Difference between revisions of "Autostarting"

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=== systemd ===
 
=== systemd ===
 
''systemd'' is a replacement for ''initscripts'' which allows faster boot time as it parallelizes startup of services. The services which are started by ''systemd'' can be found in the subfolders of {{ic|/etc/systemd/system/}}. Services can be enabled using the {{ic|systemctl}} command. For more information about ''systemd'' see at [[systemd]].
 
''systemd'' is a replacement for ''initscripts'' which allows faster boot time as it parallelizes startup of services. The services which are started by ''systemd'' can be found in the subfolders of {{ic|/etc/systemd/system/}}. Services can be enabled using the {{ic|systemctl}} command. For more information about ''systemd'' see at [[systemd]].
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=== runit ===
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''runit'' is a mature replacement for ''initscripts'' which offers process supervision, parallel startup, per-user service trees, granular cgroup manipulation, flexible dependency system, and boot times that don't incur the penalty of dbus. The root-level services are symlinks in {{ic|/service}} with the actual service directories in {{ic|/etc/sv}}. See the [[Runit]] page for more information.
  
 
== Shells ==
 
== Shells ==

Revision as of 14:48, 19 May 2012

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This article links to various methods to launch scripts or applications automatically when some particular event is taking place, like system startup or shutdown, shell login or logout and so on.

Daemons

You can easily start your scripts or applications as daemons, see Daemon and Writing rc.d scripts.

Init chain

/etc/rc.local and /etc/rc.local.shutdown are good places for auto-starting scripts respectively at system startup and shutdown, see also Arch Boot Process.

systemd

systemd is a replacement for initscripts which allows faster boot time as it parallelizes startup of services. The services which are started by systemd can be found in the subfolders of /etc/systemd/system/. Services can be enabled using the systemctl command. For more information about systemd see at systemd.

runit

runit is a mature replacement for initscripts which offers process supervision, parallel startup, per-user service trees, granular cgroup manipulation, flexible dependency system, and boot times that don't incur the penalty of dbus. The root-level services are symlinks in /service with the actual service directories in /etc/sv. See the Runit page for more information.

Shells

To autostart programs in console you can use shell startup files/directories. Read the documentation for your shell, or its ArchWiki article, e.g. Bash or Zsh.

/etc/profile

/etc/profile is sourced by all Bourne-compatible shells upon login: it sets up an environment upon login and application-specific (/etc/profile.d/*.sh) settings.

Each time /etc/profile is executed, it sources the following scripts if they exist:

  1. /etc/profile.d/*.sh
  2. /etc/bash.bashrc (if shell is bash)
    1. /etc/bash_completion

See also

Graphical

You can autostart programs automatically when you login into your Window Manager or Desktop Environment.

X session startup

See xinitrc and xprofile.

X Desktop Group

$XDG_CONFIG_DIRS/autostart/: In this folder are .desktop files. These files determine which programs are loaded for which desktop environment. For an explanation of the desktop file standard refer to Desktop Entry Specification.

GNOME, KDE, Xfce

GNOME, KDE and Xfce all have a dedicated GUI for autostart settings, see the respective articles.

You can also directly put .desktop files in ~/.config/autostart/

KDE (Legacy)

KDE also has a specific folder: ~/.kde/Autostart or ~/.kde4/Autostart

Xfce (Legacy)

In the Xfce versions prior to 4.4 the programs had to be located in ~/Desktop/Autostart/

LXDE

See LXDE#Autostart_Programs.

Fluxbox

See Fluxbox#Autostarting Applications.

Openbox

See Openbox#Startup programs.