Cinnamon is a Linux desktop which provides advanced innovative features and a traditional user experience. The desktop layout is similar to GNOME Panel (GNOME 2); however, the underlying technology was forked from GNOME Shell (GNOME 3). The emphasis is put on making users feel at home and providing them with an easy to use and comfortable desktop experience. As of version 2.0 Cinnamon is a desktop environment in its own right and not merely a frontend of Gnome like Gnome Shell and Unity.
- 1 Installation
- 2 Starting Cinnamon
- 3 Configuration
- 4 Tips and tricks
- 5 Troubleshooting
Simply choose Cinnamon or Cinnamon (Software Rendering) session from your favourite display manager. Cinnamon is the 3D accelerated version, which should be normally used. If you experience problems with your video driver (e.g. artifacts or crashing), try the Cinnamon (Software Rendering) session, which disables 3D acceleration.
Starting Cinnamon manually
If you prefer to start Cinnamon manually from the console, add the following line to your
If the Cinnamon (Software Rendering) session is required, use
cinnamon-session-cinnamon2d instead of
exec command is placed, Cinnamon can be launched by typing
startx. See xinitrc for details.
Cinnamon is quite easy to configure — a lot of the configuration that most people will want can be done graphically. Its usability can be customized with applets and extensions, and also it supports theming.
Simply run the following command:
Each settings panel can be accessed directly with the following commands:
cinnamon-settings panel cinnamon-settings calendar cinnamon-settings themes cinnamon-settings applets cinnamon-settings windows cinnamon-settings fonts cinnamon-settings hotcornerand so on.
The difference between an applet and an extension is that an applet is basically an addition to a panel, whereas an extension can completely change the Cinnamon experience and can do much more than an applet.
There are quite a few packages in the AUR (AUR package search for cinnamon). The process described here is a generic installation process.
Installing applets in Cinnamon is relatively easy. First visit Cinnamon Applets to see all of the current applets.
Download the zip file for the desired applet, and extract to
to bring up the graphical applets manager. If the applet does not show up, press
Alt+F2 and type
r and press
Enter. This will restart gnome-shell and likely, the new applet.
The process is analogous for extensions, with the only difference being that directories titled "applets" can be changed to "extensions".
Tips and tricks
Creating custom applets/themes
Default desktop background wallpaper path
When you add a wallpaper from a custom path in Cinnamon Settings, Cinnamon copies it to
~/.cinnamon/background. Thus, with every change of your wallpaper you would have to add your updated wallpaper again from the settings menu or copy / symlink it manually to
Show Home, Filesystem desktop icons
By default Cinnamon starts with desktop icons enable but with no desktop icons on screen. To show desktop icons for the home folder, the filesystem, the trash, mounted volumes and network servers open Cinnamon settings and click on desktop. Enable the checkboxes of the icons you want to see on screen.
A workspace pager can be added to the panel. Right click the panel and choose the option 'Add applets to the panel.' Add the 'Workspace switch applet to the panel. To change its position right click on the panel and change the 'Panel edit mode' on/off switch to on. Click and drag the switcher to the desired position and turn the panel edit mode off when finished.
By default there are 2 workspaces. To add more move the mouse cursor into the top left corner to enter 'Expose mode.' Click the plus sign button on the right of the screen to add more workspaces.
Hide desktop icons
The desktop icons rendering feature is enabled in nemo by default. To disable this feature, change the setting with the following command:
$ gsettings set org.nemo.desktop show-desktop-icons false
QGtkStyle unable to detect the current theme
Installingsolves the problem partially, and QGtkStyle will detect the current GTK+ theme. However, to set the same icon and cursor theme, users must specify them explicitly.
The icon theme for Qt apps can be configured by the following command:
$ gconftool-2 --set --type string /desktop/gnome/interface/icon_theme Faenza-Dark
This sets the icon theme to Faenza-Dark located in
The cursor theme for Qt apps can be selected by creating a symbolic link:
$ mkdir ~/.icons $ ln -s /usr/share/icons/Adwaita ~/.icons/default
This sets the cursor theme to Adwaita located in
This is the default behaviour. To show the shutdown menu for example, change the setting for the respective button:
$ gsettings set org.gnome.settings-daemon.plugins.power button-power 'interactive'
Volume level is not saved
The volume level is not be saved after reboot. The volume will be at 0 but not muted. Installingwill solve the problem.
Applets not working
If audio or network applets don't work the user may be required to be added to the relevant groups (audio, network):
$ gpasswd -a [user] [group]
No bluetooth applet
A gnome-bluetooth frontend for the Cinnamon panel is available in the AUR under the nameAUR.
cinnamon-settings: No module named Image
cinnamon-settings does not start with the message that it cannot find a certain module, e.g. the Image module, it is likely that it uses outdated compiled files which refer to no longer existing file locations. In this case remove all
*.pyc files in
/usr/lib/cinnamon-settings and its sub-folders.