Difference between revisions of "Beginners' guide/Preparation"

From ArchWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
m (Add page link.)
(fix double redirect)
(Tag: wiki-scripts)
 
(46 intermediate revisions by 20 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
<noinclude>
+
#REDIRECT [[Installation guide#Preparation]]
[[Category:Getting and installing Arch]]
 
[[Category:About Arch]]
 
[[ar:Beginners' Guide/Preparation]]
 
[[cs:Beginners' Guide/Preparation]]
 
[[da:Beginners' Guide/Preparation]]
 
[[es:Beginners' Guide/Preparation]]
 
[[hr:Beginners' Guide/Preparation]]
 
[[hu:Beginners' Guide/Preparation]]
 
[[id:Beginners' Guide/Preparation]]
 
[[it:Beginners' Guide/Preparation]]
 
[[ja:Beginners' Guide/Preparation]]
 
[[ko:Beginners' Guide/Preparation]]
 
[[pl:Beginners' Guide/Preparation]]
 
[[pt:Beginners' Guide/Preparation]]
 
[[ro:Ghidul începătorilor/Preparare]]
 
[[ru:Beginners' Guide/Preparation]]
 
[[sr:Beginners' Guide/Preparation]]
 
[[zh-CN:Beginners' Guide/Preparation]]
 
[[zh-TW:Beginners' Guide/Preparation]]
 
{{Tip|This is part of a multi-page article for the Beginners' Guide. '''[[Beginners' Guide|Click here]]''' if you would rather read the guide in its entirety.}}
 
</noinclude>
 
This document will guide you through the process of installing [[Arch Linux]] using the [https://github.com/falconindy/arch-install-scripts Arch Install Scripts]. Before installing, you are advised to skim over the [[FAQ]].
 
 
 
The community-maintained [[Main Page|ArchWiki]] is the primary resource that should be consulted if issues arise. The [[IRC Channel]] (irc://irc.freenode.net/#archlinux) and the [https://bbs.archlinux.org/ forums] are also excellent resources if an answer cannot be found elsewhere. In accordance with the [[The Arch Way|Arch Way]], you are encouraged to type {{ic|man ''command''}} to read the {{ic|man}} page of any command you are unfamiliar with.
 
 
 
== Preparation ==
 
 
 
{{Note|If you wish to install from an existing GNU/Linux distribution, please see [[Install from Existing Linux|this article]]. This can be useful particularly if you plan to install Arch via [[VNC]] or [[SSH]] remotely. Users seeking to perform the Arch Linux installation remotely via an [[SSH]] connection should read [[Install from SSH]] for additional tips.}}
 
 
 
=== System requirements ===
 
 
 
Arch Linux should run on any i686 compatible machine with a minimum of 64 MB RAM. A basic installation with all packages from the {{Grp|base}} group should take about 500 MB of disk space. If you are working with limited space, this can be trimmed down considerably, but you will have to know what you're doing.
 
 
 
=== Burn or write the latest installation medium ===
 
 
 
The latest release of the installation media can be obtained from the [https://archlinux.org/download/ Download] page. Note that the single ISO image supports both 32 and 64-bit architectures. A new ISO image is released about once every month and it is highly recommended to always use the latest ISO image.
 
 
 
* Burn the ISO image on a CD or DVD with your preferred software.
 
:{{Note|The quality of optical drives and the discs themselves varies greatly. Generally, using a slow burn speed is recommended for reliable burns. If you are experiencing unexpected behaviour from the disc, try burning at the lowest speed supported by your burner.}}
 
 
 
* Or you can write the ISO image to a USB stick. For detailed instructions, see [[USB Installation Media]].
 
 
 
==== Installing over the network ====
 
 
 
Instead of writing the boot media to a disc or USB stick, you may alternatively boot the .iso image over the network. This works well when you already have a server set up. Please see [[Install Arch from network (via PXE)|this article]] for more information, and then continue to [[#Boot the installation medium|Boot the installation medium]].
 
 
 
==== Installing on a virtual machine ====
 
 
 
Installing on a [[Wikipedia:Virtual machine|virtual machine]] is a good way to become familiar with Arch Linux and its installation procedure without leaving your current operating system and repartitioning the storage drive. It will also let you keep this Beginners' Guide open in your browser throughout the installation. Some users may find it beneficial to have an independent Arch Linux system on a virtual drive, for testing purposes.
 
 
 
Examples of virtualization software are [[VirtualBox]], [[VMware]], [[QEMU]], [[Xen]], [[Varch]], [[Parallels]].
 
 
 
The exact procedure for preparing a virtual machine depends on the software, but will generally follow these steps:
 
 
 
# Create the virtual disk image that will host the operating system.
 
# Properly configure the virtual machine parameters.
 
# Boot the downloaded ISO image with a virtual CD drive.
 
# Continue with [[#Boot the installation medium|Boot the installation medium]].
 
 
 
The following articles may be helpful:
 
 
 
* [[VirtualBox#Arch Linux guests|Arch Linux as VirtualBox guest]]
 
* [[VirtualBox Arch Linux Guest On Physical Drive|Arch Linux as VirtualBox guest on a physical drive]]
 
* [[Installing Arch Linux in VMware|Arch Linux as VMware guest]]
 
* [[Moving an existing install into (or out of) a virtual machine]]
 
 
 
=== Boot the installation medium ===
 
 
 
First, you may have to change the boot order in your computer's BIOS. To do this, you have to press a key (usually {{ic|Delete}}, {{ic|F1}}, {{ic|F2}}, {{ic|F11}} or {{ic|F12}}) during the POST (Power On Self-Test) phase. Then, select "Boot Arch Linux" from the menu and press {{ic|Enter}} in order to begin with the installation.
 
 
 
Once you have booted into the live environment, your shell is [[Zsh]]; this will provide you advanced Tab completion, and other features as part of the [http://grml.org/zsh/ grml config].
 
 
 
==== Testing if you are booted into UEFI mode ====
 
 
 
In case you have a [[UEFI]] motherboard and UEFI Boot mode is enabled (and is preferred over BIOS/Legacy mode), the CD/USB will automatically launch Arch Linux kernel (EFISTUB via Gummiboot Boot Manager). To test if you have booted into UEFI mode check if directory {{ic|/sys/firmware/efi}} has been created:
 
 
 
# ls -1 /sys/firmware/efi
 
 
 
==== Troubleshooting boot problems ====
 
 
 
* If you are using an Intel video chipset and the screen goes blank during the boot process, the problem is likely an issue with [[Kernel Mode Setting]]. A possible workaround may be achieved by rebooting and pressing {{ic|e}} over the entry that you are trying to boot (i686 or x86_64). At the end of the string type {{ic|nomodeset}} and press {{ic|Enter}}. Alternatively, try {{ic|1=video=SVIDEO-1:d}} which, if it works, will not disable kernel mode setting. You can also try {{ic|1=i915.modeset=0}}. See the [[Intel]] article for more information.
 
 
 
* If the screen does ''not'' go blank and the boot process gets stuck while trying to load the kernel, press {{ic|Tab}} while hovering over the menu entry, type {{ic|1=acpi=off}} at the end of the string and press {{ic|Enter}}.<noinclude>
 
{{Beginners' Guide navigation}}</noinclude>
 

Latest revision as of 11:53, 23 August 2016