From Bumblebee's FAQ:
Bumblebee is an effort to make Nvidia Optimus enabled laptops work in GNU/Linux systems. Such feature involves two graphics cards with two different power consumption profiles plugged in a layered way sharing a single framebuffer.
- 1 Bumblebee: Optimus for Linux
- 2 Installation
- 3 Start Bumblebee
- 4 Usage
- 5 Configuration
- 6 Troubleshooting
- 7 Important Links
Bumblebee: Optimus for Linux
Optimus Technology is an hybrid graphics implementation without a hardware multiplexer. The integrated GPU manages the display while the dedicated GPU manages the most demanding rendering and ships the work to the integrated GPU to be displayed. When the laptop is running on battery supply, the dedicated GPU is turned off to save power and prolong the battery life.
Bumblebee is a software implementation based on VirtualGL and a kernel driver to be able to use the dedicated GPU, which is not physically connected to the screen.
Bumblebee tries to mimic the Optimus technology behavior; using the dedicated GPU for rendering when needed and power it down when not in use. The present releases only support rendering on-demand, power-management is a work in progress.
The Nvidia dedicated card is managed as a separate X server connected to a "fake" screen (the screen is configured but not used). The second server is called using VirtualGL as if it were a remote server. That said, you will need a series of steps to set-up the kernel driver, the X server and a daemon.
Before installing Bumblebee check your BIOS and activate Optimus (shareable graphics), if possible (BIOS doesn't have to provide this option), and install the intel driver for the secondary on board graphics card.
Installing Bumblebee with Intel / NVidia
Install AUR, and then install the special nvidia package AUR for bumblebee:AUR from
It is secure now to install thedriver:
# pacman -S nvidia
Installing Bumblebee with Intel / Nouveau
Install nouveau and required packages first:
# pacman -S xf86-video-nouveau nouveau-dri mesa
- experimental 3D acceleration driver
- Mesa classic DRI + Gallium3D drivers
- Mesa 3-D graphics libraries
Now Install AUR:AUR from
In order to use it is necessary add yourself (and other users) at Bumblebee group:
# usermod -a -G bumblebee $USER
$USER is the login name of the user to be added. Then log off and on again to apply the group changes.
To start bumblebee automatically add it to your
DAEMONS array in
Finished - reboot system and use the shell program
optirun for Optimus Nvidia rendering !
The command line programm
optirun shipped with bumblebee is your best friend for running applications on your Optimus Nvidia card.
Test Bumblebee if it works with your Optimus system:
$ optirun glxgears
If it succeeds and the terminal you are running from mentions something about your Nvidia - Gratulation - Optimus with Bumblebee is working!
$ optirun [options] <application> [application-parameters]
Start Firefox accelerated with Optimus:
$ optirun firefox
Start Windows applications with Optimus:
$ optirun wine <windows application>.exe
Use Nvidia Settings with Optimus:
$ optirun nvidia-settings -c :8
For a list of options for
$ optirun --help
You can configure the behaviour of Bumblebee to fit your needs. Fine tuning like speed optimization, power managment and other stuff can be configured in
Bumblebee renders frames for your Optimus NVIDIA card in a invisible X Server with VirtualGL and transports them back to your visible X Server.
Frames will be compressed before they are transported - this saves bandwith and can be used for speedup optimization of bumblebee:
To use an other compression method for a single application:
$ optirun -c <compress-method> application
The method of compres will affect performance in the GPU/GPU usage. Compressed methods (such as
jpeg) will load the CPU the most but will load GPU the minimum necessary; uncompressed methods loads the most on GPU and the CPU will have the minimum load possible.
Compressed Methods are:
Uncompressed Methods are:
To use a standard compression for all applications set the
... [optirun] VGLTransport=proxy ...
The goal of power management feature is to turnoff the Nvidia card when it is not used by bumblebee anymore.
To enable power managment for bumblebee installAUR from AUR.
bbswitch in the driver section of
[bumblebeed] KeepUnusedXServer=false ... [driver-nvidia] PMMethod=bbswitch ... [driver-nouveau] PMMethod=bbswitch ...
Just restart bumblebee daemon to activate power managment:
# rc.d restart bumblebeed
You can set up multiple monitors with xorg.conf. Set them to use the Intel card, but Bumblebee can still use the NVIDIA card. One example configuration is below for two identical screens with 1080p resolution and using the HDMI out.
Section "Screen" Identifier "Screen0" Device "intelgpu0" Monitor "Monitor0" DefaultDepth 24 Option "TwinView" "0" SubSection "Display" Depth 24 Modes "1980x1080_60.00" EndSubSection EndSection Section "Screen" Identifier "Screen1" Device "intelgpu1" Monitor "Monitor1" DefaultDepth 24 Option "TwinView" "0" SubSection "Display" Depth 24 Modes "1980x1080_60.00" EndSubSection EndSection Section "Monitor" Identifier "Monitor0" Option "Enable" "true" EndSection Section "Monitor" Identifier "Monitor1" Option "Enable" "true" EndSection Section "Device" Identifier "intelgpu0" Driver "intel" Option "XvMC" "true" Option "UseEvents" "true" Option "AccelMethod" "UXA" BusID "PCI:0:2:0" EndSection Section "Device" Identifier "intelgpu1" Driver "intel" Option "XvMC" "true" Option "UseEvents" "true" Option "AccelMethod" "UXA" BusID "PCI:0:2:0" EndSection
You need to probably change the BusID:
$ lspci | grep VGA
00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation 2nd Generation Core Processor Family Integrated Graphics Controller (rev 09)
The BusID is 0:2:0
[VGL] ERROR: Could not open display :8
There is a known problem with some wine applications that fork and kill the parent process without keeping track of it (for example the free to play online game "Runes of Magic")
A workaround for this problem is:
$ optirun bash
$ optirun wine <windows program>.exe
[ERROR]Cannot access secondary GPU
In some instances, running optirun will return:
[ERROR]Cannot access secondary GPU - error: [XORG] (EE) No devices detected.
[ERROR]Aborting because fallback start is disabled.
In this case, you will need to move the file
/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-intel.conf to somewhere else. Restart the bumblebeed daemon, and it should work.
Credit for this goes to Lekensteyn on #bumblebee at freenode.net
Video tearing is a somewhat common problem on Bumblebee. To fix it, you need to enable vsync. It should be enabled by default on the Intel card, but verify that from Xorg logs. To check whether or not it is enabled for nvidia, run
$ optirun nvidia-settings -c :8
X Server XVideo Settings -> Sync to VBlank and
OpenGL Settings -> Sync to VBlank should both be enabled. The Intel card has in general less tearing, so use it for video playback. Especially use VA-API for video decoding (e.g.
mplayer-vaapi and with
Refer to the Intel article on how to fix tearing on the Intel card.
If it is still not fixed, try to disable compositing from your desktop environment. Try also disabling triple buffering.
Join us at #bumblebee at freenode.net