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Revision as of 17:38, 5 November 2013 by Hamish (talk | contribs) (Configuration: Added a note to explain what to do with .sample files)
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zh-CN:ClamAV Clam AntiVirus is an open source (GPL) anti-virus toolkit for UNIX. It provides a number of utilities including a flexible and scalable multi-threaded daemon, a command line scanner and advanced tool for automatic database updates. Because ClamAV's main use is on file/mail servers for Windows desktops it primarily detects Windows viruses and malware.


ClamAV can be installed with package clamav, available in the official repositories.


Whether you are going to use ClamAV as a daemon or use it as a simple file checker you need to comment out the line that contains the word Example, usually it is found at the beginning of /etc/clamav/freshclam.conf and /etc/clamav/clamd.conf files.

Note: On some configurations neither file will be created, and /etc/clamav will instead contain similar files marked with *.sample extension instead. Modifying these as prescribed above and then writing them out with the files names mentioned above will achieve the same result.

Starting the daemon

The service is called clamd.service. Read Daemons for more information about starting it and enabling it to start at boot.

Also change the start options from no to yes:

# change these to "yes" to start

Updating database

Edit the below file and comment out the line saying Example:

# Comment or remove the line below.
# Example

Update the virus definitions with:

# freshclam

The database files are saved in:


Scan for viruses

clamscan can be used to scan certain files, home directory, or an entire system:

$ clamscan myfile
$ clamscan -r -i /home
$ clamscan -r -i --exclude-dir='^/sys|^/proc|^/dev|^/lib|^/bin|^/sbin' /

If you would like clamscan to remove the infected file use the --remove option in the command.

Using the -l path/to/file option will print the clamscan logs to a text file for locating reported infections.


Error: Clamd was NOT notified

If you get the following messages after running freshclam:

WARNING: Clamd was NOT notified: Cannot connect to clamd through 
/var/lib/clamav/clamd.sock connect(): No such file or directory

Add a sock file for ClamAV:

# touch /var/lib/clamav/clamd.sock
# chown clamav:clamav /var/lib/clamav/clamd.sock

Then, edit /etc/clamav/clamd.conf - uncomment this line:

LocalSocket /var/lib/clamav/clamd.sock

Save the file and restart the daemon

Error: No supported database files found

If you get the next error when starting the daemon:

LibClamAV Error: cli_loaddb(): No supported database files found
in /var/lib/clamav ERROR: Not supported data format

Generate the database as root:

# freshclam -v

Error: Can't create temporary directory

If you get the following error, along with a 'HINT' containing a UID and a GID number:

# can't create temporary directory

Correct permissions:

# chown UID:GID /var/lib/clamav & chmod 755 /var/lib/clamav