CLR package guidelines

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Revision as of 00:47, 7 December 2013 by Kyrias (Talk | contribs) (Packaging gotchas: Dependencies should only be in `makedeps` if not required when run.)

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Template:Package Guidelines

This document defines the standard for packaging Common Language Runtime (.NET) projects under Arch Linux. Currently only Mono is capable of providing a usable, efficient CLR runtime for multiple systems and this standard will reflect its use. Be aware that a lot of CLR programs were developed with Microsoft .NET in mind and, as such, may or may not run under Mono because of .NET-exclusive factors such as P/Invoke calls and Microsoft digital rights management (DRM) APIs and are thus will not yield a usable package for Arch Linux. However, if combined with Wine as of version 1.5.6 (?), your package may have a chance to run under it. Please see the Wine PKGBUILD Guidelines for more information if such is the case.

Packaging gotchas

  • Always add mono to depends
  • Always set arch to any. Mono does not yet support compiling (running?) 64-bit assemblies.
  • Always add !strip to options
  • If the package is a library (DLL), consider installing it to Mono's global assembly cache (GAC) if it is to bo used as a dependency.
  • If the assembly is precompiled and comes with a program debug database file (Foo.dll.pdb), consider converting it as such: pdb2mdb Foo.dll
  • If the package is meant to be executed (EXE), be sure to install to /usr/bin a shell script to run it, similar to this one:
#!/bin/sh
mono foo.exe $@

Signed assemblies

If the package is to be installed into the GAC, be sure it has a signed key file. If not, you can generate one like this: sn -k 1024 Foo.snk. Following that, the easiest way to embed the key file into the assembly is to disassemble it like this: monodis Foo.dll --output=Foo.il. Afterwards, reassemble it like so: ilasm /dll /key:Foo.snk Foo.il

Sample PKGBUILDs

The following examples will try to cover some of the most common conventions and build systems.

xbuild

Unsigned DLL

# Maintainer: yourname <yourmail>
pkgname=foo
pkgver=1.0
pkgrel=1
pkgdesc="Fantabulous library for .Net"
arch=('any')
url="http://www.foo.bar"
license=('GPL')
makedepends=('mono')
depends=('mono')
options=('!strip')
source=("http://www.foo.bar/foobar.tar.gz")
md5sums=('4736ac4f34fd9a41fa0197eac23bbc24')

build() {
  cd "${srcdir}/foobar"

  xbuild Foo.sln

  # if the package is unsigned, do the following:
  cd "/bin/x86/Debug"
  monodis Foo.dll --output=Foo.il
  sn -k 1024 Foo.snk
  ilasm /dll /key:Foo.snk Foo.il
}

package() {
  cd "${srcdir}/foobar/bin/x86/Debug"

  install -Dm644 Foo.dll "$pkgdir/usr/lib/foobar/Foo.dll"
  install -Dm644 Foo.dll.mdb "$pkgdir/usr/lib/foobar/Foo.dll.mdb"
  
  # Register assembly into Mono's GAC
  gacutil -i Foo.dll -root "$pkgdir/usr/lib"
}

NAnt

Prebuild