Difference between revisions of "Cinnamon"

From ArchWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Icons do not show on the desktop: the correct solution)
(Crashing/freezing with Intel Graphics after Gnome Shell update: capitalization fixes)
(16 intermediate revisions by 6 users not shown)
Line 18: Line 18:
 
Cinnamon can be [[Pacman|installed]] with the package {{Pkg|cinnamon}}, available in the [[official repositories]].
 
Cinnamon can be [[Pacman|installed]] with the package {{Pkg|cinnamon}}, available in the [[official repositories]].
  
To get a full desktop environment, it's recommended to install the whole {{Grp|gnome}} group additionally.
+
To get a complete desktop interface, install at least the following additional packages:
 +
* {{Pkg|cinnamon-control-center}}: provides access to various hardware and system settings within cinnamon-settings.
 +
* {{Pkg|cinnamon-screensaver}}: provides a lock screen functionality.
 +
* {{Pkg|nemo}}: Cinnamon's official file manager.
  
 
=== Starting Cinnamon ===
 
=== Starting Cinnamon ===
Line 32: Line 35:
 
  exec gnome-session-cinnamon
 
  exec gnome-session-cinnamon
 
</nowiki>}}
 
</nowiki>}}
 +
 +
If the Cinnamon 2D session is required, use {{ic|gnome-session-cinnamon2d}} instead of {{ic|gnome-session-cinnamon}}.
  
 
After the {{ic|exec}} command is placed, Cinnamon can be launched by typing {{ic|startx}}. See [[xinitrc]] for details.
 
After the {{ic|exec}} command is placed, Cinnamon can be launched by typing {{ic|startx}}. See [[xinitrc]] for details.
Line 53: Line 58:
 
cinnamon-settings hotcorner}} so on.
 
cinnamon-settings hotcorner}} so on.
  
===Installing Applets/Extensions===
+
===Installing applets/extensions===
  
 
{{Note|Previously, {{AUR|cinnamon-extensions-git}} and {{AUR|cinnamon-themes-git}} were used to install some themes and extensions, but they are now deprecated (see [https://github.com/linuxmint/Cinnamon/issues/668 here]). Instead, visit http://cinnamon-spices.linuxmint.com/.}}
 
{{Note|Previously, {{AUR|cinnamon-extensions-git}} and {{AUR|cinnamon-themes-git}} were used to install some themes and extensions, but they are now deprecated (see [https://github.com/linuxmint/Cinnamon/issues/668 here]). Instead, visit http://cinnamon-spices.linuxmint.com/.}}
Line 65: Line 70:
 
Then run
 
Then run
 
{{bc|cinnamon-settings applets}}
 
{{bc|cinnamon-settings applets}}
to bring up the graphical applets manager. If the applet does not show up, press {{Keypress|Alt+F2}} and type {{ic|r}} and press enter. This will restart gnome-shell and likely, the new applet.
+
to bring up the graphical applets manager. If the applet does not show up, press {{Keypress|Alt+F2}} and type {{ic|r}} and press {{keypress|Enter}}. This will restart gnome-shell and likely, the new applet.
  
 
The process is analogous for extensions, with the only difference being that directories titled "applets" can be changed to "extensions".
 
The process is analogous for extensions, with the only difference being that directories titled "applets" can be changed to "extensions".
  
===Creating Custom Applets/Themes===
+
==Tips and tricks==
  
The official tutorial from Clement Lefebvre on creating an '''applet''' can be found [http://cinnamon.linuxmint.com/?p=156 here].
+
===Creating custom applets/themes===
 
+
The official tutorial on creating an '''applet''' can be found [http://cinnamon.linuxmint.com/?p=156 here], and on creating a '''custom theme''' can be found [http://cinnamon.linuxmint.com/?p=144 here].
The official tutorial from Clement Lefebvre on creating a '''custom theme''' can be found [http://cinnamon.linuxmint.com/?p=144 here].
+
  
 
===Default desktop background wallpaper path===
 
===Default desktop background wallpaper path===
When you add a wallpaper from a custom path, Cinnamon moves it to {{ic|~/.cinnamon/background}}. Thus, with every change of your wallpaper you would have to add your updated wallpaper again from the settings menu or copy / symlink it manually to {{ic|~/.cinnamon/background}}.
+
When you add a wallpaper from a custom path in Cinnamon Settings, Cinnamon copies it to {{ic|~/.cinnamon/background}}. Thus, with every change of your wallpaper you would have to add your updated wallpaper again from the settings menu or copy / symlink it manually to {{ic|~/.cinnamon/background}}.
  
 
==Troubleshooting==
 
==Troubleshooting==
Line 91: Line 95:
 
The cursor theme for Qt apps can be selected by creating a symbolic link:
 
The cursor theme for Qt apps can be selected by creating a symbolic link:
  
  $ mkdir ~/.icons
+
  $ mkdir ~/==.icons
 
  $ ln -s /usr/share/icons/Adwaita ~/.icons/default
 
  $ ln -s /usr/share/icons/Adwaita ~/.icons/default
  
 
This sets the cursor theme to Adwaita located in {{ic|/usr/share/icons/Adwaita}}.
 
This sets the cursor theme to Adwaita located in {{ic|/usr/share/icons/Adwaita}}.
  
===Pressing power buttons suspends the system===
+
===Pressing power buttons suspend the system===
This is the default behaviour. To show the shutdown menu for example, change the setting for the respective buttons:
+
This is the default behaviour. To show the shutdown menu for example, change the setting for the respective button:
 
+
$ gsettings set org.gnome.settings-daemon.plugins.power button-power 'interactive'
+
 
+
Users may need to do this for the hibernate button as well:
+
  
 
  $ gsettings set org.gnome.settings-daemon.plugins.power button-power 'interactive'
 
  $ gsettings set org.gnome.settings-daemon.plugins.power button-power 'interactive'
Line 119: Line 119:
 
===Volume level is not saved===
 
===Volume level is not saved===
 
The volume level is not be saved after reboot. The volume will be at 0 but not muted. Installing {{Pkg|alsa-utils}} will solve the problem.
 
The volume level is not be saved after reboot. The volume will be at 0 but not muted. Installing {{Pkg|alsa-utils}} will solve the problem.
 +
 +
===Applets not working===
 +
If audio or network applets don't work the user may be required to be added to the relevant groups (audio, network):
 +
 +
$ gpasswd -a [user] [group]
 +
 +
===Crashing/freezing with Intel graphics after GNOME Shell update===
 +
It is possible that the update to GNOME Shell 3.8 may be the cause of these issues. If Cinnamon worked prior to GNOME Shell 3.8, try creating {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-intel.conf}} and adding the following to it to enable SNA acceleration. More information about this can be found [https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Intel_Graphics#Choose_acceleration_method here].
 +
 +
{{hc|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-intel.conf|
 +
Section "Device"
 +
  Identifier  "Intel Graphics"
 +
  Driver      "intel"
 +
  Option      "AccelMethod"  "sna"
 +
EndSection}}

Revision as of 20:47, 15 May 2013

Summary help replacing me
This article covers basic installation procedures and configuration methods in Cinnamon.
Related
GNOME: GNOME is the framework that Cinnamon is based on.
MATE: Another fork of GNOME that is geared towards a GNOME 2 experience.

Cinnamon is a Linux desktop which provides advanced innovative features and a traditional user experience. The desktop layout is similar to GNOME 2; however, the underlying technology was forked from GNOME Shell. The emphasis is put on making users feel at home and providing them with an easy to use and comfortable desktop experience.

Installation

Cinnamon can be installed with the package cinnamon, available in the official repositories.

To get a complete desktop interface, install at least the following additional packages:

Starting Cinnamon

Graphical log-in

Simply choose Cinnamon or Cinnamon 2D session from your favourite display manager. Cinnamon is the 3D accelerated version, which should be normally used. If you experience problems with your video driver (e.g. artifacts or crashing), try the Cinnamon 2D session, which disables 3D acceleration.

Starting Cinnamon manually

If you prefer to start Cinnamon manually from the console, add the following line to your ~/.xinitrc file:

~/.xinitrc
 exec gnome-session-cinnamon

If the Cinnamon 2D session is required, use gnome-session-cinnamon2d instead of gnome-session-cinnamon.

After the exec command is placed, Cinnamon can be launched by typing startx. See xinitrc for details.

Configuration

Cinnamon is quite easy to configure - a lot of the configuration that most people will want can be done graphically. Its usability can be customized with applets and extensions, and also it supports theming.

Cinnamon Settings

Simply run the following command:

cinnamon-settings

Each settings panel can be accessed directly with the following commands:

cinnamon-settings panel
cinnamon-settings calendar
cinnamon-settings themes
cinnamon-settings applets
cinnamon-settings windows
cinnamon-settings fonts
cinnamon-settings hotcorner
so on.

Installing applets/extensions

Note: Previously, cinnamon-extensions-gitAUR and cinnamon-themes-gitAUR were used to install some themes and extensions, but they are now deprecated (see here). Instead, visit http://cinnamon-spices.linuxmint.com/.

The difference between an applet and an extension is that an applet is basically an addition to a panel, whereas an extension can completely change the Cinnamon experience and can do much more than an applet.

There are quite a few packages in the AUR (AUR package search for cinnamon). The process described here is a generic installation process.

Installing applets in Cinnamon is relatively easy. First visit Cinnamon Applets to see all of the current applets. Download the zip file for the desired applet, and extract to ~/.local/share/cinnamon/applets/ or /usr/share/cinnamon/applets. Then run

cinnamon-settings applets

to bring up the graphical applets manager. If the applet does not show up, press Template:Keypress and type r and press Template:Keypress. This will restart gnome-shell and likely, the new applet.

The process is analogous for extensions, with the only difference being that directories titled "applets" can be changed to "extensions".

Tips and tricks

Creating custom applets/themes

The official tutorial on creating an applet can be found here, and on creating a custom theme can be found here.

Default desktop background wallpaper path

When you add a wallpaper from a custom path in Cinnamon Settings, Cinnamon copies it to ~/.cinnamon/background. Thus, with every change of your wallpaper you would have to add your updated wallpaper again from the settings menu or copy / symlink it manually to ~/.cinnamon/background.

Troubleshooting

QGtkStyle unable to detect the current theme

Installing libgnome-data solves the problem partially, and QGtkStyle will detect the current GTK+ theme. However, to set the same icon and cursor theme, users must specify them explicitly.

The icon theme for Qt apps can be configured by the following command:

$ gconftool-2 --set --type string /desktop/gnome/interface/icon_theme Faenza-Dark

This sets the icon theme to Faenza-Dark located in /usr/share/icons/Faenza-Dark.

The cursor theme for Qt apps can be selected by creating a symbolic link:

$ mkdir ~/==.icons
$ ln -s /usr/share/icons/Adwaita ~/.icons/default

This sets the cursor theme to Adwaita located in /usr/share/icons/Adwaita.

Pressing power buttons suspend the system

This is the default behaviour. To show the shutdown menu for example, change the setting for the respective button:

$ gsettings set org.gnome.settings-daemon.plugins.power button-power 'interactive'

Icons do not show on the desktop

The desktop icons rendering feature is enabled in nemo, and disabled in nautilus by default. To enable this feature, change the setting for nemo:

$ gsettings set org.nemo.desktop show-desktop-icons true

And for nautilus:

$ gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.background show-desktop-icons true

Make sure to not enable both settings, otherwise the desktop icons will be not rendered. The feature can be disabled by calling the commands above, but replace 'true' with 'false'.

Volume level is not saved

The volume level is not be saved after reboot. The volume will be at 0 but not muted. Installing alsa-utils will solve the problem.

Applets not working

If audio or network applets don't work the user may be required to be added to the relevant groups (audio, network):

$ gpasswd -a [user] [group]

Crashing/freezing with Intel graphics after GNOME Shell update

It is possible that the update to GNOME Shell 3.8 may be the cause of these issues. If Cinnamon worked prior to GNOME Shell 3.8, try creating /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-intel.conf and adding the following to it to enable SNA acceleration. More information about this can be found here.

/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-intel.conf
Section "Device"
   Identifier  "Intel Graphics"
   Driver      "intel"
   Option      "AccelMethod"  "sna"
EndSection