Difference between revisions of "Cinnamon"

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[[Category:Desktop environments]]
 
[[Category:Desktop environments]]
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[[ja:Cinnamon]]
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[[ru:Cinnamon]]
 
[[tr:Cinnamon_Masaüstü_Ortamı]]
 
[[tr:Cinnamon_Masaüstü_Ortamı]]
{{i18n|Cinnamon}}
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{{Article summary start}}
{{Expansion}}
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{{Article summary text|This article covers basic installation procedures and configuration methods in Cinnamon.}}
 +
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
 +
{{Article summary wiki|GNOME}}: GNOME is the framework that Cinnamon is based on.
 +
{{Article summary wiki|MATE}}: Another fork of GNOME that is geared towards a GNOME 2 experience.
 +
{{Article summary end}}
  
 
[http://cinnamon.linuxmint.com/ Cinnamon] is a Linux desktop which provides advanced innovative features and a traditional user experience.  
 
[http://cinnamon.linuxmint.com/ Cinnamon] is a Linux desktop which provides advanced innovative features and a traditional user experience.  
The desktop layout is similar to Gnome 2.
+
The desktop layout is similar to GNOME 2; however, the underlying technology was forked from GNOME Shell.
However, the underlying technology is forked from Gnome Shell.
+
 
The emphasis is put on making users feel at home and providing them with an easy to use and comfortable desktop experience.
 
The emphasis is put on making users feel at home and providing them with an easy to use and comfortable desktop experience.
  
 
==Installation==
 
==Installation==
  
Install {{AUR|cinnamon}} from the [[Arch User Repository]]. Alternatively, you can install {{AUR|cinnamon-git}}.
+
Cinnamon can be [[Pacman|installed]] with the package {{Pkg|cinnamon}}, available in the [[official repositories]].
  
{{Note|Previously, {{AUR|cinnamon-extensions-git}} and {{AUR|cinnamon-themes-git}} were used to install some themes and extensions, but they are now deprecated (see [https://github.com/linuxmint/Cinnamon/issues/668 here]). Instead, visit http://cinnamon-spices.linuxmint.com/.}}
+
To get a complete desktop interface, install at least the following additional packages:
 +
* {{Pkg|cinnamon-control-center}}: provides access to various hardware and system settings within cinnamon-settings.
 +
* {{Pkg|cinnamon-screensaver}}: provides a lock screen functionality.
 +
* {{Pkg|nemo}}: Cinnamon's official file manager.
  
Because Cinnamon is a fork of the GNOME3 shell you can [[pacman|install]] the whole {{Grp|gnome}} group from the [[Official Repositories]], or just the packages you need.
+
=== Starting Cinnamon ===
  
At last you have to add this to your {{ic|~/.xinitrc}}:
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'''Graphical log-in'''
  
{{bc|1=
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Simply choose '''Cinnamon''' or '''Cinnamon 2D''' session from your favourite [[display manager]]. Cinnamon is the 3D accelerated version, which should be normally used. If you experience problems with your video driver (e.g. artifacts or crashing), try the Cinnamon 2D session, which disables 3D acceleration.
exec ck-launch-session gnome-session-cinnamon
+
}}
+
  
Users of [[SLiM]] can omit {{ic|ck-launch-session}} (see [[Slim#Single_environments|SLiM note]]):
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'''Starting Cinnamon manually'''
{{bc|exec gnome-session-cinnamon}}
+
 
 +
If you prefer to start Cinnamon manually from the console, add the following line to your {{ic|~/.xinitrc}} file:
 +
{{hc|~/.xinitrc|<nowiki>
 +
exec gnome-session-cinnamon
 +
</nowiki>}}
 +
 
 +
After the {{ic|exec}} command is placed, Cinnamon can be launched by typing {{ic|startx}}. See [[xinitrc]] for details.
  
 
==Configuration==
 
==Configuration==
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===Cinnamon Settings===
 
===Cinnamon Settings===
  
Configuring cinnamon is simple. Run any of the following commands:
+
Simply run the following command:
{{bc|cinnamon-settings
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{{bc|cinnamon-settings}}
cinnamon-settings panel
+
 
 +
Each settings panel can be accessed directly with the following commands:
 +
{{bc|cinnamon-settings panel
 
cinnamon-settings calendar
 
cinnamon-settings calendar
 
cinnamon-settings themes
 
cinnamon-settings themes
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cinnamon-settings windows
 
cinnamon-settings windows
 
cinnamon-settings fonts
 
cinnamon-settings fonts
cinnamon-settings hotcorner}}
+
cinnamon-settings hotcorner}} so on.
  
and so on.
+
===Installing applets/extensions===
 
+
===Installing Applets/Extensions===
+
  
 +
{{Note|Previously, {{AUR|cinnamon-extensions-git}} and {{AUR|cinnamon-themes-git}} were used to install some themes and extensions, but they are now deprecated (see [https://github.com/linuxmint/Cinnamon/issues/668 here]). Instead, visit http://cinnamon-spices.linuxmint.com/.}}
  
The difference between an applet and an extension is that an '''applet''' is basically an addition to a panel, whereas an '''extension''' can completely change the cinnamon experience and can do much more than an applet.
+
The difference between an applet and an extension is that an '''applet''' is basically an addition to a panel, whereas an '''extension''' can completely change the Cinnamon experience and can do much more than an applet.
  
 
There are quite a few packages in the [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?O=0&K=cinnamon&do_Search=Go AUR] (AUR package search for cinnamon). The process described here is a generic installation process.
 
There are quite a few packages in the [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?O=0&K=cinnamon&do_Search=Go AUR] (AUR package search for cinnamon). The process described here is a generic installation process.
  
Installing applets in cinnamon is relatively easy. First visit [http://cinnamon-spices.linuxmint.com/applets Cinnamon Applets] to see all of the current applets.
+
Installing applets in Cinnamon is relatively easy. First visit [http://cinnamon-spices.linuxmint.com/applets Cinnamon Applets] to see all of the current applets.
 
Download the zip file for the desired applet, and extract to {{ic|~/.local/share/cinnamon/applets/}} or {{ic|/usr/share/cinnamon/applets}}.
 
Download the zip file for the desired applet, and extract to {{ic|~/.local/share/cinnamon/applets/}} or {{ic|/usr/share/cinnamon/applets}}.
 
Then run
 
Then run
 
{{bc|cinnamon-settings applets}}
 
{{bc|cinnamon-settings applets}}
to bring up the graphical applets manager. If the applet does not show up, press {{Keypress|Alt+F2}} and type {{ic|r}} and press enter. This will restart gnome-shell and hopefully allow you to see your new applet.
+
to bring up the graphical applets manager. If the applet does not show up, press {{Keypress|Alt+F2}} and type {{ic|r}} and press enter. This will restart gnome-shell and likely, the new applet.
 
+
  
 
The process is analogous for extensions, with the only difference being that directories titled "applets" can be changed to "extensions".
 
The process is analogous for extensions, with the only difference being that directories titled "applets" can be changed to "extensions".
  
==Creating Custom Applets/Themes==
+
==Tips and tricks==
 +
 
 +
===Creating custom applets/themes===
 +
The official tutorial on creating an '''applet''' can be found [http://cinnamon.linuxmint.com/?p=156 here], and on creating a '''custom theme''' can be found [http://cinnamon.linuxmint.com/?p=144 here].
 +
 
 +
===Default desktop background wallpaper path===
 +
When you add a wallpaper from a custom path in Cinnamon Settings, Cinnamon copies it to {{ic|~/.cinnamon/background}}. Thus, with every change of your wallpaper you would have to add your updated wallpaper again from the settings menu or copy / symlink it manually to {{ic|~/.cinnamon/background}}.
 +
 
 +
==Troubleshooting==
 +
 
 +
===QGtkStyle unable to detect the current theme===
 +
Installing {{Pkg|libgnome-data}} solves the problem partially, and QGtkStyle will detect the current GTK+ theme. However, to set the same icon and cursor theme, users must specify them explicitly.
 +
 
 +
The icon theme for Qt apps can be configured by the following command:
 +
 
 +
$ gconftool-2 --set --type string /desktop/gnome/interface/icon_theme Faenza-Dark
 +
 
 +
This sets the icon theme to Faenza-Dark located in {{ic|/usr/share/icons/Faenza-Dark}}.
 +
 
 +
The cursor theme for Qt apps can be selected by creating a symbolic link:
 +
 
 +
$ mkdir ~/==.icons
 +
$ ln -s /usr/share/icons/Adwaita ~/.icons/default
 +
 
 +
This sets the cursor theme to Adwaita located in {{ic|/usr/share/icons/Adwaita}}.
 +
 
 +
===Pressing power buttons suspend the system===
 +
This is the default behaviour. To show the shutdown menu for example, change the setting for the respective button:
 +
 
 +
$ gsettings set org.gnome.settings-daemon.plugins.power button-power 'interactive'
 +
 
 +
===Icons do not show on the desktop===
 +
 
 +
The desktop icons rendering feature is enabled in nemo, and disabled in nautilus by default. To enable this feature, change the setting for nemo:
 +
 
 +
$ gsettings set org.nemo.desktop show-desktop-icons true
 +
 
 +
And for nautilus:
 +
 
 +
$ gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.background show-desktop-icons true
  
The official tutorial from Clement Lefebvre on creating an '''applet''' can be found [http://cinnamon.linuxmint.com/?p=156 here].
+
Make sure to '''not''' enable both settings, otherwise the desktop icons will be not rendered. The feature can be disabled by calling the commands above, but replace 'true' with 'false'.
  
The official tutorial from Clement Lefebvre on creating a '''custom theme''' can be found [http://cinnamon.linuxmint.com/?p=144 here].
+
===Volume level is not saved===
 +
The volume level is not be saved after reboot. The volume will be at 0 but not muted. Installing {{Pkg|alsa-utils}} will solve the problem.

Revision as of 11:18, 22 April 2013

Template:Article summary start Template:Article summary text Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary wiki: GNOME is the framework that Cinnamon is based on. Template:Article summary wiki: Another fork of GNOME that is geared towards a GNOME 2 experience. Template:Article summary end

Cinnamon is a Linux desktop which provides advanced innovative features and a traditional user experience. The desktop layout is similar to GNOME 2; however, the underlying technology was forked from GNOME Shell. The emphasis is put on making users feel at home and providing them with an easy to use and comfortable desktop experience.

Installation

Cinnamon can be installed with the package cinnamon, available in the official repositories.

To get a complete desktop interface, install at least the following additional packages:

Starting Cinnamon

Graphical log-in

Simply choose Cinnamon or Cinnamon 2D session from your favourite display manager. Cinnamon is the 3D accelerated version, which should be normally used. If you experience problems with your video driver (e.g. artifacts or crashing), try the Cinnamon 2D session, which disables 3D acceleration.

Starting Cinnamon manually

If you prefer to start Cinnamon manually from the console, add the following line to your ~/.xinitrc file:

~/.xinitrc
 exec gnome-session-cinnamon

After the exec command is placed, Cinnamon can be launched by typing startx. See xinitrc for details.

Configuration

Cinnamon is quite easy to configure - a lot of the configuration that most people will want can be done graphically. Its usability can be customized with applets and extensions, and also it supports theming.

Cinnamon Settings

Simply run the following command:

cinnamon-settings

Each settings panel can be accessed directly with the following commands:

cinnamon-settings panel
cinnamon-settings calendar
cinnamon-settings themes
cinnamon-settings applets
cinnamon-settings windows
cinnamon-settings fonts
cinnamon-settings hotcorner
so on.

Installing applets/extensions

Note: Previously, cinnamon-extensions-gitAUR and cinnamon-themes-gitAUR were used to install some themes and extensions, but they are now deprecated (see here). Instead, visit http://cinnamon-spices.linuxmint.com/.

The difference between an applet and an extension is that an applet is basically an addition to a panel, whereas an extension can completely change the Cinnamon experience and can do much more than an applet.

There are quite a few packages in the AUR (AUR package search for cinnamon). The process described here is a generic installation process.

Installing applets in Cinnamon is relatively easy. First visit Cinnamon Applets to see all of the current applets. Download the zip file for the desired applet, and extract to ~/.local/share/cinnamon/applets/ or /usr/share/cinnamon/applets. Then run

cinnamon-settings applets

to bring up the graphical applets manager. If the applet does not show up, press Template:Keypress and type r and press enter. This will restart gnome-shell and likely, the new applet.

The process is analogous for extensions, with the only difference being that directories titled "applets" can be changed to "extensions".

Tips and tricks

Creating custom applets/themes

The official tutorial on creating an applet can be found here, and on creating a custom theme can be found here.

Default desktop background wallpaper path

When you add a wallpaper from a custom path in Cinnamon Settings, Cinnamon copies it to ~/.cinnamon/background. Thus, with every change of your wallpaper you would have to add your updated wallpaper again from the settings menu or copy / symlink it manually to ~/.cinnamon/background.

Troubleshooting

QGtkStyle unable to detect the current theme

Installing libgnome-data solves the problem partially, and QGtkStyle will detect the current GTK+ theme. However, to set the same icon and cursor theme, users must specify them explicitly.

The icon theme for Qt apps can be configured by the following command:

$ gconftool-2 --set --type string /desktop/gnome/interface/icon_theme Faenza-Dark

This sets the icon theme to Faenza-Dark located in /usr/share/icons/Faenza-Dark.

The cursor theme for Qt apps can be selected by creating a symbolic link:

$ mkdir ~/==.icons
$ ln -s /usr/share/icons/Adwaita ~/.icons/default

This sets the cursor theme to Adwaita located in /usr/share/icons/Adwaita.

Pressing power buttons suspend the system

This is the default behaviour. To show the shutdown menu for example, change the setting for the respective button:

$ gsettings set org.gnome.settings-daemon.plugins.power button-power 'interactive'

Icons do not show on the desktop

The desktop icons rendering feature is enabled in nemo, and disabled in nautilus by default. To enable this feature, change the setting for nemo:

$ gsettings set org.nemo.desktop show-desktop-icons true

And for nautilus:

$ gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.background show-desktop-icons true

Make sure to not enable both settings, otherwise the desktop icons will be not rendered. The feature can be disabled by calling the commands above, but replace 'true' with 'false'.

Volume level is not saved

The volume level is not be saved after reboot. The volume will be at 0 but not muted. Installing alsa-utils will solve the problem.