Difference between revisions of "Beginners' Guide/Preparation (Indonesia)"

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(Persiapan)
 
(Persiapan)
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==Preparation==
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==Persiapan==
  
{{Note|If you wish to install to another partition from within an existing GNU/Linux distribution or LiveCD, please see [[Install from Existing Linux|this wiki article]] for steps to do this. This can be useful particularly if you plan to install Arch via VNC or SSH remotely. The following assumes installation by conventional means.}}
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{{Note|Jika Anda ingin menginstal ke partisi lain dari dalam distribusi GNU Linux yang sudah ada atau LiveCD, silakan lihat [[Install dari Linux yang sudah ada | artikel wiki ini]] untuk langkah-langkah untuk melakukan hal ini. Hal ini dapat berguna terutama jika Anda berencana untuk menginstal Arch melalui VNC atau SSH jarak jauh. Berikut ini mengasumsikan instalasi dengan cara konvensional.}}
  
===Obtain the latest installation media ===
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===Dapatkan media instalasi terbaru ===
  
You can obtain Arch's official installation media from [http://archlinux.org/download/ here]. The latest version is 2011.08.19.
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Anda dapat memperoleh media instalasi resmi Arch dari [http://archlinux.org/download/ disini]. Versi terbaru adalah 2011.08.19.
  
 
* Both the Core and the Netinstall images provide only the necessary packages to create an '''Arch Linux base system'''. ''Note that the Base System does not include a GUI. It is mainly comprised of the GNU toolchain (compiler, assembler, linker, libraries, shell, and utilities), the Linux kernel, pacman (Arch's Package Manager), and a few extra libraries and modules.''
 
* Both the Core and the Netinstall images provide only the necessary packages to create an '''Arch Linux base system'''. ''Note that the Base System does not include a GUI. It is mainly comprised of the GNU toolchain (compiler, assembler, linker, libraries, shell, and utilities), the Linux kernel, pacman (Arch's Package Manager), and a few extra libraries and modules.''

Revision as of 06:53, 4 October 2011

Persiapan

Note: Jika Anda ingin menginstal ke partisi lain dari dalam distribusi GNU Linux yang sudah ada atau LiveCD, silakan lihat artikel wiki ini untuk langkah-langkah untuk melakukan hal ini. Hal ini dapat berguna terutama jika Anda berencana untuk menginstal Arch melalui VNC atau SSH jarak jauh. Berikut ini mengasumsikan instalasi dengan cara konvensional.

Dapatkan media instalasi terbaru

Anda dapat memperoleh media instalasi resmi Arch dari disini. Versi terbaru adalah 2011.08.19.

  • Both the Core and the Netinstall images provide only the necessary packages to create an Arch Linux base system. Note that the Base System does not include a GUI. It is mainly comprised of the GNU toolchain (compiler, assembler, linker, libraries, shell, and utilities), the Linux kernel, pacman (Arch's Package Manager), and a few extra libraries and modules.
  • Core images facilitate both installing from CD and Net.
  • Netinstall images are smaller and provide no packages themselves; the entire system is retrieved via internet.
  • The Arch64 FAQ can help you choose between the 32- and 64-bit versions. Dual Architecture CD has packages for both architectures so you can use one CD to install Arch on 32- and 64-bit computers.
  • Remember to download the checksum txt files along with your chosen ISO.

Pre-release images are also available and can be downloaded here. These are not official releases and so are not officially supported. They should only be used if the official installation images do not work with the current hardware on your system and you suspect newer images will have the appropriate drivers.

Check the integrity of the downloaded file

Template:Codeline to the directory where the downloaded files have been placed, and invoke Template:Filename: Template:Cli This should give you an "OK" for the one you have. (Simply ignore other lines.) If not, download all files again. The md5sum check works the same way.

Install over the network

Instead of writing the boot media to a disc or USB drive, you may alternatively boot the .iso image over the network. This works well when you already have a server set up. Please see this article for more information, and then continue to Boot Arch Linux Installer.

CD installer

Burn the .iso image file to a CD or DVD media with your preferred CD/DVD burner drive and software, and continue with Boot Arch Linux Installer.

Note: The quality of optical drives, as well as the CD media itself, vary greatly. Generally, using a slow burn speed is recommended for reliable burns; Some users recommend speeds as low as 4x or 2x. If you are experiencing unexpected behavior from the CD, try burning at the minimum speed supported by your system.

Flash memory device or USB stick

See Install from a USB flash drive for more detailed instructions.

This method will work for any type of flash media from which your BIOS will let you boot, be it a card reader or USB port.

Note that all data on the removable medium will be irrevocably destroyed!

*nix method
Warning: Be very careful where you send the image ISO, as Template:Codeline will obediently write to any target you point to, even if that is your hard disk (which could lead to potential data loss and/or filesystem corruption).

Insert an empty or expendable flash device, determine its path, and write the .iso to the device with the Template:Filename program:

Template:Cli

where Template:Codeline is the path to the .iso file and Template:Codeline is your flash device. Make sure to use Template:Filename and not Template:Filename. You will need a flash memory device large enough to accommodate the image.

To verify that the image was successfully written to the flash device, make a note of the number of records (blocks) read in and written out, then perform the following check:

Template:Cli

The md5sum returned should match the md5sum of the downloaded archlinux image file (2011.08.19); they both should match the md5sum of the image as listed in the md5sums file in the mirror distribution site. A typical run will look like this:

Write .iso to drive Template:Command

Verify integrity: Template:Command

Continue with Boot Arch Linux Installer

Microsoft Windows method

Download Disk Imager from here. Insert flash media. Start the Disk Imager and select the image file (Disk Imager accepts only *.img files, so you will have to put "*.iso" in file open dialog to select Arch snapshot). Select the drive letter associated with the flash drive. Click "Write".

There are also other solutions to writing bootable ISO images to USB sticks. If you have problems with USB sticks disconnecting, try using different USB port and/or cable.

Continue with Boot Arch Linux Installer.

Boot Arch Linux Installer

Tip: The memory requirement for a basic install is 64MB of RAM.
Tip: During the process, the automatic screen blanker may come on. If so, one can press the Alt key to safely obtain the normal display.

Boot dari Media

Masukkan CD atau media flashdisk yang sudah anda siapkan , dan boot dari sana. Anda mungkin harus mengubah urutan boot pada BIOS komputer Anda. Untuk melakukan ini, Anda harus menekan tombol (biasanya DEL, F1, F2, F11 atau F12) selama fase POST BIOS (Power On Self-Test).

Menu Utama: Menu utama seharusnya ditampilkan pada saat ini. Pilih pilihan yang lebih disukai dengan menggunakan tombol panah untuk menyorot pilihan Anda, dan kemudian dengan menekan [Enter]. Menu sedikit berbeda di antara ISO yang berbeda.

Sistem Mulai OS

Pilih "Boot Arch Linux" dari Main Menu dan tekan [Enter], untuk memulai dengan instalasi. Sistem sekarang akan memuat dan menyajikan sebuah shell prompt. Anda akan otomatis login sebagai root.

Catatan: Pengguna yang mencari untuk melakukan instalasi Arch Linux jarak jauh melalui koneksi ssh didorong untuk membuat beberapa tweak pada titik ini untuk mengaktifkan koneksi ssh langsung ke lingkungan live CD. Jika tertarik, lihat Artikel Install dari SSH.

Jika menggunakan chipset Intel video dan layar menjadi kosong selama proses boot, masalahnya adalah kemungkinan besar masalah dengan pengaturan modus kernel. Sebuah solusi yang mungkin dapat dicapai dengan me-reboot dan menekan <Tab> di menu GRUB untuk memasukkan opsi kernel. Pada akhir baris kernel, tambahkan spasi dan kemudian:

i915.modeset=0

Atau, tambahkan:

video=SVIDEO-1:d

yang (jika bekerja) tidak akan menonaktifkan pengaturan modus kernel.

Setelah selesai membuat perubahan untuk setiap perintah menu, cukup tekan "Enter" untuk boot dengan pengaturan itu.

Lihat artikel Intel untuk informasi lebih lanjut.

Merubah keymap

Jika Anda memiliki tata letak keyboard non-US Anda dapat memilih keymap / font konsol Anda secara interaktif dengan perintah: Template:Cli atau menggunakan perintah loadkeys: Template:Cli dimana layout adalah layout keyboard Anda seperti Template:Codeline atau Template:Codeline

Dokumentasi

Panduan penginstalan resmi yang nyaman tepat tersedia pada saat sistem hidup! Untuk mengaksesnya, ubah ke tty2 (konsol virtual # 2) dengan <ALT> + F2, login sebagai "root" dan kemudian jalankan Template:Filenamedengan mengetikkan di bagian # berikut ini: Template:Cli Template:Filename akan memungkinkan Anda untuk membuka halaman demi halaman dokumen.

Ubah kembali ke tty1 dengan <ALT>+F1 untuk mengikuti sisa proses instalasi. (Ubah kembali ke tty2 setiap waktu jika Anda perlu referensi Panduan Resmi selagi Anda melalui proses instalasi.)

Tip: Harap dicatat bahwa panduan resmi hanya mencakup instalasi dan konfigurasi sistem dasar. Setelah itu terinstal, sangat disarankan agar Anda kembali ke sini ke wiki untuk mengetahui lebih lanjut tentang pasca-instalasi pertimbangan dan isu-isu terkait lainnya.
Template:Navigasi Panduan Pemula