Beginners' Guide/Preparation (Hrvatski)

From ArchWiki
< Beginners' Guide
Revision as of 23:34, 30 September 2011 by Homagetocatalonia (Talk | contribs) (Link to Croatian pages.)

Jump to: navigation, search

This template has only maintenance purposes. For linking to local translations please use interlanguage links, see Help:i18n#Interlanguage links.

Local languages: Català – Dansk – English – Español – Esperanto – Hrvatski – Indonesia – Italiano – Lietuviškai – Magyar – Nederlands – Norsk Bokmål – Polski – Português – Slovenský – Česky – Ελληνικά – Български – Русский – Српски – Українська – עברית – العربية – ไทย – 日本語 – 正體中文 – 简体中文 – 한국어

External languages (all articles in these languages should be moved to the external wiki): Deutsch – Français – Română – Suomi – Svenska – Tiếng Việt – Türkçe – فارسی

Tip: Ovo je dio višestraničnog članka vodiča za početnike. Klikni ovdje ukoliko želiš pročitati vodič u cijelosti.


Note: Ako želiš instalirati na drugu particiju unutar postojeće distribucije GNU/Linuxa ili interaktivnog CD-okruženja, pogledaj ovaj wiki članak. To može biti korisno pogotovo ako želiš instalirati Arch putem VNC-a ili SSH-a s udaljenog računala. Idući tekst pretpostavlja konvencionalan način instalacije.

Dohvati najnoviji instalacijski medij

Može dohvatiti službeni instalacijski medij Arch Linuxa ovdje.

  • I jezgrena (lokalna, Core) i mrežna (Netinstall) CD-slika pruža samo pakete potrebne za stvaranje osnovnog sustava Arch Linux. Primijeti da osnovni sustav ne sadrži grafičko sučelje, već se sastoji samo od niza GNU-alata (kompilator, asembler, linker, biblioteke, ljuska i korisnički programi), Linux-kernela, pacmana (Archevog upravitelja paketima) i nekoliko dodatnih biblioteka i modula.
  • Jezgrene slike se mogu koristiti i za lokalnu i mrežnu instalaciju.
  • Mrežne slike su manje i ne sadrže ikakve pakete; cijeli se sustav dohvaća putem Interneta.
  • Često postavljena pitanja o Arch64 ti mogu pomoći da se odlučiš između 32 i 64-bitnih verzija. CD s dualnom arhitekturom sadrži pakete za obje arhitekture tako da ga možeš koristiti za instalaciju Archa i na 32 i na 64-bitnim računalima.

Instaliraj putem mreže

Instead of writing the boot media to a disc or USB drive, you may alternatively boot the .iso image over the network. This works well when you already have a server set up. Please see this article for more information, and then continue to Boot Arch Linux Installer.

CD installer

Burn the .iso image file to a CD or DVD media with your preferred CD/DVD burner drive and software, and continue with Boot Arch Linux Installer.

Note: The quality of optical drives, as well as the CD media itself, vary greatly. Generally, using a slow burn speed is recommended for reliable burns; Some users recommend speeds as low as 4x or 2x. If you are experiencing unexpected behavior from the CD, try burning at the minimum speed supported by your system.

Flash memory device or USB stick

See Install from a USB flash drive for more detailed instructions.

This method will work for any type of flash media from which your BIOS will let you boot, be it a card reader or USB port.

Note that all data on the removable medium will be irrevocably destroyed!

*nix method
Warning: Be very careful where you send the image ISO, as Template:Codeline will obediently write to any target you point to, even if that is your hard disk (which could lead to potential data loss and/or filesystem corruption).

Insert an empty or expendable flash device, determine its path, and write the .iso to the device with the Template:Filename program:


where Template:Codeline is the path to the .iso file and Template:Codeline is your flash device. Make sure to use Template:Filename and not Template:Filename. You will need a flash memory device large enough to accommodate the image.

To verify that the image was successfully written to the flash device, make a note of the number of records (blocks) read in and written out, then perform the following check:


The md5sum returned should match the md5sum of the downloaded archlinux image file (2011.08.19); they both should match the md5sum of the image as listed in the md5sums file in the mirror distribution site. A typical run will look like this:

Write .iso to drive Template:Command

Verify integrity: Template:Command

Continue with Boot Arch Linux Installer

Microsoft Windows method

Download Disk Imager from here. Insert flash media. Start the Disk Imager and select the image file (Disk Imager accepts only *.img files, so you will have to put "*.iso" in file open dialog to select Arch snapshot). Select the drive letter associated with the flash drive. Click "Write".

There are also other solutions to writing bootable ISO images to USB sticks. If you have problems with USB sticks disconnecting, try using different USB port and/or cable.

Continue with Boot Arch Linux Installer.

Boot Arch Linux Installer

Tip: The memory requirement for a basic install is 64MB of RAM.
Tip: During the process, the automatic screen blanker may come on. If so, one can press the Alt key to safely obtain the normal display.

Boot from the Media

Insert the CD or flash media you prepared, and boot from it. You may have to change the boot order in your computer BIOS. To do this, you have to press a key (usually DEL, F1, F2, F11 or F12) during the BIOS POST (Power On Self-Test) phase.

Main Menu: The main menu should be displayed at this point. Select the preferred choice by using the arrow keys to highlight your choice, and then by pressing [Enter]. Menus vary slightly among the different ISOs.

OS System Start

Select "Boot Arch Linux" from the Main Menu and press [Enter], in order to begin with the installation. The system will now load and present a shell prompt. You will be automatically logged in as root.

Note: Users seeking to perform the Arch Linux installation remotely via an ssh connection are encouraged to make a few tweaks at this point to enable ssh connections directly to the live CD environment. If interested, see the Install from SSH article.

If using an Intel video chipset and the screen goes blank during the boot process, the problem is likely an issue with kernel mode setting. A possible workaround may be achieved by rebooting and pressing <Tab> at the GRUB menu to enter kernel options. At the end of the kernel line, add a space and then:


Alternatively, add:


which (if it works) will not disable kernel mode setting.

When done making any changes to any menu command, simply press "Enter" to boot with that setup.

See the Intel article for more information.

Changing the keymap

If you have a non-US keyboard layout you can interactively choose your keymap/console font with the command: Template:Cli or use the loadkeys command: Template:Cli where layout is your keyboard layout such as Template:Codeline or Template:Codeline


The official install guide is conveniently available right on the live system! To access it, change to tty2 (virtual console #2) with <ALT>+F2, log in as "root" and then invoke Template:Filename by typing in the following at the # prompt: Template:Cli Template:Filename will allow you to page through the document.

Change back to tty1 with <ALT>+F1 to follow the rest of the install process. (Change back to tty2 at any time if you need to reference the Official Guide as you progress through the installation process.)

Tip: Please note that the official guide only covers installation and configuration of the base system. Once that is installed, it is strongly recommended that you come back here to the wiki to find out more about post-installation considerations and other related issues.
Template:Beginners' Guide navigation