Difference between revisions of "Beginners' Guide (Esperanto)"

From ArchWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Line 12: Line 12:
[[da:Beginners' Guide]]
[[da:Beginners' Guide]]
[[de:Anleitung für Einsteiger]]
[[de:Anleitung für Einsteiger]]
[[en:Beginners' Guide]]
[[es:Beginners' Guide]]
[[es:Beginners' Guide]]

Revision as of 08:48, 17 December 2012

Konsileto: Ĉi tiu gvido disponeblas ankaŭ en pluraj paĝoj, anstataŭ ol unu granda kopio. Se vi volas sekvis ĝin tiamaniere, bonvole legu ĉi tie.

Ĉi tiu dokumento gvidos vin inter la procezo de instalado de Arch Linux per la skriptoj de instalado de Arch. Antaŭ ol instalado, bonvole legu la oftajn demandojn.

La komunume prizorgata Arch-vikio estas utila risurco kaj estu rigardata por problemoj unue. La IRC-kanalo (irc://irc.freenode.net/#archlinux) kaj la forumoj ankaŭ disponeblas se la respondo ne troveblas aliloke. Aldone, kontolu la paĝojn de man por ĉiuj komandoj, kiujn vi ne konas: tio invokeblas kutime per man komando.


Noto: Se vi volas instali Arch el ekzistanta GNU/Linux-distribuaĵo, bonvole legu ĉi tiun artikolon. Tio utilas specife se vi planas instali Arch per VNCSSH fore.

Burn or write the latest installation medium

This guide pertains to the current release (2012.11.01), which can be obtained from the Download page.

  • Burn the ISO image on a CD or DVD with your preferred software.
Note: The quality of optical drives and the discs themselves varies greatly. Generally, using a slow burn speed is recommended for reliable burns. If you are experiencing unexpected behaviour from the disc, try burning at the lowest speed supported by your burner.

Installing over the network

Instead of writing the boot media to a disc or USB stick, you may alternatively boot the .iso image over the network. This works well when you already have a server set up. Please see this article for more information, and then continue to Boot the installation medium.

Installing on a virtual machine

Installing on a virtual machine is a good way to become familiar with Arch Linux and its installation procedure without leaving your current operating system and repartitioning the storage drive. It will also let you keep this Beginners' Guide open in your browser throughout the installation. Some users may find it beneficial to have an independent Arch Linux system on a virtual drive, for testing purposes.

Examples of virtualization software are VirtualBox, VMware, QEMU, Xen, Parallels.

The exact procedure for preparing a virtual machine depends on the software, but will generally follow these steps:

  1. Create the virtual disk image that will host the operating system.
  2. Properly configure the virtual machine parameters.
  3. Boot the downloaded ISO image with a virtual CD drive.
  4. Continue with Boot the installation medium.

The following articles may be helpful:

Boot the installation medium

First, you may have to change the boot order in your computer's BIOS. To do this, you have to press a key (usually Delete, F1, F2, F11 or F12) during the POST (Power On Self-Test) phase. Then, select "Boot Arch Linux" from the menu and press Enter in order to begin with the installation.

Note: The memory requirement for a basic install is 64 MB of RAM.
Note: Users seeking to perform the Arch Linux installation remotely via an SSH connection are encouraged to make a few tweaks at this point to enable SSH connections directly to the live CD environment. If interested, see the Install from SSH article.
Testing if you are booted into UEFI mode

In case you have a UEFI motherboard and UEFI Boot mode is enabled (and is preferred over BIOS/Legacy mode), the CD/USB will automatically launch Arch Linux kernel (EFISTUB via Gummiboot Boot Manager). To check whether you have booted into UEFI mode, load the efivars kernel module (before chrooting) and then check whether there are files in /sys/firmware/efi/vars/:

# modprobe efivars       # before chrooting
# ls -1 /sys/firmware/efi/vars/
Note: The kernel module efivars detects and populates the UEFI Runtime Variables at /sys/firmware/efi/vars. This module is not loaded automatically during the boot process, and until this module is loaded, and the kernel booted in UEFI mode, without noefi parameter, no files will exist in /sys/firmware/efi/vars. These variables are later modified by efibootmgr to add bootloader entry to UEFI boot menu. In BIOS mode, modprobe will not give any error about efivars module. The correct way to detect UEFI boot is to check for files in /sys/firmware/efi/vars .
Troubleshooting boot problems
  • If you're using an Intel video chipset and the screen goes blank during the boot process, the problem is likely an issue with Kernel Mode Setting (KMS). A possible workaround may be achieved by rebooting and pressing Tab over the entry that you're trying to boot (i686 or x86_64). At the end of the string type nomodeset and press Enter. Alternatively, try video=SVIDEO-1:d which, if it works, will not disable kernel mode setting. See the Intel article for more information.
  • If the screen does not go blank and the boot process gets stuck while trying to load the kernel, press Tab while hovering over the menu entry, type acpi=off at the end of the string and press Enter.

Beginners' Guide/Installation (Esperanto) Beginners' Guide/Extra (Esperanto)