Once created you can link the new autologin@.service to your chosen tty, e.g. tty1, tty2, [...] tty8, etc., by specifying it as an alias in the [Install] section of the unit file. Accordingly, change the value of ExecStart in autologin@.service:

/etc/systemd/system/autologin@.service
[Service]
[...]
ExecStart=-/sbin/agetty --noclear -a USERNAME %I 38400
[...]
[Install]
Alias=getty.target.wants/getty@tty1.service
Tip: It is possible to change Type=idle to Type=simple and avoid delaying the execution of agetty until all jobs (state change requests to units) are completed. This option is more useful when starting X automatically. See man systemd.service for more info.
Note: Type=simple can cause systemd boot-up messages to pollute the login prompt.

Finally, you need to disable the old getty@.service for the specified tty and enable the new autologin@.service for the same tty:

# systemctl daemon-reload
# systemctl disable getty@tty1
# systemctl enable autologin@tty1
# systemctl start autologin@tty1
Warning: If you are currently in an X session on the same tty configured in the service file, starting autologin@ttyX.service will kill your X server.

To avoid errors related to display-manager.service in dmesg, you should set the default target to multi-user instead of graphical:

# systemctl enable multi-user.target

(See also: Change default runlevel/target to boot into.)