zh-CN:ClamAV Clam AntiVirus is an open source (GPL) anti-virus toolkit for UNIX. It provides a number of utilities including a flexible and scalable multi-threaded daemon, a command line scanner and advanced tool for automatic database updates. Because ClamAV's main use is on file/mail servers for Windows desktops it primarily detects Windows viruses and malware.
Whether you are going to use clamav as a daemon or use it as a simple file checker you need to comment out the line that contains the word Example, usually it is found at the beginning of
Starting the daemon
If you want to use the daemon, you can start it with:
# rc.d start clamav
To start it automatically at boot add clamav to the
DAEMONS array in
/etc/rc.conf. Also in
/etc/conf.d/clamav change the start options from "no" to "yes".
# change these to "yes" to start START_FRESHCLAM="yes" START_CLAMD="yes"
If you want to use the daemon in a systemd environment:
# systemctl enable clamd
Edit the below file and comment out the line saying "Example"
# vim /etc/clamav/freshclam.conf # Comment or remove the line below. #Example
Update the virus definitions with:
The database files are saved in:
Scan for Viruses
clamscan can be used to scan certain files, home directory, or an entire system:
$ clamscan myfile $ clamscan -r -i /home $ clamscan -r -i --exclude-dir=^/sys\|^/proc\|^/dev /
If you would like
clamscan to remove the infected file use the
--remove option in the command.
If you get the following messages after running freshclam:
WARNING: Clamd was NOT notified: Cannot connect to clamd through /var/lib/clamav/clamd.sock connect(): No such file or directory
Add a sock file for clamav:
# touch /var/lib/clamav/clamd.sock # chown clamav:clamav /var/lib/clamav/clamd.sock
/etc/clamav/clamd.conf – uncomment this line:
Save the file and restart the daemon (rc.d stop clamav; rc.d start clamav)
If you get the next error when starting the daemon:
LibClamAV Error: cli_loaddb(): No supported database files found in /var/lib/clamav ERROR: Not supported data format
Run freshclam as root:
# freshclam -v
If you get a:
# can't create temporary directory
error, along with a 'HINT' containing a UID and a GID number.
Do the following:
# chown UID:GID /var/lib/clamav & chmod 755 /var/lib/clamav
# ex: chown 64:64