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This article describes how to set up Cacti on an Arch Linux system. Cacti is a web-based system monitoring and graphing solution.

Server Setup

This article assumes that you already have a working LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP) server. If you do not have a web-server set up already, you can follow these instructions to do so.

Cacti Setup

The following should all be performed as root.

  • Install the necessary programs
# pacman -S cacti php-snmp
  • Edit /etc/php/php.ini
  • Uncomment the following lines:
  • Comment the following line:
  • Uncomment and set the following:
;date.timezone =
  • Start mysqld and snmpd if they're not already running:
# /etc/rc.d/mysqld start
# /etc/rc.d/snmpd start
  • Add mysqld and snmdp to the DAEMONS array in /etc/rc.conf to ensure that they're running at bootup
  • Edit /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
  • Inside the <Directory "/srv/http"> block, ensure that you have the following line:
AllowOverride All
  • MySQL setup
  • Create the cacti database, load the tables, and set the user. You will be asked for the MySQL root password for each of these commands.
# mysqladmin -u root -p create cacti
# mysql -u root -p cacti < /usr/share/webapps/cacti/cacti.sql
# mysql -u root -p
  mysql> GRANT ALL ON cacti.* TO cacti@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'some_password';
  mysql> exit

Note: As of march 2011 (mysql 5.5.9-1, cacti 0.8.7g-1) mysql fails to import the SQL due to an outdated syntax. You can update the file using this command:

cd /usr/share/webapps/cacti && mv cacti.sql && sed s/TYPE=/ENGINE=/g > cacti.sql
  • Edit /usr/share/webapps/cacti/include/config.php. The password was specified in the previous step.
$database_username = "cacti";
$database_password = "some_password";
  • Clean up cacti directory
# chown -R http:http /usr/share/webapps/cacti/{rra,log}
# rm /usr/share/webapps/cacti/.htaccess
# chmod +x /usr/share/webapps/cacti/{cmd,poller}.php /usr/share/webapps/cacti/lib/ping.php
  • Optionally, install cacti-spine, a faster poller for cacti, from the AUR. Use the same password as in previous steps.
  • Edit /etc/spine.conf
DB_User cacti
DB_Pass some_password
  • Set up cron job to run poller every 5 minutes
# crontab -e
  • Add the following to the end of the list
*/5 * * * * /usr/bin/sudo -u http /usr/bin/php /usr/share/webapps/cacti/poller.php &> /dev/null
  • Restart cron and apache
# /etc/rc.d/crond restart
# /etc/rc.d/httpd restart

Web Configuration

Open up a browser and go to http://your_ip/cacti. You should be welcomed with the cacti installer.

  • Click Next
  • Select New Install and click Next
  • Ensure that all paths are ok. You need to specify versions of RRDTool and NET-SNMP. Get RRDTool Utility Version using 'rrdtool -v', and'net-snmp-config --version' for NET-SNMP. Click Finish.
    • If any paths are invalid, you'll need to figure out why. Check the apache error logs for hints.
  • Login with username "admin" and password "admin".
  • Change the password as requested, click Save.
  • (Optional) If you chose to install spine, follow these instructions to set it up.
    • Click on Settings, on the left panel of the Console tab.
    • Select the Poller tab.
    • Change Poller Type to spine.
    • Adjust any other settings on the page as desired, then click Save.
    • Select the Paths tab.
    • Set Spine Poller File Path to /usr/bin/spine and click Save.

See Also

  • LAMP - Set up a LAMP server

External Links