Beginners' Guide/Preparation (한국어)

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Tip: This is part of a multi-page article for The Beginners' Guide. Click here if you would rather read the guide in its entirety.

준비하기

Note: 만약 여러분이 현존하는 GNU/리눅스 배포판 또는 라이브CD에서 그것으로부터 다른 파티션에 설치하길 원한다면, 그것을 위한 단계로 다음 wiki 문서를 봐주세요. 만약 여러분이 원격으로 VNCSSH를 통해 아치리눅스를 설치할 계획이라면, 이것은 특별히 유용할 것입니다. 다음의 내용은 전통적인 방식으로 설치할 것을 가정해서 쓰여졌습니다.

최신 설치 매체 얻기

여러분은 여기에서 아치리눅스의 공식 설치매체를 얻을 수 있습니다. 가장 최근 버전은 2011.08.19이고, 이 안내서는 현재의 공개본을 따릅니다.

  • Both the Core and the Netinstall images provide only the necessary packages to create an Arch Linux base system. Note that the Base System does not include a GUI. It is mainly comprised of the GNU toolchain (compiler, assembler, linker, libraries, shell, and utilities), the Linux kernel, pacman (Arch's Package Manager), and a few extra libraries and modules.
  • Core 이미지의 경우에는 CD 설치와 네트워크 설치 모두 가능 합니다.
  • Netinstall 이미지는 더 작고, 패키지 없이 그것 자체만 제공합니다; 전체 시스템은 인터넷을 통해 가져올 수 있습니다.
  • The Arch64 FAQ는 여러분이 32비트와 64비트 버전 사이에서 선택하도록 도와줄 수 있습니다. Dual Architecture 이미지는 두 방식에서 모두 설치가 가능한 이미지입니다. 그래서 여러분은 하나의 CD를 32비트와 64비트 컴퓨터에 아치리눅스를 설치하는데 사용할 수 있습니다.
  • 여러분이 선택한 ISO와 함께 checksum txt 파일도 다운로드해야 한다는 것을 기억하십시오.

사전 공개된 이미지 역시 가능하고 여기에서 다운로드 할 수 있습니다. 이것들은 공식판이 아니기 때문에 공식적으로 지원받을 수 없습니다. 이것들은 만약 여러분 시스템의 현재 하드웨어에서 공식적인 설치 이미지가 작동하지 않거나, 여러분이 새로운 이미지가 절적한 드라이버를 가지고 있다고 생각할 때에만 사용되어야 합니다.

다운로드 받은 파일의 완결성 점검하기

다운로드 받은 파일이 위치한 디렉토리로 cd명령어로 들어가서, sha1sum를 사용합니다:

$ sha1sum --check name_of_checksum_file.txt

이 명령은 여러분이 가진 파일에 대해 "OK"를 보여주어야 합니다. (간단하게 다른 설명은 무시하십시오.) 그렇지 않다면, 모든 파일을 다시 다운받아야 합니다.

md5sum 점검도 같은 방식으로 작동합니다.

CD installer

Burn the .iso image file to a CD or DVD media with your preferred CD/DVD burner drive and software, and continue with Boot Arch Linux installer.

Note: The quality of optical drives, as well as the CD media itself, vary greatly. Generally, using a slow burn speed is recommended for reliable burns; Some users recommend speeds as low as 4x or 2x. If you are experiencing unexpected behavior from the CD, try burning at the minimum speed supported by your system.

Flash memory device or USB stick

See Install from a USB flash drive for more detailed instructions.

This method will work for any type of flash media from which your BIOS will let you boot, be it a card reader or USB port.

Note that all data on the removable medium will be irrevocably destroyed!

*nix method
Warning: Be very careful where you send the image ISO, as dd will obediently write to any target you point to, even if that is your hard disk (which could lead to potential data loss and/or filesystem corruption).

Insert an empty or expendable flash device, determine its path, and write the .iso to the device with the dd program:

# dd if=archlinux-2011.08.19-''{core|netinstall}''-''{i686|x86_64|dual}''.iso of=/dev/sd''x''

where if= is the path to the .iso file and of= is your flash device. Make sure to use /dev/sdx and not /dev/sdx1. You will need a flash memory device large enough to accommodate the image.

To verify that the image was successfully written to the flash device, make a note of the number of records (blocks) read in and written out, then perform the following check:

# dd if=/dev/sd''x'' count=''number_of_records'' status=noxfer | md5sum

The md5sum returned should match the md5sum of the downloaded archlinux image file (2011.08.19); they both should match the md5sum of the image as listed in the md5sums file in the mirror distribution site. A typical run will look like this:

Write .iso to drive

# dd if=archlinux-2011.08.19-core-i686.iso of=/dev/sdc
 744973+0 records in
 744973+0 records out
 381426176 bytes (381 MB) copied, 106.611 s, 3.6 MB/s

Verify integrity:

# dd if=/dev/sdc count=744973 status=noxfer | md5sum
 4850d533ddd343b80507543536258229  -
 744973+0 records in
 744973+0 records out

Continue with Boot Arch Linux installer

Microsoft Windows method

Download Disk Imager from here. Insert flash media. Start the Disk Imager and select the image file (Disk Imager accepts only *.img files, so you will have to put "*.iso" in file open dialog to select Arch snapshot). Select the drive letter associated with the flash drive. Click "Write".

There are also other solutions to writing bootable ISO images to USB sticks. If you have problems with USB sticks disconnecting, try using different USB port and/or cable.

Continue with Boot Arch Linux installer.

Install over the network

Instead of writing the boot media to a disc or USB drive, you may alternatively boot the .iso image over the network. This works well when you already have a server set up. Please see this article for more information, and then continue to Boot Arch Linux installer.

Install on a virtual machine

Installing on a virtual machine is a good way to become familiar with Arch Linux and its installation procedure without leaving your current operating system and repartitioning the hard drive. It will also let you keep this Beginners' Guide open in your browser throughout the installation. Some users may find it advantageous to have an independent Arch Linux system on a virtual drive for testing purposes.

Examples of virtualization software are VirtualBox, VMware, QEMU, Xen, Varch, Parallels.

The exact procedure for preparing a virtual machine depends on the software, but will generally follow these steps:

  1. Create the virtual disk image that will host the operating system.
  2. Properly configure the virtual machine parameters.
  3. Boot the downloaded .iso image with a virtual CD drive.
  4. Continue with Boot Arch Linux installer.

The following articles may be helpful:

Boot Arch Linux installer

Tip: The memory requirement for a basic install is 64MB of RAM.
Tip: During the process, the automatic screen blanker may come on. If so, one can press the Alt key to safely obtain the normal display.

Boot from the media

Insert the CD or flash media you prepared and boot from it. You may have to change the boot order in your computer's BIOS. To do this, you have to press a key (usually Template:Keypress, Template:Keypress, Template:Keypress, Template:Keypress or Template:Keypress) during the POST (Power On Self-Test) phase.

Main Menu: The main menu should be displayed at this point. Select the preferred choice by using the arrow keys to highlight your choice, and then by pressing Template:Keypress. Menus vary slightly among the different ISO images.

OS system start

Select "Boot Arch Linux" from the Main Menu and press Template:Keypress in order to begin with the installation. The system will now load and present a shell prompt. You will be automatically logged in as root.

Note: Users seeking to perform the Arch Linux installation remotely via an SSH connection are encouraged to make a few tweaks at this point to enable SSH connections directly to the live CD environment. If interested, see the Install from SSH article.
Troubleshooting boot problems

If using an Intel video chipset and the screen goes blank during the boot process, the problem is likely an issue with kernel mode setting. A possible workaround may be achieved by rebooting and pressing Template:Keypress at the GRUB menu to enter kernel options. At the end of the kernel line, append the following:

i915.modeset=0

Alternatively, append:

video=SVIDEO-1:d

which (if it works) will not disable kernel mode setting.

See the Intel article for more information.

If the screen does not go blank and the boot process gets stuck while trying to load kernel, press Template:Keypress to edit the kernel line and append the following:

acpi=off

When done making any changes to any menu command, simply press Template:Keypress to boot with the changes made.

Changing the keymap

If you have a non-US keyboard layout you can interactively choose your keymap/console font with the command:

# km

or use the loadkeys command:

# loadkeys layout

where layout is your keyboard layout such as fr or be-latin1

Documentation

The official install guide (which is a separate document from this unofficial beginner guide) is conveniently available right on the live system. To access it, change to tty2 (virtual console #2) with Template:Keypress and log in as root. Here you can use the less pager to page through the document:

# less /usr/share/aif/docs/official_installation_guide_en

Change back to tty1 with Template:Keypress to follow the rest of the install process. Now you can change back to tty2 at any time if you need to reference the Official Guide as you progress through the installation process.

Tip: Please note that the official guide only covers installation and configuration of the base system. Once that is installed, it is strongly recommended that you reference the wiki to find out more about post-installation considerations and other related issues.
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