Difference between revisions of "Bluetooth mouse"

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[[Category:Mice]]
 
[[Category:Mice]]
 
[[Category:Bluetooth]]
 
[[Category:Bluetooth]]
[[cs:Bluetooth Mouse]]
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[[cs:Bluetooth mouse]]
[[ru:Bluetooth Mouse]]
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[[ja:Bluetooth マウス]]
This article describes how to set up a [[Bluetooth]] mouse manually with no desktop assistance for Bluetooth. For example, a minimalist XFCE installation.  
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[[ru:Bluetooth mouse]]
 +
{{Related articles start}}
 +
{{Related|Bluetooth}}
 +
{{Related|Bluez4}}
 +
{{Related|Mouse polling rate}}
 +
{{Related articles end}}
 +
 
 +
This article describes how to set up a [[Bluetooth]] mouse through the command line without relying upon a graphical application.
  
 
== Installation ==
 
== Installation ==
  
You need the {{Pkg|bluez}} package and optionally the {{Pkg|bluez-utils}} package from the extra repository.
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Install the {{Pkg|bluez}} package which contains the current Linux bluetooth stack (Bluez5). You may also want to install {{Pkg|bluez-utils}} which provides the ''bluetoothctl'' utility. See [[Bluetooth]] for more information.
  
Note: The following instructions only work for the {{Pkg|bluez4}} package. For Bluez 5(Current version) please see the bluetoothctl section.
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== Bluez5 instructions ==
  
== Start Bluetooth service ==
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{{Tip|
 +
* Ensure that the bluetooth daemon is started before continuing.
 +
* Ensure that the bluetooth device is not blocked by [[rfkill]].
 +
}}
  
The pertinent options in /etc/conf.d/bluetooth are
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The ''bluetoothctl'' utility provides a simple interface for configuring bluetooth devices. The text below is an example of how you can connect a bluetooth mouse using ''bluetoothctl'':
HIDD_ENABLE=true
 
  
after that, start bluetooth services with
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# bluetoothctl
  # systemctl enable bluetooth.service
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[bluetooth]# list
  # systemctl start bluetooth.service
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Controller <controller mac> BlueZ 5.5 [default]
 +
[bluetooth]# select <controller mac>
 +
[bluetooth]# power on
 +
[bluetooth]# scan on
 +
  [bluetooth]# agent on
 +
[bluetooth]# devices
 +
Device <mouse mac> Name: Bluetooth Mouse
 +
[bluetooth]# pair <mouse mac>
 +
  [bluetooth]# trust <mouse mac>
 +
[bluetooth]# connect <mouse mac>
  
=== kernel modules ===
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In order for the device to start on boot you may have to create a [[udev]] rule. Please see [[Bluetooth#Bluetoothctl]] for more information.
No additional actions are necessary if the bluetooth service is started using systemd. If it does not work try following.
 
  
The command
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{{Tip|In case you were using USB Bluetooth dongle and moved it to another USB port, you may need to remove the mouse's MAC address in ''bluetoothctl'' with ''remove <mouse mac>'' command and repeat the entire procedure again.}}
# modprobe -v btusb bluetooth hidp l2cap
 
loads the kernel modules you need, if they were not loaded automatically.
 
  
=== Test ===
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== Troubleshooting ==
The following command should show your bluetooth adapter:
 
  
{{hc|# hciconfig|
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=== Mouse lag ===
hci0:  Type: BR/EDR  Bus: USB
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      BD Address: 00:22:43:E1:82:E0  ACL MTU: 1021:8  SCO MTU: 64:1
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If you experience mouse lag you can try to increase the polling rate. See [[Mouse polling rate]] for more information.
      UP RUNNING PSCAN
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      RX bytes:1062273 acl:62061 sco:0 events:778 errors:0
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=== Problems with the USB dongle ===
      TX bytes:1825 acl:11 sco:0 commands:39 errors:0
 
}}
 
  
== Configure Bluetooth Mouse ==
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If you have trouble with your USB dongle, you may also want to try:
The method described here is based in three steps, in this order:
 
  
# Make the PC learn about the bluetooth mouse.
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# modprobe -v rfcomm
# Grant the mouse permissions to connect.
 
# Make the mouse learn about the PC.
 
  
=== Search your mouse ===
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At this point, you should get an hci0 device with:
First make your mouse discoverable. For example some mouse need to press a button. Then issue the following command as root:
 
  
{{hc|# hcitool scan|
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# hcitool dev
Scanning ...
 
        00:07:61:F5:5C:3D      Logitech Bluetooth Mouse M555b
 
}}
 
  
Your mouse bluetooth address will be similar to {{ic|12:34:56:78:9A:BC}}. You may also find it in the documentation or on the mouse itself.
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Sometimes the device is not active right away. Try starting the interface with:
  
== Connecting the mouse ==
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  # hciconfig hci0 up
  hidd --search
 
hcitool inq
 
are good for device scanning (I needed to use sudo for 'hidd --search' to automatically connect mouse, searching worked even without sudo).
 
hidd --connect <bdaddr>
 
to actually connect.
 
hidd --show
 
will show your currently connected devices. The mouse should show up in this list. If it does not, press the reset button to make it discoverable.
 
  
Note: If you have the ipw3945 module loaded (wifi on HP computer) the bluetooth wont work.
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and searching for devices as shown above.
  
== Connecting the mouse at startup ==
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=== Mouse always disconnect ===
Edit /etc/conf.d/bluetooth:
 
# Arguments to hidd
 
HIDD_OPTIONS="--connect <enter here your bluetooth mouse address>"
 
  
and test the new settings:
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If the mouse stops working but works again after restarting bluetooth, you may need to [[Power_management#USB_autosuspend|disable USB autosuspend]] for the selected device.
/etc/rc.d/bluetooth stop
 
hidd --killall (drop mouse connection)
 
/etc/rc.d/bluetooth start
 
  
Note: The above instructions to start the mouse at startup do not work with the now outdated 3.11 bluetooth packages. New versions such as the current (3.32) packages are not affected. If you are using an older version, then to start the mouse at startup, add:
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=== Apple Magic Mouse scroll speed ===
hidd --connect <enter here your bluetooth mouse address (No capitals!!!)>
 
to your /etc/rc.local file.
 
  
Note #2: You can connect any bluetooth mouse and/or keyboard without any further configuration and without knowing the device address. You can do it by adding the --master and/or --server option in HIDD_OPTIONS depending on your device.
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{{Style|Configuration is not troubleshooting.}}
  
== Configuring through bluetoothctl ==
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If the scroll speed is too slow, you can try
Since `bluez>=5` there is bluetoothctl util, that provide simple interface to configuring bluetooth devices.
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# rmmod hid_magicmouse
 +
# modprobe hid_magicmouse scroll_acceleration=1 scroll_speed=55
  
For example, configuring autoconnect bluetooth mouse can be done as described above:
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Scroll speed can be set from 0 to 63.
  # bluetoothctl
 
  [bluetooth]# list
 
  Controller <cmac> BlueZ 5.5 [default]
 
  [bluetooth]# select <cmac>
 
  [bluetooth]# power on
 
  [bluetooth]# scan on
 
  /// enable scanning mode on your mouse
 
  [bluetooth]# devices
 
  Device <mmac> Name: Bluetooth Mouse
 
  [bluetooth]# trust <mmac>
 
  [bluetooth]# pairable on
 
  [bluetooth]# pair <mmac>
 
  [bluetooth]# connect <mmac>
 
  
In order for the device to start on boot you may have to create a [[udev]] rule as discussed in [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=166362].
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If the speed suits you, you can make the change permanent in {{ic|/etc/modprobe.d/}}
 +
{{hc | /etc/modprobe.d/hid_magicmouse.conf |<nowiki>
 +
options hid_magicmouse scroll_acceleration=1 scroll_speed=55</nowiki>}}
  
== Troubleshooting tips ==
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=== Apple Magic Mouse middle click ===
=== Mouse lag ===
 
If you experience mouse lag you can try to increase the polling rate. There is a wiki article describing the procedure: [[Mouse Polling Rate]].
 
  
=== Problems with the USB dongle ===
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{{Style|Configuration is not troubleshooting.}}
If you have trouble with your USB dongle, you may also want to try
 
# modprobe -v rfcomm
 
  
At this point, you should get an hci0 device with
+
If you find the middle click to be too finicky, you can disable it
  # hcitool dev
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# rmmod hid_magicmouse
 +
  # modprobe hid_magicmouse emulate_3button=0
  
Sometimes the device is not active right away - try starting the interface with
+
If this setting suits you, you can make the change permantent in {{ic|/etc/modprobe.d/}}
# hciconfig hci0 up
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{{hc | /etc/modprobe.d/hid_magicmouse.conf |<nowiki>
and searching for devices as shown above.
+
options hid_magicmouse emulate_3button=0</nowiki>}}

Latest revision as of 13:16, 9 September 2017

This article describes how to set up a Bluetooth mouse through the command line without relying upon a graphical application.

Installation

Install the bluez package which contains the current Linux bluetooth stack (Bluez5). You may also want to install bluez-utils which provides the bluetoothctl utility. See Bluetooth for more information.

Bluez5 instructions

Tip:
  • Ensure that the bluetooth daemon is started before continuing.
  • Ensure that the bluetooth device is not blocked by rfkill.

The bluetoothctl utility provides a simple interface for configuring bluetooth devices. The text below is an example of how you can connect a bluetooth mouse using bluetoothctl:

# bluetoothctl
[bluetooth]# list
Controller <controller mac> BlueZ 5.5 [default]
[bluetooth]# select <controller mac>
[bluetooth]# power on
[bluetooth]# scan on
[bluetooth]# agent on
[bluetooth]# devices
Device <mouse mac> Name: Bluetooth Mouse
[bluetooth]# pair <mouse mac>
[bluetooth]# trust <mouse mac>
[bluetooth]# connect <mouse mac>

In order for the device to start on boot you may have to create a udev rule. Please see Bluetooth#Bluetoothctl for more information.

Tip: In case you were using USB Bluetooth dongle and moved it to another USB port, you may need to remove the mouse's MAC address in bluetoothctl with remove <mouse mac> command and repeat the entire procedure again.

Troubleshooting

Mouse lag

If you experience mouse lag you can try to increase the polling rate. See Mouse polling rate for more information.

Problems with the USB dongle

If you have trouble with your USB dongle, you may also want to try:

# modprobe -v rfcomm

At this point, you should get an hci0 device with:

# hcitool dev

Sometimes the device is not active right away. Try starting the interface with:

# hciconfig hci0 up

and searching for devices as shown above.

Mouse always disconnect

If the mouse stops working but works again after restarting bluetooth, you may need to disable USB autosuspend for the selected device.

Apple Magic Mouse scroll speed

Tango-edit-clear.pngThis article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements.Tango-edit-clear.png

Reason: Configuration is not troubleshooting. (Discuss in Talk:Bluetooth mouse#)

If the scroll speed is too slow, you can try

# rmmod hid_magicmouse
# modprobe hid_magicmouse scroll_acceleration=1 scroll_speed=55

Scroll speed can be set from 0 to 63.

If the speed suits you, you can make the change permanent in /etc/modprobe.d/

 /etc/modprobe.d/hid_magicmouse.conf 
options hid_magicmouse scroll_acceleration=1 scroll_speed=55

Apple Magic Mouse middle click

Tango-edit-clear.pngThis article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements.Tango-edit-clear.png

Reason: Configuration is not troubleshooting. (Discuss in Talk:Bluetooth mouse#)

If you find the middle click to be too finicky, you can disable it

# rmmod hid_magicmouse
# modprobe hid_magicmouse emulate_3button=0

If this setting suits you, you can make the change permantent in /etc/modprobe.d/

 /etc/modprobe.d/hid_magicmouse.conf 
options hid_magicmouse emulate_3button=0