Difference between revisions of "Beginners' guide (Indonesia)"

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[[Category: Mendapatkan dan Instalasi Arch (Indonesia)]]
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#REDIRECT: [[Installation guide (Indonesia)]]
[[Category:Tentang Arch (Indonesia)]]
 
[[Category:HOWTOs (Indonesia)]]
 
{{translateme}}
 
{{i18n_links_start}}
 
{{i18n_entry|Česky|Průvodce začátečníka (Česky)}}
 
{{i18n_entry|简体中文|Arch 新手安装指南 (简体中文)}}
 
{{i18n_entry|正體中文|Beginner's Guide 新手指南}}
 
{{i18n_entry|Dansk|Dansk_Begynderguide}}
 
{{i18n_entry|Deutsch|Beginners Guide (Deutsch)}}
 
{{i18n_entry|English|Beginners' Guide}}
 
{{i18n_entry|Español|Beginners' Guide (Español)}}
 
{{i18n_entry|Français|Manuel_du_Débutant_(Français)}}
 
{{i18n_entry|Italiano|Beginners Guide (Italiano)}}
 
{{i18n_entry|Indonesia|Beginners_Guide_(Indonesia)}}
 
{{i18n_entry|Lietuviškai|Pradedančiųjų gidas (Lietuviškai)}}
 
{{i18n_entry|Magyar|Beginners Guide (Magyar)}}
 
{{i18n_entry|Nederlands|Beginners_Guide_(Nederlands)}}
 
{{i18n_entry|Português Brasil|Guia do Iniciante(Português do Brasil)}}
 
{{i18n_entry|Português|Guia para Principiantes(Português)}}
 
{{i18n_entry|Русский|Руководство_для_новичков}}
 
{{i18n_entry|Türkçe|Başlangıç Rehberi (Türkçe)}}
 
{{i18n_entry|हिन्दी|नौसिखिया गाइड(हिन्दी)}}
 
{{i18n_entry|한국어|Beginners' Guide (한국어)}}
 
{{i18n_links_end}}
 
==Pendahuluan==
 
=====Segala hal yang ingin kamu tanyakan tentang instalasi Arch Linux, tapi
 
takut untuk menanyakannya.=====
 
 
 
Dokumen ini akan membimbing kamu dalam menginstalasi dan mengkonfigurasi Arch
 
Linux. Walau petunjuk ini ditujukan untuk membimbing kamu mendapatkan sistem
 
Arch yang terkonfigurasi seluruhnya (desktop environment, menonton DVD/Video,
 
mendengarkan musik, Internet, mail) namun tidak berisi langkah-langkah
 
terperinci untuk memperoleh sistem yang lengkap. Petunjuk ini difokuskan pada
 
beberapa langkah-langkah penting/dasar saja; jika kamu ingin bahasan yang lebih
 
dalam kamu bisa mengunjungi [[Main Page|Arch Linux Wiki]] atau
 
[http://bbs.archlinux.org/ Arch Linux Forums]. Kamu juga bisa membaca [[The Arch
 
Way]] untuk mengetahui prinsip-prinsip dasar Arch Linux.
 
 
 
=====JANGAN PANIK!=====
 
 
 
Harap disadari bahwa instalasi Arch Linux mungkin sangat berbeda dengan distro
 
lain yang pernah kamu coba, khususnya bagi pemula. Sistem Arch Linux dibangun
 
oleh '''pengguna''', dari installer, sampai ''base system'' dengan hanya
 
menggunakan shell bash dan beberapa tools dasar sistem saja. dari ''command
 
line'', kamu dapat menambahkan paket dari ''Arch repositories'' menggunakan
 
[[pacman]] melalui sambungan internet, sampai sistem kamu sesuai dengan
 
kebutuhanmu. Dengan hal ini kamu akan mendapatkan sistem yang fleksibel, sesuai
 
pilihan dan dapat kamu kendalikan karena '''kamu''' sendiri yang membangunnya,
 
kamu akan mengetahui apa yang ada di dalam sistem kamu.
 
 
 
Jika kamu merasa ada yang kurang dari wiki ini silahkan ditambahkan, atau kamu
 
bisa juga mengunjungi forum Arch ini
 
[http://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?t=29055 yang ditujukan untuk pemula.
 
 
 
Selamat datang di Arch! Mari kita mulai :)
 
 
 
==Dapatkan ISO terbaru==
 
 
 
Kamu dapat mengunduh rilis Arch resmi terbaru dari
 
[http://www.archlinux.org/download/ www.archlinux.org/download/].
 
 
 
Sangat direkomendasikan untuk memilih '''base-CD''', untuk beberapa alasan.
 
 
 
# Waktu/bandwidth yang dibutuhkan lebih sedikit untuk kamu dan server,
 
# Paket di versi full mungkin nantinya akan ada yang konflik ketika kamu
 
melakukan update.
 
# Base system lebih mudah dan cepat untuk up-to-date, dan,
 
# Petunjuk ini lebih ditujukan untuk installasi dari base-CD.
 
 
 
==Instalasi sistem dasar==
 
 
 
Selain petunjuk ini, kamu juga dapat menggunakan petunjuk resmi ini [[Official
 
Arch Linux Install Guide]] atau
 
[http://www.archlinux.org/static/docs/arch-install-guide.html versi yang dapat
 
di print] juga tersedia.
 
 
 
===Boot CD Arch Linux===
 
 
 
Masukkan CD dan boot dari CD-ROM, kamu mungkin perlu mengganti urutan boot pada
 
bios komputer kamu (biasanya dengan menekan F11 atau F12).
 
 
 
Beberapa pilihan pada saat booting Arch Linux CD yang dapat kamu gunakan:
 
* ide-legacy jika IDE drive kamu bermasalah.
 
* noapic acpi=off pci=routeirq nosmp jika sistem kamu hangs ketika boot.
 
* memtest86+ if jika kamu ingin memeriksa memorimu.
 
 
 
Pilih "Arch Linux Installation / Rescue System". Jika kamu ingin merubah opsi
 
boot tekan e.
 
 
 
===Mengganti keymap===
 
Tekan enter di welcome screen. Jika keyboard kamu non-US tekan
 
km
 
pada prompt dan pilih keymap yang sesuai.
 
 
 
''Contoh''(untuk keymap norwegia) :
 
 
 
Pada console keymap screen pilih
 
no-latin1
 
Pada console font screen pilih
 
lat0-16
 
 
Memilih "default8x16.psfu.gz" sebagai font console adalah pilihan aman.
 
 
 
===Memulai instalasi===
 
Pada console ketikkan
 
/arch/setup
 
lalu tekan enter untuk memulai instalasi.
 
 
 
====Pilih sumber instalasi====
 
Pilih CD jika kamu menggunakan base atau full (current) ISO, atau pilih FTP jika
 
kamu menggunakan FTP ISO.
 
 
 
====Menyiapkan Hard Drive====
 
Pada menu pilihann,pilih '''Prepare Hard Drive'''. Hati-hati, jika memilih
 
'''Auto-prepare''', seluruh hard drive mu akan dihapus.
 
Pada contoh ini,kita memilih opsi mengatur partisi hard drive secara manual.
 
Pilih '''2. Partition Hard Drives''', pilih hard drive yang kamu inginkan
 
(/dev/sdx), dan buatlah beberapa partisi.
 
 
 
=====Partisi=====
 
 
 
Sebuah partisi adalah bagian dari hard disk yang tampil sebagai ruang yang
 
terpisah, dan dapat ditambahkan ke dalam sistem Arch Linuxmu. Partisi hard disk
 
terbagi ke dalam "Primary", "Extended", dan "Logical".
 
Sebuah partisi "primary" dapat diboot. Jumlah maksimalnya 4. Jadi, jika kamu
 
menggunakan sebuah PC dengan drive SATA, partisi "primary" pertama dikenal
 
sebagai sda1. Partisi "primary" kedua dreferensikan sebagai sda2, kemudian sda3
 
dan sda4. Jika terdapat lebih dari 4 partisi "primary", maka yang terpaksa
 
digunakan untuk partisi ini adalah "extended", yang dimana partisi ini menampung
 
partisi "logical".
 
 
Partisi ''extended'' bersifat sebagai "penampung" untuk partisi logical. Partisi
 
logical harus berada dalam partisi extended. Contohnya, ketika mempartisi, kita
 
dapat melihat penomoran partisi dengan memberi nomor sda1-3 pada partisi
 
primary, diikuti dengan nomor sda4 pada partisi extended, kemudian membuat
 
partisi logical dengan penomoran sda5,sda6 dst.
 
 
 
Banyak user memiliki pendapat yang berbeda-beda mengenai bagaimana cara terbaik
 
untuk mempartisi hard disk. Yang perlu diketahui adalah bahwa syarat minimal
 
adalah adanya satu partisi primary yang dijadikan sebagai root
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File_system Filesystem] ( / ) dan satu partisi
 
lagi sebagai swap. Beberapa pilihan lain untuk dipasang pada partisi yang
 
berbeda adalah /boot (yang secara garis besar menampung kernel) dan /home
 
(menampung data user). Adalah ide yang bagus untuk memisahkan root (/) dan /home
 
pada partisi yang berbeda. Ini memungkinkan untuk melakukan instlasi kembali
 
sistem Arch Linux mu, atau distro lainnya, sementara itu data-data dan
 
konfigurasi ''desktop environment'' tetap terjaga.
 
 
 
Pada contoh ini, kita akan meletakkan root (/), /home dan swap pada partisi yang
 
berbeda.
 
 
 
=====Swap Partition=====
 
Sebuah partisi swap adalah tempat dalam hard disk yang dapat menampung ''virtual
 
ram''. Partisi swap digunakan ketika jumlah RAM yang dibutuhkan melebihi daya
 
tampung dari memori RAM yang dimiliki mesin anda.
 
 
 
Mengenai ukuran dari partisi swap ini, terdapat beberapa pendapat. Jika
 
kapasitas memory RAM anda besar (lebih besar dari 1024 MB), anda bisa saja tidak
 
menggunakan partisi swap sama sekali. Namun ada pula yang mengusulkan
 
menyediakan ruang bagi partisi swap sebesar 2 kali kapasitas memory RAM mesin
 
anda. Sementara itu ada yang mengusulkan ruang yang dialokasikan tidak lebih
 
dari 1024 MB.
 
 
 
Mari kita mulai dari membuat sebuah '''primary partition'''. Partisi ini akan
 
menjadi tempat bagi '''root'''. Pilih New -> Primary, kemudian tentukan ukuran
 
yang anda inginkan (ukuran yang umum adalah 4 hingga 8 GB). Letakkan partisi ini
 
pada bagian pertama disk anda. Pilih partisi baru ini dan jadikan partisi ini
 
"Bootable".
 
 
 
Tambahkan '''partition for your home directory'''. Untuk partisi ini, pilihlah
 
partisi primary lainnya dan tentukan ukurannya sesuai dengan kebutuhan anda.
 
Ukuran ini tergantung dengan apa yang akan anda simpan dalam partisi tersebut.
 
 
 
Terakhir, ciptakan partisi ketiga yaitu '''partition for swap'''. Pilihlah
 
ukuran antara 512 MB dan 1 GB (sebagai contoh dalam tutorial ini), dan ganti
 
tipenya menjadi 82 (Linux swap / Solaris).
 
 
 
Inilah hasil dari pengaturan partisi (ukuran akan tergantung pilihan anda).
 
 
 
Name    Flags  Part Type  FS Type        [Label]        Size (MB)
 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
sda1    Boot  Primary    Linux                          (4096 - 8192)
 
sda2          Primary    Linux                          (> 100)
 
sda3          Primary    Linux swap / Solaris            (512 - 1024)
 
 
 
Pilih write dan ketikkan yes. Hati-hati, langkah ini akan menghapus data dari
 
hard disk anda jika sebelumnya anda menindih atau menghapus partisi yang ada.
 
Pilih Quit untuk meninggalkan bagian konfigurasi partisi.
 
 
 
Pilih Done untuk keluar dari menu ini dan kita lanjutkan pada "Set Filesystem
 
Mountpoints".
 
 
 
====Set File system Mountpoints====
 
 
 
=====Penjelasan singkat mengenai '''filesystems''' dan  ''file systems'':=====
 
 
 
Secara teknis, sebuah '''filesystem''' adalah format data untuk ''data throughput'', sementara itu ''file system'' (dengan spasi), adalah istilah yang menunjukkan tata letak dari seluruh file dan direktori pada sebuah sistem. Jadi, ketika ada pertanyaan apakah anda mau membuat sebuah '''filesystem''', ini berarti anda ditanya untuk '''memformat''' sebuah partisi. Sedangkan jika anda ditanya mengenai lokasi ''mounting'' sebuah partisi, anda diminta untuk menentukan di lokasi mana pada ''file system'' partisi ini akan diletakkan. Mari kita mulai.
 
 
 
Pertama, anda akan ditanya mengenai partisi swap. Pilih lokasi yang sesuai (dalam contoh ini adalah sda3). Anda akan ditanya apakah anda ingin menciptakan sebuah ''filesystem'', pilih ''yes''. Kemudian, tentukan lokasi ''mounting'' direktori / (root) (dalam contoh ini adalah sda1). Anda akan ditanya tipe ''filesystem'' yang anda inginkan.
 
 
 
Dalam menentukan tipe ''filesystem'', terdapat pula perbedaan pendapat. Masing-masing ada kelebihan dan kekurangannya. Di bawah ini adalah sebuah ringkasan sederhana.
 
 
 
1. '''ext2''' - Lebih tua, ''filesystem'' yang dapat dihandalkan. Cepat dan sangat stabil, namun tidak memiliki kemampuan ''journaling''.
 
 
 
2. '''ext3''' - Sama seperti ''ext2'', namun dengan tambahan kemampuan ''journaling''. Agak lambat bila dibandingkan dengan ''ext2''. ''Swangat'' stabil, lebih banyak digunakan dan dikembangkan.
 
 
 
3. '''ReiserFS''' - ''Hans Reiser's high-performance journaling FS'' menggunakan metode yang menarik terkait ''data throughput''. ''ReiserFS'' sangat cepat, terutama ketika menangani file-file kecil.
 
 
 
4. '''JFS''' - ''IBM's Journaling FS''. JFS cukup dikenal, cepat dan stabil.
 
 
 
5. '''XFS''' - adalah ''journaling filesystem'' yang cepat dan lebih cocok untuk file dengan ukuran yang besar(lebih besar dari 1 GB). Lebih lambat untuk file berukuran kecil. Cukup stabil.
 
 
Perbedaan utamanya dapat dilihat di [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Journaling_file_system
 
journaling].
 
 
 
Semua ''filesystem'' menggunakan journaling, kecuali ext2. ext3 kompatibel dengan ext2. Pilihan yang aman untuk sebuah partisi root adalah ext3.
 
 
 
Kemudian buatlah partisi ini denga memilih yes. Anda akan ditanya apakah akan membuat partisi baru.
 
 
 
Pada contoh ini, hanya ada partisi sda2 yang tersisa. Pilih sebuah tipe ''filesystem'', dan ''mount'' sebagai /home. Kemudian ciptakan partisi ini dan pilih Done. Kembalilah ke menu utama.
 
 
 
===Memilih Packages===
 
Sekarang kita akan memilih packages untuk diinstalasi pada sistem. Pilih CD sebagai sumber. Jika anda memiliki lebih dari satu drive CD, pilih yang memuat CD Archlinux.
 
 
 
Karena tutorial ini ditujukan sebagai instalasi dasar, pilihlah katagori '''base'''. Adalah pilihan yang aman untuk mencentang semua package dalam '''base'''.
 
 
 
===Instalasi Packages===
 
Ini adalah tahapan termudah, karena semua proses berjalan secara otomatis.
 
Buatlah secangkir kopi dan tunggu sampai proses instalasi selesai (tekan tombol
 
"Continue" jika diperlukan). Minumnya jangan kelamaan, karena instalasi sistem
 
dasar Arch Linux hanya berberapa menit saja :P .
 
 
 
===Konfigurasi Sistem===
 
 
 
Anda akan ditanyakan apakah ingin agar ''hwdetect'' mengumpulkan informasi untuk
 
konfigurasi anda. Opsi ini sangat direkomendasikan untuk dipilih.
 
Sekarang anda akan ditanyakan apakah anda butuh support untuk booting dari
 
perangkat USB, perangkat FireWire, perangkat PCMCIA, jaringan NFS, software RAID
 
arrays, LVM2 volumes, and encrypted volumes. Pilih Yes jika anda mebutuhkannya;
 
dalam contoh ini, tidak ada yang diperlukan. Sekarang anda akan ditanya
 
penyunting teks mana yang ingin anda pilih,
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nano_%28text_editor%29 nano] atau
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vim_%28text_editor%29 vi/vim]. Sekarang Anda akan
 
menemukan menu yang penting untuk mengkonfigurasi sistem anda. Kami hanya
 
melakukan perubahan kecil disini. Jika anda ingin tahu opsi apa saja yang
 
terdapat di rc.conf, tekanlah Alt+F2 untuk masuk shell, dan kembali ke installer
 
dengan Alt+F1.
 
 
 
=====/etc/rc.conf=====
 
 
 
* Ubah LOCALE anda jika diperlukan (Misalnya: "de_DE.utf8") (Lokal ini harus
 
sesuai pada /etc/locale.gen. '''Lihat di bawah ini'''.)
 
* Ubah zona waktu anda jika diperlukan pada TIMEZONE (e.g. "Asia/Jakarta")
 
* Ubah KEYMAP anda jika diperlukan (e.g. "de-latin1-nodeadkeys")
 
 
 
* Tambahkan bagian MODULES jika anda modul penting yang tidak otomatis
 
diaktifkan oleh hwdetect
 
* Ubah HOSTNAME anda
 
* Ubah pengaturan jaringan anda:
 
** Jangan ubah lo line
 
** Atur ''IP address'', ''netmask'' dan ''broadcast address'' jika anda menggunakan ''static IP''.
 
** Tetapkan eth0="dhcp" jika anda menggunakan metode DHCP dalam menentukan alamat IP anda.
 
** Jika anda memiliki ''static IP'', tetapkan ''gateway address'' sesuai dengan router anda dan hapuskan ! dari baris ROUTES.
 
 
 
=====Mengenai DAEMONS=====
 
 
 
Anda tak perlu mengubah baris [[daemons]] saat ini, tapi penting untuk
 
menjelaskan ini, karena kita membutuhkannya di bagian lain panduan ini. mirip
 
dengan service pada Windows, daemon adalah program yang berjalan background
 
untuk melayani program. Salah satu contoh adalah webserver yang menunggu request
 
untuk mengirimkan halaman atau server SSH yang menunggu orang untuk masuk.
 
Selain daemon yang berupa aplikasi yang terlihat nyata layanannya, ada berberapa
 
daemon yang bekerja tanpa terlihat. Contohnya ada daemon yang menulis pesan pada
 
file log (misalnya: syslog, metalog), ada daemon yang menurunkan frekuensi CPU
 
anda jika tak ada yang perlu dilakukan, dan daemon yang menyajikan anda login
 
grafis (misalnya: gdm, kdm). Semua program ini dapat ditambahkan ke baris
 
daemons dan akan dijalankan saat sistem mulai. Daemon-daemon penting akan
 
disajikan dalam panduan ini.
 
 
 
Gunakan Ctrl+X untuk keluar dari editor.
 
 
 
=====/etc/hosts=====
 
Tambahkan ''hostname'' yang Anda tambahkan pada rc.conf sebelumnya:
 
127.0.0.1  localhost.localdomain  localhost ''yourhostname''
 
Format ini, '''termasuk entri 'localhost' ''', diperlukan untuk kompatibilitas.
 
Biasanya menambahkan ''hostname'' di akhir baris ini terbilang cukup. Namun,
 
sebagian pengguna merekomendasikan:
 
127.0.0.1  ''yourhostname''.domain.org localhost.localdomain  localhost
 
''yourhostname''
 
Jika anda menggunakan IP statik, tambahkan baris lain menggunakan sintaks:
 
<ip-statik> hostname.domainname.org  hostname,
 
e.g.:
 
192.168.1.100 yourhostname.domain.org  yourhostname
 
 
 
===== /etc/fstab, mkinitcpio.conf and modprobe.conf=====
 
Kita tidak perlu mengubah mkinitcpio.conf, or modprobe.conf saat ini. mkinitcpio
 
mengatur ramdisk (misalnya: booting dari RAID, partisi terenkripsi), dan
 
modprobe dapat digunakan untuk mengatur berberapa konfigurasi khusus pada
 
modul-modul).
 
 
 
Jika anda berencana menggunakan HAL daemon untuk mengautomatisasi pengaitan
 
partisi-partisi, perangkat optik, perangkat USB, dll, Anda mungkin berkeinginan
 
untuk mengubah /etc/fstab dengan menghilangkan tanda pagar (#) pada entri untuk
 
cdrom, floppy, and dvd.
 
 
 
=====/etc/resolv.conf (for Static IP)=====
 
If you use a static IP, set your DNS servers in /etc/[[resolv.conf]]
 
(nameserver <ip-address>). You may have as many as you wish.
 
 
 
Jika anda menggunakan router, Anda mungkin ingin mengarahkan server DNS ke
 
router anda (dimana juga merupakan gateway anda di /etc/rc.conf), misalnya:
 
nameserver 192.168.1.1
 
Selanjutnya, tambahkan server-server yang anda inginkan satu-per-satu. Misalnya:
 
nameserver 4.2.2.1
 
nameserver 4.2.2.2
 
 
 
=====/etc/locale.gen=====
 
Pilih locale sesuai yang anda butuhkan (dengan menghapus # dari baris locale yang anda pilih)
 
contoh:
 
en_US ISO-8859-1
 
en_US.UTF-8
 
('''Locale yang anda pilih harus sama dengan yang anda tentukan pada file /etc/rc.conf''')
 
 
 
=====Root password=====
 
Tetapkan password bagi user root. Kemudian kembali ke menu utama dan lanjutkan dengan proses instalasi kernel.
 
 
 
===Instalasi Kernel===
 
Tidak banyak pilihan disini. Pilih saja v2.6 dan lanjutkan.
 
 
 
===Instalasi Bootloader===
 
 
 
Karena dalam contoh ini, tidak terdapat sistem operasi lainnya pada mesin ini, kita membutuhkan sebuah ''bootloader''.
 
[http://www.gnu.org/software/grub/ GNU GRUB] adalah ''bootloader'' yang direkomendasikan. Sebagai alternatif, anda dapat memilih LILO.
 
 
 
Konfigurasi default terhadap GRUB sudah mencukupi. Namun, salah satu hal yang mungkin ingin anda ubah adalah resolusi console. Jika anda hendak merubah resolusi console, tambahkan ''vga=<jumlah>'' pada baris pertama kernel. Contoh dari file /boot/grub/menu.lst:
 
 
 
title  Arch Linux (Main)
 
root  (hd0,0)
 
kernel /boot/vmlinuz26 root=/dev/sda1 ro vga=773
 
initrd /boot/kernel26.img
 
 
 
Dengan memilih "vga=773" berarti ukuran resolusi sebesar 1024x768 dan ''color depth'' sebesar 256.
 
 
 
Keluar dari proses instalasi dan reboot.
 
 
 
Jika semua berjalan lancar, sistem Arch Linux baru anda akan di boot. Selamat datang pada sistem baru anda.
 
 
 
==Konfigurasi lebih lanjut sistem dasar Arch Linux==
 
 
 
Dari titik ini, anda dapat mengatur lebih lanjut sistem dasar Arch Linux anda.
 
 
 
-----
 
Login sebagai root. Kita akan mengatur pacman dan memperbaharui sistem.
 
 
 
===Konfigurasi pacman===
 
Edit /etc/pacman.conf:
 
nano -w /etc/pacman.conf
 
dan hilangkan # dari baris "Include = /etc/pacman.d/community" dan
 
"[community]". Pada repositori ini terdapat banyak aplikasi yang bermanfaat.
 
 
 
Sekarang bukalah /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist:
 
  nano /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
 
dan pilihlah lokasi mirror terdekat dengan anda.
 
 
 
===Konfigurasi network jika dibutuhkan===
 
 
 
Jika semua berjalan lancar, maka sekarang seharusnya anda memiliki jaringan yang bekerja. Cobalah mem''ping'' www.google.com untuk memastikan ini.
 
ping -c 3 www.google.com
 
 
 
Jika jaringan anda sudah berjalan, lanjutkan ke proses "Update, Sync dan Upgrade dengan pacman".
 
 
 
Namun jika setelah melakukan ''ping'' di atas anda mendapatkan pesan "unknown host", dapat disimpulkan bahwa jaringan belum berjalan. Anda dapat melihat berkas berikut dan atur konfigurasinya:
 
 
 
'''/etc/rc.conf''' # terutama periksa bagian HOSTNAME= dan NETWORKING
 
 
 
'''/etc/hosts'''  # Lihat format penulisannya.
 
 
 
'''/etc/resolv.conf''' # Jika anda menggunakan static IP. Jika menggunakan DHCP, berkas ini akan dibuat dan dihapus secara otomatis,tapi hal ini dapat diubah sesuai dengan keinginan anda. (Lihat [[Network]].)
 
 
 
Petunjuk pengaturan lebih terperinci dapat dilihat pada artikel [[Network]].
 
 
 
====Wired LAN====
 
 
 
Periksa Ethernet anda menggunakan perintah:
 
ifconfig
 
Anda akan melihat baris untuk eth0. Jika diperlukan, anda dapat mengatur konfigurasi ''static IP'':
 
ifconfig eth0 <ip address> netmask <netmask> up
 
dan ''default gateway''
 
route add default gw <ip address gateway>
 
periksa apakah /etc/resolv.conf memuat DNS server anda. Tambahkan jika tidak ada.
 
 
 
Periksa kembali jaringan anda dengan:
 
ping -c 3 www.google.com
 
Jika semua berjalan lancar, atur kembali /etc/rc.conf sesuai dengan pada bagian 2.6 (static IP). Jika anda memiliki server/router DHCP, cobalah:
 
dhcpcd eth0
 
Jika perintah ini berjalan, aturlah /etc/rc.conf seperti yang dijelaskan pada bagian 2.6 (dynamic IP).
 
 
 
====Wireless LAN====
 
[[Wireless Setup]]
 
(TODO) Simplify and generalize it, link only for more-advanced stuff
 
 
 
====Analog Modem====
 
To be able to use a Hayes-compatible, external, analog modem, you need to at
 
least have the ppp package installed. Modify the file /etc/ppp/options to suit
 
your needs and according to man pppd. You will need to define a chat script to
 
supply your username and password to the ISP after the initial connection has
 
been established. The manpages for pppd and chat have examples in them that
 
should suffice to get a connection up and running if you're either experienced
 
or stubborn enough. With udev, your serial ports usually are /dev/tts/0 and
 
/dev/tts/1.
 
Tip: Read [[Dialup without a dialer HOWTO]].
 
 
 
Instead of fighting a glorious battle with the plain pppd, you may opt to
 
install wvdial or a similar tool to ease the setup process considerably. In case
 
you're using a so-called WinModem, which is basically a PCI plugin card working
 
as an internal analog modem, you should indulge in the vast information found on
 
the [http://www.linmodems.org/ LinModem] homepage.
 
 
 
====ISDN====
 
 
 
Setting up ISDN is done in three steps:
 
# Install and configure hardware
 
# Install and configure the ISDN utilities
 
# Add settings for your ISP
 
 
 
The current Arch stock kernels include the necessary ISDN modules, meaning that
 
you won't need to recompile your kernel unless you're about to use rather odd
 
ISDN hardware. After physically installing your ISDN card in your machine or
 
plugging in your USB ISDN-Box, you can try loading the modules with modprobe.
 
Nearly all passive ISDN PCI cards are handled by the hisax module, which needs
 
two parameters: type and protocol. You must set protocol to '1' if your country
 
uses the 1TR6 standard, '2' if it uses EuroISDN (EDSS1), '3' if you're hooked to
 
a so-called leased-line without D-channel, and '4' for US NI1.
 
 
 
Details on all those settings and how to set them is included in the kernel
 
documentation, more specifically in the isdn subdirectory, and available online.
 
The type parameter depends on your card; a list of all possible types can be
 
found in the README.HiSax kernel documentation. Choose your card and load the
 
module with the appropriate options like this:
 
 
 
modprobe hisax type=18 protocol=2
 
 
 
This will load the hisax module for my ELSA Quickstep 1000PCI, being used in
 
Germany with the EDSS1 protocol. You should find helpful debugging output in
 
your /var/log/everything.log file, in which you should see your card being
 
prepared for action. Please note that you will probably need to load some USB
 
modules before you can work with an external USB ISDN Adapter.
 
 
 
Once you have confirmed that your card works with certain settings, you can add
 
the module options to your /etc/modprobe.conf:
 
 
 
alias ippp0 hisax
 
options hisax type=18 protocol=2
 
 
 
Alternatively, you can add only the options line here, and add hisax to your
 
MODULES array in the rc.conf. It's your choice, really, but this example has the
 
advantage that the module will not be loaded until it's really needed.
 
 
 
That being done, you should have working, supported hardware. Now you need the
 
basic utilities to actually use it!
 
 
 
Install the isdn4k-utils package, and read the manpage to isdnctrl; it'll get
 
you started. Further down in the manpage you will find explanations on how to
 
create a configuration file that can be parsed by isdnctrl, as well as some
 
helpful setup examples. Please note that you have to add your SPID to your MSN
 
setting separated by a colon if you use US NI1.
 
 
 
After you have configured your ISDN card with the isdnctrl utility, you should
 
be able to dial into the machine you specified with the PHONE_OUT parameter, but
 
fail the username and password authentication. To make this work add your
 
username and password to /etc/ppp/pap-secrets or /etc/ppp/chap-secrets as if you
 
were configuring a normal analogous PPP link, depending on which protocol your
 
ISP uses for authentication. If in doubt, put your data into both files.
 
 
 
If you set up everything correctly, you should now be able to establish a
 
dial-up connection with
 
isdnctrl dial ippp0
 
as root. If you have any problems, remember to check the logfiles!
 
 
 
====DSL (PPPoE)====
 
 
 
These instructions are relevant to you only if your PC itself is supposed to
 
manage the connection to your ISP. You do not need to do anything but define a
 
correct default gateway if you are using a separate router of some sort to do
 
the grunt work.
 
 
 
Before you can use your DSL online connection, you will have to physically
 
install the network card that is supposed to be connected to the DSL-Modem into
 
your computer. After adding your newly installed network card to the
 
modules.conf/modprobe.conf or the MODULES array, you should install the rp-pppoe
 
package and run the pppoe-setup script to configure your connection. After you
 
have entered all the data, you can connect and disconnect your line with
 
 
 
/etc/rc.d/adsl start
 
 
 
and
 
 
 
/etc/rc.d/adsl stop
 
 
 
respectively. The setup usually is rather easy and straightforward, but feel
 
free to read the manpages for hints. If you want to automatically dial in on
 
boot-up, add adsl to your DAEMONS array.
 
 
 
==Update, Sync and Upgrade the system with [[pacman]]==
 
Sekarang kita akan memperbaharui sistem menggunakan [[pacman]]. Pacman adalah ''package manager'' bagi Arch Linux. Pacman adalah ''Package Manager'' yang cepat, simpel, dan tangguh. Dia mengelola seluruh sistem package sistem anda, dan memungkinkan adanya proses instalasi, ''downgrade'' (melalui cache),kompilasi package custom, pengaturan dependencies secara otomatis, dan banyak kemampuan lainnya.
 
 
 
''Update'', ''sync'', dan '''upgrade''' sistem anda dengan:
 
pacman -Syu
 
pacman akan mengunduh informasi terbaru yang tersedia terkait semua package dan melakukan proses ''upgrade'' jika ada. Anda kemungkinan akan mendapatkan permintaan untuk meng''upgrade'' pacman, ketikkan "y" dan jalankan pacman -Syu jika sudah selesai.
 
 
 
=====''Perhatikan pesan yang muncul ketika terjadi proses ''upgrading'' kernel!''=====
 
 
 
If the kernel is upgraded, modules such as nvidia will be rendered inoperable,
 
since the new, upgraded versions will be built against the newer kernel, and
 
your system is currently using an older one. A reboot will be necessary.
 
 
 
=====The beauty of the rolling release=====
 
Keep in mind that Arch is a '''rolling release''' distribution. This means there
 
is never a reason to reinstall or perform elaborate system rebuilds to upgrade
 
to the newest version. Simply issuing '''pacman -Syu''' periodically keeps your
 
entire system up-to-date and on the bleeding edge. At the end of this upgrade,
 
your system is completely current.
 
 
 
=====Get familiar with pacman=====
 
Pacman is the Arch user's best friend. It is highly recommended to study and
 
learn how to use the pacman tool. Try:
 
man pacman
 
Check out the bottom of this article, and look up the [[pacman]] wiki entries at
 
your leisure.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===Add a user and setup groups===
 
You should not do your everyday work using the root account. It is more than
 
poor practice; it is dangerous. Root is for administrative tasks. Instead, add a
 
normal user account using:
 
adduser
 
While most default options are safe to use, you may want to add at least audio
 
and wheel to your additional groups.
 
Audio allows your user to use the audio card, while wheel allows switching to
 
the root account with su. Other groups to be added, (separated by a comma)
 
include:
 
 
 
*disk - for managing disks, including USB flash drives and such
 
 
 
*storage - for managing storage devices
 
 
 
*video - for managing video tasks
 
 
 
*optical - for managing tasks pertaining to the optical drive(s)
 
 
 
*floppy - for access to a floppy if necessary
 
 
 
*lp - for managing printing tasks
 
 
 
You may also consider adding optical to your additional groups to enable CD/DVD
 
recording from your user account.
 
 
 
See the [http://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Groups Groups] article to
 
understand what groups you need to be a member of.
 
You may also add your user to the desired groups like so, (as root):
 
usermod -aG audio,video,floppy,lp,optical,network,storage,wheel USERNAME
 
 
 
==Installing and configuring Hardware==
 
===Configure the audio card===
 
Your audio card should already be working, but you can't hear anything because
 
it is muted by default. Install the alsa-utils
 
pacman -S alsa-utils
 
and use alsamixer to adjust the channels:
 
alsamixer
 
Unmute the Master and PCM channels by scrolling to them with cursor left/right
 
and pressing '''M'''. Increase the volume levels with the cursor-up key. (70-90
 
Should be a safe range.) Leave alsamixer by pressing ESC and store the settings
 
with
 
alsactl store
 
If you plan on using a desktop environment such as GNOME or KDE and would prefer
 
that alsa remember your settings when you change them, do not execute the above
 
command--your volume settings will be remembered automatically.
 
Add alsa to your DAEMONS section in /etc/rc.conf to automatically restore the
 
mixer on boot-up.
 
nano /etc/rc.conf
 
 
 
DAEMONS=(syslog-ng network crond '''alsa''')
 
 
 
===Configuring CPU frequency scaling===
 
Modern processors can decrease their frequency and voltage to reduce heat and
 
power consumption. Less heat leads to a quieter system; even a desktop system
 
will benefit from it. Install cpufrequtils with
 
pacman -S cpufrequtils
 
and add cpufreq to your daemons in /etc/rc.conf. Edit the config file
 
/etc/conf.d/cpufreq and change
 
governor="conservative"
 
which dynamically increases the CPU frequency if needed (which is a safe choice
 
on desktop systems too). Alter min_freq and max_freq to match your system's CPU
 
spec. If you don't know the frequencies, run ''cpufreq-info'' after loading one
 
of the frequency scaling modules.  Add the frequency scaling modules to your
 
/etc/rc.conf modules line. Most modern notebooks and desktops can simply use the
 
''acpi-cpufreq'' driver, however other options include the ''p4-clockmod,
 
powernow-k6, powernow-k7, powernow-k8, and speedstep-centrino'' drivers. Load
 
the module with
 
modprobe <modulname>
 
and start cpufreq with
 
/etc/rc.d/cpufreq start
 
For more details, see [[Cpufrequtils]]
 
 
 
===Additional tweaks for laptops===
 
ACPI support is needed if you want to use some special functions on your
 
notebook (e.g. sleep, sleep when lid is closed, special keys...). Install acpid
 
pacman -S acpid
 
and add it to the daemons in /etc/rc.conf (acpid). Start it with
 
/etc/rc.d/acpid start
 
 
 
More-specific information about Arch Linux on various Laptops can be found at
 
[[:Category:Laptops (English)]]
 
 
 
==Installing and configuring X==
 
The X Window System (commonly X11, or just simply X) is a networking and display
 
protocol which provides windowing on bitmap displays. It provides the standard
 
toolkit and protocol to build graphical user interfaces (GUIs) on Unix-like
 
operating systems.
 
 
 
X provides the basic framework, or primitives, for building GUI environments:
 
drawing and moving windows on the screen and interacting with a mouse and/or
 
keyboard. X does not mandate the user interface — individual client programs
 
handle this.
 
-----
 
Now we will install the base Xorg packages using pacman.
 
 
 
As root, do:
 
pacman -S xorg-server xorg-xkb-utils xorg-xauth xorg-server-utils xorg-xinit
 
xf86-video-vesa xf86-input-mouse xf86-input-keyboard
 
(The old xorg group package has been removed. If it reappears, the option to use
 
it will be given here.)
 
Now we have the base packages we need for running the X Server. You should add
 
the driver for your graphics card now (e.g. xf86-video-<name>). If you need a
 
list of all '''open-source''' video drivers, do:
 
pacman -Ss xf86-video | less
 
If you don't know what graphics card you are using, do:
 
lspci | grep VGA
 
Here is a list of '''open source''' drivers, and corresponding video chipsets.
 
*'''xf86-video-apm'''                  Alliance ProMotion video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-ark'''                    ark video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-ati'''                      ati video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-chips'''                  Chips and Technologies video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-cirrus'''                Cirrus Logic video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-dummy'''              dummy video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-fbdev'''                  framebuffer video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-glint'''                    GLINT/Permedia video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-i128'''                    Number 0 i128 video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-i740'''                    Intel i740 video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-i810'''                    Intel i810/i830/i9xx video drivers
 
*'''xf86-video-imstt'''                    Integrated Micro Solutions Twin Turbo
 
vidoe driver
 
*'''xf86-video-mga'''                      mga video driver  (Matrox Graphics
 
Adapter)
 
*'''xf86-video-neomagic'''            neomagic video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-nv'''                        nvidia nv video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-rendition'''            Rendition video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-s3'''                        S3 video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-s3virge'''                S3 Virge video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-savage'''                savage video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-siliconmotion'''      siliconmotion video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-sis'''                        SiS video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-sisusb'''                  SiS USB video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-tdfx'''                      tdfx video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-trident'''                Trident video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-tseng'''                  tseng video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-unichrome'''          Unichrome video drivers
 
*'''xf86-video-v4l'''                        v4l video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-vesa'''                    vesa video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-vga'''                      VGA 16 color video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-via'''                        via video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-vmware    '''              vmware video driver
 
*'''xf86-video-voodoo    '''              voodoo video driver
 
 
 
* Note that the '''vesa''' driver is the most generic, and should work with
 
almost any modern video chipset. If you cannot find a suitable driver for your
 
video chipset, vesa '''should''' work.
 
 
 
*If you have an nVIDIA or ATI video adapter, you may wish to install the
 
proprietary nVIDIA or ATI drivers. '''Installing proprietary video drivers is
 
covered below''' under "Using proprietary Graphics Driver (nVIDIA, ATI)"
 
 
 
Install the appropriate video driver for your video card/onboard video. e.g.:
 
pacman -S xf86-video-i810
 
(for the intel 810 chipset driver.)
 
 
 
==Create /etc/X11/xorg.conf==
 
=====What is /etc/X11/xorg.conf?=====
 
/etc/X11/xorg.conf is the '''main configuration file''' for your '''X''' Window
 
System, the foundation of your '''G'''raphical '''U'''ser '''I'''nterface. It is
 
a plain text file ordered into sections and subsections. Important sections are
 
''Files, InputDevice, Monitor, Modes, Screen, Device, and ServerLayout''.
 
Sections can appear in any order and there may be more than one section of each
 
kind, for example, if you have more than one monitor, say a video projector and
 
an on board LCD of a notebook.
 
------
 
By default, you will not have an Xorg config file, and with the newest versions
 
of Xorg, you don't need one ''if'' the autodetection ''works satisfactorily''
 
and you don't need to turn on features such as aiglx and so on. ''Most people
 
will still find that they need to generate a config file, however.''
 
 
 
There are several ways of creating /etc/X11/xorg.conf:
 
 
 
*The Xorg way to make a basic config file is to run
 
Xorg -configure
 
which will create /root/xorg.conf. Move the generated config file as
 
appropriate, e.g.
 
mv /root/xorg.conf.new /etc/X11/xorg.conf
 
 
 
*Another way of making an xorg.conf without getting your hands dirty is Arch
 
Linux's own developer tpowa's tool:
 
hwd -xa
 
hwd (to see the various options)
 
 
 
*The proprietary video drivers also have tools to edit xorg.conf to configure
 
the drivers (see below). These are
 
aticonfig
 
and
 
nvidia-xconfig
 
 
 
However, you should not be a stranger to editing the config file by hand (as
 
this is usually needed to fix various issues from time to time):
 
 
 
nano /etc/X11/xorg.conf
 
 
 
Edit your /etc/X11/xorg.conf to specify your video driver. e.g.:
 
Section "Device"
 
Driver  "i810"
 
 
 
=====Simple baseline X test=====
 
 
 
At this point, you should have xorg installed, with a suitable video driver and
 
an /etc/X11/xorg.conf configuration file. If you want to test your configuration
 
quickly, before installing a complete desktop environment, install '''xterm'''.
 
Xterm is a very simple terminal emulator which runs in the X Server environment.
 
Xterm will allow us to effectively test if your video driver and
 
/etc/X11/xorg.conf are properly configured. Alternatively, you may wish to test
 
if the X autodetection works satisfactorily, in the absence of
 
/etc/X11/xorg.conf.
 
pacman -S xterm
 
Edit your /home/username/.xinitrc file, '''as normal user''', to dictate which X
 
Server event is called upon with the 'startx' command:
 
 
 
su yourusername
 
 
 
nano ~/.xinitrc
 
 
 
and add (or uncomment)
 
 
exec xterm
 
 
 
So that it looks like this:
 
 
 
#!/bin/sh
 
#
 
# ~/.xinitrc
 
#
 
# Executed by startx (run your window manager from here)
 
#
 
exec xterm
 
# exec wmaker
 
# exec startkde
 
# exec icewm
 
# exec blackbox
 
# exec fluxbox
 
 
 
(Be sure to have only one uncommented line in your ~/.xinitrc ) If you do not
 
have ~/.xinitrc, simply create one with the above information.
 
 
 
Start X Server as normal user, with:
 
 
startx
 
You should have an xterm session open up. You can exit the X Server with
 
Ctrl+Alt+Backspace, or by typing "exit". If you have problems starting X, you
 
can look for errors in the /var/log/Xorg.0.log file and on the console output of
 
the console you started X from.
 
 
 
Now you might want to install a graphical login manager (to avoid having to type
 
startx everytime you start the computer) like [[GDM]] or [[KDM]], but this
 
''could'' wait, and advanced instructions for Xorg configuration can be found in
 
the [[Xorg]] article.
 
 
 
===Adjusting Keyboard Layout===
 
You may want to change your keyboard layout. To do this edit your
 
/etc/X11/xorg.conf and add these lines in the Input Section (keyboard0) (the
 
example shows a German keyboard layout with no dead keys; alter this to fit your
 
needs).
 
        Option          "XkbLayout"    "de"
 
        Option          "XkbVariant"    "nodeadkeys"
 
 
 
===Adjusting Mouse for scroll wheel===
 
While your mouse should be working out of the box, you may want to use your
 
scroll wheel. Add this to your Input Section (mouse0):
 
        Option      "ZAxisMapping" "4 5 6 7"
 
 
 
===evdev===
 
If you have a modern USB mouse with several thumb buttons and/or functions, you
 
will most likely want to install the evdev mouse driver, which will allow you to
 
exploit the full functionality of your mouse:
 
 
 
pacman -S xf86-input-evdev
 
Load the driver:
 
modprobe evdev
 
Find your mouse name:
 
cat /proc/bus/input/devices | egrep "Name"
 
Using the mouse name, configure your /etc/X11/xorg.conf InputDevice section
 
accordingly, e.g.:
 
Section "InputDevice"
 
  Identifier      "Evdev Mouse"
 
  Driver          "evdev"
 
  Option          "Name" "Logitech USB-PS/2 Optical Mouse"
 
  Option          "CorePointer"
 
EndSection
 
You must have only '''one''' "CorePointer" device specified in
 
/etc/X11/xorg.conf, so be sure to comment out any other mouse entries until you
 
feel safe removing the old, unused entries.
 
 
 
Also edit the ServerLayout section to include Evdev Mouse as the CorePointer,
 
e.g.:
 
Section "ServerLayout"
 
    Identifier    "Layout0"
 
    Screen      0  "Screen0"
 
    InputDevice    "Keyboard0" "CoreKeyboard"
 
    InputDevice    "Evdev Mouse" "CorePointer"
 
 
 
===Using proprietary Graphics Driver (nVIDIA, ATI)===
 
You may choose to use the proprietary video drivers from nVIDIA or ATI. 
 
====nVIDIA Graphic Cards====
 
The nVIDIA proprietary drivers are generally considered to be of excellent
 
quality, and offer superior 3D performance.
 
 
 
Before you configure your Graphics Card you will need to know which driver fits.
 
Arch currently has 3 different drivers that each match a certain subset of
 
Cards:
 
 
 
'''1. nvidia-71xx''' ''for very old Cards like TNT and TNT2''
 
 
 
'''2. nvidia-96xx''' ''slightly newer cards up to the GF 4''
 
 
 
'''3. nvidia'''      ''newest GPUs after the GF 4''
 
 
 
Consult the nVIDIA-Homepage to see which one is for you. The difference is only
 
for the installation; Configuration works the same with every driver.
 
 
 
Install the appropriate nvidia driver, e.g.:
 
pacman -S nvidia
 
At this point, you have 3 choices as to how to proceed.
 
 
 
*'''1.''' If you have no xorg.conf at all, or if you have an existing xorg.conf
 
and want to '''generate a completely new one''' with the nVIDIA utility, back up
 
the old one:
 
mv /etc/X11/xorg.conf /etc/X11/xorg.old
 
Then create the new /etc/X11/xorg.conf with
 
nvidia-xconfig
 
The nvidia-xconfig utility will usually create a very short, streamlined,
 
easy-to-read xorg.conf
 
 
 
It also has several options which will further specify the contents and options
 
of the xorg.conf file.
 
For example,
 
nvidia-xconfig --composite --add-argb-glx-visuals
 
 
 
For more detailed information, see nvidia-xconfig(1).
 
 
 
*'''2.''' '''Expert Option:''' If you have an existing xorg.conf and want to
 
keep it, edit your xorg manually as needed, and at the very least, adjust your
 
'''Device''' Section by changing Driver "<olddrivername>" to Driver "nvidia".
 
Section "Device"
 
   
 
Driver  "nvidia"
 
*'''3.''' Alternatively, you may choose to keep your existing
 
/etc/X11/xorg.conf, and run:
 
nvidia-xconfig
 
which will automatically '''update''' your /etc/X11/xorg.conf for use with the
 
nVIDIA proprietary driver.
 
 
 
Some useful tweaking options in the device section are (beware that these may
 
not work on your system):
 
        Option          "RenderAccel" "true"
 
        Option          "NoLogo" "true"
 
        Option          "AGPFastWrite" "true"
 
        Option          "EnablePageFlip" "true"
 
 
 
The nvidia-xconfig utility will automatically place the glx option in your xorg.
 
If you did not use nvidia-xconfig, then you should add this to your module
 
section:
 
 
 
Load "glx"
 
Double check your /etc/X11/xorg.conf to make sure your default depth, horizontal
 
refresh, vertical refresh, and resolutions are acceptable.
 
 
 
Logout and login.
 
 
 
Start X server as normal user, to test your configuration:
 
startx
 
 
 
Advanced instructions for nvidia configuration can be found in the [[NVIDIA]]
 
article.
 
 
 
====ATI Graphic Cards====
 
ATI owners have two options for drivers. If you are unsure which driver to use,
 
please try the open-source one first. The open-source driver will suit most
 
needs along with being generally less problematic.
 
 
 
Install the '''proprietary''' ATI Driver with
 
pacman -S fglrx
 
Use the aticonfig tool to modify the xorg.conf. Note: The proprietary driver
 
does not support [[AIGLX]]. To use [[Compiz]] or [[Beryl]] with this driver you
 
would need to use [[XGL]].
 
 
 
Install the '''open-source''' ATI Driver with
 
pacman -S xf86-video-ati
 
Currently, the performance of the open-source driver is not on par with that of
 
the proprietary one. It also lacks TV-out, dual-link DVI support, and possibly
 
other features. On the other hand, it supports Aiglx and has better dual-head
 
support.
 
 
 
Advanced instructions for ATI configuration can be found in the [[ATI | ATI
 
wiki]].
 
 
 
==Installing and configuring a Desktop Environment ==
 
If you ask two people what the best Desktop Environment or Window Manager is,
 
you will get six different answers.
 
* If you want something  full-featured and similar to Windows and Mac OSX,
 
'''KDE''' is a good choice
 
* If you want something more minimalist, which follows the K.I.S.S. principle
 
more closely, '''GNOME''' is a good choice
 
* If you have an older machine or want something lighter, '''xfce4''' is a good
 
choice, still giving you a complete environment
 
* If you need something even lighter, '''openbox, fluxbox or fvwm2''' may be
 
right (not to mention all other lightweight window managers like '''windowmaker
 
and twm''').
 
* If you need something completely different, try '''ion, wmii, or dwm'''.
 
 
 
===Install Fonts===
 
At this point, you may want to install some good-looking fonts, '''before'''
 
installing a desktop environment/window manager. Dejavu and bitstream-vera are
 
nice font sets. For websites, you may want to have the Microsoft fonts too.
 
Install with:
 
pacman -S ttf-ms-fonts ttf-dejavu ttf-bitstream-vera
 
 
 
===GNOME===
 
====About GNOME====
 
The '''G'''NU '''N'''etwork '''O'''bject '''M'''odel '''E'''nvironment. The
 
GNOME project provides two things: The GNOME desktop environment, an intuitive
 
and attractive desktop for end-users, and the GNOME development platform, an
 
extensive framework for building applications that integrate into the rest of
 
the desktop.
 
 
 
====Installation====
 
Install GNOME with
 
pacman -S gnome
 
If you want a more-than-complete GNOME distribution with a lot of extras, do:
 
pacman -S gnome-extra
 
It's safe to choose all packages shown.
 
=====Useful DAEMONS for GNOME=====
 
Recall from above that a daemon is a program that runs in the background,
 
waiting for events to occur and offering services. The '''hal''' daemon, among
 
other things, will automate the mounting of disks, optical drives, and USB
 
drives/thumbdrives for use in the GUI. The '''fam''' daemon will allow real-time
 
representation of file alterations in the GUI, allowing instant access to
 
recently installed programs, or changes in the file system. Both '''hal''' and
 
'''fam''' make life easier for the GNOME user.
 
 
 
You may want to install a graphical login manager. For GNOME, the '''gdm'''
 
daemon is a good choice. Install gdm with
 
pacman -S gdm
 
You will almost certainly want the '''hal''' and '''fam''' daemons.
 
 
 
Start hal and fam:
 
/etc/rc.d/hal start
 
 
 
/etc/rc.d/fam start
 
 
 
Add them to your /etc/rc.conf DAEMONS section, so they will start on bootup:
 
nano /etc/rc.conf
 
 
 
DAEMONS=(syslog-ng network crond alsa '''hal fam gdm''')
 
(If you prefer to log into the console and manually start X in the 'Slackware
 
tradition', leave out gdm.)
 
 
 
====~/.xinitrc====
 
 
 
This file controls what occurs when you type 'startx'.
 
 
 
Edit your /home/username/.xinitrc to utilize GNOME:
 
 
 
nano ~/.xinitrc
 
 
 
Uncomment the 'exec gnome-session' line so that it looks like this:
 
 
 
#!/bin/sh
 
#
 
# ~/.xinitrc
 
#
 
# Executed by startx (run your window manager from here)
 
#
 
#exec xterm
 
#exec wmaker
 
# exec startkde
 
exec gnome-session
 
# exec icewm
 
# exec blackbox
 
# exec fluxbox
 
 
 
If you do not have a ~/.xinitrc file, simply create it with the above
 
information. Remember, you must have only one uncommented line in your
 
~/.xinitrc.
 
 
 
Switch to normal user:
 
su username
 
 
 
And test it with:
 
startx
 
 
 
You may want to install a terminal and an editor. I would recommend
 
gnome-terminal (part of the group gnome-extra) and geany:
 
pacman -S geany gnome-terminal
 
 
 
Advanced instructions for installing and configuring GNOME can be found in the
 
[[Gnome]] article.
 
 
 
====Eye Candy====
 
You may find the default GNOME theme and icons not very attractive. A nice gtk
 
theme is murrine. Install it with
 
pacman -S gtk-engine-murrine
 
and select it with System->Preferences->Theme. You can find more themes, icons,
 
and wallpaper at [http://www.gnome-look.org Gnome Look].
 
 
 
===KDE===
 
====About KDE====
 
The '''K''' '''D'''esktop '''E'''nvironment. KDE is a powerful Free Software
 
graphical desktop environment for Linux and Unix workstations. It combines ease
 
of use, contemporary functionality, and outstanding graphical design with the
 
technological superiority of UNIX-like operating systems.
 
 
 
====Installation====
 
Arch offers several versions of kde: '''kde, kdebase, and KDEmod'''. Choose
 
'''one''' of the following, and continue below with '''"Useful KDE DAEMONS"''':
 
 
 
'''1.)''' Package '''kde''' is the complete, vanilla KDE, ~300MB.
 
pacman -S kde
 
'''2.)''' Package '''kdebase''' is a slimmed-down version with less
 
applications, ~80MB.
 
pacman -S kdebase
 
'''3.)''' Lastly, '''KDEmod''' is an Arch Linux exclusive, community-driven
 
system which is modified for extreme performance and modularity. The KDEmod
 
project website can be found at [http://kdemod.ath.cx/ http://kdemod.ath.cx/].
 
KDEmod is extremely fast, lightweight and responsive, with a pleasing,
 
customized theme.
 
 
 
To install KDEmod in 5 easy steps, just follow these installation
 
instructions...
 
Note: Before you start, please remember to read all of the install messages.
 
They are fairly comprehensive and should solve any upcoming questions after the
 
installation. If you cant scroll back to see all messages, just take a look into
 
/var/log/pacman.log
 
 
 
*1. Add the kdemod repo to your /etc/pacman.conf:
 
nano /etc/pacman.conf
 
Add one of these entries at the top of your server list:
 
        [kdemod]
 
        Server = http://kdemod.ath.cx/repo/current/i686
 
for 32 bit Arch, or
 
        [kdemod]
 
        Server = http://kdemod.ath.cx/repo/current/x86_64
 
for 64 bit Arch.
 
 
 
*2. You must also activate the [community] repository in /etc/pacman.conf
 
because KDEmod needs some packages from this repository. Make sure the following
 
lines are uncommented:
 
[community]
 
Include = /etc/pacman.d/community
 
 
 
 
 
*3. Update your package database with pacman -Syu. Now you can choose between
 
two installations:
 
 
 
        pacman -S kdemod  ''- installs a light base system''
 
        pacman -S kdemod-complete  ''- installs the full KDE desktop''
 
 
 
If you encounter any errors or conflicts at this step, check pacmans output, and
 
if there are some unsolvable problems, tell us about them at the forums.
 
*4. Install your localization. Take a look at the list of packages or simply do
 
a pacman -Ss kdemod-kde-i18n to see which of them are already included.
 
 
 
*5. Install all the extra apps you want. You can check out all available KDEmod
 
packages by entering pacman -Sl kdemod
 
 
 
====Useful KDE DAEMONS====
 
 
 
KDE will require the '''hal''' ('''H'''ardware '''A'''bstraction '''L'''ayer)
 
and '''fam''' ('''F'''ile '''A'''lteration '''M'''onitor) daemons. The '''kdm'''
 
daemon is the '''K''' '''D'''isplay '''M'''anager, which provides a '''graphical
 
login''', if desired.
 
 
 
Recall from above that a daemon is a program that runs in the background,
 
waiting for events to occur and offering services. The hal daemon, among other
 
things, will automate the mounting of disks, optical drives, and USB
 
drives/thumbdrives for use in the GUI. The fam daemon will allow real-time
 
representation of file alterations in the GUI, allowing instant access to
 
recently installed programs, or changes in the file system.. Both '''hal''' and
 
'''fam''' make life easier for the KDE user, and are installed when you install
 
KDE.
 
 
 
Start hal and fam:
 
 
 
/etc/rc.d/hal start
 
 
 
/etc/rc.d/fam start
 
 
 
Edit your DAEMONS section in /etc/rc.conf:
 
nano /etc/rc.conf
 
Add '''hal''' and '''fam''' to your DAEMONS section, to start them on bootup. If
 
you prefer a graphical login, add '''kdm''' as well:
 
DAEMONS=(syslog-ng network crond alsa '''hal fam kdm''')
 
(If you prefer to log into the '''console''' and manually start X in the
 
'Slackware tradition', leave out kdm.)
 
 
 
=====~/.xinitrc=====
 
This file controls what occurs when you type 'startx'.
 
 
 
Edit your /home/username/.xinitrc to utilize KDE:
 
nano ~/.xinitrc
 
Uncomment the 'exec startkde' line so that it looks like this:
 
#!/bin/sh
 
#
 
# ~/.xinitrc
 
#
 
# Executed by startx (run your window manager from here)
 
#
 
#exec xterm
 
#exec wmaker
 
exec startkde
 
# exec gnome-session
 
# exec icewm
 
# exec blackbox
 
# exec fluxbox
 
If you do not have a ~/.xinitrc file, simply create it with the above
 
information. Remember, you must have only '''one''' uncommented line in your
 
~/.xinitrc.
 
 
 
Switch to your normal user:
 
su username
 
Now try starting your X Server:
 
startx
 
 
 
Congratulations! Welcome to your KDE desktop environment on your new Arch Linux
 
system! You may wish to continue by viewing [[Post Installation Tips]], or the
 
rest of the information below.
 
Advanced instructions for installing and configuring KDE can be found in the
 
[[KDE]] article.
 
 
 
===Xfce===
 
====About Xfce====
 
Xfce is a Desktop Environment, like GNOME or KDE. It contains a suite of apps
 
like a root window app, window manager, file manager, panel, etc. Xfce is
 
written using the GTK2 toolkit and contains its own development environment
 
(libraries, daemons, etc) similar to other big DEs. Unlike GNOME or KDE, Xfce is
 
lightweight and designed more around CDE than Windows or Mac. It has a much
 
slower development cycle, but is very stable and extremely fast. Xfce is great
 
for older hardware.
 
 
 
====Installation====
 
Install xfce with
 
pacman -S xfce4 xfce4-goodies
 
 
 
If you use kdm or gdm a new xfce session should have appeared. Alternatively,
 
you can use
 
startxfce4
 
 
Advanced instructions for installing and configuring Xfce can be found in the
 
[[Xfce]] article.
 
 
 
===*box===
 
====Fluxbox====
 
Fluxbox © is yet another windowmanager for X.
 
It's based on the Blackbox 0.61.1 code. Fluxbox looks like blackbox and handles
 
styles, colors, window placement and similar things exactly like blackbox (100%
 
theme/style compability).
 
 
 
Install Fluxbox using
 
pacman -S fluxbox fluxconf
 
 
 
If you use gdm/kdm a new fluxbox session will be automatically added. Otherwise,
 
you should modify your user's .xinitrc and add this to it:
 
exec startfluxbox
 
 
 
More information is available in the [[Fluxbox]] article.
 
 
 
====Openbox====
 
Openbox is a standards compliant, fast, light-weight, extensible window manager.
 
 
 
Openbox works with your applications, and makes your desktop easier to manage.
 
This is because the approach to its development was the opposite of what seems
 
to be the general case for window managers. Openbox was written first to comply
 
with standards and to work properly. Only when that was in place did the team
 
turn to the visual interface.
 
 
 
Openbox is fully functional as a stand-alone working environment, or can be used
 
as a drop-in replacement for the default window manager in the GNOME or KDE
 
desktop environments.
 
 
 
Install openbox using
 
pacman -S openbox obconf obmenu
 
 
 
Once openbox is installed you will get a message to move menu.xml & rc.xml to
 
~/.config/openbox/ in your home directory:
 
 
 
mkdir -p ~/.config/openbox/
 
cp /etc/xdg/openbox/rc.xml ~/.config/openbox/
 
cp /etc/xdg/openbox/menu.xml ~/.config/openbox/
 
 
 
In the file "rc.xml" you can change various settings for Openbox (or you can use
 
OBconf). In "menu.xml" you can change your right-click menu.
 
 
 
To be able to log into openbox you can either go via graphical login using
 
KDM/GDM or startx, in which case you will need to edit your ~/.xinitrc (as user)
 
and add the following:
 
 
 
exec openbox
 
 
 
For KDM there is nothing left to do; openbox is listed in the sessions menu in
 
KDM.
 
 
 
Useful programs for openbox are:
 
* PyPanel or LXpanel if you want a panel
 
* feh if you want to set the background
 
* ROX if you want a simple file manager and desktop icons
 
 
 
More information is available in the [[Openbox]] article.
 
 
 
===fvwm2===
 
FVWM is an extremely powerful ICCCM-compliant multiple virtual desktop window
 
manager for the X Window system. Development is active, and support is
 
excellent.
 
 
 
Install fvwm2 with
 
pacman -S fvwm
 
 
 
fvwm will automatically be listed in kdm/gdm in the sessions menu. Otherwise,
 
add
 
exec fvwm
 
 
 
to your user's .xinitrc.
 
 
 
Note that this stable version of fvwm is a few years old. If you want a more
 
recent version of fvwm, there is a fvwm-devel package in the unstable repo.
 
 
 
==HAL==
 
Since you have now installed a desktop environment now would be a good time to
 
also install HAL. HAL allows plug-and-play for your mobile phone, your iPod,
 
your external HD's, etc. It will mount the device and make a nice visual icon on
 
your desktop and/or in 'My Computer', allowing you to access the device after
 
you have plugged it in instead of having to manually configure the /etc/fstab
 
file or udev rules for each and every new device.
 
 
 
KDE, GNOME and XFCE uses HAL.
 
 
 
Refer to this article to install: [http://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/HAL HAL]
 
wikipedia: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HAL_(software) 1]
 
 
 
==Useful Applications==
 
This section will never be complete. It just shows some good applications for
 
the everyday user.
 
===Internet===
 
 
 
=====Firefox=====
 
The ever-popular Firefox web browser is available through pacman. Install with:
 
 
 
pacman -S firefox
 
Be sure and install 'flashplugin', 'mplayer', 'mplayer-plugin', and the 'codecs'
 
packages for a complete web experience:
 
pacman -S flashplugin mplayer mplayer-plugin codecs
 
(The codecs package contains codecs for Quicktime and Realplayer content.)
 
 
 
Thunderbird is useful for managing your emails. If you are using GNOME you may
 
want to take a look at Epiphany and Evolution; if you are using KDE Konqueror
 
and KMail could be your choice. If you want something completely different you
 
can still use Opera.  Finally, if you are working on the system console - or in
 
a terminal session - you could use various text-based browsers like ELinks,
 
Links and Lynx, and manage your emails with [[Mutt]]. Pidgin (previously known
 
as Gaim) and Kopete are good instant messengers for GNOME and KDE, respectively.
 
PSI and Gajim are perfect if you are using only Jabber or Google Talk.
 
 
 
===Office===
 
OpenOffice is a complete office suite (similar to Microsoft Office). Abiword is
 
a good, small alternative word processor, and Gnumeric an Excel replacement for
 
the GNOME desktop. KOffice is a complete office suite for the KDE Desktop. GIMP
 
(or GIMPShop) is a pixel-based graphics program (similar to Adobe Photoshop),
 
while Inkscape is a vector-based graphics program (like Adobe Illustrator). And,
 
of course, Arch comes with a full set of LaTeX Programs.
 
 
 
==Multimedia ==
 
 
 
 
 
===Video Player===
 
====VLC====
 
VLC Player is a multimedia player for Linux.  To install it, simply type the
 
code below.
 
 
 
pacman -S vlc
 
 
 
(TODO) Instructions for VLC mozilla plug-in
 
 
 
====Mplayer====
 
MPlayer is a multimedia player for Linux.  To install it, simply type the code
 
below.
 
 
 
pacman -S mplayer
 
 
 
It also has a Mozilla plug-in for videos and streams embedded in web pages.  To
 
install it, simply type the code below.
 
 
 
pacman -S mplayer-plugin
 
 
 
If you use KDE, KMplayer is a better choice.  It comes with a plug-in for videos
 
and streams embedded in web pages, which works with Konqueror.  To install it,
 
simply type the code below.
 
 
 
pacman -S kmplayer
 
 
 
(TODO) GMPlayer instructions
 
 
 
====GNOME====
 
=====Totem=====
 
[http://www.gnome.org/projects/totem/ Totem] is the official movie player of the
 
GNOME desktop environment based on xine-lib or GStreamer (gstreamer is the
 
default which installs with the arch totem package). It features a playlist, a
 
full-screen mode, seek and volume controls, as well as keyboard navigation.
 
It comes with added functionality such as:
 
 
 
* Video thumbnailer for the file manager
 
* Nautilus properties tab
 
* Epiphany / Mozilla (Firefox) plugin to view movies inside your browser
 
* Webcam utility (in development)
 
 
 
Totem-xine is still the better choice if you want to watch DVDs.
 
 
 
Totem is part of the gnome-extra group; the Totem webbrowser plugin isn't.
 
 
 
To install separately:
 
pacman -S totem
 
 
 
To install the Totem webbrowser plugin:
 
pacman -S totem-plugin
 
 
 
====KDE====
 
=====Kaffeine=====
 
Kaffeine is a good option for KDE users.  To install it, simply type the code
 
below.
 
 
 
pacman -S kaffeine
 
 
 
===Audio Player===
 
====Gnome/Xfce====
 
=====Exaile=====
 
[[Exaile]] is a music player written in Python that makes use of the GTK+
 
toolkit.
 
=====Rhythmbox=====
 
[http://www.gnome.org/projects/rhythmbox/ Rhythmbox] is an integrated music
 
management application, originally inspired by Apple's iTunes. It is free
 
software, designed to work well under the GNOME Desktop, and based on the
 
powerful GStreamer media framework.
 
 
 
Rhythmbox has a number of features, including:
 
 
 
* Easy-to-use music browser
 
* Searching and sorting
 
* Comprehensive audio format support through GStreamer
 
* Internet radio support
 
* Playlists
 
 
 
To install rhythmbox:
 
pacman -S rhythmbox
 
 
 
Other good audio players are: Banshee, Quodlibet, and Listen. See
 
[http://gnomefiles.org/ Gnomefiles] to compare them.
 
 
 
====KDE====
 
=====Amarok=====
 
[http://amarok.kde.org/ Amarok] is one of the best audio players and music
 
library systems available for KDE. To install it, simply type the code below.
 
 
 
pacman -S amarok-base
 
 
 
====Console====
 
Moc is a ncurses-based audio player for the console; another good choice is mpd.
 
 
 
Another excellent choice is cmus[http://freshmeat.net/projects/cmus/].
 
 
 
====Other X-based====
 
(TODO) Xmms, audacious, bmpx.
 
 
 
===Codecs and other multimedia content types===
 
====DVD====
 
You can use totem-xine, mplayer or kaffeine (just to name three of the big ones)
 
to watch DVDs. The only thing you may miss is libdvdcss. Beware that using it
 
may be illegal in some countries.
 
 
 
====Flash====
 
Install the flash plugin using
 
pacman -S flashplugin
 
to enable Macromedia (now Adobe) Flash in your browser.
 
 
 
====Quicktime====
 
Quicktime codecs are contained in the codecs package. Just type
 
pacman -S codecs
 
to install them.
 
====Realplayer====
 
The codec for Realplayer 9 is contained in the codecs package. Just type
 
pacman -S codecs
 
to install them. Realplayer 10 is available as a binary package for Linux. You
 
can get it from AUR
 
[http://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?do_Details=1&ID=1590&O=0&L=0&C=0&K=
 
realplay&SB=&SO=&PP=25&do_MyPackages=0&do_Orphans=0&SeB=nd here].
 
 
 
===CD and DVD Burning===
 
====GNOME====
 
=====Brasero=====
 
[http://www.gnome.org/projects/brasero/ Brasero] is an application that burns
 
CDs/DVDs for the GNOME Desktop. It is designed to be as simple as possible and
 
has some unique features to enable users to create their discs easily and
 
quickly.
 
 
 
To install:
 
pacman -S brasero
 
 
 
====KDE====
 
=====K3b=====
 
K3b - '''B'''urn, '''B'''aby, '''B'''urn in '''K'''DE
 
-----
 
[http://k3b.plainblack.com/ K3B] - CD/DVD burning application for Linux -
 
optimized for KDE - licensed under the GPL.
 
To install:
 
pacman -S k3b
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Todo) cdrecord, graveman...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Most CD burners are wrappers for cdrecord:
 
 
 
pacman -S cdrkit
 
 
 
If you install packages for CD/DVD burning applications like Brasero or K3B it
 
also installs the CD/DVD burning library for it, like libburn or cdrkit.
 
 
 
A good command-line DVD-burning tool is growisofs:
 
 
 
pacman -S dvd+rw-tools
 
 
 
===TV-Cards===
 
There are several things to do if you want to watch TV under (Arch) Linux. The
 
most important task is to find out which chip your tuner is using. However,
 
quite a bunch is supported. Be sure to check at a Hardware Database to be sure
 
(e.g. [http://en.opensuse.org/HCL/TV_Cards]). Once you know your Model, there
 
are just a few steps ahead to get you going.
 
 
 
In most cases, you will need to use the bttv-drivers (other drivers exist, see
 
[http://linux.bytesex.org/v4l2/drivers.html]) together with the I2C-modules.
 
Configuring those is the hardest task. If you are lucky, a
 
modprobe bttv
 
will autodetect the card (check dmesg for results). In that case, you need only
 
to install an application to watch TV. We will look at that later, though.
 
If the autodetection did not work, you will need to check the file CARDLIST,
 
which is included in the tarball of
 
bttv[http://dl.bytesex.org/releases/video4linux/] to find out the right
 
parameters for your card. A PV951 without radio support would need this line:
 
modprobe bttv card=42 radio=0
 
Some cards need the following line to produce sound:
 
modprobe tvaudio
 
However, that varies. So just try it out. Some other cards demand the following
 
line:
 
modprobe tuner
 
This is object to trial-and-error, too.
 
 
 
TODO: clarify the installation-procedure
 
 
 
To actually watch TV, install the xawtv-package with
 
pacman -S xawtv
 
and read its manpage.
 
 
 
TODO: clarify some possible problems and procedures. Introduction to XAWTV on
 
another page?
 
 
 
===Digital Cameras===
 
Most newer digital cameras are supported as USB mass storage devices, which
 
means that you can simply plug it in and copy the images. Older cameras may use
 
the PTP (Picture Transfer Protocol) which requires a "special driver". gPhoto2
 
provides this driver and allows a shell-based transfer of the images; digikam
 
(for KDE) and gthumb (for GNOME, gtkam would be another choice) use this driver
 
and offer a nice GUI.
 
 
 
===USB Memory Sticks / Hard Disks===
 
USB Memory Sticks and hard disks are supported out of the box with the USB mass
 
storage device driver and will appear as a new SCSI device (/dev/sdX). If you
 
are using KDE or GNOME you should use dbus and hal (add them to your daemons in
 
/etc/rc.conf), and they will be automatically mounted. If you use a different
 
Desktop Environment you may have a look at ivman.
 
 
 
==Maintaining the system==
 
===Pacman===
 
[[Pacman]] is both a binary and source package manager which is able to
 
download, install, and upgrade packages from both remote and local repositories
 
with full dependency handling, and has easy-to-understand tools for crafting
 
your own packages too.
 
 
 
A more-detailed description of Pacman can be found in [[Pacman|its article]].
 
 
 
==== Useful commands ====
 
 
 
To synchronize and update the local packages database with the remote
 
repositories (it is a good idea to do this before installing and upgrading
 
packages):
 
pacman -Sy
 
 
 
To '''upgrade''' all packages on the system:
 
pacman -Su
 
 
 
To sync, update, and '''upgrade''' all the packages on the system with one
 
command:
 
pacman -Syu
 
 
 
To install or upgrade a single package or list of packages (including
 
dependencies):
 
pacman -S packageA packageB
 
 
 
You can also sync, update the package database, and install packages in one
 
command:
 
pacman -Sy packageA packageB
 
 
 
To remove a single package, leaving all of its dependencies installed:
 
pacman -R package
 
 
 
To remove a package and all of the package's dependencies which aren't used by
 
any other installed package:
 
pacman -Rs package
 
 
 
To remove all of the package's dependencies now unneeded and do not make any
 
backup of settings:
 
pacman -Rsn package
 
 
 
To search the remote (repo) package database for a list of packages matching a
 
given keyword:
 
pacman -Ss keyword
 
 
 
To list all packages on your system
 
pacman -Q
 
 
 
To search (query) the local (your machine) package database for a given package:
 
pacman -Q package
 
 
 
To search (query) the local (your machine) package database for a given package
 
and list all pertinent information:
 
pacman -Qi package
 
 
 
To defragment pacman's cache database and optimize for speed:
 
pacman-optimize
 
 
 
To count how many packages are currently on your system:
 
pacman -Q | wc -l
 
 
 
To install a package compiled from source using ABS and makepkg:
 
pacman -U packagename.pkg.tar.gz
 
 
 
Note: There are countless additional pacman functions and commands. Try man
 
pacman and consult the [[pacman]] wiki entries.
 
 
 
==Polishing & Further information==
 
If after you have read this you want to do a bit of polishing, head to [[Post
 
Installation Tips]]. For further information and support you can go to the
 
[http://www.archlinux.org homepage], search the wiki, the
 
[http://bbs.archlinux.org forums], the
 
[http://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/ArchChannel IRC channel], and the
 
[http://www.archlinux.org/mailman/listinfo/ mailing lists].
 

Latest revision as of 18:15, 12 July 2016