Difference between revisions of "Changing filetype association via MIME"

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#REDIRECT [[Default applications]]
[[ru:Changing filetype association via MIME]]
{{Merge|Default Applications|add content of this page to the newer article}}
Many of you will be wanting to run Windows applications within your Linux installation, and you can do this via the wonderful [[Wine]]. This guide will show you how to alter your MIME database in a safe way so that you can associate Windows executables with Wine.
'''Warning''': Do NOT attempt to modify the mime database directly!
First, create the file {{ic|~/.local/share/mime/packages/mime.xml}} as such:
$ mkdir -p ~/.local/share/mime/packages
$ touch ~/.local/share/mime/packages/mime.xml
Next, open up {{ic|mime.xml}} and paste the following inside:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<mime-info xmlns="http://www.freedesktop.org/standards/shared-mime-info">
  <mime-type type="application/x-ms-dos-executable">
          <comment xml:lang="en">Windows Executable</comment>
          <glob pattern="*.exe"/>
Finally, enter this at the command prompt:
$ update-mime-database ~/.local/share/mime
That's it!
The method outlined above will integrate the xml file you made with the mime database, so that you can make your own associations for .exe files (probably [[Wine]]).
==Setting mime handler for arbitrary files==
In this example, we are going to define rox as the file handler of a file called "test.mp4".
The mime type somehow is in the file so it is not the app that says "use mime type x on this file" but it's rather "use whatever mime type is associated with this file". To see a mime type of a file called test.mp4 use this command:
$ xdg-mime query filetype test.mp4
In my example I got this:
audio/mp4; charset=binary
Now we set the mime-type, in my example I want to use rox to handle this file, and then configure rox to use vlc:
$ xdg-mime default rox.desktop audio/mp4
Since I already set the default action for that file in rox with a right-click and then using "vlc" as the command, this now works beautifully.
If you are wondering, setting the default app for a mime type will edit the file
and add the following for this magic to work:
<Default Applications>
== Resources ==
* http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Specifications/shared-mime-info-spec

Latest revision as of 11:08, 24 February 2014