ccache is a tool for the gcc compiler used to compile the same program over and over again with little downtime. While it may take a few seconds longer to compile a program the first time with
ccache, subsequent compiles will be much, much faster.
Install the package.
The default behavior can be overridden by configuration files. Priority of the configuration settings is as follows (where 1 is highest):
- Environment variables
- Cache-specific configuration file (
- System-wide configuration file (
Enable ccache for makepkg
To enable ccache when using makepkg edit
ccache (remove the exclamation mark) to enable caching. For example:
BUILDENV=(fakeroot !distcc color ccache check !sign)
Enable for command line
If you are compiling your code from the command line, and not building packages, then you will still want to use
ccache to help speed things up.
For that, you need to change your
$PATH to include
ccache's binaries before the path to your compiler:
$ export PATH="/usr/lib/ccache/bin/:$PATH"
You may want to add this line to your
~/.bashrc file for regular usage.
Enable with colorgcc
Since colorgcc is also a compiler wrapper, some care needs to be taken to ensure each wrapper is called in the correct sequence.
export PATH="/usr/lib/colorgcc/bin/:$PATH" # As per usual colorgcc installation, leave unchanged (don't add ccache) export CCACHE_PATH="/usr/bin" # Tell ccache to only use compilers here
Then colorgcc needs to be told to call ccache instead of the real compiler. Edit
/etc/colorgcc/colorgccrc and change the
/usr/bin paths to
/usr/lib/ccache/bin for all the compilers in
g++: /usr/lib/ccache/bin/g++ gcc: /usr/lib/ccache/bin/gcc c++: /usr/lib/ccache/bin/g++ cc: /usr/lib/ccache/bin/cc g77:/usr/bin/g77 f77:/usr/bin/g77 gcj:/usr/bin/gcj
Change the cache directory
You may want to move the cache directory to a faster location than the default
~/.ccache directory, like an SSD or a ramdisk.
To change the cache location only in the current shell:
$ export CCACHE_DIR=/ramdisk/ccache
Or to change the location by default:
cache_dir = /ramdisk/ccache
Set maximum cache size
The default value is 5 gigabyte, however it is possible to use a lower or even a higher value:
max_size = 2.0G
Disable the cache via environment
If you wish to disable CCache only in the current shell:
$ export CCACHE_DISABLE=1
You can use the command-line utility
ccache to show a statistics summary:
$ ccache -s
or clear the cache completely:
$ ccache -C
It is also possible to use ccache with makechrootpkg. To retain the cache when the chroot is cleaned the makechrootpkg option
-d can be used to bind the cache directory from the regular system into the chroot, eg.:
$ mkdir /path/of/chroot/ccache $ makechrootpkg -d /path/to/cache/:/ccache -r /path/of/chroot -- CCACHE_DIR=/ccache
Then ccache can be configured for the chroot in the same way as explained above for the regular system.